Research

Costs of an Alcohol Measurement Intervention in Three Latin American Countries

Citation
Solovei, A., Manthey, J., Anderson, P., Mercken, L., Jané Llopis, E., Natera Rey, G., Pérez Gómez, A., Mejía Trujillo, J., Bustamante, I., Piazza, M., Pérez de León, A., Arroyo, M., de Vries, H., Rehm, J., & Evers, S. (2022). Costs of an Alcohol Measurement Intervention in Three Latin American Countries. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(2), 700. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020700
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Abstract

Alcohol measurement in health care settings is an effective intervention for reducing alcohol-related harm. However, in many countries, costs related to alcohol measurement have not yet been transparently assessed, which may hinder its adoption and implementation.

Association of Prenatal Exposure to Maternal Drinking and Smoking With the Risk of Stillbirth

Citation
Odendaal H, Dukes KA, Elliott AJ, et al. Association of Prenatal Exposure to Maternal Drinking and Smoking With the Risk of Stillbirth. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(8):e2121726. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.21726
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Abstract

Importance  Prenatal smoking is a known modifiable risk factor for stillbirth; however, the contribution of prenatal drinking or the combination of smoking and drinking is uncertain.

Objective  To examine whether prenatal exposure to alcohol and tobacco cigarettes is associated with the risk of stillbirth.

Cannabis use and risks of respiratory and all-cause morbidity and mortality: a population-based, data-linkage, cohort study

Citation
Vozoris NT, Zhu J, Ryan CM, et al. Cannabis use and risks of respiratory and all-cause morbidity and mortality: a population-based, data-linkage, cohort study. BMJ Open Respiratory Research 2022;9:e001216. doi: 10.1136/bmjresp-2022-001216
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Abstract

Introduction Although cannabis is frequently used worldwide, its impact on respiratory health is characterised by controversy.

Objective To evaluate the association between cannabis use and respiratory-related emergency room (ER) visits and hospitalisations.

Cross-sectional online survey of the impact of new tobacco health warnings in Colombia

Citation
Adams S, Clavijo A, Tamayo R, et al. Cross-sectional online survey of the impact of new tobacco health warnings in Colombia. BMJ Open 2022;12:e056754. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-056754
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Abstract

Objectives This study aimed to explore the impact of a new set of six pictorial warnings introduced in 2018.

Design and setting Using a cross-sectional design, we examined awareness of the new warnings among Colombian smokers across two time points of data collection.

Trajectories of adolescent psychotic-like experiences and early cannabis exposure: Results from a Finnish Birth Cohort Study

Citation
Denissoff, A., Mustonen, A., Miettunen, J., Alakokkare, A. E., Veijola, J., Scott, J. G., ... & Niemelä, S. (2022). Trajectories of adolescent psychotic-like experiences and early cannabis exposure: Results from a Finnish Birth Cohort Study. Schizophrenia Research, 246, 95-102.
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Abstract

Background

Longitudinal studies examining the effect of cannabis exposure (CE) on the prognosis of adolescents with psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are scarce. We examined trajectories of mental health in adolescents with PLEs and cannabis exposure.

Exposure to alcohol and overall survival in head and neck cancer: A regional cohort study

Citation
Denissoff, A., Huusko, T., Ventelä, S., Niemelä, S., & Routila, J. (2022). Exposure to alcohol and overall survival in head and neck cancer: A regional cohort study. Head & Neck.
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Abstract

Background

There is a paucity of knowledge regarding the association of alcohol use with overall survival (OS) of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

Homelessness and Substance use: a disturbing link around the world: an ISSUP Webinar Series

Citation
International Society of Substance Use Professionals (ISSUP) | London | United Kingdom

The connection between homelessness and substance use is well recognised and an issue that impacts countries around the world. People who experience substance use related issues and homelessness are extremely vulnerable to a range of harms and can find it challenging to access appropriate support that will adequately meet their needs.

