البحث

Online Instructor-Led Pilot Course on Monitoring and Evaluation of Substance Use Prevention Interventions and Policies: Experiences and Perceptions of International Participants

Citation
Melgar, M. I., Usman, A., Rabajante, D. J. L., & Cañedo, F. G. (2022). Online instructor-led pilot course on monitoring and evaluation of substance use prevention interventions and policies: Experiences and perceptions of international participants. Adiktologie, 22(3), 184–192. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-003-0004
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INTRODUCTION: As the prevalence of substance use continues to rise all over the world amidst the ongoing pandemic, substance use prevention professionals are challenged to find alternative ways to enhance their knowledge and competence to use the best practices in the field. In the present global health situation, in which running face-to-face training seminars is extremely difficult, the most feasible option is through online learning.

Nature and Course of Clinician and Self-Rated Depressive Features in Persons with Alcohol Use Disorders: A Preliminary Prospective Study among Men Seeking Treatment

Citation
Gopalakrishnan, U., Sarkar, S., Balhara, Y. P. S., & Lal, R. (2022). Nature and course of clinician- and self-rated depressive features in persons with alcohol use disorders: A preliminary prospective study among men seeking treatment Adiktologie, 22(3), 204–212. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-003-0006
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INTRODUCTION: The trajectory and nature of depression in patients with alcohol use disorder as they enter treatment needs to be understood better. This study assessed the nature and course of depressive features among male patients with alcohol use disorder.

Risk Behaviour of Adolescents Aged 10–15 in Slovakia. Relation to Sex, Age, and Body Mass Index

Citation
Čerešník, M., & Čerešníková, M. (2022). Risk behaviour of adolescents aged 10–15 in Slovakia. Relation to sex, age, and body mass index. Adiktologie, 22(3), 162–170. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-003-0001
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BACKGROUND: As a theoretical base we used Jessor’s concept of the Syndrome of Risk Behaviour in Adolescence, the self-concept, and the concept of body image.

No Good Time Without Drugs: Qualitative Study Among Nightlife Attendees in Tbilisi, Georgia

Citation
Kirtadze, I., Mgebrishvili, T., Beselia, A., Gvasalia, T., Chokheli, M., Ompad, D. C., & Otiashvili, D. (2022). No good time without drugs: Qualitative study among nightlife attendees in Tbilisi, Georgia. Adiktologie, 22(3), 152–160. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-003-0003
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INTRODUCTION: Individuals who visit nightclubs and electronic dance music (EDM) festivals tend to use psychoactive substances, often multiple substances, in this setting and are at risk of serious negative health effects. This paper aims to explore respondents’ experiences and perceptions in order to have a better understanding of patterns and motives related to psychoactive substance use and high-risk behaviours in EDM event attendees.

Epidemiological Study of Suicidal Ideation and Suicidal Behaviour Among Patients with Substance Use Disorders in a Rehabilitation and Treatment Centre for Addiction in Dubai

Citation
Muneer, A., Abdemaqsoud, S. H., Foad, W., & Zidan, M. (2022). Epidemiological study of suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviour among patients with substance use disorders in a rehabilitation and treatment centre for addiction in Dubai. Adiktologie, 22(3), 172–183. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-003-0002
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BACKGROUND: Suicide is considered a severe global phenomenon as near to 700,000 people die annually as a result of suicidal behaviours. Suicide is a major public health problem among patients with a substance use disorder.

Provider self-efficacy in delivering evidence-based psychosocial interventions: A scoping review

Citation
Shapiro, C. J., Watson MacDonell, K., & Moran, M. (2021). Provider self-efficacy in delivering evidence-based psychosocial interventions: A scoping review. Implementation Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1177/2633489520988258
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Abstract

Background:

Among the many variables that affect implementation of evidence-based interventions in real-world settings, self-efficacy is one of the most important factors at the provider level of the social ecology. Yet, research on the construct of provider self-efficacy remains limited.

