Organization of American States (OAS)

The Organization of American States is the world’s oldest regional organization, dating back to the First International Conference of American States, held in Washington, D.C., from October 1889 to April 1890. That meeting approved the establishment of the International Union of American Republics, and the stage was set for the weaving of a web of provisions and institutions that came to be known as the inter-American system, the oldest international institutional system.

The OAS came into being in 1948 with the signing in Bogotá, Colombia, of the Charter of the OAS, which entered into force in December 1951. It was subsequently amended by the Protocol of Buenos Aires, signed in 1967, which entered into force in February 1970; by the Protocol of Cartagena de Indias, signed in 1985, which entered into force in November 1988; by the Protocol of Managua, signed in 1993, which entered into force in January 1996; and by the Protocol of Washington, signed in 1992, which entered into force in September 1997.

The Organization was established in order to achieve among its member states—as stipulated in Article 1 of the Charter—"an order of peace and justice, to promote their solidarity, to strengthen their collaboration, and to defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity, and their independence."

Today, the OAS brings together all 35 independent states of the Americas and constitutes the main political, juridical, and social governmental forum in the Hemisphere. In addition, it has granted permanent observer status to 69 states, as well as to the European Union (EU).

The Organization uses a four-pronged approach to effectively implement its essential purposes, based on its main pillars: democracy, human rights, security, and development.


Within OAS the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) is the Western Hemisphere's policy forum for dealing with the drug problem. The CICAD Executive Secretariat supports the Commission by strengthening the human and institutional capabilities and channeling the collective efforts of its member states to reduce the production, trafficking and use of illegal drugs.

CICAD was established by the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) in 1986. Each member government appoints a high-ranking representative to the Commission, which meets twice a year. CICAD promotes regional cooperation and coordination among OAS member states through action programs, carried out by CICAD's Executive Secretariat, to:

  • Prevent and treat substance abuse;
  • Reduce the supply and availability of illicit drugs;
  • Strengthen national drug control institutions and machinery;
  • Improve money laundering control laws and practice;
  • Develop alternate sources of income for growers of coca, poppy, and marijuana;
  • Assist member governments to improve their data gathering and analysis on all aspects of the drug issue, and
  • Help member states and the hemisphere as a whole measure their progress over time in addressing the drug problem.

CICAD's core mission is to enhance the human and institutional capacities of its member states to reduce the production, trafficking and use of illegal drugs, and to address the health, social and criminal consequences of the drug trade. 

Profil du partenaire OEA/CICAD

Présenté dans le cadre de l’événement Unir la communauté mondiale pour faire face au défi de la toxicomanie, en ligne, le 17 mai 2022 Abstrait Profil du partenaire OEA/CICAD Profils des partenaires Nos partenaires présentent leurs missions...

Consommation de substances psychoactives et perspective sexospécifique. Dans la semaine de la Journée internationale d’action pour la santé des femmes

Event Date
Buenos Aires

ISSUP Argentine vous invite à participer à un webinaire qui discutera de la consommation de substances psychoactives et de la perspective de genre - dans la semaine de la Journée internationale d’action pour la santé des femmes. Le webinaire aura lieu le 21 mai 2021 à 11h00 (heure argentine).

Prévention de la consommation de substances fondée sur des données probantes et l’adaptation culturelle

Event Date
Washington DC

Cette présentation donnera un bref résumé de la signification de la prévention fondée sur des données probantes, des interventions en lesquel elles peuvent avoir et de leur portée. De la même façon, il y aura également un examen des apprentissages et des résultats laissés par la pratique de la prévention et la recherche, ainsi que des obstacles qui sont imposés pour la mise en œuvre de ces interventions.