Combining the European Prevention Curriculum (EUPC) and Universal Treatment Curriculum (UTC) in a Master’s Degree in Addictions

Citation
Orte, C., Amer, J., Gomila, A. M., & Pascual, B. (2022). Combining the European Prevention Curriculum (EUPC) and Universal Treatment Curriculum (UTC) in a Master’s Degree in Addictions. Adiktologie, 22(1), 7–12. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0006
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INTRODUCTION:

‘Ten Years Later’ – Developing Institutional Mechanisms for Drug Demand Reduction and Addictology Education in Georgia – A Case Study

Citation
Javakhishvili, J. D., Kirtadze, I., & Otiashvili, D. (2022). ‘Ten years later’ – Developing institutional mechanisms for drug demand reduction and addictology education in Georgia – A case study. Adiktologie, 22(1), 35–46. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0005
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BACKGROUND:

During the last ten years, Georgia made several important accomplishments in responding to the country’s drug problem. Specifically, in 2011, an interagency national drug coordinating body was established within the Ministry of Justice; in 2015, the multidisciplinary Addiction Studies MA Program was initiated within Ilia State University; and in 2019, the National Drug Observatory (NDO) was founded.

AIM:

From Face-to-Face to Online Delivery: Training of Professionals in Evidence-Based Prevention

Citation
Hein, A. W., Goycolea, R. M., Rivas, J. A., & Montenegro, M. C. (2022). From face to face to online delivery: Training of professionals in evidence-based prevention. Adiktologie, 22(1), 13–20. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0001
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BACKGROUND:

By disseminating the Universal Prevention Curriculums (UPC), the Colombo Plan (CP) seeks to narrow the gap between scientific knowledge on effective prevention of substance use and its application in the field. In 2020 CP adapted these training methods for online delivery.

Adaptation of the Universal Treatment Curriculum to Philippine Context and Online Environment

Citation
Felipe, M. V., Melgar, M. I., & Johnson, K. (2022). Adaptation of the Universal Treatment Curriculum to Philippine context and online environment. Adiktologie, 22(1), 21–26. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0003
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BACKGROUND:

The Universal Treatment Curriculum (UTC) is offered to the academic community to integrate substance use-specific knowledge, skills, and evidence-based practices into the continuing professional development of current and future service providers. Although widely disseminated in many countries, the adaptation focuses on language translation and in-person trainings.

AIMS:

Accreditation of Study Programs on Addictions in Nigerian Universities: Challenges, Opportunities, and the Need for Advocacy

Citation
Francis, C. (2022). Accreditation of study programs on addictions in Nigerian universities: Challenges, opportunities, and the need for advocacy. Adiktologie, 22(1), 27–33. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0004
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INTRODUCTION:

Development of the Addiction Treatment Workforce in Ukraine by the Ukraine Addiction Technology Transfer Center

Citation
Yachnik, Y., Pinchuk, I., Blyum, A., Myshakivska, O., Shults, O., Koutsenok, I., Grelotti, D. J., Larkins, S., & Johnson, K. (2022). Development of the addiction treatment workforce in Ukraine by the Ukraine Addiction Technology Transfer Center. Adiktologie, 22(1), 47–52. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0002
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BACKGROUND:

The high prevalence of HIV and substance use disorders (SUD) in Ukraine remains a significant public health problem. A well-trained, recovery-oriented national workforce to enhance SUD treatment associated with HIV care is needed to reduce substance use and HIV-related burden in the country.

METHODS:

Efficacy and Safety of Varenicline for Smoking Cessation in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Russo C, Walicka M, Caponnetto P, et al. Efficacy and Safety of Varenicline for Smoking Cessation in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(6):e2217709. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.17709
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Abstract

Importance  Evidence of effective smoking cessation interventions in patients with diabetes is limited. The unique behavioral and metabolic characteristics of smokers with type 2 diabetes warrants a randomized clinical trial of the smoking cessation drug varenicline.