مواقف المعلمين تجاه الممارسات القائمة على الأدلة: تحليلات استكشافية وتأكيدية لمقياس موقف الممارسة القائمة على الأدلة الذي تكيفت معه المدرسة

Citation
Merle, J. L., Cook, C. R., Locke, J. J., Ehrhart, M. G., Brown, E. C., Davis, C. J., & Lyon, A. R. (2023). Teacher attitudes toward evidence-based practices: Exploratory and confirmatory analyses of the school-adapted evidence-based practice attitude scale. Implementation Research and Practice, 4. https://doi.org/10.1177/26334895221151026
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تجريدي

خلفية

يستخدم مقياس مواقف الممارسة القائمة على الأدلة (EBPAS) على نطاق واسع في أبحاث التنفيذ ، ولكن لم يتم تكييفه والتحقق من صحته للاستخدام بين معلمي التعليم العام ، الذين من المرجح أن يقدموا برامج وقائية قائمة على الأدلة في المدارس ، وهو المكان الأكثر شيوعا حيث يصل الشباب إلى خدمات الصحة الاجتماعية والعاطفية والسلوكية.

Post-Pandemic Cannabis and Gambling Policy Changes to Attract Tourists May Lead to Future Health Problems and Costs

Citation
Hagit Bonny-Noach, PhD, Sharon Horsky, PhD, Post-pandemic cannabis and gambling policy changes to attract tourists may lead to future health problems and costs, Journal of Travel Medicine, 2022;, taac117, https://doi.org/10.1093/jtm/taac117

After the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic, on 11 March 2020, governments worldwide imposed a range of national restrictions and physical distancing measures. This included stay-at-home policies, the closure of national borders and the cancellation of most commercial flights. The restrictions resulted in a global economic crisis that affected revenues and employment in the tourism industry.

Psychological factors and the use of psychoactive substances in relation to sexual orientation: A study on Israeli young adults.

Citation
Shechory-Bitton, M & Bonny-Noach, H (2022). Psychological factors and the use of psychoactive substances in relation to sexual orientation: A study on Israeli young adults. Current Psychology.
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In the context of sexual minorities and the distress they may experience, recent years have witnessed a trend emphasizing the idea that protective factors may curb risk behaviors, while stressing that not all sexual minorities do experience distress. However, protective factors have been studied less frequently than have risk factors.

الحاجة إلى إنشاء أول موقع استهلاك آمن في إسرائيل

Citation
Bonny-Noach, H., Zur, A., Deutscher, A., Revivo, S., Maniv, O & Lev-Ran, S. (2021). The need to establish the first safe consumption site in Israel. Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences.
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تعرض الورقة حالة إنشاء مواقع استهلاك آمنة (SCS) في إسرائيل. يوفر SCS ، المعروف أيضا باسم غرفة استهلاك المخدرات (DCR) ، بيئة آمنة وخاضعة للإشراف الطبي للأشخاص الذين يتعاطون المخدرات عن طريق الحقن (PWID) لتعاطي المخدرات. تعتبر SCS تدخلا جذريا للحد من الضرر يوفر استجابة قائمة على الأدلة للأضرار الصحية والاجتماعية المرتبطة غالبا بتعاطي المخدرات. وقد ثبت أنها فعالة في الحد من الوفيات الناجمة عن الجرعة الزائدة وانتقال الأمراض المعدية.

Gender, employment, and continuous pandemic as predictors of alcohol and drug consumption during the COVID-19.

Citation
Levy, I., Cohen-Louck, K., & Bonny-Noach, H. (2021). Gender, employment, and continuous pandemic as predictors of alcohol and drug consumption during the COVID-19. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 228 ,109029.
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Aims

This study aims to assess the impacts of the continuous pandemic state, gender and employment status on changes in substance use during the COVID-19 outbreak.

Substances use between early and later stages of the COVID 19 pandemic in Israel

Citation
10) Bonny-Noach, H., Cohen-Louck, K., & Levy, I. (2021). Substances use between early and later stages of the COVID 19 pandemic in Israel. Israel Journal of Health Policy Research, 9, 52.
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Aims

Only several empirical studies have examined substance use during the COVID-19 pandemic in general populations. Most of these studies compared self-reported substances use before the pandemic and during the pandemic's early stages. This study aims to identify the changes in substance use between the early and later waves of the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel.

