البحث

تأثير الجائحة على مراكز علاج الإدمان في أمريكا اللاتينية

Citation
Impacto de la Pandemia en Centros de Tratamiento de Adicciones de América Latina
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تقرير أولي عن دراسة "الأثر الشامل للجائحة في مراكز علاج الإدمان في أمريكا اللاتينية"، والتي تهدف إلى شرح الأثر العام لتدابير الجائحة والعزل في مراكز العلاج، وتحديد التغيرات في الطلب على العلاج وملامح الاستهلاك التي حددتها المؤسسات، وأخيرا، تنظيم التدابير الرئيسية التي اتخذتها المؤسسات لمعالجة هذا السياق.

College Students’ Perspectives on an Alcohol Prevention Programme and Student Drinking

Citation
Calnan S, Davoren MP. College students’ perspectives on an alcohol prevention programme and student drinking – A focus group study. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. April 2021. doi:10.1177/14550725211007078

There are a number of interventions designed to reduce harmful levels of alcohol consumption among college students.

In order to design effective programmes, it is important to understand the attitude of students towards these kinds of interventions.

Natural Recovery by the Liver and Other Organs After Chronic Alcohol Use

Citation
Thomes, P. G., Rasineni, K., Saraswathi, V., Kharbanda, K. K., Clemens, D. L., Sweeney, S. A., ... & Casey, C. A. (2021). Natural Recovery by the Liver and Other Organs after Chronic Alcohol Use. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 41(1).
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ABSTRACT

Chronic, heavy alcohol consumption disrupts normal organ function and causes structural damage in virtually every tissue of the body. Current diagnostic terminology states that a person who drinks alcohol excessively has alcohol use disorder. The liver is especially susceptible to alcohol-induced damage.

استهلاك الكحول وفيروس التهاب الكبد C (HCV) مستويات الحمض النووي الريبي في فيروس نقص المناعة البشرية / HCV المرضى المصابين

Citation
Fuster D, Nunes D, Cheng DM, Saitz R, Samet JH. Alcohol Consumption and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA Levels in HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients. Viruses. 2021; 13(5):716. https://doi.org/10.3390/v13050716
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تجريدي

الخلفية: إن تأثير مستويات الحمض النووي الريبي لفيروس التهاب الكبد C (HCV) على تطور تلف الكبد المزمن المرتبط بعدوى فيروس التهاب الكبد C مثير للجدل. ويعتقد أن تعاطي الكحول بكثرة له تأثير ضار على مسار مرض فيروس نقص المناعة البشرية، ولكن المعرفة الحالية حول التأثير المحتمل لتعاطي الكحول على مستويات الحمض النووي الريبي HCV في المرضى المصابين بفيروس نقص المناعة البشرية/HCV محدودة.

الظاهري اثني عشر خطوة حضور الاجتماع خلال الفترة COVID-19 دراسة لأعضاء المخدرات مجهول

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Galanter, Marc MD; White, William L. MA; Hunter, Brooke MS Virtual Twelve Step Meeting Attendance During the COVID-19 Period, Journal of Addiction Medicine: April 15, 2021 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000852

تجريدي

اهداف:

الاجتماعات وجها لوجه هي المكونات الرئيسية لدعم زمالات اثني عشر خطوة (TS) لالامتناع عن الحصول على الأعضاء. الحبس المنزلي خلال COVID-19 جعل هذا أقل جدوى. وكان هدفنا هو التأكد مما إذا كان الانتقال إلى اجتماعات افتراضية عبر الإنترنت بين أعضاء TS قد حدث، وما إذا كان من المحتمل أن يكون فعالا.

الاختلاف في نواتج الأيض القنب موجودة في البول من البالغين باستخدام منتجات القنب الطبية في ولاية ماساتشوستس

Citation
Gilman JM, Schmitt WA, Wheeler G, et al. Variation in Cannabinoid Metabolites Present in the Urine of Adults Using Medical Cannabis Products in Massachusetts. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(4):e215490. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5490
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وتتفق نتائج هذه الدراسة الأترابية مع نتائج دراسة لمنتجات القنب التي تم شراؤها في كاليفورنيا وواشنطن، والتي تم فيها تصنيف أكثر من نصف المنتجات بشكل غير صحيح. وتشير هذه النتائج إلى أن البالغين الذين يستخدمون منتجات القنب الطبية قد تكون لديهم معلومات غير كاملة أو غير صحيحة فيما يتعلق بالتعرض المتوقع للقنب من هذه المنتجات المشتراة، مما يعوق اختيار المريض المستنير والتحقيق في الخصائص الدوائية والعلاجية لمنتجات القنب.

