Research

Impact of Pandemic on Addiction Treatment Centers in Latin America

Citation
Impacto de la Pandemia en Centros de Tratamiento de Adicciones de América Latina
Publication Date

Preliminary report of the study "Overall impact of the pandemic in the Addiction Treatment Centers of Latin America", which aims to explain the overall impact of pandemic and isolation measures in treatment centers, identify changes in demand for treatment and consumption profiles identified by institutions and, finally, systematize the main measures taken by institutions to address this context.

Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement Remediates Hedonic Dysregulation in Opioid Users: Neural and Affective Evidence of Target Engagement

Citation
Garland, E. L., Atchley, R. M., Hanley, A. W., Zubieta, J. K., & Froeliger, B. (2019). Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement remediates hedonic dysregulation in opioid users: Neural and affective evidence of target engagement. Science advances, 5(10), eaax1569.
Publication Date

Abstract

Addiction neuroscience models posit that recurrent drug use increases reactivity to drug-related cues and blunts responsiveness to natural rewards, propelling a cycle of hedonic dysregulation that drives addictive behavior.

Patient-Reported Outcomes of Treatment of Opioid Dependence With Weekly and Monthly Subcutaneous Depot vs Daily Sublingual Buprenorphine: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Lintzeris N, Dunlop AJ, Haber PS, et al. Patient-Reported Outcomes of Treatment of Opioid Dependence With Weekly and Monthly Subcutaneous Depot vs Daily Sublingual Buprenorphine: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(5):e219041. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.9041
Publication Date

Abstract

Importance: Patient-reported outcomes in the treatment of opioid dependence may differ between subcutaneously administered depot buprenorphine and daily sublingual buprenorphine.

Objective: To compare patient satisfaction between depot buprenorphine and sublingual buprenorphine in adult outpatients with opioid dependence.

Incidence and Lethality of Suicidal Overdoses by Drug Class

Citation
Miller TR, Swedler DI, Lawrence BA, et al. Incidence and Lethality of Suicidal Overdoses by Drug Class. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200607. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0607
Publication Date
Abstract

Importance  Prior lethality analyses of suicide means have historically treated drug poisoning other than alcohol poisoning as a lumped category. Assessing risk by drug class permits better assessment of prevention opportunities.

Objective: To investigate the epidemiology of drug poisoning suicides.

Alcohol Use during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean

Citation
Garcia-Cerde R, Valente JY, Sohi I, Falade R, Sanchez ZM, Monteiro MG. Alcohol use during the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2021;45:e52. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2021.52
Publication Date
ABSTRACT

Objective. To assess the association between drinking behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic and quarantine, anxiety symptoms, and sociodemographic characteristics in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).

Staff experiences of encountering and treating outpatients with substance use disorder in the psychiatric context: a qualitative study

Citation
Petersén, E., Thurang, A. & Berman, A.H. Staff experiences of encountering and treating outpatients with substance use disorder in the psychiatric context: a qualitative study. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 29 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00235-9
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

High comorbidity exists between mental illness and substance use disorders (SUD). Patients in psychiatry living with problematic alcohol or drug consumption can experience a sense of exclusion, where seeking help for SUD can be perceived as stigmatizing. The aim of this study is to illuminate staff experiences of encountering patients with SUD within the psychiatric outpatient context.

Cannabis Use in People With Obsessive-Compulsive Symptomatology: Results From a Mexican Epidemiological Sample

Citation
Nicolini, H., Martínez-Magaña, J. J., Genis-Mendoza, A. D., VILLATORO, J., Camarena, B., Fleiz Bautista, C., ... & Medina-Mora, M. E. (2021). Cannabis Use in People with Obsessive-Compulsive Symptomatology: Results from a Mexican Epidemiological Sample. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, 643.
Publication Date

Recent studies suggest that the endocannabinoid system could play an important role in the physiopathology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). There are reports of effective treatment with derivatives of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The study of the genetic factor associated with psychiatric disorders has made possible an exploration of its contribution to the pharmacological response.

