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Gender disparities in opioid treatment progress in methadone versus counselling

Citation
Guerrero, E., Amaro, H., Kong, Y. et al. Gender disparities in opioid treatment progress in methadone versus counseling. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 16, 52 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00389-4
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The high dropout rate (75%) in opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment among women and racial/ethnic minorities in the United States necessitates a better knowledge of the factors that contribute to treatment success. While therapy and medication for OUD are considered the top standard of care in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment, many people with OUD receive just counseling or methadone-only therapies.

High-dose buprenorphine induction in the emergency department for treatment of opioid use disorder

Citation
Herring AA, Vosooghi AA, Luftig J, et al. High-Dose Buprenorphine Induction in the Emergency Department for Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(7):e2117128. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.17128
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In response to the rising efficacy of the illicit opioid drug supply and often observed delays in access to follow-up therapy, emergency departments (EDs) occasionally utilize a high-dose buprenorphine induction method for the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD). The objective of this study is to investigate the safety and tolerability of high-dose (>12 mg) buprenorphine induction for patients with OUD presenting to an ED.

Trends in use of e-cigarette device types and heated tobacco products from 2016 to 2020 in England

Citation
Tattan-Birch, H., Brown, J., Shahab, L. et al. Trends in use of e-cigarette device types and heated tobacco products from 2016 to 2020 in England. Sci Rep 11, 13203 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-92617-x
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During the past decade, heated aerosolized nicotine delivery systems (HANDS) —mainly e-cigarettes—have surpassed nicotine replacement therapy as the most utilized aids for stopping smoking in England.

Biochemical mechanisms associating alcohol use disorders with cancers

Citation
Rodriguez, F.D.; Coveñas, R. Biochemical Mechanisms Associating Alcohol Use Disorders with Cancers. Cancers 2021, 13, 3548. https://doi.org/10.3390/ cancers13143548
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Abstract

The World Health Organization identifies alcohol as a cause of several neoplasias of the oropharynx cavity, esophagus, gastrointestinal tract, larynx, liver, or female breast. We review ethanol’s nonoxidative and oxidative metabolism and one-carbon metabolism that encompasses both redox and transfer reactions that influence crucial cell proliferation machinery.

Variation in brief treatment for substance use disorder: a qualitative investigation of four federally qualified health centres with SBIRT services

Citation
Watson, D.P., Staton, M.D., Dennis, M.L. et al. Variation in brief treatment for substance use disorder: a qualitative investigation of four federally qualified health centers with SBIRT services. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 16, 58 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00381-y
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Brief treatment (BT) or regular outpatient alcohol use or substance use disorder (SUD) treatment is a key element of the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model. It can be an effective, short-term, and low-cost treatment option for many people who misuse alcohol and drugs. Nevertheless, inconsistent BT implementation often costs similar to regular outpatient care.

Implementation of tobacco control measures in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, 2008–2020

Citation
Monshi, S.S., Ibrahim, J. Implementation of tobacco control measures in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, 2008–2020. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 16, 57 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00393-8
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Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assist nations in reducing the demand and supply of tobacco. In 2020, 182 nations joined the FCTC, approving to implement the recommended tobacco control measures.

Perspectives of illicit marijuana growers and traders on commercial legalization of marijuana in South Africa: considerations for policy formulation

Citation
Manu, E., Douglas, M., Ntsaba, M.J. et al. Perspectives of illicit marijuana growers and traders on commercial legalisation of marijuana in South Africa: considerations for policy formulation. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 16, 54 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00391-w
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Over the past era, there has been a call for legalizing marijuana cultivation and trading for commercial purposes in South Africa. Advocates of the call argue that the criminalization of commercial marijuana cultivation and trading has failed to stop illicit marijuana cultivation and trading. Nevertheless, the views of those who economically benefit from the illicit marijuana trade on its legalization remain empirically unsolicited.

High-dose buprenorphine induction in the emergency department for treatment of opioid use disorder

Citation
Herring AA, Vosooghi AA, Luftig J, et al. High-Dose Buprenorphine Induction in the Emergency Department for Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(7):e2117128. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.17128
Publication Date

Abstract

Importance: Emergency departments (EDs) sporadically use a high-dose buprenorphine induction strategy for the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) in response to the increasing potency of the illicit opioid drug supply and commonly encountered delays in access to follow-up care.

