Research

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: “Game-Changer” Opiate Addiction Medication Proves Effective in US Trial

Citation
Lancet: 2019, 393, p. 778-790.
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Medication of the type heralded as a possible “game-changer” by one of the UK’s leading addiction treatment clinicians and researchers proved its worth in a US placebo-controlled trial. Buprenorphine injections with effects lasting a month are now available in the UK, offering a new option for treating dependence on heroin and allied drugs.

Cribado de riesgos derivados del consumo de drogas liguagens la escolher ASSIST (álcool, tabagismo e substâncias teste de despistagem de envolvimento) pt acta de atención primária: estudio transversal

Citation
López-Rodríguez, J. A., Rigabert, A., Llano, M. N. G., Rubio, G., & ASSIST, G. (2018). Cribado de riesgos derivados del consumo de drogas utilizando la herramienta ASSIST (Alcohol, smoking and substances involvement screening test) en pacientes de atención primaria: estudio transversal. Atención Primaria.

Objetivo

El objetivo es estimar la prevalencia de consumos de riesgo de drogas y patrones de consumo en atención primária.

Diseño

Estudio multicéntrico descriptivo transversal.

Emplazamiento

Cinco centros de salud del área Sur de Madrid.

Participantes

Población consultante en atención primária entre 16-100 años.

Use of Electronic Vapor Products Before, During, and After Pregnancy Among Women with a Recent Live Birth — Oklahoma and Texas, 2015

Citation
Kapaya M, D’Angelo DV, Tong VT, et al. Use of Electronic Vapor Products Before, During, and After Pregnancy Among Women with a Recent Live Birth — Oklahoma and Texas, 2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;68:189–194. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6808a1
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Summary

What is already known about this topic?

Most electronic vapor products (EVPs) contain nicotine, a developmental toxicant, and other harmful additives.

What is added by this report?

Provas genéticas e convencional sobre o álcool e a etiologia da doença Vascular: um estudo prospectivo de 500 000 homens e mulheres na China

Citation
Millwood, I. Y., Walters, R. G., Mei, X. W., Guo, Y., Yang, L., Bian, Z., ... & Zhou, G. (2019). Conventional and genetic evidence on alcohol and vascular disease aetiology: a prospective study of 500 000 men and women in China. The Lancet.
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Resumo

Plano de fundo

Consumo moderado de álcool tem sido associado com a redução de riscos cardiovascular em vários estudos, em comparação com a abstinência ou com a bebida mais pesado. Estudos da Ásia Oriental podem ajudar a determinar se essas associações são causais, desde que duas variantes genéticas comuns afetam grandemente o álcool bebendo padrões.

Substance Use among Pregnant Women in Nigeria

Citation
Adebowale, Oluyemisi O., and Bawo O. James. "Psychoactive substance use and psychiatric morbidity among pregnant women attending an ante-natal clinic in Benin City, Nigeria." Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal 25.1 (2018): 8.
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study sought to determine the prevalence, patterns and feasibility of screening for psychoactive substance use among pregnant women in an antenatal clinic in Nigeria. It also aimed to determine the relationship between psychoactive substance use risk severity and psychiatric morbidity.

Internal Consistency and Convergent Validity of the Portuguese Versions of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs–Initial and Short Screener: Validity of the Portuguese GAIN-I and SS

Citation
Claro, H. G., de Oliveira, M. A. F., Fernandes, I. F. D. A. L., Titus, J. C., Tarifa, R. R., Rojas, T. F., & Pinho, P. H. (2016). Internal Consistency and Convergent Validity of the Portuguese Versions of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs–Initial and Short Screener: Validity of the Portuguese GAIN-I and SS. Journal of addictions nursing, 27(4), 241.

Abstract

The goal of this article is to present evidence on the internal consistency and convergent validity of the Brazilian Portuguese versions of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs–“Initial” and “Short Screener” versions.

Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Primary School Children: A Survey in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Citation
Sarwat Shah, Mona Kanaan, Rumana Huque, Aziz Sheikh, Omara Dogar, Heather Thomson, Steve Parrott, Kamran Siddiqi, Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Primary School Children: A Survey in Dhaka, Bangladesh, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 21, Issue 4, April 2019, Pages 416–423, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntx248
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Abstract

Introduction

We report on second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure based on saliva cotinine levels among children in Bangladesh—a country with laws against smoking in public places.

