Research

General Principles of Contingency Management for Smoking Cessation

Citation
Aonso Diego, G., & Kulhánek, A. (2022). General principles of contingency management for smoking cessation. Adiktologie, 22(2), 126–131. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0006
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Contingency management (CM) is a psychological treatment based on operant conditioning. It consists of providing incentives in exchange for achieving a target behaviour such as abstinence or other treatmentrelated variables (e.g. session attendance, adherence to medication). The objective of this article was to introduce the rationale of CM for substance use and, more specifically, for smoking cessation.

Effect of Propylene Glycol and Vegetable Glycerine Ratio in E-Liquid on Aerosol Formation: Overview of Relevant Properties

Citation
Vyshneva, V. (2022). Effect of propylene glycol and vegetable glycerine ratio in e-liquid on aerosol formation: Overview of relevant properties. Adiktologie, 22(2), 118–125. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0005
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BACKGROUND:

Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) generate an aerosol by vaporising e-liquids that usually consist of propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerine (VG), and other ingredients (water, nicotine, and flavours).

Substance Use and the Role of Families. Results of a CrossCountry Study in Pakistan, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine

Citation
Lee, J., Myshakivska, O., Filimonova, N., Pinchuk, I., Yachnik, Y., Chumak, S., Altynbekov, K., Muzafarov, R., Cherchenko, N., Asghar, S., Ali, S. A., & Alyana, S. I. (2022). Substance use and the role of families. Results of a cross-country study in Pakistan, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine. Adiktologie, 22(2), 68–81. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0007
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BACKGROUND:

In many countries families have rarely been involved in addressing treatment and interventions for family members with substance use disorders (SUDs). The aims of this study were to measure the influence of substance use on users’ family members and to evaluate what and if any interventions were conducted by and with family members in the three countries of Kazakhstan, Pakistan, and Ukraine.

Contribution of SocioDemographic and Structured Leisure Activities’ Characteristics to Adolescents’ Alcohol Use

Citation
Belošević, M., & Ferić, M. (2022). Contribution of sociodemographic and structured leisure activities’ characteristics to adolescents’ alcohol use. Adiktologie, 22(2), 102–116. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0003
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BACKGROUND:

Leisure can be a context that can promote positive adolescent development, but it can also be a context that contributes to adolescents engaging in risk behaviours.

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention in the Czech Republic: Study Design

Citation
Fanta, M., & Barták, M. (2022). Cost-effectiveness analysis of alcohol screening and brief intervention in the Czech Republic. Study design. Adiktologie, 22(2), 132–139. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0004
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INTRODUCTION:

Screening and brief interventions (SBI) consist of a variety of activities aimed at people who engage in risky alcohol drinking, but who are not severely alcohol-dependent. Many studies have proved that SBI might serve as a very effective tool for reducing alcohol consumption and the associated negative consequences. However, the rate of SBI provided by healthcare professionals in the Czech Republic is relatively low.

Patterns of Heated Tobacco Product Use Among Czech Adult Tobacco Users in 2020: An Online Survey

Citation
| Dobrovolná, K., Kulhánek, A., & Orlíková, B. (2022). Patterns of heated tobacco product use among Czech adult tobacco users in 2020: An online survey. Adiktologie, 22(2), 94–101. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0002
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BACKGROUND:

Heated tobacco products represent a new phenomenon, called novel tobacco products, and one that is not unique to the Czech market. These are electronic tobacco heating and aerosol-producing devices. Although studies on the prevalence of heated tobacco use are already available, patterns of use have not yet been sufficiently mapped.

The environmental impact of tobacco products: Time to increase awareness and action

Citation
Morphett, K., Hyland, A., Sellars, D., & Gartner, C. (2022). The environmental impact of tobacco products: Time to increase awareness and action. Addiction.
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"There is increasing recognition of the negative environmental effects of tobacco products. However, further research, policy and public awareness are needed to address the environmental harms caused by the tobacco industry."

Safe spaces, vocational training, and prevention programs protect young Ugandan women

Citation
Kasirye, R., Laurenzi, C., Nabulya, A., & Nakijoba, B. (2022). Safe spaces, vocational training, and prevention programs protect young Ugandan women: findings from Uganda Youth Development Link’s DREAMS initiative for rural communities. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 1-12.

