Research

Does cannabidiol make cannabis safer? A randomised, double-blind, cross-over trial of cannabis with four different CBD:THC ratios

Citation
Englund, A., Oliver, D., Chesney, E. et al. Does cannabidiol make cannabis safer? A randomised, double-blind, cross-over trial of cannabis with four different CBD:THC ratios. Neuropsychopharmacol. (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41386-022-01478-z
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Abstract

As countries adopt more permissive cannabis policies, it is increasingly important to identify strategies that can reduce the harmful effects of cannabis use. This study aimed to determine if increasing the CBD content of cannabis can reduce its harmful effects.

Experts’ views on how to design a tobacco control fund in the UK

Citation
Hilton S, Smith MJ, Buckton CH, et alExperts’ views on how to design a tobacco control fund in the UKBMJ Open 2022;12:e066224. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-066224
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Abstract

Objective To explore expert views on the potential value, and approaches to establishing and administering a tobacco control fund in the UK.

Design Semistructured interviews and follow-up discussion groups.

Correction: Interdisciplinary collaboration in the treatment of alcohol use disorders in a general hospital department: a mixed-method study

Citation
Kools, N., Dekker, G.G., Kaijen, B.A.P. et al. Correction: Interdisciplinary collaboration in the treatment of alcohol use disorders in a general hospital department: a mixed-method study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 64 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00492-0
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Background

Interdisciplinary collaborations (i.e., where various disciplines work coordinated and interdependently toward shared goals) are stated to yield higher team effectiveness than multidisciplinary approaches (i.e., where various disciplines work in parallel within their professional boundaries) in somatic health care settings.

Understanding injecting drug use in Afghanistan: A scoping review

Citation
Nafeh, F., Fusigboye, S. & Sornpaisarn, B. Understanding injecting drug use in Afghanistan: A scoping review. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 65 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00491-1

Background

Several reports have described a growing prevalence of illicit drug use in Afghanistan, with recognition of a recent shift from traditional modes of consumption involving inhalation and oral ingestion to injecting drug use.

Correlates of treatment engagement and client outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial of nabiximols for the treatment of cannabis use disorder

Citation
Mills, L., Dunlop, A., Montebello, M. et al. Correlates of treatment engagement and client outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial of nabiximols for the treatment of cannabis use disorder. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 67 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00493-z
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Introduction and aims

There is increasing interest and evidence for the use of cannabinoid medications in the treatment of cannabis use disorder, but little examination of the correlates of successful treatment.

Moving towards a continuum of safer supply options for people who use drugs: A qualitative study exploring national perspectives on safer supply among professional stakeholders in Canada

Citation
Foreman-Mackey, A., Pauly, B., Ivsins, A. et al. Moving towards a continuum of safer supply options for people who use drugs: A qualitative study exploring national perspectives on safer supply among professional stakeholders in Canada. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 66 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00494-y
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Background

Novel public health interventions are needed to address the toxic drug supply and meet the needs of people who use drugs amidst the overdose crisis.

Disruptions to U.S. local public health’s role in population-based substance use prevention and response during COVID-19

Citation
Hall, K., Higgins, F., Beach, K.F. et al. Disruptions to U.S. local public health’s role in population-based substance use prevention and response during COVID-19. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 73 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00499-7
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Background

The COVID-19 emergency has tested the public health, medical, and public safety infrastructure of the United States (U.S.) in unprecedented ways. As the focal point for public health in their communities, local health departments (LHDs) were particularly impacted by the pandemic’s onset. The pandemic limited the scale and scope of local health department (LHD) work, redirecting resources to the response.

Strategies to cut down drinking, alcohol consumption, and usual drinking frequency

Citation
Sasso, A., Hernández-Alava, M., Holmes, J., Field, M., Angus, C. and Meier, P., 2022. Strategies to cut down drinking, alcohol consumption, and usual drinking frequency: Evidence from a British online market research survey. Social Science & Medicine, 310, p.115280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2022.115280

Background

Relatively little is known about how risky drinkers attempt to moderate their drinking in the absence of specialist support. The broader literature has identified multiple potential strategies that people use to cope with temptation when trying to control health-risk behaviours.

