Research

Building resilience in survivors of sexual exploitation: The role of children in activities implemented by NGOs in Uganda

Citation
Rogers Kasirye, Paul Bukuluki & Eddy J. Walakira (2022) Building resilience in survivors of sexual exploitation: the role of children in activities implemented by NGOs in Uganda, Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, DOI: 10.1080/17450128.2022.2072989

Abstract

Children are increasingly affected by sexual exploitation (SEC), and the subsequent hardships arising out threaten their lives. Resilience is the process of adapting well in the face of trauma or other significant sources of stress. Past literature discusses various child participatory methods but has not explored the voices and role of children as agents of change among their peers to yield adaptation and resilience.

Tratamiento farmacológico del tabaquismo

Citation
Muñoz, J. L. D. M., & Jiménez–Ruiz, C. A. (2008). Tratamiento farmacológico del tabaquismo. Información Terapéutica del Sistema Nacional de Salud, 32(3), 71-82.
RESUMEN

El tabaquismo es una enfermedad adictiva y crónica, caracterizada por la presencia de recaídas a lo largo de su evolución. Es la primera causa evitable de muerte en el mundo. Los profesionales sanitarios están obligados a diagnosticar y tratar correctamente a los fumadores para ayudarles a dejar de serlo.

Associations of common mental disorder with alcohol use in the adult general population

Citation
Puddephatt, J. A., Irizar, P., Jones, A., Gage, S. H., & Goodwin, L. (2021). Associations of common mental disorder with alcohol use in the adult general population: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Addiction.

Abstract

Background and Aims

Research has shown that alcohol use and common mental disorders co-occur; however, little is known about how the global prevalence of alcohol use compares across different common mental disorders.

Birth Outcomes of Neonates Exposed to Marijuana in Utero A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Citation
Marchand G, Masoud AT, Govindan M, et al. Birth Outcomes of Neonates Exposed to Marijuana in Utero: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(1):e2145653. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.45653
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Abstract

Importance  While some studies have found an association between marijuana use and adverse neonatal outcomes, results have not been consistent across all trials.

Objective  To assess available data on neonatal outcomes in marijuana-exposed pregnancies.

Intentions and Attempts to Quit Smoking Among Sexual Minoritized Adult Smokers After Exposure to the Tips From Former Smokers Campaign

Citation
Wang Y, Duan Z, Emery SL, et al. Intentions and Attempts to Quit Smoking Among Sexual Minoritized Adult Smokers After Exposure to the Tips From Former Smokers Campaign. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(5):e2211060. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.11060
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Abstract

Importance  Significant disparities exist in smoking behaviors by sexual minority status in the US.

Objective  To examine potential differences in the associations between exposure to the Tips From Former Smokers (Tips) campaign and intentions and attempts to quit smoking by sexual minority status.

Implementing Adolescent SBIRT

Citation
Soberay, A., DeSorrento, L., Pietruszewski, P., Sitz, M., & Levy, S. (2021). Implementing adolescent SBIRT: Findings from the FaCES project. Substance abuse, 42(4), 751-759.

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is an evidence-based approach to early intervention of substance use.

This mixed-methods evaluation assessed the implementation of an adolescent SBIRT change package across 13 primary care clinics in the United States. These clinics participated in an 18-month learning collaborative, during which they received training and technical assistance on SBIRT practices. 

Peer-facilitated treatment access for hepatitis C: The Live Hep C Free project

Citation
Silano, J. A., Treloar, C., Leadbeatter, K., Davidson, S., & Doidge, J. (2022). Peer-facilitated treatment access for hepatitis C: the Live Hep C Free project. Harm Reduction Journal, 19(1), 1-5.

This article explores the lessons learned during the implementation of a peer-facilitated hepatitis C virus hepatitis C testing and treatment access project called the Live Hep C Free project in contributing to micro-elimination efforts.

