Indonesia Country Profile

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Drug policy

  • No special legislative provision for treatment and rehabilitation for people with SUD
  • Treatment for SUD is not compulsory
  • No availability of programmes that divert clients away from the criminal justice system towards treatment

Treatment and Recovery Services

  • Government unit responsible for treatment services for SUD
  • Budget line in annual budget for government for SUD services
  • Out-of-pocket payment is the main way treatment services for alcohol and drug disorders are funded
  • Three types of drug treatment systems in Indonesia: specialised treatment in Jakarta; integration of SUD treatment with mental health care in provincial areas; integration of SUD treatment with general health care, particularly providing methadone maintenance treatment (Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, Bali and Medan)
  • Clonidine, Benzodiazepines, codeine and antipsychotics used as treatment for opioid dependence for detoxification
  • GPs, primary health care workers and psychiatrists are the three key health care professionals involved in the treatment of those with alcohol use disorders
  • Psychiatrists, GPs and psychiatric nurses are the three key health care professionals involved in the treatment of those with drug use disorders
  • No NGOs in the country that focus on alcohol misuse
  • Mandatory and voluntary drug rehabilitation programmes are offered by a variety of government, NGO, faith-based and private facilities. 
  • Rehabilitation services under the Ministry of Social Affairs included case management, self-help groups and religious and spiritual counselling.

Prevention Services

  • Government unit responsible for the prevention of drug use disorders only
  • Budget line in annual budget of government for prevention of drug use disorders only
  • Federal government is the most important financial source for prevention services for SUD
  • Prevention services available via mass media channels, school-based programmes and community-based programmes
  • Presence of a community-based needle exchange programme