Mortality and life-years lost following subsequent physical comorbidity in people with pre-existing substance use disorders: a national registry-based retrospective cohort study of hospitalised individuals in Czechia

Citation
Formánek, T., Krupchanka, D., Mladá, K., Winkler, P., & Jones, P. B. (2022). Mortality and life-years lost following subsequent physical comorbidity in people with pre-existing substance use disorders: a national registry-based retrospective cohort study of hospitalised individuals in Czechia. The Lancet Psychiatry.
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Summary

Background

Substance use disorders constitute a major global public health problem, attributable largely to their subsequent comorbidity with other health conditions.

Patterns of Health Care Use 5 Years After an Intervention Linking Patients in Addiction Treatment With a Primary Care Practitioner

Citation
Iturralde E, Weisner CM, Adams SR, et al. Patterns of Health Care Use 5 Years After an Intervention Linking Patients in Addiction Treatment With a Primary Care Practitioner. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(11):e2241338. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.41338
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Abstract

Importance  Substance use disorders are associated with high rates of emergency department (ED) use and challenges engaging with primary care services.

Objective  To examine 5-year health care engagement and utilization outcomes for participants in the LINKAGE trial, given previously reported associations of LINKAGE with improved care engagement in the short term.

Substance use and homelessness

Citation
Neale, J., Parkin, S., Hermann, L., Metrebian, N., Roberts, E., Robson, D., & Strang, J. (2022). Substance use and homelessness: A longitudinal interview study conducted during COVID-19 with implications for policy and practice. International Journal of Drug Policy, 108, 103818.

This research explored changes in the tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug use of people experiencing homelessness in the UK. Particularly, the researchers examined the following questions:

Associated Factors of Care Continuity among People Who are Addicted to Psychoactive Substances at the "La Vie" Center and Jamot Hospital in Yaounde

Citation
Michèle C. Kuisseu, Francis B. Kengne, Thérèse M. Mbezele Mekongo, Jean PY. Awono Noah, Brondon N. Vouofo Gapgueu, & Etienne kimessoukie Omolomo. (2022). Associated Factors of Care Continuity among Addicts to Psychoactive Substances at the "La Vie" Center and Jamot Hospital in Yaounde. International Journal of Formal Sciences: Current and Future Research Trends, 15(1), 40–56.

Purpose: The main objective of this study was to determine the associated factors of care continuity among people who are addicted to psychoactive substances at the "La Vie" Center and Jamot hospital in Yaounde.

Avoidance, Anxiety Towards Parents, and Self-Acceptance of Adolescents in the System of Higher Secondary Education

Citation
Banárová, K., Čerešník, M., & Pipová, H. (2022). Avoidance, anxiety towards parents, and self-acceptance of adolescents in the system of higher secondary education. Adiktologie, 22(2), 82–93. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0001
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BACKGROUND:

A close relationship between a parent and a child and parental acceptance can mediate the appropriate self-acceptance of an adolescent, which is an important variable related to personality and a pillar of emotional health. In the paper we present the conclusions of a research study about the quality of the attachment towards parents and self-acceptance of adolescents at Czech secondary schools.

General Principles of Contingency Management for Smoking Cessation

Citation
Aonso Diego, G., & Kulhánek, A. (2022). General principles of contingency management for smoking cessation. Adiktologie, 22(2), 126–131. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0006
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Contingency management (CM) is a psychological treatment based on operant conditioning. It consists of providing incentives in exchange for achieving a target behaviour such as abstinence or other treatmentrelated variables (e.g. session attendance, adherence to medication). The objective of this article was to introduce the rationale of CM for substance use and, more specifically, for smoking cessation.

Effect of Propylene Glycol and Vegetable Glycerine Ratio in E-Liquid on Aerosol Formation: Overview of Relevant Properties

Citation
Vyshneva, V. (2022). Effect of propylene glycol and vegetable glycerine ratio in e-liquid on aerosol formation: Overview of relevant properties. Adiktologie, 22(2), 118–125. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0005
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BACKGROUND:

Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) generate an aerosol by vaporising e-liquids that usually consist of propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerine (VG), and other ingredients (water, nicotine, and flavours).