The risk matrix: Drug-related deaths in prisons in England and Wales, 2015–2020

Citation
Duke, K., Gleeson, H., MacGregor, S., & Thom, B. (2023). The risk matrix: Drug-related deaths in prisons in England and Wales, 2015–2020. Journal of Community Psychology, 1– 22. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22989
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This article explores the factors contributing to drug-related deaths in English and Welsh prisons between 2015 and 2020. Based on content analysis of all Prison and Probation Ombudsman ‘other non-natural’ fatal incident investigation reports, descriptive statistics were generated. Qualitative analysis explored the circumstances surrounding deaths and key risk factors. Most deaths were of men, whose mean age was 39 years.

مخاطر الصحة والسرطان المرتبطة بانخفاض مستويات استهلاك الكحول

Citation
Anderson, B. O., Berdzuli, N., Ilbawi, A., Kestel, D., Kluge, H. P., Krech, R., Mikkelsen, B., Neufeld, M., Poznyak, V., Rekve, D., Slama, S., Tello, J., & Ferreira-Borges, C. (2023). Health and cancer risks associated with low levels of alcohol consumption. The Lancet Public Health, 8(1), e6–e7. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(22)00317-6

"وفقا لأحدث تقديرات منظمة الصحة العالمية ، ساهم استهلاك الكحول في 3 ملايين حالة وفاة في عام 2016 على مستوى العالم وكان مسؤولا عن 5 إلى 1٪ من العبء العالمي للأمراض والإصابات."

يحدد هذا البيان ، الذي نشر في مجلة لانسيت للصحة العامة ، أحدث الإحصاءات المتعلقة بالضرر الذي يسببه الكحول لمجموعات سكانية مختلفة ويصف العلاقة بين استهلاك الكحول والسرطان.

Drug use and associated factors in a North Eastern region of Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Citation
Ndumwa, H. P., Munishi, C., Ngowi, J. E., Njiro, B. J., Mabusi, M., Suhartono, S., ... & Sunguya, B. (2022). Drug use and associated factors in a North Eastern region of Tanzania: a cross-sectional study. The Pan African Medical Journal, 43. Chicago
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The article ‘Drug use and associated factors in a North Eastern region of Tanzania: a cross-sectional study’ published in the PanAfrican Medical Journal’ on 11/10/2022 by a number of authors coordinated by Dr Harrieth Peter and Castory Munishi on SUDs carried out in Tanzania in the last 2 years by the Association Casa Rosetta, implementing partner for UNODC.

A human rights approach to integrating HIV and substance misuse services

Citation
Haldane, V., Jung, A. S., De Foo, C., Shrestha, P., Urdaneta, E., Turk, E., … & Legido-Quigley, H. (2022). Integrating HIV and substance misuse services: a person-centred approach grounded in human rights. The Lancet Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(22)00159-6

Integrating HIV-related care with treatment for substance use disorder provides an opportunity to better meet the needs of people living with these conditions. People with substance use disorder are rendered especially vulnerable by prevailing policies, structural inequalities, and stigmatisation.

Correlates of treatment engagement and client outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial of nabiximols for the treatment of cannabis use disorder

Citation
Mills, L., Dunlop, A., Montebello, M. et al. Correlates of treatment engagement and client outcomes: results of a randomised controlled trial of nabiximols for the treatment of cannabis use disorder. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 67 (2022).
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Introduction 

There is increasing interest and evidence for the use of cannabinoid medications in the treatment of cannabis use disorder, but little examination of the correlates of successful treatment.

Moving towards a continuum of safer supply options for people who use drugs: A qualitative study exploring national perspectives on safer supply among professional stakeholders in Canada

Citation
Foreman-Mackey, A., Pauly, B., Ivsins, A. et al. Moving towards a continuum of safer supply options for people who use drugs: A qualitative study exploring national perspectives on safer supply among professional stakeholders in Canada. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 66 (2022).
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Background

Novel public health interventions are needed to address the toxic drug supply and meet the needs of people who use drugs amidst the overdose crisis.