Methods

Cross-Cultural Applicability of the 12-Step Model: A Comparison of Narcotics Anonymous in the USA and Iran

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Abstract

Objective: Narcotics Anonymous (NA), a nonprofessional 12-step fellowship for people seeking recovery from addiction, reports 27,677 meetings in the USA, where it was founded, but there is limited literature on its adaptability cross-culturally. We studied NA within the Islamic Republic of Iran to ascertain its relative adaptation in a different cultural setting.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Do Interventions to Reduce Alcohol-Related Harms also Reduce Domestic Abuse?

Citation
BMC Public Health: 2014, 14(881), p. 1-11.
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In celebration of International Women’s Day we are highlighting studies throughout the month of March that further our understanding of how sex and gender influence the course of addiction and treatment, with a particular focus on women.

ADGRL3 (LPHN3) variantes preveem transtorno de uso de substância

Citation
Arcos-Burgos, M., Vélez, J. I., Martinez, A. F., Ribasés, M., Ramos-Quiroga, J. A., Sánchez-Mora, C., ... & Casas, M. (2019). ADGRL3 (LPHN3) variants predict substance use disorder. Translational psychiatry, 9(1), 42.
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Resumo

Fatores genéticos estão fortemente implicados na susceptibilidade para desenvolver externalizações síndromes tais como transtorno déficit/hiperatividade (TDAH), transtorno desafiador opositivo, transtorno de conduta e transtorno de uso de substância (SUD).

Standards for Opioid Use Disorder Care: An Assessment of Nordic Approaches

Citation
Gedeon, Charlotte, Mikael Sandell, Inge Birkemose, Johan Kakko, Valgerður Rúnarsdóttir, Kaarlo Simojoki, Thomas Clausen, Fred Nyberg, Richard Littlewood, and Hannu Alho. "Standards for opioid use disorder care: An assessment of Nordic approaches." Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs(2019): 1455072518815322.

Opioid Use disorder is one of the most challenging forms of addiction facing health care systems around the world. The treatment of opioid dependence is important to reduce its health and social consequences and to improve the well-being and social functioning of people affected.

The Link between the Marketing of Opioid Products with Mortality from Opioid-Related Overdoses

Citation
Hadland, Scott E., Ariadne Rivera-Aguirre, Brandon DL Marshall, and Magdalena Cerdá. "Association of Pharmaceutical Industry Marketing of Opioid Products With Mortality From Opioid-Related Overdoses." JAMA network open 2, no. 1 (2019): e186007-e186007.
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Prescription opioids are involved in 40% of all deaths from opioid overdose in the United States and are often the first opioids encountered by individuals with opioid use disorder.

Análise de banco de eficácia: Fazer parceiros de pacientes em terapia

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 372-383.
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Resultados da investigação amalgamados para a associação americana de psicologia mostram que os resultados dos tratamentos psicossociais são substancialmente melhorados quando clientes e terapeutas concordam sobre os objetivos e métodos e relações de colaboração de forma...

Paternidade e consumo de álcool

Citation
Borschmann, Rohan, Denise Becker, Elizabeth Spry, George J. Youssef, Craig A. Olsson, Delyse M. Hutchinson, Edmund Silins et al. "Alcohol and parenthood: An integrative analysis of the effects of transition to parenthood in three Australasian cohorts." Drug and Alcohol Dependence 197 (2019): 326-334.
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Beber pesado prejudicial continua sendo um dos principais factores de risco modificáveis para a doença

The Substance Use Intervention Team: A Preliminary Analysis of a Population-level Strategy to Address the Opioid Crisis at an Academic Health Center

Citation
Thompson and Hill. J Addict Med
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Objective: In 2017, an academic health center in Chicago launched the multidisciplinary Substance Use Intervention Team (SUIT) to address opioid misuse across 18 inpatient units and in a new outpatient addiction medicine clinic. This report assesses the first 5 months of implementation and associations with patient health and healthcare utilization.

Substância e Status de imigração usam a mortalidade relacionada com distúrbio na Suécia

Citation
Lundgren et al. J Addict Med
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Objetivos: Os imigrantes de primeira geração, em muitos países, são mais saudáveis do que suas contrapartes nativos. Este estudo analisou a associação entre o status de imigrante de primeira e de segunda geração e álcool - ou outras que álcool drogas (principalmente opioides) mortalidade para aqueles com uso de substâncias arriscado.