Adolescent girls and young women in Uganda, especially those based in rural Africa, experience multiple interrelated adversities that may place them at risk of HIV, alcohol abuse, and being dependent on inequitable power relationships with men for survival and income.

Perception, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 crisis: A web-based cross-sectional survey

Citation
Khan, Iman & Bhandari, Ramesh & M, Sowmya & Ganachari,. (2020). Perception, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 crisis: A web-based cross-sectional survey. 10.31838/ijpr/2020.SP1.320.
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The current situation of pandemic is unusual and rare. Understanding common public mindset towards the COVID-19 pandemic is essential. Hence, this study aimed to understand the people’s thinking, apprehension, and reaction towards the pandemic. Method: A Google survey form (26-item questionnaire) was created and shared through social media to include as many participants as possible.

Formal mindfulness practice predicts reductions in PTSD symptom severity following a mindfulness-based intervention for women with co-occurring PTSD and substance use disorder

Citation
Somohano, V.C., Kaplan, J., Newman, A.G. et al. Formal mindfulness practice predicts reductions in PTSD symptom severity following a mindfulness-based intervention for women with co-occurring PTSD and substance use disorder. Addict Sci Clin Pract 17, 51 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-022-00333-2
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Abstract

Background

Women with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) experience systemic barriers that place them in danger of poorer treatment outcomes. Some mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have demonstrated efficacy in reducing PTSD and SUD symptoms.

Changes in Emergency Department Visits for Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome Following Recreational Cannabis Legalization and Subsequent Commercialization in Ontario, Canada

Citation
Myran DT, Roberts R, Pugliese M, Taljaard M, Tanuseputro P, Pacula RL. Changes in Emergency Department Visits for Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome Following Recreational Cannabis Legalization and Subsequent Commercialization in Ontario, Canada. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(9):e2231937. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.31937
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Abstract

Importance  Prior research suggests that the legalization of recreational cannabis is associated with increases in cannabis hyperemesis syndrome (CHS), but it is unclear how cannabis commercialization (ie, greater retail store access as well as increased variety and potency of cannabis products) may be associated with these changes.

Road traffic injury risk from alcohol and cannabis use among emergency department patients in Argentina

Citation
Conde K, Peltzer RI, Gimenez PV, Salomón T, Suarez G, Monteiro M et al. Road traffic injury risk from alcohol and cannabis use among emergency department patients in Argentina. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2022;46:e116. https://doi.org/10.26633/ RPSP.2022.116
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ABSTRACT

Objective. To report the risk from alcohol, cannabis, and their combined use for non-fatal road traffic injuries for drivers, passengers, and pedestrians.

Methods. Risk was estimated using the case-crossover method. Participants (N= 306) were injured patients from an emergency department in Mar del Plata, Argentina.

Habitual Alcohol Intake and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Young Adults in Korea

Citation
Han M, Lee S, Choi E, et al. Habitual Alcohol Intake and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Young Adults in Korea. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(9):e2229799. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.29799
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Abstract

Importance  Guidelines recommend that all risk factors for early-onset atrial fibrillation, including lifestyle factors, be proactively managed, considering the poor prognosis of the disease. Not much is known about the association of cumulative alcohol intake with the risk of atrial fibrillation in young adults aged 20 to 39 years, especially among heavy drinkers.

In- and Out-Group Effects on Social Perception and Empathy in Cocaine Use Disorder

Citation
Aue, T., Kexel, A. K., Kluwe-Schiavon, B., Bührer, S., Baumgartner, M. R., Soravia, L. M., & Quednow, B. B. (2022). In-and Out-Group Effects on Social Perception and Empathy in Cocaine Use Disorder. Frontiers in psychiatry, 13.
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Earlier research revealed that cocaine users display impairments in emotional but not necessarily in cognitive empathy. However, no study to date has tested whether empathy is generally altered or whether impairments are restricted to specific social targets. The current investigation addresses this open question.

Internalizing and externalizing pathways to high-risk substance use and geographic location in Australian adolescents

Citation
Willis, B. M., Kersh, P. P., Buchanan, C. M., & Cole, V. T. (2022). Internalizing and externalizing pathways to high-risk substance use and geographic location in Australian adolescents. Frontiers in psychology, 13.
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One specific instantiation of the storm-and-stress view of adolescence is the idea that “normal” adolescence involves high-risk substance use behaviors.