Substance Use and the Role of Families. Results of a Cross-Country Study in Pakistan, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine

Citation
Lee, J., Myshakivska, O., Filimonova, N., Pinchuk, I., Yachnik, Y., Chumak, S., Altynbekov, K., Muzafarov, R., Cherchenko, N., Asghar, S., Ali, S. A., & Alyana, S. I. (2022). Substance use and the role of families. Results of a cross-country study in Pakistan, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine. Adiktologie, 22(2), 68–81. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0007
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BACKGROUND:

In many countries families have rarely been involved in addressing treatment and interventions for family members with substance use disorders (SUDs). The aims of this study were to measure the influence of substance use on users’ family members and to evaluate what and if any interventions were conducted by and with family members in the three countries of Kazakhstan, Pakistan, and Ukraine.

Contribution of SocioDemographic and Structured Leisure Activities’ Characteristics to Adolescents’ Alcohol Use

Citation
Belošević, M., & Ferić, M. (2022). Contribution of sociodemographic and structured leisure activities’ characteristics to adolescents’ alcohol use. Adiktologie, 22(2), 102–116. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0003
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BACKGROUND:

Leisure can be a context that can promote positive adolescent development, but it can also be a context that contributes to adolescents engaging in risk behaviours.

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention in the Czech Republic: Study Design

Citation
Fanta, M., & Barták, M. (2022). Cost-effectiveness analysis of alcohol screening and brief intervention in the Czech Republic. Study design. Adiktologie, 22(2), 132–139. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0004
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INTRODUCTION:

Screening and brief interventions (SBI) consist of a variety of activities aimed at people who engage in risky alcohol drinking, but who are not severely alcohol-dependent. Many studies have proved that SBI might serve as a very effective tool for reducing alcohol consumption and the associated negative consequences. However, the rate of SBI provided by healthcare professionals in the Czech Republic is relatively low.

Patterns of Heated Tobacco Product Use Among Czech Adult Tobacco Users in 2020: An Online Survey

Citation
| Dobrovolná, K., Kulhánek, A., & Orlíková, B. (2022). Patterns of heated tobacco product use among Czech adult tobacco users in 2020: An online survey. Adiktologie, 22(2), 94–101. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0002
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BACKGROUND:

Heated tobacco products represent a new phenomenon, called novel tobacco products, and one that is not unique to the Czech market. These are electronic tobacco heating and aerosol-producing devices. Although studies on the prevalence of heated tobacco use are already available, patterns of use have not yet been sufficiently mapped.

The environmental impact of tobacco products: Time to increase awareness and action

Citation
Morphett, K., Hyland, A., Sellars, D., & Gartner, C. (2022). The environmental impact of tobacco products: Time to increase awareness and action. Addiction.
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"There is increasing recognition of the negative environmental effects of tobacco products. However, further research, policy and public awareness are needed to address the environmental harms caused by the tobacco industry."

Safe spaces, vocational training, and prevention programs protect young Ugandan women

Citation
Kasirye, R., Laurenzi, C., Nabulya, A., & Nakijoba, B. (2022). Safe spaces, vocational training, and prevention programs protect young Ugandan women: findings from Uganda Youth Development Link’s DREAMS initiative for rural communities. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 1-12.

Adolescent girls and young women in Uganda, especially those based in rural Africa, experience multiple interrelated adversities that may place them at risk of HIV, alcohol abuse, and being dependent on inequitable power relationships with men for survival and income.

Perception, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 crisis: A web-based cross-sectional survey

Citation
Khan, Iman & Bhandari, Ramesh & M, Sowmya & Ganachari,. (2020). Perception, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 crisis: A web-based cross-sectional survey. 10.31838/ijpr/2020.SP1.320.
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The current situation of pandemic is unusual and rare. Understanding common public mindset towards the COVID-19 pandemic is essential. Hence, this study aimed to understand the people’s thinking, apprehension, and reaction towards the pandemic. Method: A Google survey form (26-item questionnaire) was created and shared through social media to include as many participants as possible.

Formal mindfulness practice predicts reductions in PTSD symptom severity following a mindfulness-based intervention for women with co-occurring PTSD and substance use disorder

Citation
Somohano, V.C., Kaplan, J., Newman, A.G. et al. Formal mindfulness practice predicts reductions in PTSD symptom severity following a mindfulness-based intervention for women with co-occurring PTSD and substance use disorder. Addict Sci Clin Pract 17, 51 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-022-00333-2
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Abstract

Background

Women with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) experience systemic barriers that place them in danger of poorer treatment outcomes. Some mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have demonstrated efficacy in reducing PTSD and SUD symptoms.