Oxytocin as an adolescent treatment for methamphetamine addiction after early life stress in male and female rats

Citation
Baracz, S.J., Robinson, K.J., Wright, A.L. et al. Oxytocin as an adolescent treatment for methamphetamine addiction after early life stress in male and female rats. Neuropsychopharmacol. 47, 1561–1573 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41386-022-01336-y
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Abstract

Early life stress (ELS) is associated with perturbed neural development and augmented vulnerability to mental health disorders, including addiction. How ELS changes the brain to increase addiction risk is poorly understood, and there are no therapies which target this ELS-induced vulnerability.

Involvement of the ghrelin system in the maintenance and reinstatement of cocaine-motivated behaviors: a role of adrenergic action at peripheral β1 receptors

Citation
You, ZB., Galaj, E., Alén, F. et al. Involvement of the ghrelin system in the maintenance and reinstatement of cocaine-motivated behaviors: a role of adrenergic action at peripheral β1 receptors. Neuropsychopharmacol. 47, 1449–1460 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41386-021-01249-2
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Abstract

Cocaine addiction is a significant medical and public concern. Despite decades of research effort, development of pharmacotherapy for cocaine use disorder remains largely unsuccessful. This may be partially due to insufficient understanding of the complex biological mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of this disorder.

The prevalence of comorbid serious mental illnesses and substance use disorders in prison populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Citation
The prevalence of comorbid serious mental illnesses and substance use disorders in prison populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis Baranyi, Gergő et al. The Lancet Public Health, Volume 7, Issue 6, e557 - e568
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Background

Comorbid mental illnesses and substance use disorders are associated with adverse criminal, social, and health outcomes. Yet, their burden is not reliably known among prison populations. We therefore aimed to estimate the prevalence of comorbid serious mental illnesses and substance use disorders (dual disorders) among people in prison worldwide.

New psychoactive substances: A review and updates

Citation
Shafi, A., Berry, A. J., Sumnall, H., Wood, D. M., & Tracy, D. K. (2020). New psychoactive substances: a review and updates. Therapeutic advances in psychopharmacology, 10, 2045125320967197. https://doi.org/10.1177/2045125320967197
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New psychoactive substances (NPS) are a diverse group of substances that are linked with a number of health and social harms on an individual and societal level. NPS toxicity and dependence syndromes are recognised in primary care, emergency departments, psychiatric inpatient and community care settings.

Changes in Youth Cannabis Use After an Increase in Cannabis Minimum Legal Age in Quebec, Canada

Citation
Nguyen HV, Mital S. Changes in Youth Cannabis Use After an Increase in Cannabis Minimum Legal Age in Quebec, Canada. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(6):e2217648. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.17648
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Abstract

Importance  In January 2020, Quebec raised the minimum legal age (MLA) for cannabis from 18 to 21 years. Evidence is needed to inform the ongoing debate on this policy. Although proponents believe that a higher MLA will protect youths from the harms of cannabis use, critics argue that it will push them back to the illegal market.

Associations of common mental disorder with alcohol use in the adult general population

Citation
Puddephatt, J. A., Irizar, P., Jones, A., Gage, S. H., & Goodwin, L. (2021). Associations of common mental disorder with alcohol use in the adult general population: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Addiction. Chicago

Research has shown that alcohol use and common mental disorders co-occur; however, little is known about how the global prevalence of alcohol use compares across different mental disorders.

This review examined:

(i) report global associations of alcohol use (alcohol use disorder (AUD), binge drinking and consumption) comparing those with and without common mental disorders 

Bupropion and Naltrexone in Methamphetamine Use Disorder

Citation
Trivedi, M. H., Walker, R., Ling, W., Dela Cruz, A., Sharma, G., Carmody, T., ... & Shoptaw, S. (2021). Bupropion and naltrexone in methamphetamine use disorder. New England Journal of Medicine, 384(2), 140-153.
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Abstract

Background

The use of naltrexone plus bupropion to treat methamphetamine use disorder has not been well studied.