Global burden of cancer in 2020 attributable to alcohol consumption

Citation
Rumgay, H., Shield, K., Charvat, H., Ferrari, P., Sornpaisarn, B., Obot, I., ... & Soerjomataram, I. (2021). Global Burden of Cancer in 2020 Attributable to Alcohol Consumption: A Population-Based Study.

​​​​​​Each year there are 3 million deaths as a result of the harmful use of alcohol.

As alcohol gets broken down, chemicals affect the way our body sends signals and communicates and increase the chances of developing cancer.

In this article, published in Lancet Oncology, the researchers present global, regional, and national estimates of alcohol-attributable cancer burden in 2020.

Findings:

Short-Term Secondary Effects of a School-Based Drug Prevention Program: Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial of the Brazilian Version of DARE’s Keepin’ it REAL

Citation
Valente, J.Y., Sanchez, Z.M. Short-Term Secondary Effects of a School-Based Drug Prevention Program: Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial of the Brazilian Version of DARE’s Keepin’ it REAL. Prev Sci (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-021-01277-w
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Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the drug and violence resistance educational program (PROERD) on short-term secondary outcomes, such as intentions to use drugs, attitudes toward drugs, school experience, and life skills (refusal, decision-making, and communication).

The relationship between early childhood trauma and the rewarding effects of morphine

Citation
Carlyle, M., Broomby, R., Simpson, G., Hannon, R., Fawaz, L., Mollaahmetoglu, O. M., ... & Morgan, C. J. (2021). A randomised, double‐blind study investigating the relationship between early childhood trauma and the rewarding effects of morphine. Addiction Biology, e13047.

Research from the University of Exeter has highlighted how childhood trauma can make individuals more sensitive to the pleasurable and motivational effects of opioids and less sensitive to the negative consequence of the drugs.

The research, which has been published in the journal of Addiction Biology, aimed to assess the impact of childhood trauma on responses to morphine and pain processing.

Substance Use Among Young Mothers: An Analysis of Facebook Posts

Citation
Oram D, Tzilos Wernette G, Nichols L, Vydiswaran V, Zhao X, Chang T. Substance Use Among Young Mothers: An Analysis of Facebook Posts. JMIR Pediatr Parent 2018;1(2):e10261 URL: https://pediatrics.jmir.org/2018/2/e10261 DOI: 10.2196/10261
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Abstract

Background:Substance use among young pregnant women is a common and significant public health concern associated with a number of adverse outcomes for both mothers and infants. Social media posts by young women can provide valuable, real-world insight into their perceptions of substance use immediately before and during pregnancy.

 

Reporting treatment fidelity in behavioral tobacco treatment clinical trials: scoping review and measurement recommendations

Citation
Ramzi G Salloum, Alana M Rojewski, Megan E Piper, Janice A Blalock, Belinda Borrelli, Lindsay M Boyce, Jennifer A Minnix, Omara Dogar, Rachel L Tomko, Douglas E Jorenby, Chris Kotsen, Jamie S Ostroff, Treatment Fidelity Workgroup of the SRNT Treatment Network, Reporting Treatment Fidelity in Behavioral Tobacco Treatment Clinical Trials: Scoping Review and Measurement Recommendations, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2021;, ntab140, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntab140
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Abstract

Introduction:

Is telemedicine the answer to rural expansion of medication treatment for opioid use disorder? Early experiences in the feasibility study phase of a National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network Trial

Citation
Hser, YI., Ober, A.J., Dopp, A.R. et al. Is telemedicine the answer to rural expansion of medication treatment for opioid use disorder? Early experiences in the feasibility study phase of a National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network Trial. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 24 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00233-x
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Abstract

Telemedicine (TM) enabled by digital health technologies to provide medical services has been considered a key solution to increasing health care access in rural communities.

Plausibility of patient-centred care in high-intensity methadone treatment: Reflections of providers and patients

Citation
Marshall, K., Maina, G. & Sherstobitoff, J. Plausibility of patient-centred care in high-intensity methadone treatment: reflections of providers and patients. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 42 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00251-9
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Abstract

Background: Patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) often have complex health care needs. Methadone is one of the medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) used in the management of OUDs. Highly restrictive methadone treatment—which requires patient compliance with many rules of care—often results in low retention, especially if there is inadequate support from healthcare providers (HCPs).

