Chicken or egg: A dual diagnosis narrative
Summary What is known on the subject? Dual diagnosis is a term used to describe persons who have a co-occurring mental health and substance use
There is a scarcity of research on drug use patterns among HIV-positive young individuals in Sub-Saharan Africa (YLWH). To fill the gap, the following was set out:
Stigma among healthcare providers is a barrier to the effective delivery of mental health services in primary care. Few studies have been conducted in primary care settings comparing the attitudes of healthcare providers and experiences of people with mental illness who are service users in those facilities. Such research is necessary across diverse global settings to characterize stigma and inform effective stigma reduction.
This review aimed to identify and synthesize strategies and actions adopted by addiction facilities to support and maintain treatment during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. A scoping review was conducted using the following information sources: Virtual Health Library, SCOPUS, Web of Science, PubMed, CINAHL, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Science Literature.
Dimensional models for classifying personality have received extensive empirical support in the treatment of substance misuse. However, we do not currently understand whether and which dimensions of personality functioning are amenable to change.
Background: Treatment retention is a major factor contributing to favourable outcome in the treatment of substance misuse, but the literature remains very limited. Despite evidence of the association of personality with drug use experimentation and relapse, surprisingly little is known about its role in the treatment process.
The present study aims to translate and adapt the WHO-Five Wellbeing Index (WHO-5) into the Urdu language and then determine its psychometric properties.
To the authors' knowledge, this study is one of the largest and most comprehensive studies of medical student substance use. Canadian medical students reported similar rates of alcohol use, higher rates of cannabis use, and lower rates of tobacco and NPS use than Canadian postsecondary students. These findings matter because medical students' substance use may indicate their ability to cope with stress and their risk of burnout, and their pati
Alcohol consumption contributes to 3 million deaths each year globally as well as to the disabilities and poor health of millions of people.
Alcohol use among adolescents can be harmful to neurodevelopment and has been linked to an increased risk of suicide ideation, depression, and risky sexual behaviour.
Identificar el nivel de conocimientos de los profesionales de Enfermería de una Institución de salud de primer nivel de atención sobre el consumo sustancias psicoactivas y su prevención. Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en el que participaron los profesionales de Enfermería de una Institución prestadora de servicios de salud pública de primer nivel de atención de Santa Marta Colombia.
Conocer el estado del arte, es estar al tanto de los antecedentes y no repetir lo que ya se ha dicho antes, y utilizarlo como punto de partida. Averiguar el desarrollo de la temática que nos interesa no es tarea fácil. Hoy la revisión de literatura se hace desde cualquier lugar. Tenemos acceso a catálogos de publicaciones, a bases de datos automatizados.
Objetivo: Determinar el efecto de mediación de la búsqueda de sensaciones en la relación entre actitudes al consumo y el consumo de alcohol en una muestra de adolescentes del Ecuador. Método: Estudio descriptivo predictor y de mediación con el uso de la Escala de Actitudes al consumo, el Cuestionario Breve de Búsqueda de Sensaciones y la Prueba de Identificación de Trastornos Relacionados con el Consumo de Alcohol.
There is increasing evidence that the life-course origins of health and development begin before conception. We examined associations between timing and frequency of preconception cannabis and tobacco use and next generation preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW) and small for gestational age.
Opioid use disorder (OUD) and opioid overdose deaths (OODs) are prevalent among US workers, but work-related factors have not received adequate attention as either risk factors or opportunities for OOD prevention. Higher prevalence of OOD in those with heavy physical jobs, more precarious work, and limited health care benefits suggest work environment and organizational factors may predispose workers to the development of OUD.
The featured articles investigate the association of smoking products and alcohol consumption, identify causes and influences, and explore therapeutic avenues and cessation interventions.
Free to access until 31 January!
This is a study, led by the University of Bristol, and published in Addiction Journal. It was funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), the research partner of the NHS, public health and social care.
Abstract: As per the Magnitude of Substance Use in India 2019 survey report, over 57 million of the Indian population is in need of professional help for alcohol use disorders and around 7.7 million for opioid use disorders.
"Addiction recovery is a complex, dynamic and non-linear process of change on multiple life domains, and in substance use patterns in particular."
In this special issue of Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, researchers from around the world explore the range of mediators and mechanisms that play a role in an individuals recovery trajectory.
BACKGROUND: In December 2019, a severe acute respiratory syndrome caused by coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV-2 or COVID-19) broke out in China. The virus spread rapidly throughout the country and around the globe. In an effort to prevent the spread of the virus, all countries significantly limited social interaction, which also curbed all sports, social, and leisure activities.
BACKGROUND: Characterising flavours are an important marketing tool for the tobacco industry. Following the European Tobacco Products Directive, the sales of menthol cigarettes in all EU Member States, including the Czech Republic, were banned as of May 20, 2020.
BACKGROUND: The Czech Republic has a long tradition of methamphetamine use. Less is known about the circumstances of initiation into its use at the level of individual users. The aim of the research was to analyse the biographic burden prior to initiation into the use of amphetamines. Another aim was to describe initiation into the use of amphetamines from the perspective of users in various groups.
په دې وروستیو څو لسیزو کې د عامې روغتیا یو جدی اندیښنه په امریکا کې د ایپیوپیډیا ناروغی ده. په ۲۰۱۸ کال کې ۹،۹ میلیونه امریکایان چې عمرونه یې ۱۲ کلن وو او د نسخو د درد په دوا کې یې ناوړه ګټه پورته کړې وه، او په نږدې توګه ۲ میلیونه امریکایان د نشه یی توکو د استعمال د بې نظمۍ په ناروغۍ کې تشخیص شول.
Cannabis and the Gateway Drug Theory: Correlation or Causation – Where does the Evidence Point? (Dalgarno Institute Research Report, October 2021)
This Research Report looks a the ever oscillating debate around Cannabis and the 'Gateway Drug Theory'.
Problematic substance use can be a significant cause of stress for family members of the person using substances. This review, published in the journal Drug: Education, Prevention and Policy, examines current research in order to explore the question 'What is the impact of an adult family member's problematic substance use for family life?'
Following a systematic search, the researchers analysed the data of 15 qualitative studies.
The Effectiveness Bank has stopped routinely issuing research analyses, but we couldn’t leave this gem from the ’70s figuratively gathering dust on the shelves of the British Library. Belied by an under-stated presentation, its practice implications are profound for treatment staff supporting clients with an apparently unpromising prognosis.
In a new study, led by a team at the University of Salford, evidence has been found to suggest fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a significant issue among the population, likely to be as common as autism, despite being rarely diagnosed.
The project, which investigated the number of primary school children affected by FASD in Greater Manchester, is the first of its kind in the UK.
The Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) movement created the term "in recovery" to express the continuing requirement for vigilance in order to sustain sobriety (which includes abstinence from alcohol intake) and avoid a return to dangerous drinking. This term, or identity, may be adopted by someone who considers themselves to be in recovery for the rest of their lives.
Despite a long history of successful, community-led harm reduction programs and rising health inequalities suffered by PWUD, research collaborations between PWUD and researchers remain generally ignored. PWUDs are crucial in identifying developing concerns in the drug industry, as well as related health behaviors and consequences.
The use of alcohol and drugs is a significant public health concern and is prevalent in families. Over 100 million people are thought to be affected by a close relative's substance use, with many experiencing negative health and social consequences. Additional associated stressors, such as interpersonal conflict, financial issues, the burden of care, and family conflict, frequently increase the multi-dimensional impact of substance use.