Simultaneous Alcohol and Marijuana Use Among Young Adults: A Scoping Review of Prevalence, Patterns, Psychosocial Correlates, and Consequences

Citation
Lee, C. M., Calhoun, B. H., Abdallah, D. A., Blayney, J. A., Schultz, N. R., Brunner, M., & Patrick, M. E. (2022). Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among young adults: A scoping review of prevalence, patterns, psychosocial correlates, and consequences. Alcohol Res. 42(1):08 | https://doi.org/10.35946/arcr.v42.1.08
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ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Alcohol and marijuana are commonly used by young adults, and use of both substances, particularly at the same time, is prevalent among this population. Understanding the prevalence, patterns, correlates, and consequences of simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use is important to inform interventions.

Fetal Exposure to Cannabis and Childhood Metabolic Outcomes: The Healthy Start Study

Citation
Moore, B. F., Sauder, K. A., Shapiro, A. L., Crume, T., Kinney, G. L., & Dabelea, D. (2022). Fetal Exposure to Cannabis and Childhood Metabolic Outcomes: The Healthy Start Study. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 20, 1-8.
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Abstract
Objective

To assess the impact of fetal exposure to cannabis on adiposity and glucose-insulin traits in early life.

Severe bacterial infections in people who inject drugs: The role of injection-related tissue damage

Citation
Hrycko, A., Mateu-Gelabert, P., Ciervo, C. et al. Severe bacterial infections in people who inject drugs: the role of injection-related tissue damage. Harm Reduct J 19, 41 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-022-00624-6
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Abstract

Background

In the context of the current U.S. injection drug use epidemic, targeted public health harm reduction strategies have traditionally focused on overdose prevention and reducing transmission of blood-borne viral infections. Severe bacterial infections (SBI) associated with intravenous drug use have been increasing in frequency in the U.S. over the last decade.

Assessing the feasibility, usability and acceptability of the MySafeRx platform among individuals in outpatient buprenorphine treatment: Lessons learned from a pilot randomized controlled trial

Citation
Janzow, G. E., Harding, C., Flores, M., Borodovsky, J., Steinkamp, J., Marsch, L. A., & Schuman-Olivier, Z. (2022). Assessing the feasibility, usability and acceptability of the MySafeRx platform among individuals in outpatient buprenorphine treatment: Lessons learned from a pilot randomized controlled trial. Drug and Alcohol Dependence Reports, 3, 100045.

Abstract

Background

Increasing buprenorphine/naloxone (B/N) access for opioid use disorder (OUD) is essential yet ensuring adherence and preventing diversion remains challenging. This study examines the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of MySafeRx, a mobile platform integrating motivational coaching, adherence monitoring, and electronic dispensing during office-based B/N treatment.

Structural violence and the need for compassionate use of methadone in Mexico

Citation
Romero-Mendoza, M., Peláez-Ballestas, I., Almanza-Avendaño, A.M. et al. Structural violence and the need for compassionate use of methadone in Mexico. BMC Public Health 22, 606 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-12955-x
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Abstract

Background

Epidemiological data from Mexico have documented an increase in heroin use in the last decade. However, there is no comprehensive care strategy for heroin users, especially those who have been accused of a crime.

Neurofeedback for opioid dependent patients in an outpatient setting: a pilot feasibility study

Citation
Rempala, H.A., Barterian, J.A. Neurofeedback for opioid dependent patients in an outpatient setting: a pilot feasibility study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 28 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00458-2
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Background

When used in combination with other therapies for drug use disorders, neurofeedback (NF) has been classified as "probably effective," according to recent research in the community of people with opioid use disorder.

Tailoring dissemination of evidence to preferences of tobacco control partners: results from an academic-community partnership

Citation
Mckay, V., Vogel, M., Combs, T. et al. Tailoring dissemination of evidence to preferences of tobacco control partners: results from an academic-community partnership. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 29 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00450-w

Background

Tobacco control program leaders may improve the use of evidence in program and policy development by presenting evidence to policymakers more often. However, current scientific knowledge regarding what works is slow to reach decision-makers.

Association of Psychiatric Disorders With Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 Breakthrough Infection Among Vaccinated Adults

Citation
Nishimi K, Neylan TC, Bertenthal D, Seal KH, O’Donovan A. Association of Psychiatric Disorders With Incidence of SARS-CoV-2 Breakthrough Infection Among Vaccinated Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(4):e227287. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.7287
Publication Date
Abstract

Importance  Psychiatric disorders may be associated with an increased risk for SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infection after vaccination, but no studies have tested this hypothesis.