Relevancia clínica de los receptores GABA-b en el tratamiento de la adicción a las drogas

Citation
Cedillo-Zavaleta, L. N., Ruíz-García, I., Jiménez-Mejía, J. C., & Miranda-Herrera, F. (2019). Relevancia clínica de los receptores GABAB en el tratamiento de la adicción a las drogas. Revista Mexicana de Neurociencia, 19(6), 32-42.
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Resumen

El ácido γ-aminobutírico (GABA) es el principal neurotransmisor inhibitorio del sistema nervioso central (SNC) de los mamíferos y ejerce su acción a partir de la activación de tres receptores distintos. El receptor GABAB es una heterodímero con dos subunidades de siete dominios transmembranales, caracterizado en la década de 1970, y que ha sido ampliamente estudiado con relación a diferentes tipos de enfermedades.

Evaluating a Real World Ban on Menthol Cigarettes: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis of Sales

Citation
Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Jennifer Shuldiner, Gabrielle Tremblay, Robert Nugent; Evaluating a real world ban on menthol cigarettes: an interrupted time series analysis of sales, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, , ntz041, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntz041
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Abstract

Background

The Increased Trend of Non-drinking Alcohol Among Adolescents: What Role Do Internet Activities Have?

Citation
Larm, Peter, Jonas Raninen, Cecilia Åslund, Johan Svensson, and Kent W. Nilsson. "The increased trend of non-drinking alcohol among adolescents: what role do internet activities have?." European journal of public health 29, no. 1 (2018): 27-32.
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Youth alcohol consumption is declining across many European counties, often alongside similar decreasing trends in drug use and smoking. One of the explanations as to why we are seeing these patterns is that adolescents do not drink alcohol because they spend more time indoors on the internet.<

Os efeitos da ocitocina na retirada, desejo e resposta ao estresse em pacientes dependentes de heroína

Citation
Moeini, Mina, Abdoallah Omidi, Mojtaba Sehat, and Hamid Reza Banafshe. "The Effects of Oxytocin on Withdrawal, Craving and Stress Response in Heroin-Dependent Patients: A Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial." European addiction research 25, no. 1 (2019): 41-48.
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De acordo com o Relatório mundial de drogas opioides são o tipo de drogas mais nocivo, representando 70% dos impactos nocivos para a saúde associado com transtornos de uso de drogas em todo o mundo. Tratamento normalmente concentra-se em retirada, impedindo os desejos de controlar e, finalmente, ter uma recaída.

A ligação entre fumar e funcionamento cognitivo em pessoas com psicose

Citation
Vermeulen J, Schirmbeck F, Blankers M, van Tricht M, Bruggeman R, & van den Brink W. et al. (2018). Association Between Smoking Behavior and Cognitive Functioning in Patients With Psychosis, Siblings, and Healthy Control Subjects: Results From a Prospective 6-Year Follow-Up Study. American Journal Of Psychiatry, 175(11), 1121-1128.
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A epidemia do tabaco é a maior ameaça da saúde pública que no mundo já enfrentou, matando mais de 7 milhões de pessoas por ano (OMS).

Pessoas com psicose são mais propensos a fumar em comparação com a população em geral e acredita-se que isto poderia ter um impacto negativo sobre o funcionamento cognitivo.

Ciência de aplicação e as intervenções de redução de estigma em países de baixa e média renda

Citation
Kemp, C. G., Jarrett, B. A., Kwon, C. S., Song, L., Jetté, N., Sapag, J. C., ... & Baral, S. (2019). Implementation science and stigma reduction interventions in low-and middle-income countries: a systematic review. BMC medicine, 17(1), 6.
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Resumo

Plano de fundo

Intervenções para aliviar o estigma estão demonstrando a eficácia através de uma gama de condições, embora poucos ultrapassar a fase-piloto, especialmente em baixa e média renda países (LMIC). Ciência de implementação oferece ferramentas para estudar intervenções complexas, entender as barreiras à implementação e gerar evidências de sustentabilidade, acessibilidade e escalabilidade.

Organizações de CSR indústria álcool: O que sua atividade Twitter sabe sobre sua independência e as suas prioridades? Uma análise comparativa

Citation
Maani Hessari N, van Schalkwyk MC, Thomas S, Petticrew M. Alcohol Industry CSR Organisations: What Can Their Twitter Activity Tell Us about Their Independence and Their Priorities? A Comparative Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(5):892.
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Resumo

Existem preocupações sobre a precisão das informações fornecidas pela indústria de álcool (AI) saúde-financiado organizações e sobre a sua independência.