Black girls and referrals: racial and gender disparities in self-reported referral to substance use disorder assessment among justice-involved children

Citation
Foreman-Mackey, A., Pauly, B., Ivsins, A. et al. Moving towards a continuum of safer supply options for people who use drugs: A qualitative study exploring national perspectives on safer supply among professional stakeholders in Canada. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 66 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00494-y
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Background

There is a higher prevalence of substance use disorder (SUD) among justice-involved children (JIC). It is critical to ensure that JIC who report current use are referred for SUD assessment and potentially life-saving treatment services.

Disruptions to U.S. local public health’s role in population-based substance use prevention and response during COVID-19

Citation
Hall, K., Higgins, F., Beach, K.F. et al. Disruptions to U.S. local public health’s role in population-based substance use prevention and response during COVID-19. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 73 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00499-7
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Background

COVID-19 dramatically limited the scale and scope of local health department (LHD) work, redirecting resources to the response. However, the need for essential public health services—including substance use prevention—was not reduced.

Experiences of frontline healthcare workers and their views about support during COVID-19 and previous pandemics: a systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis

Citation
Billings, J., Ching, B.C.F., Gkofa, V. et al. Experiences of frontline healthcare workers and their views about support during COVID-19 and previous pandemics: a systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis. BMC Health Serv Res 21, 923 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-06917-z
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Background

Healthcare workers across the world have risen to the demands of treating COVID-19 patients, potentially at significant cost to their own health and wellbeing. There has been increasing recognition of the potential mental health impact of COVID-19 on frontline workers and calls to provide psychosocial support for them.

Brief counselling by a doctor can reduce drinking

Citation
Tanner-Smith EE, Parr NJ, Schweer-Collins M, and Saitz R (2021) Effects of Brief Substance Use Interventions Delivered in General Medical Settings: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Addiction: doi:10.1111/add.15674

A new systematic review and meta-analysis has found that alcohol-targeted brief interventions (short, structured, one-to-one conversations about drinking designed to motivate changes in risky behaviour) delivered in doctors’ offices and similar medical settings can produce small but useful reductions in drinking.   

Roles of parental smoking and family structure for the explanation of socio-economic inequalities in adolescent smoking

Citation
Legleye, S., Bricard, D., & Khlat, M. (2023). Roles of parental smoking and family structure for the explanation of socio-economic inequalities in adolescent smoking. Addiction, 118(1), 149-159.

Abstract

Background and aims

Among European countries, France is particularly concerned by adolescent tobacco smoking, especially in disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds (SES). We measured the respective contributions of parental smoking and family living arrangements to social disparities in smoking during adolescence.

Legal responses to novel psychoactive substances implemented by ten European countries: An analysis from legal epidemiology

Citation
Neicun, J., Roman-Urrestarazu, A., & Czabanowska, K. (2022). Legal responses to novel psychoactive substances implemented by ten European countries: an analysis from legal epidemiology. Emerging trends in drugs, addictions, and health, 2, 100044.
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Abstract

Introduction

Novel psychoactive substances (NPS) continue to pose challenges to law enforcement authorities, public health officers and policymakers as suppliers continuously adapt to control measures, thus remaining highly dynamic in introducing unpredictable and potentially toxic new substances into the drug market.

Exploring arts-based interventions for youth substance use prevention: a scoping review of literature

Citation
Maina, G., Li, Y., Fang, Y. et al. Exploring arts-based interventions for youth substance use prevention: a scoping review of literature. BMC Public Health 22, 2281 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-14714-4
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Introduction

Placebo Response and Media Attention in Randomized Clinical Trials Assessing Cannabis-Based Therapies for Pain A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Citation
Gedin F, Blomé S, Pontén M, et al. Placebo Response and Media Attention in Randomized Clinical Trials Assessing Cannabis-Based Therapies for Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(11):e2243848. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.43848
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Abstract

Importance  Persistent pain is a common and disabling health problem that is often difficult to treat. There is an increasing interest in medicinal cannabis for treatment of persistent pain; however, the limited superiority of cannabinoids over placebo in clinical trials suggests that positive expectations may contribute to the improvements.