Changes in Emergency Department Visits for Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome Following Recreational Cannabis Legalization and Subsequent Commercialization in Ontario, Canada

Citation
Myran DT, Roberts R, Pugliese M, Taljaard M, Tanuseputro P, Pacula RL. Changes in Emergency Department Visits for Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome Following Recreational Cannabis Legalization and Subsequent Commercialization in Ontario, Canada. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(9):e2231937. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.31937
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Abstract

Importance  Prior research suggests that the legalization of recreational cannabis is associated with increases in cannabis hyperemesis syndrome (CHS), but it is unclear how cannabis commercialization (ie, greater retail store access as well as increased variety and potency of cannabis products) may be associated with these changes.

Road traffic injury risk from alcohol and cannabis use among emergency department patients in Argentina

Citation
Conde K, Peltzer RI, Gimenez PV, Salomón T, Suarez G, Monteiro M et al. Road traffic injury risk from alcohol and cannabis use among emergency department patients in Argentina. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2022;46:e116. https://doi.org/10.26633/ RPSP.2022.116
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ABSTRACT

Objective. To report the risk from alcohol, cannabis, and their combined use for non-fatal road traffic injuries for drivers, passengers, and pedestrians.

Methods. Risk was estimated using the case-crossover method. Participants (N= 306) were injured patients from an emergency department in Mar del Plata, Argentina.

Habitual Alcohol Intake and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Young Adults in Korea

Citation
Han M, Lee S, Choi E, et al. Habitual Alcohol Intake and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Young Adults in Korea. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(9):e2229799. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.29799
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Abstract

Importance  Guidelines recommend that all risk factors for early-onset atrial fibrillation, including lifestyle factors, be proactively managed, considering the poor prognosis of the disease. Not much is known about the association of cumulative alcohol intake with the risk of atrial fibrillation in young adults aged 20 to 39 years, especially among heavy drinkers.

In- and Out-Group Effects on Social Perception and Empathy in Cocaine Use Disorder

Citation
Aue, T., Kexel, A. K., Kluwe-Schiavon, B., Bührer, S., Baumgartner, M. R., Soravia, L. M., & Quednow, B. B. (2022). In-and Out-Group Effects on Social Perception and Empathy in Cocaine Use Disorder. Frontiers in psychiatry, 13.
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Earlier research revealed that cocaine users display impairments in emotional but not necessarily in cognitive empathy. However, no study to date has tested whether empathy is generally altered or whether impairments are restricted to specific social targets. The current investigation addresses this open question.

Internalizing and externalizing pathways to high-risk substance use and geographic location in Australian adolescents

Citation
Willis, B. M., Kersh, P. P., Buchanan, C. M., & Cole, V. T. (2022). Internalizing and externalizing pathways to high-risk substance use and geographic location in Australian adolescents. Frontiers in psychology, 13.
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One specific instantiation of the storm-and-stress view of adolescence is the idea that “normal” adolescence involves high-risk substance use behaviors.

Effects of a brief pre-admission telephone reminder on no-show and dropout rates in substance use disorder treatment: a quasi-experimental study

Citation
Gallefoss, L.J., Gabrielsen, K.B., Haugland, S.H. et al. Effects of a brief pre-admission telephone reminder on no-show and dropout rates in substance use disorder treatment: a quasi-experimental study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 61 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00489-9
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A Comparative Account on Ethical Considerations in Practice of Clinical Psychology

Citation
Sahar, N., Hussain, S., Noshili, A. I., Shahbal, S., Hamdi, A. M., Khan, A., Hakami, H. Y., Alsaed, A. M. S., Alotaibi, A., Alharbi, A. A., Almutairy, A. M., Albeshri, M. H., Nouh, N., Alshakarah, N. F., & Haloash, T. A. (2022). A comparative account on ethical considerations in practice of clinical psychology. Clinical Schizophrenia and Related Psychosis, 16(S4). https://doi.org/10.3371/CSRP.SNSH.061722
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Background: Practice in the clinical psychology is knitted closely to the trust and rapport building with the client. This trust is supported by the set of ethical considerations being proposed by the APA Ethical Code. It helps to build trust among the clients and to ensure the efficacy of the clinical treatment.