Investigación

Gender disparities in opioid treatment progress in methadone versus counselling

Citation
Guerrero, E., Amaro, H., Kong, Y. et al. Gender disparities in opioid treatment progress in methadone versus counseling. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 16, 52 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00389-4
Publication Date

The high dropout rate (75%) in opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment among women and racial/ethnic minorities in the United States necessitates a better knowledge of the factors that contribute to treatment success. While therapy and medication for OUD are considered the top standard of care in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment, many people with OUD receive just counseling or methadone-only therapies.

High-dose buprenorphine induction in the emergency department for treatment of opioid use disorder

Citation
Herring AA, Vosooghi AA, Luftig J, et al. High-Dose Buprenorphine Induction in the Emergency Department for Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(7):e2117128. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.17128
Publication Date

In response to the rising efficacy of the illicit opioid drug supply and often observed delays in access to follow-up therapy, emergency departments (EDs) occasionally utilize a high-dose buprenorphine induction method for the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD). The objective of this study is to investigate the safety and tolerability of high-dose (>12 mg) buprenorphine induction for patients with OUD presenting to an ED.

Trends in use of e-cigarette device types and heated tobacco products from 2016 to 2020 in England

Citation
Tattan-Birch, H., Brown, J., Shahab, L. et al. Trends in use of e-cigarette device types and heated tobacco products from 2016 to 2020 in England. Sci Rep 11, 13203 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-92617-x
Publication Date

During the past decade, heated aerosolized nicotine delivery systems (HANDS) —mainly e-cigarettes—have surpassed nicotine replacement therapy as the most utilized aids for stopping smoking in England.

Biochemical mechanisms associating alcohol use disorders with cancers

Citation
Rodriguez, F.D.; Coveñas, R. Biochemical Mechanisms Associating Alcohol Use Disorders with Cancers. Cancers 2021, 13, 3548. https://doi.org/10.3390/ cancers13143548
Publication Date
Abstract

The World Health Organization identifies alcohol as a cause of several neoplasias of the oropharynx cavity, esophagus, gastrointestinal tract, larynx, liver, or female breast. We review ethanol’s nonoxidative and oxidative metabolism and one-carbon metabolism that encompasses both redox and transfer reactions that influence crucial cell proliferation machinery.

Variation in brief treatment for substance use disorder: a qualitative investigation of four federally qualified health centres with SBIRT services

Citation
Watson, D.P., Staton, M.D., Dennis, M.L. et al. Variation in brief treatment for substance use disorder: a qualitative investigation of four federally qualified health centers with SBIRT services. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 16, 58 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00381-y
Publication Date

Brief treatment (BT) or regular outpatient alcohol use or substance use disorder (SUD) treatment is a key element of the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model. It can be an effective, short-term, and low-cost treatment option for many people who misuse alcohol and drugs. Nevertheless, inconsistent BT implementation often costs similar to regular outpatient care.

Implementation of tobacco control measures in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, 2008–2020

Citation
Monshi, S.S., Ibrahim, J. Implementation of tobacco control measures in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, 2008–2020. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 16, 57 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00393-8
Publication Date

Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) was developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assist nations in reducing the demand and supply of tobacco. In 2020, 182 nations joined the FCTC, approving to implement the recommended tobacco control measures.

Perspectives of illicit marijuana growers and traders on commercial legalization of marijuana in South Africa: considerations for policy formulation

Citation
Manu, E., Douglas, M., Ntsaba, M.J. et al. Perspectives of illicit marijuana growers and traders on commercial legalisation of marijuana in South Africa: considerations for policy formulation. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 16, 54 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00391-w
Publication Date

Over the past era, there has been a call for legalizing marijuana cultivation and trading for commercial purposes in South Africa. Advocates of the call argue that the criminalization of commercial marijuana cultivation and trading has failed to stop illicit marijuana cultivation and trading. Nevertheless, the views of those who economically benefit from the illicit marijuana trade on its legalization remain empirically unsolicited.

High-dose buprenorphine induction in the emergency department for treatment of opioid use disorder

Citation
Herring AA, Vosooghi AA, Luftig J, et al. High-Dose Buprenorphine Induction in the Emergency Department for Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(7):e2117128. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.17128
Publication Date

Abstract

Importance: Emergency departments (EDs) sporadically use a high-dose buprenorphine induction strategy for the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) in response to the increasing potency of the illicit opioid drug supply and commonly encountered delays in access to follow-up care.