Alcohol Narrows Physical Distance between Strangers

Citation
PNAS May 18, 2021 118 (20) e2101937118; https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2101937118
Publication Date

Abstract

Pandemic management is likely to represent a global reality for years to come, but the roadmap for how to approach pandemic restrictions is as yet unclear. Of the restrictions enacted during COVID-19, among the more controversial surround alcohol.

The NIDA Clinical Trials Network: Evolving, Expanding, and Addressing the Opioid Epidemic

Citation
Tai, B., Dobbins, R., Blackeney, Q. et al. The NIDA clinical trials network: evolving, expanding, and addressing the opioid epidemic. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 28 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00238-6
Publication Date

Abstract

Over the past two decades, the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN), a program of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), has expanded from the initial six Nodes to 16 Nodes, as a nationwide consortium of research scientists and treatment providers working together to improve care for substance use in the nation’s communities.

Assessing the Feasibility of Providing a Family Skills Intervention, “Strong Families”, for Refugee Families Residing in Reception Centers in Serbia

Citation
El-Khani, A., Haar, K., Stojanovic, M., & Maalouf, W. (2021). Assessing the Feasibility of Providing a Family Skills Intervention,“Strong Families”, for Refugee Families Residing in Reception Centers in Serbia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), 4530.

Abstract:

The long‐term effectiveness of universal, selective and combined prevention for alcohol use during adolescence: 36‐month outcomes from a cluster randomized controlled trial

Citation
Slade T, Newton NC, Mather M, Barrett EL, Champion KE, Stapinski L, Conrod PJ, Teesson M. The long‐term effectiveness of universal, selective and combined prevention for alcohol use during adolescence: 36‐month outcomes from a cluster randomized controlled trial. Addiction. 2021 Mar;116(3):514-24.
Publication Date

Open Access article on a four arm cluster randomized trial of school-base alcohol prevention strategies demonstrated that both universal and selective methods improved outcomes compared to control.

Dispositional mindfulness, spirituality and religion and its role as protective factors for substance use in Mexican adolescents

Citation
Ramírez-Garduño, Axel, Veytia López, Marcela, Guadarrama Guadarrama, Rosalinda, & Lira Mandujano, Jennifer. (2020). Mindfulness disposicional, espiritualidad y religión y su papel como factores protectores del consumo de sustancias en adolescentes mexicanos. Nova scientia, 12(25), 00009. Epub 17 de febrero de 2021.https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v12i25.2460
Publication Date

fountain:

Ramírez-Garduño, Axel, Veytia López, Marcela, Guadarrama Guadarrama, Rosalinda, & Lira Mandujano, Jennifer. (2020). Dispositional mindfulness, spirituality and religion and its role as protective factors for substance use in Mexican adolescents. Nova scientia, 12(25), 00009. Epub February 17, 2021. https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v12i25.2460

Evaluation of State Cannabis Laws and Rates of Self-harm and Assault

Citation
Matthay EC, Kiang MV, Elser H, Schmidt L, Humphreys K. Evaluation of State Cannabis Laws and Rates of Self-harm and Assault. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211955. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1955
Publication Date

Abstract

Importance  State cannabis laws are changing rapidly. Research is inconclusive about their association with rates of self-harm and assault. Existing studies have not considered variations in cannabis commercialization across states over time.

 

Qualitative assessment of patients’ perspectives and needs from community pharmacists in substance use disorder management

Citation
Fatani, S., Bakke, D., D’Eon, M. et al. Qualitative assessment of patients’ perspectives and needs from community pharmacists in substance use disorder management. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 16, 38 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00374-x
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Considerations on scientific communication in the hyperconnected post COVID-19 era

Citation
Vázquez JL. Considerations on scientific communication in the hyperconnected post-COVID-19 era. RIIAD [Internet]. 7(1):3-. Available from: http://riiad.org/index.php/riiad/article/view/riiad.2021.1.01
Publication Date

Current world circumstances provoke multifaceted reflections on science from different standpoints correspondent to the complexity of reality. The relevance of scientific research to face threats such as COVID-19 is clear. Thanks to science, soon, the vaccines developed in record time will be instrumental on our way out of the pandemic. Once again, humanity demonstrates that global challenges demand everyone’s cooperation.