Adolescent drug use before and during U.S. national COVID-19 social distancing policies

Citation
Miech, R., Patrick, M. E., Keyes, K., O’Malley, P. M., & Johnston, L. (2021). Adolescent Drug Use Before and During US National COVID-19 Social Distancing Policies. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 108822.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, countries around the world have introduced lockdown restrictions and social distancing measures to reduce the spread of the virus. Researchers are keen to understand how these policies and new measures have influenced drinking behaviours within particular groups.

Development of an unannounced standardized patient protocol to evaluate opioid use disorder treatment in pregnancy for American Indian and rural communities

Citation
Kelley, A.T., Smid, M.C., Baylis, J.D. et al. Development of an unannounced standardized patient protocol to evaluate opioid use disorder treatment in pregnancy for American Indian and rural communities. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 40 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00246-6
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Abstract

Background: Opioid use disorder (OUD) disproportionately impacts rural and American Indian communities and has quadrupled among pregnant individuals nationwide in the past two decades. Yet, limited data are available about access and quality of care available to pregnant individuals in rural areas, particularly among American Indians (AIs).

Reimagining brief interventions for alcohol: Towards a paradigm fit for the twenty first century?

Citation
McCambridge, J. Reimagining brief interventions for alcohol: towards a paradigm fit for the twenty first century?. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 41 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00250-w
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Abstract

Background: There is no longer support for the idea that brief intervention programmes alone can contribute meaningfully to the improvement of population health relating to alcohol. As a result, calls for major innovations and paradigm shifts grow, notably among research leaders.

Cultural adaptation of measuring instruments on stigma and mental illness in Mexico City

Citation
Mora-Ríos, J., Bautista-Aguilar, N., Natera, G., & Pedersen, D. (2013). Adaptación cultural de instrumentos de medida sobre estigma y enfermedad mental en la Ciudad de México. Salud Mental, 36(1), 9-18. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2013.002

summary

This work is part of a collaborative study involving research teams in Canada and Mexico. The general objective is to describe the process of cultural adaptation and semantic validation of three measuring instruments on stigma and mental illness in Mexico City.

Tobacco Smoking and Associated Factors Among People Living With HIV in Uganda

Citation
Noreen Dadirai Mdege, PhD, Fredrick Edward Makumbi, PhD, Ronald Ssenyonga, MSc, Frances Thirlway, PhD, Joseph K B Matovu, PhD, Elena Ratschen, PhD, Kamran Siddiqi, PhD, Kellen Nyamurungi Namusisi, MSc, Tobacco Smoking and Associated Factors Among People Living With HIV in Uganda, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 23, Issue 7, July 2021, Pages 1208–1216, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntaa262

Rates of smoking among people living with HIV are greater than the number of people who smoke within the general population.

This article, published in the Journal of Nicotine and Tobacco, examines the smoking patterns and behaviours of people living with HIV and who are receiving care in Uganda. 

Prevalence and factors related to alcohol consumption in pregnant adolescents: a systematic review

Citation
Quintana-Lagunas, R., Armendáriz-García, N. A., & Silva, L. I. M. (2021). Prevalencia y factores relacionados con el consumo de alcohol en adolescentes embarazadas: una revisión sistemática. Revista inteRnacional de investigación en adicciones, 7(1), 43-51.

summary

Introduction: alcohol consumption during pregnancy (CADE) is recommended, which produces physical, cognitive and behavioral problems in the mother and fetus, so it is recommended to abstinence from this substance during pregnancy; however, factors present in adolescents may be related to the onset or continuation of alcohol consumption during pregnancy.

Primate Ventral Striatum Maintains Neural Representations of the Value of Previously Rewarded Objects for Habitual Seeking

Citation
Kang, J., Kim, H., Hwang, S.H. et al. Primate ventral striatum maintains neural representations of the value of previously rewarded objects for habitual seeking. Nat Commun 12, 2100 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22335-5
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Abstract

The ventral striatum (VS) is considered a key region that flexibly updates recent changes in reward values for habit learning. However, this update process may not serve to maintain learned habitual behaviours, which are insensitive to value changes.