Methods

Brain lesions disrupting addiction map to a common human brain circuit

Citation
Joutsa, J., Moussawi, K., Siddiqi, S.H. et al. Brain lesions disrupting addiction map to a common human brain circuit. Nat Med (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-022-01834-y
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Abstract

Drug addiction is a public health crisis for which new treatments are urgently needed. In rare cases, regional brain damage can lead to addiction remission. These cases may be used to identify therapeutic targets for neuromodulation. We analyzed two cohorts of patients addicted to smoking at the time of focal brain damage (cohort 1 n = 67; cohort 2 n = 62).

Characterising smoking and smoking cessation attempts by risk of alcohol dependence: A representative, cross-sectional study of adults in England between 2014-2021

Citation
Garnett, C. (2022). Characterising smoking and smoking cessation behaviours by risk of alcohol dependence: a representative, cross-sectional study of adults in England between 2014-2021. The Lancet Regional Health–Europe. 2022;00: 100418 Published online xxx https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lanepe.2022.100418
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Summary

Background

There is a strong shared association between smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol. This study aimed to compare smoking prevalence and smoking characteristics in drinkers who were versus were not at risk of alcohol dependence in England.

Association of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms With Substance Misuse in 2 Longitudinal Cohorts in Sweden

Citation
Virtanen S, Kuja-Halkola R, Sidorchuk A, et al. Association of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms With Substance Misuse in 2 Longitudinal Cohorts in Sweden. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(6):e2214779. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.14779
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Abstract

Importance  Neurobiological models have postulated shared neural mechanisms between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and substance use disorders, but results from clinical and epidemiological studies are conflicting or even suggest that OCD may be protective against substance misuse.

Trends in Cannabis Polysubstance Use During Early Pregnancy Among Patients in a Large Health Care System in Northern California

Citation
Young-Wolff KC, Sarovar V, Tucker L, et al. Trends in Cannabis Polysubstance Use During Early Pregnancy Among Patients in a Large Health Care System in Northern California. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(6):e2215418. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.15418
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Abstract

Importance  Rates of prenatal cannabis use are increasing alongside perceptions that cannabis is a harmless therapeutic for pregnancy-related ailments, while rates of prenatal use of alcohol and tobacco are decreasing. It is important to examine whether cannabis use during pregnancy is increasing similarly among patients with and patients without co-occurring substance use.

Use of Menthol Cigarettes, Smoking Frequency, and Nicotine Dependence Among US Youth

Citation
Leas EC, Benmarhnia T, Strong DR, Pierce JP. Use of Menthol Cigarettes, Smoking Frequency, and Nicotine Dependence Among US Youth. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(6):e2217144. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.17144
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Abstract

Importance  Menthol may make cigarette smoke less aversive and could lead youth to smoke more frequently and become more dependent on nicotine.

Objective  To assess the association of menthol use with cigarette smoking frequency and nicotine dependence (ND) among youth cigarette users.

Impaired control in heavy drinking and its association with alcohol craving and alcohol use disorder severity

Citation
Sánchez, E., Cruz Fuentes, C., Benjet, C., & Medina-Mora, M. (2020). Impaired control in heavy drinking and its association with alcohol craving and alcohol use disorder severity. Salud Mental, 43(4), 151-157. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2020.021
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Abstract:

Efectos del consumo de cannabis durante el embarazo y la lactancia

Citation
Pascale, A., & Laborde, A. (2019). Efectos del consumo de cannabis durante el embarazo y la lactancia. Archivos de Pediatría del Uruguay, 90(3), 72-88.
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Resumen

La marihuana se consume en menor proporción que el alcohol y el tabaco. La edad de mayor frecuencia de consumo coincide con la edad reproductiva. Los cannabinoides tienen características cinéticas y mecanismos de acción que suponen riesgo de exposición fetal y en la lactancia. El embarazo presenta cambios fisiológicos que facilitan la exposición fetal.