Association of Gestational Opioid Exposure and Risk of Major and Minor Congenital Malformations

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Wen X, Belviso N, Murray E, Lewkowitz AK, Ward KE, Meador KJ. Association of Gestational Opioid Exposure and Risk of Major and Minor Congenital Malformations. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(4):e215708. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5708
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Abstract

Importance  The rapid increase of opioid-related overdoses and deaths has become a public health concern in the US. Use of prescription opioids in pregnant women has increased; results from teratogenicity studies remain controversial.

 

Between invisibility and stigma: Consumption of psychoactive substances in pregnant and postpartitent women in three general hospitals in Argentina

Citation
Diez, M., Pawlowicz, M. P., Vissicchio, F., Amendolaro, R., Barla, J. C., Muñiz, A., & Arrúa, L. (2020). Entre la invisibilidad y el estigma: consumo de sustancias psicoactivas en mujeres embarazadas y puérperas de tres hospitales generales de Argentina. Salud colectiva, 16, e2509.
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summary

Between invisibility and stigma: consumption of psychoactive substances among pregnant and postpartum women at three Argentine general hospitals

Citation
Diez, M., Pawlowicz, M. P., Vissicchio, F., Amendolaro, R., Barla, J. C., Muñiz, A., & Arrúa, L. (2020). Between invisibility and stigma: consumption of psychoactive substances among pregnant and postpartum women at three Argentine general hospitals. Salud Colectiva, 16, e2509.
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Abstract

 

Impact of active and/or passive tobacco use on pregnancy and postpartum

Citation
Míguez MC, Pereira B. Repercusiones del consumo de tabaco activo y/o pasivo en el embarazo y postparto. An Pediatr (Barc). 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anpedi.2020.07.029

summary

introduction

Smoking can cause side effects during pregnancy and postpartum. The objective of this study was to assess various impacts that active and/or passive maternal tobacco use can have on pregnancy, childbirth, newborn and breastfeeding, as well as the effect of tobacco cessation on the first trimester of pregnancy.

Effectiveness of Psychosocial Interventions for Reducing Parental Substance Use

Citation
McGovern R, Newham JJ, Addison MT, Hickman M, Kaner EFS. Effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for reducing parental substance misuse. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2021, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD012823. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD012823.pub2. Accessed 12 April 2021.

Psychosocial interventions are talking or practical activities, techniques or strategies that are delivered to individuals or groups.

The aim of this systematic review is to analyse the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions that are designed to help parents to change their drinking or drug use and address any related problems they are having regarding the care of their children. 

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Reported Violence Against Women and Girls

Since the global outbreak of COVID-19, and the introduction of restrictions and lockdowns in countries around the world, evidence suggests that there has been a dramatic increas in reports of violence against women and girls.

The aim of this report is to improve our understanding of the link between COVID-19 and the rise in violence against women and girls.

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Related Restrictions on Homicide and Property Crime

The COVID-19 pandemic, which has seen the introduction of restrictions and countrywide lockdowns around the world, has changed criminal activity.

This research breif, put together by UNODC, examines the way the homicide, robbery, theft and burglary has changed over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sildenafil and Suicide in Sweden

Citation
Catalano, R., Goldman-Mellor, S., Bruckner, T.A. et al. Sildenafil and suicide in Sweden. Eur J Epidemiol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-021-00738-4
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Abstract

Much theory asserts that sexual intimacy sustains mental health. Experimental tests of such theory remain rare and have not provided compelling evidence because ethical, practical, and cultural constraints bias samples and results. An epidemiologic approach would, therefore, seem indicated given the rigor the discipline brings to quasi-experimental research.

Women and Alcohol

Citation
Alcohol Res. 2020;40(2):14 • https://doi.org/10.35946/arcr.v40.2.14
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This is a special edition of the Journal Alcohol Research: Current Reviews. It is open source and has new articles on women and alcohol use.

Association between Legalization of Recreational Cannabis and Fatal Motor Vehicle Collisions in the United States: An Ecologic Study

Citation
Windle, S. B., Eisenberg, M. J., Reynier, P., Cabaussel, J., Thombs, B. D., Grad, R., ... & Filion, K. B. (2021). Association between legalization of recreational cannabis and fatal motor vehicle collisions in the United States: an ecologic study. CMAJ open, 9(1), E233-E241.
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Abstract

Background: With the recent legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada, cannabis-impaired driving is an important public safety concern. Our aim was to examine the association between recreational cannabis legalization and fatal motor vehicle collisions using data from the United States, which present a timely natural experiment of cannabis legalization.

Comparison of Water Pipes vs Other Modes of Cannabis Consumption and Subsequent Illicit Drug Use in a Longitudinal Cohort of Young Swiss Men

Citation
Tsai D, Foster S, Baggio S, Gmel G, Mohler-Kuo M. Comparison of Water Pipes vs Other Modes of Cannabis Consumption and Subsequent Illicit Drug Use in a Longitudinal Cohort of Young Swiss Men. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(4):e213220. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3220
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Abstract

Importance: There are concerns that the use of water pipes to consume cannabis is associated with increased risks of engaging in more addictive behaviors.