College Students’ Perspectives on an Alcohol Prevention Programme and Student Drinking

Citation
Calnan S, Davoren MP. College students’ perspectives on an alcohol prevention programme and student drinking – A focus group study. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. April 2021. doi:10.1177/14550725211007078

There are a number of interventions designed to reduce harmful levels of alcohol consumption among college students.

In order to design effective programmes, it is important to understand the attitude of students towards these kinds of interventions.

COVID-19 Perceived Impact and Psychological Variables as Predictors of Unhealthy Food and Alcohol Consumption Trajectories: The Role of Gender and Living with Children as Moderators

Citation
Salazar-Fernández, C.; Palet, D.; Haeger, P.A.; Román Mella, F. COVID-19 Perceived Impact and Psychological Variables as Predictors of Unhealthy Food and Alcohol Consumption Trajectories: The Role of Gender and Living with Children as Moderators. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4542. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094542
Publication Date

Abstract

The present study examines the trajectories of unhealthy food and alcohol consumption over time and considers whether perceived impact of COVID-19 and psychological variables are predictors of these trajectories. We ascertained whether these predictors are different in women vs. men and between women living with vs. without children.

Natural Recovery by the Liver and Other Organs After Chronic Alcohol Use

Citation
Thomes, P. G., Rasineni, K., Saraswathi, V., Kharbanda, K. K., Clemens, D. L., Sweeney, S. A., ... & Casey, C. A. (2021). Natural Recovery by the Liver and Other Organs after Chronic Alcohol Use. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 41(1).
Publication Date

ABSTRACT

Chronic, heavy alcohol consumption disrupts normal organ function and causes structural damage in virtually every tissue of the body. Current diagnostic terminology states that a person who drinks alcohol excessively has alcohol use disorder. The liver is especially susceptible to alcohol-induced damage.

Alcohol Consumption and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA Levels in HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients

Citation
Fuster D, Nunes D, Cheng DM, Saitz R, Samet JH. Alcohol Consumption and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA Levels in HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients. Viruses. 2021; 13(5):716. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13050716
Publication Date

Abstract

Background: The impact of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA levels on the evolution of chronic HCV infection-related liver damage is controversial. Heavy alcohol use is believed to have a deleterious impact on the course of HCV disease, but current knowledge about the possible effect of alcohol use on HCV RNA levels in HIV/HCV coinfected patients is limited.

Virtual Twelve Step Meeting Attendance During the COVID-19 Period A Study of Members of Narcotics Anonymous

Citation
Galanter, Marc MD; White, William L. MA; Hunter, Brooke MS Virtual Twelve Step Meeting Attendance During the COVID-19 Period, Journal of Addiction Medicine: April 15, 2021 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000852

Abstract

Objectives: 

Face-to-face meetings are key components of Twelve Step (TS) fellowships’ support of members’ abstinence. Home confinement during COVID-19 made this less feasible. Our objective was to ascertain whether a transition to virtual online meetings among TS members took place, and whether it was potentially effective.

Variation in Cannabinoid Metabolites Present in the Urine of Adults Using Medical Cannabis Products in Massachusetts

Citation
Gilman JM, Schmitt WA, Wheeler G, et al. Variation in Cannabinoid Metabolites Present in the Urine of Adults Using Medical Cannabis Products in Massachusetts. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(4):e215490. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5490
Publication Date

The findings of this cohort study are consistent with those of a study of cannabis products purchased in California and Washington, in which more than one-half of products were incorrectly labeled.

Association of Gestational Opioid Exposure and Risk of Major and Minor Congenital Malformations

Citation
Wen X, Belviso N, Murray E, Lewkowitz AK, Ward KE, Meador KJ. Association of Gestational Opioid Exposure and Risk of Major and Minor Congenital Malformations. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(4):e215708. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5708
Publication Date

Abstract

Importance  The rapid increase of opioid-related overdoses and deaths has become a public health concern in the US. Use of prescription opioids in pregnant women has increased; results from teratogenicity studies remain controversial.