Effects of a brief pre-admission telephone reminder on no-show and dropout rates in substance use disorder treatment: a quasi-experimental study

Citation
Gallefoss, L.J., Gabrielsen, K.B., Haugland, S.H. et al. Effects of a brief pre-admission telephone reminder on no-show and dropout rates in substance use disorder treatment: a quasi-experimental study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 61 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00489-9
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A Comparative Account on Ethical Considerations in Practice of Clinical Psychology

Citation
Sahar, N., Hussain, S., Noshili, A. I., Shahbal, S., Hamdi, A. M., Khan, A., Hakami, H. Y., Alsaed, A. M. S., Alotaibi, A., Alharbi, A. A., Almutairy, A. M., Albeshri, M. H., Nouh, N., Alshakarah, N. F., & Haloash, T. A. (2022). A comparative account on ethical considerations in practice of clinical psychology. Clinical Schizophrenia and Related Psychosis, 16(S4). https://doi.org/10.3371/CSRP.SNSH.061722
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Background: Practice in the clinical psychology is knitted closely to the trust and rapport building with the client. This trust is supported by the set of ethical considerations being proposed by the APA Ethical Code. It helps to build trust among the clients and to ensure the efficacy of the clinical treatment.

The Effectiveness of a Web-Based Self-Help Program to Reduce Alcohol Use Among Adults With Drinking Patterns Considered Harmful, Hazardous, or Suggestive of Dependence in Four Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Randomized Controlled Trial

Citation
Schaub M, Tiburcio M, Martínez-Vélez N, Ambekar A, Bhad R, Wenger A, Baumgartner C, Padruchny D, Osipchik S, Poznyak V, Rekve D, Landi Moraes F, Monezi Andrade A, Oliveira Souza-Formigoni M, WHO E-Health Project On Alcohol And Health Investigators Group. The Effectiveness of a Web-Based Self-Help Program to Reduce Alcohol Use Among Adults With Drinking Patterns Considered Harmful, Hazardous, or Suggestive of Dependence in Four Low- and Middle Income Countries: Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res 2021;23(8):e21686.
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Abstract

Background:Given the scarcity of alcohol prevention and use disorder treatments in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the World Health Organization has launched an eHealth portal that includes the web-based self-help program “Alcohol e-Health.”

Objective:We aimed to test the effectiveness of the Alcohol e-Health program in a randomized controlled trial.

Web-Based Intervention to Reduce Substance Abuse and Depressive Symptoms in Mexico: Development and Usability Test

Citation
Tiburcio M, Lara M, Aguilar Abrego A, Fernández M, Martínez Vélez N, Sánchez A. Web-Based Intervention to Reduce Substance Abuse and Depressive Symptoms in Mexico: Development and Usability Test. JMIR Ment Health 2016;3(3):e47 URL: https://mental.jmir.org/2016/3/e47 DOI: 10.2196/mental.6001
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Abstract

Background:The development of Web-based interventions for substance abuse in Latin America is a new field of interest with great potential for expansion to other Spanish-speaking countries.

Caracterización conductual y neuroinmune de la resiliencia al estrés social: Efectos reforzantes de la cocaína

Citation
Ródenas-González, F., Blanco-Gandía, M., Miñarro López, J., & Rodriguez-Arias, M. (2020). Caracterización conductual y neuroinmune de la resiliencia al estrés social: Efectos reforzantes de la cocaína. Adicciones, 33(4), 319-332. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.1348

Resumen

 

Virtual opioid agonist treatment: Alberta’s virtual opioid dependency program and outcomes

Citation
Day, N., Wass, M. & Smith, K. Virtual opioid agonist treatment: Alberta’s virtual opioid dependency program and outcomes. Addict Sci Clin Pract 17, 40 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-022-00323-4
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Abstract

Background

Virtually delivered healthcare (telehealth, telemedicine) has the potential to reduce gaps in access to opioid agonist therapy (OAT). Barriers to accessing OAT such as lack of transportation, in-person induction requirements, employment demands and limited childcare options reduce treatment opportunities for clients. A completely virtual model of care has been developed in Alberta, Canada.