Objective: To examine whether consuming cannabis with a water pipe was associated with later consumption of other illicit drugs compared with not using a water pipe.

The Emerging Global Tobacco Treatment Workforce: Characteristics of Tobacco Treatment Specialists Trained in Council-Accredited Training Programs from 2017 to 2019

Citation
Sheffer, C. E., Al-Zalabani, A., Aubrey, A., Bader, R., Beltrez, C., Bennett, S., ... & Wendling, A. (2021). The Emerging Global Tobacco Treatment Workforce: Characteristics of Tobacco Treatment Specialists Trained in Council-Accredited Training Programs from 2017 to 2019. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(5), 2416.
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Abstract

Tobacco use is projected to kill 1 billion people in the 21st century. Tobacco Use Disorder (TUD) is one of the most common substance use disorders in the world. Evidence-based treatment of TUD is effective, but treatment accessibility remains very low. A dearth of specially trained clinicians is a significant barrier to treatment accessibility, even within systems of care that implement brief intervention models.

Secondary School Students’ Perceptions of a Mobile Application Design for Smoking Prevention

Citation
Uribe-Madrigal, R. D., Gogeascoechea-Trejo, M. D. C., Mota-Morales, M. D. L., Ortiz-Chacha, C. S., Salas-García, B., Romero-Pedraza, E., Ortiz-León, M. C. (2021). Secondary school students’ perceptions of a mobile application design for smoking prevention. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 7(March), 24. https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/132965

ABSTRACT

Patient and Provider Knowledge of and Attitudes toward Medical Conditions and Medication during Pregnancy

Citation
Shadowen, C., Wheeler, R. & Terplan, M. Patient and provider knowledge of and attitudes toward medical conditions and medication during pregnancy. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 22 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00228-8
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Abstract

Background

Knowledge of medical conditions and their evidence-based medications varies among individuals. This range of knowledge may affect attitudes and influence medical decision-making of both patients and providers.

A Combined Community Health Worker and Text Messaging-Based Intervention for Smoking Cessation in India: Project MUKTI – A Mixed Methods Study

Citation
Hejjaji, V., Khetan, A., Hughes, J. W., Gupta, P., Jones, P. G., Ahmed, A. ... Josephson, R. A. (2021). A combined community health worker and text messaging-based intervention for smoking cessation in India: Project MUKTI – A mixed methods study. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 7(March), 23. https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/132469

ABSTRACT

Introduction:
We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of a community health worker (CHW) led smoking cessation intervention, supplemented by text messages, and tailored to an individual’s readiness to quit.

نمط ومحددات الاستخدام المشترك للكحول والتبغ وعلاقته بالإقلاع عن التدخين في هونغ كونغ

Citation
Ho, R. K. S., Fok, P. W. Y., Chan, H. C. H. (2021). Pattern and determinants of alcohol and tobacco co-use and its relationship with smoking cessation in Hong Kong. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 7(March), 22. https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/132288

تجريدي

إصابات المرور على الطرق وتعاطي المواد المخدرة بين مرضى قسم الطوارئ في الجمهورية الدومينيكية وبيرو

Citation
Cherpitel, C. J., Witbrodt, J., Ye, Y., Monteiro, M. G., Málaga, H., Báez, J., & Ponce de León Valdés, M. (2021). Road traffic injuries and substance use among emergency department patients in the Dominican Republic and Peru. Rev Panam Salud Publica; 45, mar. 2021.
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الهدف: الإبلاغ عن الخصائص الديموغرافية وتعاطي المواد المخدرة وخطر الإصابة بحركة المرور على الطرق من تعاطي الكحول وتعاطي القنب والاستخدام المشترك في عينة من مرضى قسم الطوارئ من بلدين في أمريكا اللاتينية ومنطقة البحر الكاريبي.

رابطة أسلوب تعليم الأطفال في المدارس مع تجارب الأطفال والآباء ورفاههم خلال جائحة COVID-19 - مسح تجارب COVID، الولايات المتحدة، 8 أكتوبر -13 نوفمبر 2020

Citation
Verlenden JV, Pampati S, Rasberry CN, et al. Association of Children’s Mode of School Instruction with Child and Parent Experiences and Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic — COVID Experiences Survey, United States, October 8–November 13, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021;70:369–376. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7011a1
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ملخص

ما هو معروف بالفعل عن هذا الموضوع؟

تمثل التغييرات في التعليم المرتبطة ب COVID-19 ضغوطا على الأطفال والآباء قد تزيد من المخاطر على الصحة النفسية والرفاه.

ما الذي يضيفه هذا التقرير؟