Research

Evidence-based principles for effective drug demand reduction: applying theory to practice

Citation
Jeff Lee
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Introduction

Between December 8 and 10, 2021, ISSUP’s International (virtual) Conference took place to address the issues surrounding translating the theory and research with respect to an evidence-based approach to prevention, treatment and recovery support. The conference tackled its application to international practice of drug demand reduction.

New Trends in Education and Training Programs in Addictions at the Higher Education and University Levels

Citation
Miovsky, M., Volfova, A., Johnson, K., Peters, R., Koutsenok, I., Heaps, M., & Lososova, A. (2021). New trends in education and training programs in addictions at the higher education and university levels. Adiktologie, 21 (4), 201–209. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-004-0005
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BACKGROUND

A broad range of professionals, training opportunities, and regional differences exist in the addiction study field worldwide. This educational variety poses a challenge in proposing a precise classification of study programs at the higher education and university levels to meet the criteria of quality control-based treatment for those in need.

AIM

The Master’s in Drug Dependence at the University of Barcelona: Historical Perspective and Future Challenges

Citation
Ferrer, X., Sierra, E., Solanas, A., Amatller, O., Aspa, J., Ovejero, M., & Calvo, F. (2021). The Master’s in Drug Dependence at the University of Barcelona: Historical perspective and future challenges. Adiktologie, 21 (4), 229–237. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-004-0002
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BACKGROUND

Implementing and Evaluating the UPC to Promote Capacity Building among Drug Demand Reduction Practitioners in Nigeria: Lessons Learned and Future Directions

Citation
Agwogie, M. O., & Bryant, N. (2021). Implementing and evaluating the UPC to promote capacity building among drug demand reduction practitioners in Nigeria: Lessons learned and future directions. Adiktologie, 21 (4), 219–228. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-004-0003
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BACKGROUND

There has been a growing need to improve the knowledge and skills of addiction practitioners worldwide. The development of the Universal Prevention Curriculum (UPC) is one effort to address these needs. This paper is the first to report findings from the implementation of the Core: Introduction to the Universal Prevention Curriculum.

AIMS

The aims of this study were to:

Developing Curriculum for the Training of Non-Specialist in Addiction Studies in Nigerian Universities: The Journey of Nigerian ICUDDR Team

Citation
Ola, B. A., Olibamoyo, O., Audu, M., Ezenwa, M., Goar, S. G., Auwal, S., Orjiakor, T. C., & Agwogie, M. (2021). Developing curriculum for the training of non-specialist in addiction studies in Nigerian universities: The journey of Nigerian ICUDDR team. Adiktologie, 21 (4), 251–259. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-004-0004
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BACKGROUND

This article describes the need to develop a workforce to address the public health burden of drug use in Nigeria. Central to workforce development is the development and implementation of a substance use curriculum.

AIMS

Training Needs Assessment of Specialists Who Provide Care to People with Substance Use Disorders in Ukraine

Citation
Yachnik, Y., Pinchuk, I., Myshakivska, O., Pinchuk, A., Boltonosov, S., Pievskaya, J., Gluzman, S., Korol, I., & Johnson, K. (2021). Training needs assessment of specialists who provide care to people with substance use disorders in Ukraine. Adiktologie, 21 (4), 239–249. http://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-004-0006
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BACKGROUND

In Ukraine, substance use disorders (SUDs) and rates of HIV infection are growing, the number of specialists does not meet country’s addiction treatment demands, and the quality of the care is often insufficient and does not cover the current treatment needs. A necessary first step to improving care for people with SUD in Ukraine is training needs assessment of addiction specialists.

METHODS

Maintaining the Provision for Professional Development in the COVID Era: Three Practical Examples

Citation
ISSUP
Publication Date

ISSUP participated in the European Society of Prevention Research (EUSPR) 2021 Conference which took place online from the 29th of September to the 1st of October by presenting an oral poster that focussed on three practical examples of provision offered in the COVID era by ISSUP.

 

Consequences of Lockdown and the COVID-19 Pandemic for a Selected Sport – Comparative Study

Citation
Bejtkovský, J., & Snopek, P. (2021). Consequences of lockdown and the COVID-19 pandemic for a selected sport – Comparative study. Adiktologie, 21 (3), 151–159. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-003-0002
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BACKGROUND

In December 2019, severe viral pneumonia caused by the new beta coronavirus appeared in China. It spread rapidly around the world and affected it greatly. In order to stop the global COVID-19 pandemic, the world was forced to adopt extensive social distancing and isolating policies, including lockdown. The measures also affected the sports and fitness sectors.

