The fourth edition of Health at a Glance presents key indicators of health and health systems throughout Europe. The quality of care has generally improved in most EU countries, yet disparities persist.
A new study, which surveyed nearly 22,000 15- to 16-year-olds, sheds light on the concerns of Australian teens.
Alcohol in the system was a year-long project that investigated the link between drinking and youth offending.
Listed below are the project's key findings:
Mentor ADEPIS has recently released a detailed publication that aims to provide those working within the school setting with practical guidelines for helping to prevent children and young people from developing mental health issues as a consequence of substance abuse.
The latest Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey (SALSUS) provides a national overview of the prevalence of smoking, alcohol consumption and drug use in 2015, as well as looks at trends over time.
U.S. Surgeon General Vivek Murthy released a seven-chapter report covering all forms of drug and alcohol addiction, including public policy recommendations for prevention and treatment.
The Cambridge Handbook of International Prevention Science provides readers with a comprehensive global overview of the current status of prevention science. The handbook includes up-to-date research from more than 100 scholars from 27 different countries
This new report analyses treatment services provided to youth with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders across Australia. Awareness of the complex relationship between mental health problems and substance abuse can help professionals identify, prevent and treat
Lethal Highs: How U.S. Customs and Border Protection Laboratories Are Protecting America from Designer Drugs
This article summarizes the work of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security Customs and Border Protection agency (CBP) in the area of counternarcotics. The CBP describes the challenges to addressing substance use when molecular manipulation is being used by drug manufacturing chemists.
The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) defines contingency management as “a general behavioural intervention technique used in the treatment of drug dependence … designed to weaken drug use and strengthen abstinence.” A systematic review recently published by the organisation assesses the effectiveness of such methods when used in conjunction with pharmacological based tre
Paris Pact Initiative - A Partnership to Combat Illicit Traffic in Opiates Originating in Afghanistan
Since its inception in 2003, the broad international coalition known as the Paris Pact Initiative (PPI), made up today of 58 partner countries and 22 organizations, including UNODC, has evolved into one of the most important frameworks for combatting illicit traffic in opiates originating in Afghanistan.
This five year survey is a global model for its rigor – the only national prevalence survey that I know of in the world where questionnaires were combined with 100% toxicology testing of three biological samples per person (hair, urine, saliva) and 10 panels of drugs, resulting in over 30,000 toxicological tests covering 75% of the country’s urban centers and 52 villages in most provinces.
The survey also includes:
This month saw the release of the findings from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD). The publication shows the country-by-country results for the use of various legal and illegal drugs. Thirty-five European countries were included in the study which targeted 15- and 16-year-olds.
If you were asked to provide a list of things we most associate with French cultural identity, wine and cigarettes would probably feature. A recent survey, however, suggests that, as is generally the case across Europe, alcohol and tobacco consumption amongst adolescents in France has decreased over the past five years.
The results are in. The 2014 – 15 Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol, and Drugs Survey shows that, on the one hand, smoking rates are generally down, while on the other, experimentation with synthetic and prescription drugs is increasing amongst school-aged children in Canada.
The Health Report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare covers a range of health issues, including the health status of Australians, health expenditure, the major causes of ill health, determinants of health, health through the life course, health of Indigenous Australians, preventing and treating ill health and health system performance.
Drug use disorders are a serious global health problem. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) estimates that 246 million people, or one in twenty 15- to 64-year-olds, used an illegal drug in 2013. Of those who use, one in ten is suffering from a drug use disorder. Scientific evidence suggests that such dependent behaviour is best treated within a public health framework.
Prescription drug abuse has become a major public health concern. Although the abuse of many substances among youth has declined in recent years, misuse of prescription drugs has increased. The reasons students give for misusing prescription drugs are different than their motives for using other drugs.
Are you a teacher? Are you looking for materials or information to teach alcohol awareness? The Alcohol Education Trust has put together a useful list of resources that covers the ins and outs of teaching alcohol awareness in schools. The list includes lesson plans, power point presentations, fact sheets, interactive websites and other useful teaching materials. Click on the links to check out the resources:
The Inter-American Observatory on Drugs (OID) has published a comparative analysis of drug use among secondary school students in the Caribbean.
Around five per cent of the adult population, or nearly 250 million people between the ages of 15 and 64, used at least one drug in 2014, according to the latest World Drug Report released today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Although substantial, this figure has not grown over the past four years in proportion to the global population.
The International Standards for the Treatment of Drug Use Disorders (Standards) were prepared by UNODC and WHO to support Member States in the development and expansion of treatment services that offer effective and ethical treatment.
Growing up unequal: gender and socioeconomic differences in young people's health and well-being. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study
This book is the latest addition to a series of reports on young people's health from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: a WHO collaborative cross-national study that has provided information about the health, well-being, social environment and health behaviour of 11-, 13- and 15-year-old boys and girls for over 30 years.
These global International Standards summarize the currently available scientific evidence, describing interventions and policies that have been found to result in positive prevention outcomes and their characteristics. Concurrently, the global International Standards identify the major components and features of an effective national drug prevention system.
The EDPQS provide a set of principles to help develop and assess the quality of drug prevention. They offer a comprehensive resource outlining all the elements of drug prevention activities. The EDPQS were developed by the European Prevention Standards Partnership from a research project co-funded by the European Union.
The 2016 EU Drug Markets Report — In-depth Analysis is launched at a press conference in Brussels on 5 April by Dimitris Avramopoulos, European Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship. The Commissioner will be joined by EMCDDA Director Alexis Goosdeel and Europol Director Rob Wainwright.
The EU Drug Agency (EMCCDA) has published the European Drug Report 2015. In its annual review, the agency reflects on 20 years of monitoring and examines the global influences and local ramifications of Europe’s ever-changing drugs problem.
The Australian Drug Foundation (ADF) have put together a guide to working with African communities, settled in Australia.
The World Drug Report provides an annual overview of the drug situation in countries as well as looking at the major development in drug production, trafficking and consumption.
This report describes our current understanding of the neuroscience of psychoactive substance use and dependence. It draws on the explosive growth in knowledge in this area in recent decades, which has transformed our understanding of the biochemical action of psychoactive substances, and contributed new insights into why many people use them, and why some use them to the extent of causing harm or of becoming dependent on them.