Research

Self‐Care for the Prevention and Management of Disease: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals

Citation
Riegel, B., Moser, D. K., Buck, H. G., Dickson, V. V., Dunbar, S. B., Lee, C. S., ... & Webber, D. E. (2017). Self‐care for the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease and stroke: A scientific statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(9), e006997.

Due to the nature of their work, health care professionals frequently experience long hours, stress, burnout and compassion fatigue. If left unaddressed, these issues can lead to increased risks of mental and physical health problems.

One of the most effective ways of reducing stress-related issues is through practising self-care. 

Resultados em saúde mental entre profissionais de saúde expostos à doença de Coronavírus 2019

Citation
Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, et al. Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e203976. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3976

Para indivíduos que trabalham na linha de frente durante a pandemia de coronavírus, o estresse e a pressão da situação podem ter um impacto negativo dramático no bem-estar mental.

Embora as intervenções psicológicas para os profissionais de saúde tenham sido implementadas para reduzir o impacto do trauma visceral e promover o autocuidado, a base de evidências para a efetividade desse apoio é escassa.

Entendendo a resiliência

Citation
Wu, G., Feder, A., Cohen, H., Kim, J. J., Calderon, S., Charney, D. S., & Mathé, A. A. (2013). Understanding resilience. Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience, 7, 10.

Embora seja um termo que é frequentemente utilizado, entender o que significa ser resiliente ou desenvolver resiliência nem sempre é direto.

Em artigo publicado no Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, os pesquisadores interpretam a resiliência como:

Adolescent Brain Development, Substance Use, and Psychotherapeutic Change

Citation
Wetherill, R., & Tapert, S. F. (2013). Adolescent brain development, substance use, and psychotherapeutic change. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27(2), 393.

Adolescence involves dramatic biologic, psychological, and behavioural changes.

Adolescents respond, learn and explore their environment, forming new relationships and further developing their identity.

It is often a time where individuals are more likely to participate in risky behaviour, frequently influenced by substance use. Substance use among adolescents ranges from experimentation to severe substance use disorders.

Sintomas psiquiátricos causados por constituintes da Cannabis: uma revisão sistemática e meta-análise

Citation
Hindley, G., Beck, K., Borgan, F., Ginestet, C. E., McCutcheon, R., Kleinloog, D., ... & Howes, O. D. (2020). Psychiatric symptoms caused by cannabis constituents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet Psychiatry.
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Resumo

Fundo

Aproximadamente 188 milhões de pessoas usam cannabis anualmente em todo o mundo, e ela foi recentemente legalizada em 11 estados dos EUA, Canadá e Uruguai para uso recreativo. O potencial para o aumento do uso da cannabis destaca a necessidade de entender melhor seus riscos, incluindo a indução aguda de sintomas psicóticos e outros sintomas psiquiátricos.

Associação de Opióides Prescritos a Familiares com Overdose de Opióides Entre Adolescentes e Jovens Adultos

Citation
Nguyen AP, Glanz JM, Narwaney KJ, Binswanger IA. Association of Opioids Prescribed to Family Members With Opioid Overdose Among Adolescents and Young Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201018. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1018
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Abstrata

Importância: Os membros da família são citados como uma fonte comum de opióides prescritos usados por razões não médicas. No entanto, o risco de overdose associado à exposição a opióides prescritos a familiares entre adolescentes e adultos jovens não está bem estabelecido.

Fatores associados aos desfechos em saúde mental entre os profissionais de saúde expostos à doença coronavírus 2019

Citation
Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, et al. Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health Care Workers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e203976. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3976
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Abstrata

Importância: Os profissionais de saúde expostos à doença coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) podem estar psicologicamente estressados.

Objetivo: Avaliar a magnitude dos desfechos de saúde mental e os fatores associados entre os profissionais de saúde que tratam pacientes expostos ao COVID-19 na China.

Survey on COVID-19 in Pakistan

Citation
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfkAD4x68SOmoVdOJBvPnVvgVeSxCgJAoSq4ULtYZzseKZvWg/viewform?usp=sf_link
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EQUIP Research & Development Consultants has designed this survey to know the level of Awareness regarding the pandemic of COVID-19 among the general population of Pakistan.

 

Validação de uma abordagem de modelagem de gerenciamento de risco de suicídio baseada em registro eletrônico de saúde em vários sistemas de saúde

Citation
Barak-Corren Y, Castro VM, Nock MK, et al. Validation of an Electronic Health Record–Based Suicide Risk Prediction Modeling Approach Across Multiple Health Care Systems. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201262. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1262
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Pontos-chave

Pergunta: Um processo de treinamento de algoritmos de aprendizagem de máquina baseado em registros eletrônicos de saúde pode identificar indivíduos com risco aumentado de tentativas de suicídio em sistemas de saúde independentes?