Objective  To evaluate whether past diagnoses of psychiatric disorders are associated with an increased incidence of SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infection among fully vaccinated individuals.

Transition from first illegal drug use to first injection among people who inject drugs in Northern Mexico: A retrospective survival analysis

Citation
Ospina-Escobar, A., & Magis-Rodríguez, C. (2022). Transition from first illegal drug use to first injection among people who inject drugs in Northern Mexico: A retrospective survival analysis. Salud Mental, 45(2), 71-80. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2022.010
Abstract:

Introduction. There is little information in Mexico about the transition to injecting drugs among drug users in cities other than Tijuana.

Promoting sustainable responses to the US opioid epidemic with community-academic partnerships: qualitative outcomes from a statewide program

Citation
L.Driscoll, D., Cuellar, A.E., Agarwal, V. et al. Promoting sustainable responses to the US opioid epidemic with community-academic partnerships: qualitative outcomes from a statewide program. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 26 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00454-6
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Drug overdose deaths in the United States have continued to increase at an alarming rate. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) distributed more than $7 billion between January 2016 and June 2020 to address the drug overdose crisis.

Drug use severity in adolescence affects substance use disorder risk in adulthood

Citation
McCabe SE, Schulenberg JE, Schepis TS, McCabe VV, Veliz PT. Longitudinal Analysis of Substance Use Disorder Symptom Severity at Age 18 Years and Substance Use Disorder in Adulthood. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(4):e225324. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.5324

Although more than 1 in every 3 US individuals will develop a substance use disorder in their lifetime, relatively little is known about the long-term patterns of substance use disorder symptoms from adolescence through adulthood.

Key Points

Question  What are the long-term patterns of substance use disorder symptoms from adolescence through adulthood?

The burden of mental disorders, substance use disorders and self-harm among young people in Europe

Citation
Castelpietra, G., Knudsen, A. K. S., Agardh, E. E., Armocida, B., Beghi, M., Iburg, K. M., ... & Monasta, L. (2022). The burden of mental disorders, substance use disorders and self-harm among young people in Europe, 1990–2019: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet Regional Health-Europe, 16, 100341.

Summary

Mental health is a public health issue for European young people. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019 provides internationally comparable information on trends in the health status of populations and changes in the leading causes of disease burden over time.

Association of Habitual Alcohol Intake With Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

Citation
Biddinger KJ, Emdin CA, Haas ME, et al. Association of Habitual Alcohol Intake With Risk of Cardiovascular Disease. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(3):e223849. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.3849
Publication Date
Abstract

Importance  Observational studies have consistently proposed cardiovascular benefits associated with light alcohol consumption, while recent genetic analyses (ie, mendelian randomization studies) have suggested a possible causal link between alcohol intake and increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

Frequency and severity of irritable bowel syndrome in cigarette smokers, Turkey 2019

Citation
Mercan Başpınar, M., Basat, O. (2022). Frequency and severity of irritable bowel syndrome in cigarette smokers, Turkey 2019. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 20(March), 27. https://doi.org/10.18332/tid/145925
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ABSTRACT

Introduction:
Cigarette smoking has recently been associated with several gastrointestinal symptoms, and smoking cessation has been recommended as a lifestyle change strategy for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study assessed the prevalence of IBS in cigarette smokers based on the Rome IV criteria, the severity of nicotine dependence, and the effect of smoking cessation in smokers with IBS.

Cardiovascular functions and arterial stiffness after JUUL use

Citation
Gernun*, S., Franzen*, K. F., Mallock, N., Benthien, J., Luch, A., Mortensen, K. ... Rabenstein, A. (2022). Cardiovascular functions and arterial stiffness after JUUL use. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 20(April), 34. https://doi.org/10.18332/tid/144317
ABSTRACT

Introduction:
The rapid growth in the e-cigarette market after the launch of JUUL e-cigarettes led to much discussion on the potential benefits and risks of pods, JUUL devices, and conventional e-cigarettes compared with combustible cigarettes. Independent data are required to assess the effects of these products on cardiovascular surrogate parameters and cardiovascular risk.