AIM

The Adverse Childhood Experiences Concept (ACE) in a Research Sample of Imprisoned Children of Addicted Parents

Citation
Juhásová, A., Pavelová, Ľ., & Lulei, M. (2021). The Adverse Childhood Experiences concept (ACE) in a research sample of imprisoned children of addicted parents. Adiktologie, 21 (3), 139–150. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-003-0003
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INTRODUCTION

Comprehensive Evaluation of the Online Lifelong Education Course Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders for Physicians in the Czech Republic: Study Protocol

Citation
Zborník, T. S., & Miovský, M. (2021). Comprehensive evaluation of the online life-long education course Prevention and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders for Physicians in the Czech Republic: Study protocol. Adiktologie, 21 (3), 179–183. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-003-0004
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BACKGROUND

'Medicinal’ Cannabis & Driving – Is it an Issue? (Dalgarno Research Report)

Citation
Dalgarno Institute
Publication Date

With several global jurisdictions legalizing cannabis for either ‘medicinal’ or recreational use, the issue of its influence on public safety, particularly in motor vehicle crashes and the subsequent injuries and deaths, a more robust understand of potential harms must be established. Policy makers and legislators need to keep public health and safety at forefront of deliberations.

Internet-based therapy versus face-to-face therapy for alcohol use disorder, a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial.

Citation
Johansson, M., Sinadinovic, K., Gajecki, M., Lindner, P., Berman, A. H., Hermansson, U., & Andréasson, S. (2020). Internet-based therapy versus face-to-face therapy for alcohol use disorder, a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial. Addiction, [Epub ahead of print]. Doi: 10.1111/add.15270
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Since we have moved so much online, here is a clinical trial that compares online delivery of CBT to face-to-face CBT and found similar outcomes.

Here is a link to a synopsis as well as the free publication.

Preference and Behaviour Change Regarding Selected Performance-Enhancing Anabolic Androgenic Substances and Steroids in the Context of the Global COVID-19 Pandemic

Citation
nopek, P., & Bejtkovský, J. (2021). Preference and behaviour change regarding selected performance-enhancing anabolic androgenic substances and steroids in the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic. Adiktologie, 21 (3), 129–137. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-003-0005
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BACKGROUND:

In December 2019, the Chinese government reported patients with viral pneumonia caused by a new beta coronavirus in Wuhan. In a very short time, the virus spread around the world, causing a global pandemic referred to as COVID-19. The situation escalated and states resorted to implementing strict social distancing and isolating measures.

AIM:

Validation of the Czech Modified Yale Food Addiction Scale in a Representative Sample of Adolescents: Connections with Body Mass Index and Impulsivity

Citation
Pipová, H., Dostál, D., Dolejš, M., Kafetsios, K. & Suchá, J. (2021). Validation of the Czech modified Yale Food Addiction Scale in a representative sample of adolescents: Connections with body mass index and impulsivity. Adiktologie, Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-002-0006
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INTRODUCTION:

The Czech Republic records one of the highest prevalence levels of obesity in comparison to other European and world countries. The present study aims to fill a gap in the use of tools in research of food addiction (FA), which is believed to be one factor in the high prevalence of obesity.

METHODS:

Client’s Characterization in the Community Treatment Approach: Methodological Foundations and Evidence

Citation
Barros, R., Serrano P. I., Tufró, F., Canay, R., Carroli, M., Felix T. R., & Milanese, E. (2021). Client’s characterization in the Community Treatment approach: Methodological foundations and evidence. Adiktologie, Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-002-0003
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BACKGROUND: The identity and social representation of people linked to drugs depend on their interaction with the system that collects and analyses the critical data used to describe it. AIM: The aim of this study is to see if by adopting a non-institutional and non-formal approach the drug users’ profile will be different from that in mainstream formal studies.

Undergraduate Education in Addictology of Students of General Medicine: Study Protocol of a Pilot Research Study in the Czech and Slovak Republics

Citation
Volfová, A., & Miovský, M. (2021). Undergraduate education in addictology of students of general medicine: Study protocol of a pilot research study in the Czech and Slovak Republics. Adiktologie, Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2021-002-0004
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BACKGROUND:

Cross-sectional study on the characteristics of unrecorded alcohol consumption in nine newly independent states between 2013 and 2017

Citation
Probst C, Manthey J, Ferreira-Borges C, et alCross-sectional study on the characteristics of unrecorded alcohol consumption in nine newly independent states between 2013 and 2017BMJ Open 2021;11:e051874. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-051874
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Abstract

Objectives As unrecorded alcohol use contributes to a substantial burden of disease, this study characterises this phenomenon in newly independent states (NIS) of the former Soviet Union with regard to the sources of unrecorded alcohol, and the proportion of unrecorded of total alcohol consumption. We also investigate associated sociodemographic characteristics and drinking patterns.