Global burden of cancer in 2020 attributable to alcohol consumption

Citation
Rumgay, H., Shield, K., Charvat, H., Ferrari, P., Sornpaisarn, B., Obot, I., ... & Soerjomataram, I. (2021). Global Burden of Cancer in 2020 Attributable to Alcohol Consumption: A Population-Based Study.

​​​​​​Each year there are 3 million deaths as a result of the harmful use of alcohol.

As alcohol gets broken down, chemicals affect the way our body sends signals and communicates and increase the chances of developing cancer.

In this article, published in Lancet Oncology, the researchers present global, regional, and national estimates of alcohol-attributable cancer burden in 2020.

Findings:

Short-Term Secondary Effects of a School-Based Drug Prevention Program: Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial of the Brazilian Version of DARE’s Keepin’ it REAL

Citation
Valente, J.Y., Sanchez, Z.M. Short-Term Secondary Effects of a School-Based Drug Prevention Program: Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial of the Brazilian Version of DARE’s Keepin’ it REAL. Prev Sci (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-021-01277-w
Publication Date

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the drug and violence resistance educational program (PROERD) on short-term secondary outcomes, such as intentions to use drugs, attitudes toward drugs, school experience, and life skills (refusal, decision-making, and communication).

The relationship between early childhood trauma and the rewarding effects of morphine

Citation
Carlyle, M., Broomby, R., Simpson, G., Hannon, R., Fawaz, L., Mollaahmetoglu, O. M., ... & Morgan, C. J. (2021). A randomised, double‐blind study investigating the relationship between early childhood trauma and the rewarding effects of morphine. Addiction Biology, e13047.

Research from the University of Exeter has highlighted how childhood trauma can make individuals more sensitive to the pleasurable and motivational effects of opioids and less sensitive to the negative consequence of the drugs.

The research, which has been published in the journal of Addiction Biology, aimed to assess the impact of childhood trauma on responses to morphine and pain processing.

Substance Use Among Young Mothers: An Analysis of Facebook Posts

Citation
Oram D, Tzilos Wernette G, Nichols L, Vydiswaran V, Zhao X, Chang T. Substance Use Among Young Mothers: An Analysis of Facebook Posts. JMIR Pediatr Parent 2018;1(2):e10261 URL: https://pediatrics.jmir.org/2018/2/e10261 DOI: 10.2196/10261
Publication Date
Abstract

Background:Substance use among young pregnant women is a common and significant public health concern associated with a number of adverse outcomes for both mothers and infants. Social media posts by young women can provide valuable, real-world insight into their perceptions of substance use immediately before and during pregnancy.

 

Reporting treatment fidelity in behavioral tobacco treatment clinical trials: scoping review and measurement recommendations

Citation
Ramzi G Salloum, Alana M Rojewski, Megan E Piper, Janice A Blalock, Belinda Borrelli, Lindsay M Boyce, Jennifer A Minnix, Omara Dogar, Rachel L Tomko, Douglas E Jorenby, Chris Kotsen, Jamie S Ostroff, Treatment Fidelity Workgroup of the SRNT Treatment Network, Reporting Treatment Fidelity in Behavioral Tobacco Treatment Clinical Trials: Scoping Review and Measurement Recommendations, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2021;, ntab140, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntab140
Publication Date

Abstract

Introduction:

Is telemedicine the answer to rural expansion of medication treatment for opioid use disorder? Early experiences in the feasibility study phase of a National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network Trial

Citation
Hser, YI., Ober, A.J., Dopp, A.R. et al. Is telemedicine the answer to rural expansion of medication treatment for opioid use disorder? Early experiences in the feasibility study phase of a National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network Trial. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 24 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00233-x
Publication Date
Abstract

Telemedicine (TM) enabled by digital health technologies to provide medical services has been considered a key solution to increasing health care access in rural communities.

Verosimilitud de la atención centrada en el paciente en el tratamiento con metadona de alta intensidad: Reflexiones de proveedores y pacientes

Citation
Marshall, K., Maina, G. & Sherstobitoff, J. Plausibility of patient-centred care in high-intensity methadone treatment: reflections of providers and patients. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 42 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00251-9
Publication Date

abstracto

Antecedentes:Los pacientes con trastorno por uso de opioides (OUD) a menudo tienen necesidades de atención médica complejas. La metadona es uno de los medicamentos para el trastorno por uso de opioides (MOUD, por sus, que se usa en el tratamiento de las OUDs).

Adolescent drug use before and during U.S. national COVID-19 social distancing policies

Citation
Miech, R., Patrick, M. E., Keyes, K., O’Malley, P. M., & Johnston, L. (2021). Adolescent Drug Use Before and During US National COVID-19 Social Distancing Policies. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 108822.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, countries around the world have introduced lockdown restrictions and social distancing measures to reduce the spread of the virus. Researchers are keen to understand how these policies and new measures have influenced drinking behaviours within particular groups.