Atención visual a las señales de consumo de tabaco: Un estudio preliminar empleando el seguimiento ocular

Citation
Rojas, M. A. T., Carranza, N. J. V., Iturria, F. A. R., & Castillo, R. J. (2021). Atención visual a las señales de consumo de tabaco: un estudio preliminar empleando el seguimiento ocular. Revista inteRnacional de investigación en adicciones, 7(1), 16-24.

Resumen

Introducción: la atención es un proceso básico relacionado con el comportamiento adictivo. En fumadores, los estímulos asociados al consumo son relevantes debido a que están presentes en el inicio y en la consolidación del hábito tabáquico.

Lower regional grey matter in alcohol use disorders: evidence from a voxel-based meta-analysis

Citation
Li, L., Yu, H., Liu, Y. et al. Lower regional grey matter in alcohol use disorders: evidence from a voxel-based meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry 21, 247 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03244-9
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Background:

Previous research using whole-brain neuroimaging techniques has revealed structural differences of grey matter (GM) in alcohol use disorder (AUD) patients. However, some of the findings diverge from other neuroimaging studies and require further replication.

Chronic care treatment for smoking cessation in patients with serious mental illness: a pilot randomized trial

Citation
Busch, A.M., Nederhoff, D.M., Dunsiger, S.I. et al. Chronic care treatment for smoking cessation in patients with serious mental illness: a pilot randomized trial. BMC Psychiatry 21, 104 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03113-5
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Background:

Rates of smoking among those with serious mental illness (SMI) are two to three times higher than for the general population. Smoking is rarely addressed in mental health settings. Innovative outreach and treatment strategies are needed to address these disparities.

Current Status of Violence, Suicide, Alcohol Use, and Stigma in Mexico

Citation
Borges, G. (2021). Current status of violence, suicide, alcohol use, and stigma in Mexico. Salud Mental, 44(2), 41-42. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2021.007

Abstract

Studies on the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) and its risk factors have shown worldwide the preponderant role of accidents and violence in the burden of disease and the role of alcohol consumption as a main risk factor in the current epidemiological profile (GBD 2019 Risk Factors Collaborators, 2020; GBD 2019 Diseases and Injuries Collaborators, 2020).

Supporting Women to Access Appropriate Treatment

Citation
Ivers, Jo-Hanna and Giulini, Francesca and Paul, Gillian (2021) Supporting women to access appropriate treatment study. Dublin: Trinity College Dublin.

Supporting Women to Access Appropriate Treatment (SWAAT) is a National Drugs Strategy Strand 2 Strategic Health Initiative which aims to build community capacity to support women to access treatment and recovery from drug and alcohol use across the Tallaght and Ballyfermot LDATF areas.

Intimate-Partner Violence and its Relationship With Substance Consumption by Mexican Men and Women: National Survey on Addictions

Citation
Natera Rey, G., Moreno López, M., Toledano-Toledano, F., Juárez García, F., & Villatoro Velázquez, J. (2021). Intimate-partner violence and its relationship with substance consumption by Mexican men and women: National Survey on Addictions. Salud Mental, 44(3), 135-143. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2021.018

Abstract

Introduction: Research findings about intimate-partner violence (IPV) have focused mostly on women as victims of violence. Recent studies show the importance of violence inflicted by women towards men or between same-sex couples.

Characterisation of Alcohol Consumption and Related Problems in University Students from Mexico City

Citation
Cordero-Oropeza, R., García-Méndez, M., Cordero-Oropeza, M., & Corona-Maldonado, J. (2021). Characterization of alcohol consumption and related problems in university students from Mexico City. Salud Mental, 44(3), 107-115. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2021.015

Abstract

Introduction: In Mexico, alcohol consumption is the main problem related to substance use among university students.

Objective: To analyze emerging alcohol consumption patterns in students at a public university through the administration of an online survey.

Association of genetic liability to smoking initiation with e-cigarette use in young adults: A cohort study

Citation
Khouja JN, Wootton RE, Taylor AE, Davey Smith G, Munafò MR (2021) Association of genetic liability to smoking initiation with e-cigarette use in young adults: A cohort study. PLoS Med 18(3): e1003555.
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Background:

Tobacco smoking and e-cigarette use are strongly associated, but it is currently unclear whether this association is causal, or due to shared factors that influence both behaviours such as a shared genetic liability. The aim of this study was to investigate whether polygenic risk scores (PRS) for smoking initiation are associated with ever use of e-cigarettes.