Longitudinal Impact of Childhood Adversity on Early Adolescent Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the ABCD Study Cohort: Does Race or Ethnicity Moderate Findings?

Citation
Stinson, E. A., Sullivan, R. M., Peteet, B. J., Tapert, S. F., Baker, F. C., Breslin, F. J., ... & Lisdahl, K. M. (2021). Longitudinal Impact of Childhood Adversity on Early Adolescent Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the ABCD Study® Cohort: Does Race or Ethnicity Moderate Findings?. Biological psychiatry global open science.
Abstract
Background

During the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, mental health among youth has been negatively affected. Youth with a history of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), as well as youth from minoritized racial-ethnic backgrounds, may be especially vulnerable to experiencing COVID-19–related distress.

Recovery-Oriented Systems of Care: A Perspective on the Past, Present, and Future

Citation
Davidson, L., Rowe, M., DiLeo, P., Bellamy, C., & Delphin-Rittmon, M. (2021). Recovery-oriented systems of care: A perspective on the past, present, and future. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 41(1).

ROSC or Recovery Oriented System of Care is a coordinated network of community-based services that is person-centred and builds on the strengths and resilience of individuals, families and communities (1). 

Normalisation Process Theory

Citation
May, C.R., Mair, F., Finch, T. et al. Development of a theory of implementation and integration: Normalization Process Theory. Implementation Sci 4, 29 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-5908-4-29

Theories are important tools in the health and social science world. However, it is important to consider how they are formed and how they inform everyday practice.

In this paper, the authors discuss the Normalisation Process Theory explains how new technologies, ways of acting, and ways of working become routinely embedded in everyday practice.

Chicken or egg: A dual diagnosis narrative

Citation
Cullen, O. J., & Norton, M. J. (2021). Chicken or egg: A dual diagnosis narrative. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.

Summary

What is known on the subject?

  • Dual diagnosis is a term used to describe persons who have a co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders.
  • It is the cause of significant economic burden to health care, justice and educational systems.
  • It is well reported that to date dual diagnosis is under-diagnosed and poorly treated within the confines o

Alcoholic Liver Disease Among Patients with Wernicke Encephalopathy: A Multicenter Observational Study

Citation
Novo-Veleiro, I., Herrera-Flores, J., Rosón-Hernández, B., Medina-García, J. A., Muga, R., Fernández-Solá, J., ... & Marcos, M. (2021). Alcoholic Liver Disease Among Patients with Wernicke Encephalopathy: A Multicenter Observational Study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 109186.

Abstract

Background

data regarding the association between Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) and alcoholic liver disease (ALD) are scarce in spite of alcohol consumption being the main risk factor for WE.

Alcohol and illicit drug use among young people living with HIV compared to their uninfected peers from the Kenyan coast: prevalence and risk indicators

Citation
Moses K. Nyongesa, Paul Mwangi, Michael Kinuthia, Amin S. Hassan, Hans M. Koot, Pim Cuijpers, Charles R. J. C. Newton & Amina Abubakar
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There is a scarcity of research on drug use patterns among HIV-positive young individuals in Sub-Saharan Africa (YLWH). To fill the gap, the following was set out:

Perspectives of healthcare providers, service users, and family members about mental illness stigma in primary care settings: A multi-site qualitative study of seven countries in Africa, Asia, and Europe

Citation
Mirja Koschorke,Nathalie Oexle,Uta Ouali,Anish V. Cherian,Vayankarappadam Deepika,Gurucharan Bhaskar Mendon,Dristy Gurung,Lucie Kondratova,Matyas Muller,Mariangela Lanfredi,Antonio Lasalvia,Andrea Bodrogi,Anna Nyulászi,Mario Tomasini,Rabih El Chammay,Racha Abi Hana,Yosra Zgueb,Fethi Nacef,Eva Heim,Anaïs Aeschlimann,Sally Souraya,Maria Milenova,Nadja van Ginneken,Graham Thornicroft,Brandon A. Kohrt
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Stigma among healthcare providers is a barrier to the effective delivery of mental health services in primary care. Few studies have been conducted in primary care settings comparing the attitudes of healthcare providers and experiences of people with mental illness who are service users in those facilities. Such research is necessary across diverse global settings to characterize stigma and inform effective stigma reduction.