Patient Perceptions About Opioid Risk Communications Within the Context of a Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Dolan AR, Goldberg EB, Cannuscio CC, et al. Patient Perceptions About Opioid Risk Communications Within the Context of a Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2227650. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.27650
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Abstract

Importance  Opioid overdose rates continue to increase, and extant literature suggests that many individuals who use heroin were first introduced to opioids through a medical prescription.

Posttraumatic growth following a drug-related death: A family perspective

Citation
O’Callaghan, D., Lambert, S., Conway, N., & Frost, N. (2022). Posttraumatic growth following a drug-related death: A family perspective. Death Studies, 1-11.

This paper explores the experience of posttraumatic growth in families who have lost a family member to a drug-related death.

Seven family units (17 participants) were interviewed, and interviews were analysed.

Analyses revealed themes that reflected positive adaptation and growth, including

(a) reframing the loss,

(b) open dialogue and social support, and

(c) reclamation of purpose.

Is a brain-based understanding of addiction predominant?

Citation
Ochterbeck, D., & Forberger, S. (2022). Is a brain‐based understanding of addiction predominant? An assessment of addiction researchers' conceptions of addiction and their evaluation of brain‐based explanations. Drug and Alcohol Review.
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Abstract

Introduction

Brain-based explanations of addiction have become a prominent explanatory model in recent decades. Although opposing views have been published, there is no large-scale study of researchers' opinions, unlike for treatment staff, the public and affected individuals. Therefore, this study aimed to examine international addiction researchers' perspectives on:

Association of Methamphetamine and Opioid Use With Nonfatal Overdose in Rural Communities

Citation
Korthuis PT, Cook RR, Foot CA, et al. Association of Methamphetamine and Opioid Use With Nonfatal Overdose in Rural Communities. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2226544. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.26544
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Abstract

Importance  Overdoses continue to increase in the US, but the contribution of methamphetamine use is understudied in rural communities.

Objective  To estimate the prevalence of methamphetamine use and its correlates among people who use drugs (PWUD) in rural US communities and to determine whether methamphetamine use is associated with increased nonfatal overdoses.

Association of Screening and Brief Intervention With Substance Use in Massachusetts Middle and High Schools

Citation
Levy S, Wisk LE, Minegishi M, et al. Association of Screening and Brief Intervention With Substance Use in Massachusetts Middle and High Schools. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2226886. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.26886
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Abstract

Importance  Screening and brief intervention (SBI) programs in schools have the potential to provide substance use prevention messages to large numbers of adolescents. This study evaluated the association between exposure to a school-based SBI program and reductions in substance use among youths after enactment of a law that required Massachusetts schools to provide SBI to all students.

Effect of Nurses' Work Experiences in a COVID-19 Unit on Depression: Mediation Effect of Resilience and Moderated Mediation Effect of Organizational Trust

Citation
Doo E-Y and Choi S (2022) Effect of Nurses’ Work Experiences in a COVID-19 Unit on Depression: Mediation Effect of Resilience and Moderated Mediation Effect of Organizational Trust. Front. Public Health 10:897506. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2022.897506
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Aim: Nurses work with a lack of organizational support and perceive an unsafe environment from their organizations, which has been related to depression. This study aimed to investigate the effect of nurses' work experiences in a COVID-19 unit on their depression, the mediation effect of resilience, and the moderated mediation effect of organizational trust.

Interdisciplinary collaboration in the treatment of alcohol use disorders in a general hospital department: a mixed-method study

Citation
Kools, N., Dekker, G.G., Kaijen, B.A.P. et al. Interdisciplinary collaboration in the treatment of alcohol use disorders in a general hospital department: a mixed-method study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 59 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00486-y
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Background

In somatic health care settings, interdisciplinary collaborations (where various disciplines work coordinated and interdependently toward shared goals) are considered to yield higher team effectiveness than multidisciplinary approaches (where various disciplines work in parallel within their professional boundaries).

Perspectives of service providers on aftercare service provision for persons with substance use disorders at a Rural District in South Africa

Citation
Mpanza, D.M., Govender, P. & Voce, A. Perspectives of service providers on aftercare service provision for persons with substance use disorders at a Rural District in South Africa. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 60 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00471-5
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Background

Aftercare programs for people with substance use disorders (PWSUD) are frequently challenged with a number of overlapping obstacles, including uncertain policy consequences and a lack of resources.