The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has published an extended overview detailing the impact of certain drugs on brain functioning, as well as the most common experimental methods used in related research.
Neuroscientists primarily focus on two issues:
One of our selection of hot topics, analyses of important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Programmes distributing the opiate overdose antidote naloxone have become the great new hope for curbing the rise in drug-related deaths, but England is lagging behind the rest of the UK. Continue reading...
This manual is designed to teach cultural competence concepts, values, and strategies for engagement and treatment with Hispanics and Latinos with substance use disorders (SUD).
Fortnightly instalment of online course on alcohol treatment research starts with a study which concluded that “leaders have a cascading impact on their staff in ways other than through mandate”. Findings that post-training ‘coaching’ is needed to produce competent therapists mean management is critical to staff development and client progress.
Robust messages for the government from the UK’s official drug policy advisers:
‘Community coalitions’ is a preventative strategy that coordinates activities and resources to reduce adolescent substance use and delinquent behaviour, mobilising communities in the promotion of health and prevention initiatives.
Communities That Care (CTC) aims to combat adolescent health and behavioural problems by identifying various risk factors, before applying known to be successful prevention and intervention measures.
Booklet 10: Education sector responses to the use of alcohol, tobacco and drugs
Beyond Cigarettes: The Risks of Non-Cigarette Nicotine Products and Implications for Tobacco Control
Whereas much is known about the effects of tobacco use, the current state of knowledge regarding non-cigarette nicotine products, such as electronic nicotine delivery systems (e-cigarettes and other vaping devices), water pipe/hookah, smokeless tobacco, pipes, cigars, little cigars, and cigarillos, that do not contain tobacco is not robust enough to yield a definitive consensus regarding their relative risks and benefits.
In psychosocial therapies, the enactment of the client-worker relationship is the treatment. Structured around Carl Rogers’ classic formulation of the “necessary and sufficient conditions” for therapeutic progress, the cell in the Alcohol Treatment Matrix focuses on whether some therapists are more successful because they more strongly forge ‘therapeutic’ relationships.
This week the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) publicly rolled out the 2017 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR), an annual report by the Department of State to Congress prepared in accordance with the Foreign Assistance Act.
Economic questions are central to the formation of alcohol policies, such as the setting of alcohol taxes, licensing requirements and marketing regulations. In particular, arguments around income, employment and trade are regularly used by the alcohol industry to resist measures to discourage consumption and harm. Such arguments are premised on the assumption that a successful alcohol industry is beneficial to the UK economy.
Evaluation Report on Drug Control for the Sixth Evaluation Round of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM)
The Evaluation Report on Drug Control (2014) for the Sixth Evaluation Round of the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism (MEM) measures the progress of actions taken by the 34 OAS (Organization of American States) member states to address the drug problem and other related offenses. The sixth round focused on a set of 27 standard recommendations derived from the Plan of Action, 2011-2015, of the 2010 CICAD Hemispheric Drug Strategy.
This guideline represents a significant step toward improving the treatment and management of patients with substance use disorders (SUD) in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the Department of Defense (DoD).
The Providers' Clinical Support System for Medication Assisted Treatment (PCSS-MAT) experts have recently created a virtual step-by-step XR-Naltrexone User Guide to assist you in your practice in treating opioid use disorder (OUD). XR-Naltrexone is one of the FDA approved medications for the treatment of OUD.
Summary and Findings
Most people do not use illicit drugs and among those who try them, only a fraction will develop patterns of dependence. Still, drug use constitutes a serious health problem for many people in the Americas. Early age of first use is associated with higher risk of dependence and problems. One of the greatest challenges is delaying or preventing use by young people.
Guidelines for the Identification and Management of Substance Use and Substance Use Disorders in Pregnancy
These guidelines contain recommendations on the identification and management of substance use and substance use disorders for health care services which assist women who are pregnant, or have recently had a child, and who use alcohol or drugs or who have a substance use disorder.
This document provides an overview of themes that emerged from the Adfam’s Whole Family Recovery and Alcohol Focus Groups and interviews. This research was conducted to scope the impacts of the recovery of someone with an alcohol problem on the family members involved – and how having a loved one ‘in recovery’ is often a complex and mixed experience.
Adfam’s Manifesto for Families: 5 Key Challenges for Supporting Families Affected by Drug and Alcohol Use
“You don’t have to use drugs to be affected by them.”
In 2010 Adfam identified five key challenges for families that the Government should address, identified by stakeholders across England. They were:
- Supporting families in their own right
- Involving families in treatment
- Monitoring effectiveness
- Public services thinking family
- Commissioning effectively
This guide offers advice and suggestions to support service providers to deliver effective services to grandparents who are carers for their grandchildren due to parental substance misuse.
This research report analyses how domestic violence and abuse is more likely than not to occur within intimate partner relationships where one partner has a problem with alcohol or drugs. The aims of this research project were:
Adfam and Cruse Bereavement Care carried out a four year drug and alcohol related bereavement project funded by the Big Lottery and running from 2010-14. The purpose of this review is to create a solid evidence-base from which the project can develop a useful and timely network of peer support and associated resources for people who are bereaved in this way.
Adfam and Cruse Bereavement Care undertook an exploration of the experiences of families and friends bereaved through drug and/ or alcohol use, with the aim of developing a range of peer support services and targeted information specifically for people bereaved in this way, as part of a Big Lottery funded partnership. People bereaved through substance use face a unique set of complex emotional and practical problems.
Between a Rock and a Hard Place: How Parents Deal with Children Who Use Substances and Perpetrate Abuse
This report has been written by Adfam and Against Violence and Abuse (AVA) and covers the processes and findings of a joint project carried out by the two organisations in 2011/12 on child to parent violence and abuse. It reveals that every day parents (usually mums) are living with violence and abuse from their child (usually sons).
Adfam published this volunteering toolkit to provide all the information, policy, law and resources needed on volunteering, families and substance use.
This ‘One Year On’ report expands upon the findings and recommendations of Adfam’s Medications in Drug Treatment: Tackling the risks to children, published in 2014, and further contributes to the debate on reducing the risks to children posed by prescribed medications used in opioid substitution therapy (OST).
Key findings included:
This report examines cases where children have died or come to harm from ingesting Opioid Substitution Treatment (OST) medicines prescribed to help people overcome drug addiction. There have been 17 Serious Case Reviews involving the ingestion of OST drugs by children in the last five years alone, plus potentially more incidents that don’t reach that level of inquiry.
The past 30 years has seen a huge amount of change in the policy, practice and politics around both families and drug/alcohol (‘substance’) use. Laws, behaviours and public perceptions have all altered substantially. As part of Adfam’s 30th birthday celebrations this document tracks the policy focus on the families of drug and alcohol users since 1984 – the year Adfam was founded.
Stigma and drug use have been associated for a long time, and in recent years they have been popular topics of debate and the focus of a growing body of research. But in the same way that families have often been absent in other drug policy discussions, their perspective on stigma is much less widely researched. This report aims to:
In 2006 Adfam was awarded a three year grant by the Department for Communities and Local Government to work with the Somali community around substance use and family support in London. Becoming visible gives an overview of the issues affecting the Somali community, and provides recommendations on how these may be addressed.