يخفف التحرير فوق الجيني المستهدف من قلق البالغين والإفراط في الشرب بعد تعرض المراهقين للكحول

Citation
Bohnsack, J. P., Zhang, H., Wandling, G. M., He, D., Kyzar, E. J., Lasek, A. W., & Pandey, S. C. (2022). Targeted epigenomic editing ameliorates adult anxiety and excessive drinking after adolescent alcohol exposure. Science advances, 8(18), eabn2748.
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تجريدي

يعد الإفراط في شرب الكحول عند المراهقين عامل خطر رئيسي للاضطرابات النفسية في وقت لاحق من الحياة بما في ذلك اضطراب تعاطي الكحول. يؤدي تعرض المراهقين للكحول إلى إعادة البرمجة اللاجينية في منطقة المحسن للبروتين المرتبط بالهيكل الخلوي المنظم للنشاط (Arc) الجين الفوري المبكر ، والمعروف باسم عنصر استجابة النشاط المشبكي (SARE) ، ويقلل من تعبير القوس في اللوزة الدماغية لكل من القوارض والبشر.

هل الكانابيديول يجعل القنب أكثر أمانا؟ تجربة عشوائية مزدوجة التعمية متقاطعة للقنب بأربع نسب مختلفة من CBD: THC

Citation
Englund, A., Oliver, D., Chesney, E. et al. Does cannabidiol make cannabis safer? A randomised, double-blind, cross-over trial of cannabis with four different CBD:THC ratios. Neuropsychopharmacol. (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41386-022-01478-z
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تجريدي

ومع اعتماد البلدان سياسات أكثر تساهلا بشأن القنب، تتزايد أهمية تحديد الاستراتيجيات التي يمكن أن تقلل من الآثار الضارة لتعاطي القنب. تهدف هذه الدراسة إلى تحديد ما إذا كانت زيادة محتوى اتفاقية التنوع البيولوجي من القنب يمكن أن تقلل من آثاره الضارة. شارك ستة وأربعون من مستخدمي القنب الأصحاء والنادرين في تجربة عشوائية مزدوجة التعمية داخل الموضوع لمستحضرات القنب المتفاوتة في محتوى اتفاقية التنوع البيولوجي.

آراء الخبراء حول كيفية تصميم صندوق لمكافحة التبغ في المملكة المتحدة

Citation
Hilton S, Smith MJ, Buckton CH, et alExperts’ views on how to design a tobacco control fund in the UKBMJ Open 2022;12:e066224. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-066224
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تجريدي

الهدف استكشاف آراء الخبراء حول القيمة المحتملة والنهج المتبعة في إنشاء وإدارة صندوق لمكافحة التبغ في المملكة المتحدة.

تصميم مقابلات شبه منظمة ومجموعات مناقشة متابعة.

الموضوعات أربعة وعشرون خبيرا من المملكة المتحدة ودوليا في تنظيم مكافحة التبغ أو الصحة العامة أو الاقتصاد أو القانون من القطاع الأكاديمي والعام والخاص والقطاع الثالث.

Correction: Interdisciplinary collaboration in the treatment of alcohol use disorders in a general hospital department: a mixed-method study

Citation
Kools, N., Dekker, G.G., Kaijen, B.A.P. et al. Correction: Interdisciplinary collaboration in the treatment of alcohol use disorders in a general hospital department: a mixed-method study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 64 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00492-0
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Background

Interdisciplinary collaborations (i.e., where various disciplines work coordinated and interdependently toward shared goals) are stated to yield higher team effectiveness than multidisciplinary approaches (i.e., where various disciplines work in parallel within their professional boundaries) in somatic health care settings.