Development of an unannounced standardized patient protocol to evaluate opioid use disorder treatment in pregnancy for American Indian and rural communities

Citation
Kelley, A.T., Smid, M.C., Baylis, J.D. et al. Development of an unannounced standardized patient protocol to evaluate opioid use disorder treatment in pregnancy for American Indian and rural communities. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 40 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00246-6
Publication Date

Abstract

Background: Opioid use disorder (OUD) disproportionately impacts rural and American Indian communities and has quadrupled among pregnant individuals nationwide in the past two decades. Yet, limited data are available about access and quality of care available to pregnant individuals in rural areas, particularly among American Indians (AIs).

Reimagining brief interventions for alcohol: Towards a paradigm fit for the twenty first century?

Citation
McCambridge, J. Reimagining brief interventions for alcohol: towards a paradigm fit for the twenty first century?. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 41 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00250-w
Publication Date

Abstract

Background: There is no longer support for the idea that brief intervention programmes alone can contribute meaningfully to the improvement of population health relating to alcohol. As a result, calls for major innovations and paradigm shifts grow, notably among research leaders.

Adaptación cultural de instrumentos de medida sobre estigma y enfermedad mental en la Ciudad de México

Citation
Mora-Ríos, J., Bautista-Aguilar, N., Natera, G., & Pedersen, D. (2013). Adaptación cultural de instrumentos de medida sobre estigma y enfermedad mental en la Ciudad de México. Salud Mental, 36(1), 9-18. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2013.002

Resumen

Este trabajo forma parte de un estudio colaborativo en el que participan equipos de investigación en Canadá y México. El objetivo general consiste en describir el proceso de adaptación cultural y validación semántica de tres instrumentos de medición sobre el estigma y la enfermedad mental en la Ciudad de México.

Tobacco Smoking and Associated Factors Among People Living With HIV in Uganda

Citation
Noreen Dadirai Mdege, PhD, Fredrick Edward Makumbi, PhD, Ronald Ssenyonga, MSc, Frances Thirlway, PhD, Joseph K B Matovu, PhD, Elena Ratschen, PhD, Kamran Siddiqi, PhD, Kellen Nyamurungi Namusisi, MSc, Tobacco Smoking and Associated Factors Among People Living With HIV in Uganda, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 23, Issue 7, July 2021, Pages 1208–1216, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntaa262

Rates of smoking among people living with HIV are greater than the number of people who smoke within the general population.

This article, published in the Journal of Nicotine and Tobacco, examines the smoking patterns and behaviours of people living with HIV and who are receiving care in Uganda. 

Prevalencia y factores relacionados con el consumo de alcohol en adolescentes embarazadas: una revisión sistemática

Citation
Quintana-Lagunas, R., Armendáriz-García, N. A., & Silva, L. I. M. (2021). Prevalencia y factores relacionados con el consumo de alcohol en adolescentes embarazadas: una revisión sistemática. Revista inteRnacional de investigación en adicciones, 7(1), 43-51.

Resumen

Introducción: el consumo de alcohol durante el embarazo (CADE) produce problemas físicos, cognitivos y de comportamiento en la madre y en el bebé en gestación, por ello se recomienda la abstinencia de esta sustancia durante el embarazo; sin embargo, factores presentes en los adolescentes podrían relacionarse con el inicio o continuación del consumo de alcohol mientras se está embarazada.

Primate Ventral Striatum Maintains Neural Representations of the Value of Previously Rewarded Objects for Habitual Seeking

Citation
Kang, J., Kim, H., Hwang, S.H. et al. Primate ventral striatum maintains neural representations of the value of previously rewarded objects for habitual seeking. Nat Commun 12, 2100 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-22335-5
Publication Date

Abstract

The ventral striatum (VS) is considered a key region that flexibly updates recent changes in reward values for habit learning. However, this update process may not serve to maintain learned habitual behaviours, which are insensitive to value changes.

Atención visual a las señales de consumo de tabaco: Un estudio preliminar empleando el seguimiento ocular

Citation
Rojas, M. A. T., Carranza, N. J. V., Iturria, F. A. R., & Castillo, R. J. (2021). Atención visual a las señales de consumo de tabaco: un estudio preliminar empleando el seguimiento ocular. Revista inteRnacional de investigación en adicciones, 7(1), 16-24.