Treatment outcome and readmission risk among women in women-only versus mixed-gender drug treatment programs in Chile

Citation
Olivari, C. F., Gonzáles-Santa Cruz, A., Mauro, P. M., Martins, S. S., Sapag, J., Gaete, J., ... & Castillo-Carniglia, A. (2022). Treatment outcome and readmission risk among women in women-only versus mixed-gender drug treatment programs in Chile. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 134, 108616.
Publication Date

Abstract

Introduction

Traditional treatment programs for substance use disorder (SUD) tend to be male-dominated environments, which can negatively affect women's access to treatment and related outcomes. Women's specific treatment needs have led some providers to develop women-only SUD treatment programs in several countries. In Chile, women-only programs were only fully implemented in 2010.

Limiares de risco para a associação entre a frequência do uso da cannabis e o desenvolvimento de psicose: revisão sistemática e meta-análise

Citation
Robinson, T., Ali, M., Easterbrook, B., Hall, W., Jutras-Aswad, D., & Fischer, B. (2022). Risk-thresholds for the association between frequency of cannabis use and the development of psychosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine, 1-11. doi:10.1017/S0033291722000502
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Abstrair

Fundo

Estudos epidemiológicos mostram associação dose-resposta entre o uso da cannabis e o risco de psicose. Esta revisão teve como objetivo determinar se há limites de risco identificáveis entre a frequência do uso da cannabis e o desenvolvimento da psicose.

Métodos

Uma avaliação de prontidão para a prevenção de danos relacionados ao álcool na África Ocidental

O dano relacionado ao álcool é uma preocupação crescente global e particularmente na África Ocidental. No entanto, faltam ferramentas para avaliar a prontidão para a prevenção de danos relacionados ao álcool em ambientes de baixos recursos. Esta pesquisa explora a eficácia da ferramenta modificada da OMS, a Avaliação de Prontidão para a Prevenção do Formulário Curto de Maus Tratos Infantis (RAP-CM) em toda a África Ocidental.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Awareness to Insight in Just 50 Years

Citation
Charness, M. E. (2022). Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Awareness to Insight in Just 50 Years. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 42(1).
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Abstract

This article is part of a Festschrift commemorating the 50th anniversary of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). Established in 1970, first as part of the National Institute of Mental Health and later as an independent institute of the National Institutes of Health, NIAAA today is the world’s largest funding agency for alcohol research.

Diferenças no vício e ganhos de recuperação de acordo com o gênero – barreiras de gênero e diferenças específicas no crescimento dos pontos fortes globais

Citation
Abreu Minero, V., Best, D., Brown, L. et al. Differences in addiction and recovery gains according to gender – gender barriers and specific differences in overall strengths growth. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 21 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00444-8
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Fundo

A necessidade de uma compreensão de gênero da recuperação está se tornando cada vez mais evidente. Houve relatos de disparidades de gênero no caráter e quantidade de uso de substâncias, os caminhos para e através do transtorno do uso de substâncias e a aquisição e manutenção do capital de recuperação. Há praticamente pouco estudo sobre os elementos que influenciam o crescimento do capital de recuperação por gênero.

Navigating intersecting public health crises: a qualitative study of people with opioid use disorders' experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic

Citation
Watson, D.P., Staton, M.D., Grella, C.E. et al. Navigating intersecting public health crises: a qualitative study of people with opioid use disorders' experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 22 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00449-3
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Background

The long-running opioid epidemic and the more recent COVID-19 pandemic are two interrelated events with major public health implications for people who use opioids (OUD). The majority of studies on the interaction of these two public health concerns have employed pre-existing data to focus on community, state, or national patterns.

Effect of Medical Marijuana Card Ownership on Pain, Insomnia, and Affective Disorder Symptoms in Adults A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Gilman JM, Schuster RM, Potter KW, et al. Effect of Medical Marijuana Card Ownership on Pain, Insomnia, and Affective Disorder Symptoms in Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(3):e222106. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.2106
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Abstract

Importance  Despite the legalization and widespread use of cannabis products for a variety of medical concerns in the US, there is not yet a strong clinical literature to support such use. The risks and benefits of obtaining a medical marijuana card for common clinical outcomes are largely unknown.