The Effectiveness of a Guided Internet-Based Tool for the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety in Pregnancy (MamaKits Online): Randomized Controlled Trial

Citation
Heller HM, Hoogendoorn AW, Honig A, Broekman BF, van Straten A. The Effectiveness of a Guided Internet-Based Tool for the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety in Pregnancy (MamaKits Online): Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res 2020;22(3):e15172
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Conclusions: Our study did show a significant reduction in affective symptoms in both groups, but the differences in reduction of affective symptoms between the intervention and control groups were not significant. There were also no differences in perinatal child outcomes.

Associação do Uso de Opióides com Dor e Satisfação após Extração Dentária

Citation
Nalliah, R. P., Sloss, K. R., & Kenney, B. C. (2020). Association of opioid use with pain and satisfaction after dental extraction. JAMA Network Open, 3(3). doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0901
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As prescrições de opióides aumentaram 68% de 2010 a 2016 para novos procedimentos odontológicos em pessoas não prescritas anteriormente. Este estudo esclarece o potencial de prescrição desnecessária de opióides para procedimentos dentários, especialmente para pessoas que nunca prescreveram opióides antes de seu procedimento.

Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Violations of a Campus Smoke-Free Policy: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Undergraduate Students on a University Campus in the USA

Citation
Ramachandran S, Bentley S, Casey E, et al Prevalence of and factors associated with violations of a campus smoke-free policy: a cross-sectional survey of undergraduate students on a university campus in the USA BMJ Open 2020;10:e030504. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030504
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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of smoking behaviour on campus and to identify the key factors that influence adherence to a campus smoke-free policy.

Systemic Review of Systemic Reviews Finds Numerous and Diverse Harms with Marijuana Use

Citation
Campeny, E., Lopez-Pelayo, H., Niett, D., Blithikioti, C., Oliveras, C., ... Gual, A. (2020). The blind men and the elephant: Systematic review of systematic reviews of cannabis use related health harms. European Neuropsycholopharmacology. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.02.003
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Researchers attempted to assess the global harms associated with marijuana use and potentially define risky marijuana use in a systematic review of systematic reviews. Forty-four systematic reviews including over 1053 diverse studies were analyzed, with an average AMSTAR 2 rating of 60.1%, indicating low to moderate quality. Harm was divided into the following three categories: mental health harm, somatic harm, and physical harm.

The COVID-19 Outbreak and Psychiatric Hospitals in China: Managing Challenges through Mental Health Service Reform

Citation
Xiang, Y. T., Zhao, Y. J., Liu, Z. H., Li, X. H., Zhao, N., Cheung, T., & Ng, C. H. (2020). The COVID-19 outbreak and psychiatric hospitals in China: managing challenges through mental health service reform. Int J Biol Sci, 16(10), 1741-1744.
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Abstract

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use Among Transgender Girls and Young Women

Citation
Restar AJ, Jin H, Ogunbajo A, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use Among Transgender Girls and Young Women. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201015. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1015
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Abstract

Importance: Nonmedical prescription opioid use is a pressing public health issue in the United States.

Mortalidade mundial estimada atribuída à exposição ao fumo de segunda mão, 1990-2016

Citation
Yousuf H, Hofstra M, Tijssen J, et al. Estimated Worldwide Mortality Attributed to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure, 1990-2016. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201177. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1177
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Abstrata

Importância: A Organização Mundial da Saúde estima que os 1 bilhão de indivíduos que fumam em todo o mundo contribuem para as 880 000 mortes relacionadas à fumaça de segunda mão (SHS) entre indivíduos que não fumam a cada ano.

Resultados cognitivos de crianças pequenas após exposição pré-natal a medicamentos para transtorno do uso de opióides: uma revisão sistemática e meta-análise

Citation
Nelson LF, Yocum VK, Patel KD, Qeadan F, Hsi A, Weitzen S. Cognitive Outcomes of Young Children After Prenatal Exposure to Medications for Opioid Use Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201195. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1195
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Abstrata

Importância: O número de crianças com exposição opióide pré-natal a medicamentos para tratamento de dependência (MAT) com metadona e buprenorfina para o transtorno do uso de opióides maternos está aumentando, mas as associações dessa exposição com desfechos cognitivos não são bem compreendidas.

Codependency on Drug Abusers' Mothers

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Desirée Molina, A. Villalobos. José Félix Ribas Foundation, Venezuela

Codependency has been described as a significant health risk behavior, particularly for women, because codependent women are often involved in abusive and harmful relationships. Identification of individuals who are codependent is an important step in assisting them to engage in therapy and become a healthy support for drug abusers in treatment.