Resumen

Introducción: la atención es un proceso básico relacionado con el comportamiento adictivo. En fumadores, los estímulos asociados al consumo son relevantes debido a que están presentes en el inicio y en la consolidación del hábito tabáquico.

Lower regional grey matter in alcohol use disorders: evidence from a voxel-based meta-analysis

Citation
Li, L., Yu, H., Liu, Y. et al. Lower regional grey matter in alcohol use disorders: evidence from a voxel-based meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry 21, 247 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03244-9
Publication Date

Background:

Previous research using whole-brain neuroimaging techniques has revealed structural differences of grey matter (GM) in alcohol use disorder (AUD) patients. However, some of the findings diverge from other neuroimaging studies and require further replication.

Tratamiento de atención crónica para dejar de fumar en pacientes con enfermedades mentales graves: un ensayo piloto aleatorizado

Citation
Busch, A.M., Nederhoff, D.M., Dunsiger, S.I. et al. Chronic care treatment for smoking cessation in patients with serious mental illness: a pilot randomized trial. BMC Psychiatry 21, 104 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03113-5
Publication Date

fondo:

Las tasas de tabaquismo entre las personas con enfermedades mentales graves (SMI) son de dos a tres veces más altas que entre la población general. El tabaquismo rara vez se aborda en entornos de salud mental. Se necesitan estrategias innovadoras de divulgación y tratamiento para abordar estas disparidades.

Estado actual de la violencia, el suicidio, el consumo de alcohol y el estigma en México

Citation
Borges, G. (2021). Current status of violence, suicide, alcohol use, and stigma in Mexico. Salud Mental, 44(2), 41-42. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2021.007

abstracto

Los estudios sobre la Carga Global de Enfermedad (GBD) y sus factores de riesgo han demostrado en todo el mundo el papel preponderante de los accidentes y la violencia en la carga de enfermedad y el papel del consumo de alcohol como principal factor de riesgo en el perfil epidemiológico actual (GBD 2019 Risk Factors Collaborators, 2020; GBD 2019 Enfermedades y Lesiones Colaboradores, 2020).

Supporting Women to Access Appropriate Treatment

Citation
Ivers, Jo-Hanna and Giulini, Francesca and Paul, Gillian (2021) Supporting women to access appropriate treatment study. Dublin: Trinity College Dublin.

Supporting Women to Access Appropriate Treatment (SWAAT) is a National Drugs Strategy Strand 2 Strategic Health Initiative which aims to build community capacity to support women to access treatment and recovery from drug and alcohol use across the Tallaght and Ballyfermot LDATF areas.

La violencia de pareja y su relación con el consumo de sustancias por hombres y mujeres mexicanos: Encuesta nacional sobre adicciones

Citation
Natera Rey, G., Moreno López, M., Toledano-Toledano, F., Juárez García, F., & Villatoro Velázquez, J. (2021). Intimate-partner violence and its relationship with substance consumption by Mexican men and women: National Survey on Addictions. Salud Mental, 44(3), 135-143. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2021.018

abstracto

Introducción: Los resultados de la investigación sobre la violencia de pareja (IPV) se han centrado principalmente en las mujeres como víctimas de la violencia. Estudios recientes demuestran la importancia de la violencia infligida por las mujeres hacia los hombres o entre parejas del mismo sexo.

Caracterización del consumo de alcohol y problemas relacionados en estudiantes universitarios de la Ciudad de México

Citation
Cordero-Oropeza, R., García-Méndez, M., Cordero-Oropeza, M., & Corona-Maldonado, J. (2021). Characterization of alcohol consumption and related problems in university students from Mexico City. Salud Mental, 44(3), 107-115. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2021.015

abstracto

Introducción: En México, el consumo de alcohol es el principal problema relacionado con el consumo de sustancias entre los estudiantes universitarios.

Objetivo: Analizar los patrones emergentes de consumo de alcohol en estudiantes de una universidad pública a través de la administración de una encuesta en línea.

Association of genetic liability to smoking initiation with e-cigarette use in young adults: A cohort study

Citation
Khouja JN, Wootton RE, Taylor AE, Davey Smith G, Munafò MR (2021) Association of genetic liability to smoking initiation with e-cigarette use in young adults: A cohort study. PLoS Med 18(3): e1003555.
Publication Date

Background:

Tobacco smoking and e-cigarette use are strongly associated, but it is currently unclear whether this association is causal, or due to shared factors that influence both behaviours such as a shared genetic liability. The aim of this study was to investigate whether polygenic risk scores (PRS) for smoking initiation are associated with ever use of e-cigarettes.