Role of Parenting Styles in Internalizing, Externalizing, and Adjustment Problems in Children

Citation
Moreno Méndez, J., Espada Sánchez, J., & Gómez Becerra, M. (2020). Role of parenting styles in internalizing, externalizing, and adjustment problems in children.Salud Mental, 43(2), 73-84. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2020.011

Abstract

Introduction. Different studies have reported the relationship of parenting styles with adjustment problems in children. However, it has not been specified which aspects of parenting styles play a central role in the manifestation of such psychological problems. 

Associations of Psychosocial Factors with Multiple Health Behaviors: A Population-Based Study of Middle-Aged Men and Women

Citation
Thomas, K., Nilsson, E., Festin, K., Henriksson, P., Lowén, M., Löf, M., & Kristenson, M. (2020). Associations of Psychosocial Factors with Multiple Health Behaviors: A Population-Based Study of Middle-Aged Men and Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(4), 1239.
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Abstract

 

First Alcohol Treatment Institutions in Today's Czech Republic and Slovak Republic

Citation
Šejvl, J., Gavurová, B., Barták, M., Mašlániová, M., & Miovský, M. (2019). First alcohol treatment institutions in today's Czech Republic and Slovak Republic. Central European Journal of Public Health, 27(Supplement), S55-S65.

Abstract

Objective:

Drawing on qualitative analysis of selected historical documents, the paper seeks to provide a definition of the general characteristics of the first institutional alcohol treatment facilities in today's Czech Republic and Slovakia, taking into account the historical context of the first half of the 20th century.

Association of Alcohol Screening Scores With Adverse Mental Health Conditions and Substance Use Among US Adults

Citation
Khan MR, Young KE, Caniglia EC, et al. Association of Alcohol Screening Scores With Adverse Mental Health Conditions and Substance Use Among US Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200895. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0895
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Abstract

Importance: Alcohol screening may be associated with health outcomes that cluster with alcohol use (ie, alcohol-clustering conditions), including depression, anxiety, and use of tobacco, marijuana, and illicit drugs.

Project Khanya: A Randomized, Hybrid Effectiveness-Implementation Trial of a Peer-Delivered Behavioral Intervention for ART Adherence and Substance Use in Cape Town, South Africa

Citation
Magidson, J.F., Joska, J.A., Myers, B. et al. Project Khanya: a randomized, hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial of a peer-delivered behavioral intervention for ART adherence and substance use in Cape Town, South Africa. Implement Sci Commun 1, 23 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43058-020-00004-w
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Abstract

Background

Substance use is prevalent in South Africa and associated with poor HIV treatment outcomes, yet, it is largely unaddressed in HIV care. Implementing an evidence-based, task-shared intervention for antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and substance use integrated into HIV care may be a feasible and effective way to improve HIV treatment outcomes and reduce substance use in this population.

Long Term Change among People who Inject Drugs

Citation
Dong, H., Hayashi, K., Singer, J., Milloy, M. J., DeBeck, K., Wood, E., & Kerr, T. (2019). Trajectories of injection drug use among people who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada, 1996-2017: Growth mixture modeling using data from prospective cohort studies. Addiction, 114(12), 2173-2186. doi: 10.1111/add.14756
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The link is to Recovery Research Institute's summary of the findings from this long term longitudinal study of injection drug users in Vancouver Canada. It reports that there are five different trajectories for people who inject drugs. Twenty-four percent of study participants died in the ten year study time frame.

Outreach to People Who Survive Opioid Overdose

Citation
Langabeer, J., Champagne-Langabeer, T., Luber, S. D., Prater, S. J., Stotts, A., Kirages, K., ... & Chambers, K. A. (2020). Outreach to people who survive opioid overdose: Linkage and retention in treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 111, 11-15.

Often it takes a critical moment, such as when someone survives an overdose, to motivate behavioural change.

It is particularly important that at these times people have access to the appropriate treatment.

Trajectories of psychological distress during recovery from polysubstance use disorder

Citation
Aleksander H. Erga, Audhild Hønsi, Liss Gøril Anda-Ågotnes, Sverre Nesvåg, Morten Hesse & Egon Hagen (2020) Trajectories of psychological distress during recovery from polysubstance use disorder, Addiction Research & Theory, DOI: 10.1080/16066359.2020.1730822
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Abstract
Introduction: Polysubstance use is a prevalent substance use pattern with adverse effects on psychological distress and diminished treatment outcomes. Although polysubstance use often dominates clinical practice, the trajectories of substance use and psychological distress in the initial phase of treatment have been subject to few empirical investigations.

Importance of a Standard Unit Dose for Cannabis Research

Citation
Volkow, N. D., & Weiss, S. R. (2020). Importance of a standard unit dose for cannabis research. Addiction.
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A standardized measure for 9‐tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content in cannabis products is necessary to advance research both on the adverse effects of cannabis (e.g. risks for brain development, mental illness and addiction) and on the drug's potential medical uses.