Investigación

Habitual Alcohol Intake and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Young Adults in Korea

Citation
Han M, Lee S, Choi E, et al. Habitual Alcohol Intake and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Young Adults in Korea. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(9):e2229799. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.29799
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Abstract

Importance  Guidelines recommend that all risk factors for early-onset atrial fibrillation, including lifestyle factors, be proactively managed, considering the poor prognosis of the disease. Not much is known about the association of cumulative alcohol intake with the risk of atrial fibrillation in young adults aged 20 to 39 years, especially among heavy drinkers.

In- and Out-Group Effects on Social Perception and Empathy in Cocaine Use Disorder

Citation
Aue, T., Kexel, A. K., Kluwe-Schiavon, B., Bührer, S., Baumgartner, M. R., Soravia, L. M., & Quednow, B. B. (2022). In-and Out-Group Effects on Social Perception and Empathy in Cocaine Use Disorder. Frontiers in psychiatry, 13.
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Earlier research revealed that cocaine users display impairments in emotional but not necessarily in cognitive empathy. However, no study to date has tested whether empathy is generally altered or whether impairments are restricted to specific social targets. The current investigation addresses this open question.

Internalizing and externalizing pathways to high-risk substance use and geographic location in Australian adolescents

Citation
Willis, B. M., Kersh, P. P., Buchanan, C. M., & Cole, V. T. (2022). Internalizing and externalizing pathways to high-risk substance use and geographic location in Australian adolescents. Frontiers in psychology, 13.
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One specific instantiation of the storm-and-stress view of adolescence is the idea that “normal” adolescence involves high-risk substance use behaviors.

Efectos de un breve recordatorio telefónico previo a la admisión sobre las tasas de no presentación y abandono en el tratamiento del trastorno por uso de sustancias: un estudio cuasi-experimental

Citation
Gallefoss, L.J., Gabrielsen, K.B., Haugland, S.H. et al. Effects of a brief pre-admission telephone reminder on no-show and dropout rates in substance use disorder treatment: a quasi-experimental study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 61 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00489-9
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A Comparative Account on Ethical Considerations in Practice of Clinical Psychology

Citation
Sahar, N., Hussain, S., Noshili, A. I., Shahbal, S., Hamdi, A. M., Khan, A., Hakami, H. Y., Alsaed, A. M. S., Alotaibi, A., Alharbi, A. A., Almutairy, A. M., Albeshri, M. H., Nouh, N., Alshakarah, N. F., & Haloash, T. A. (2022). A comparative account on ethical considerations in practice of clinical psychology. Clinical Schizophrenia and Related Psychosis, 16(S4). https://doi.org/10.3371/CSRP.SNSH.061722
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Background: Practice in the clinical psychology is knitted closely to the trust and rapport building with the client. This trust is supported by the set of ethical considerations being proposed by the APA Ethical Code. It helps to build trust among the clients and to ensure the efficacy of the clinical treatment.

The Effectiveness of a Web-Based Self-Help Program to Reduce Alcohol Use Among Adults With Drinking Patterns Considered Harmful, Hazardous, or Suggestive of Dependence in Four Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Randomized Controlled Trial

Citation
Schaub M, Tiburcio M, Martínez-Vélez N, Ambekar A, Bhad R, Wenger A, Baumgartner C, Padruchny D, Osipchik S, Poznyak V, Rekve D, Landi Moraes F, Monezi Andrade A, Oliveira Souza-Formigoni M, WHO E-Health Project On Alcohol And Health Investigators Group. The Effectiveness of a Web-Based Self-Help Program to Reduce Alcohol Use Among Adults With Drinking Patterns Considered Harmful, Hazardous, or Suggestive of Dependence in Four Low- and Middle Income Countries: Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res 2021;23(8):e21686.
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Abstract

Background:Given the scarcity of alcohol prevention and use disorder treatments in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the World Health Organization has launched an eHealth portal that includes the web-based self-help program “Alcohol e-Health.”

Objective:We aimed to test the effectiveness of the Alcohol e-Health program in a randomized controlled trial.

Web-Based Intervention to Reduce Substance Abuse and Depressive Symptoms in Mexico: Development and Usability Test

Citation
Tiburcio M, Lara M, Aguilar Abrego A, Fernández M, Martínez Vélez N, Sánchez A. Web-Based Intervention to Reduce Substance Abuse and Depressive Symptoms in Mexico: Development and Usability Test. JMIR Ment Health 2016;3(3):e47 URL: https://mental.jmir.org/2016/3/e47 DOI: 10.2196/mental.6001
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Abstract

Background:The development of Web-based interventions for substance abuse in Latin America is a new field of interest with great potential for expansion to other Spanish-speaking countries.

Caracterización conductual y neuroinmune de la resiliencia al estrés social: Efectos reforzantes de la cocaína

Citation
Ródenas-González, F., Blanco-Gandía, M., Miñarro López, J., & Rodriguez-Arias, M. (2020). Caracterización conductual y neuroinmune de la resiliencia al estrés social: Efectos reforzantes de la cocaína. Adicciones, 33(4), 319-332. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.1348

Resumen

 

Virtual opioid agonist treatment: Alberta’s virtual opioid dependency program and outcomes

Citation
Day, N., Wass, M. & Smith, K. Virtual opioid agonist treatment: Alberta’s virtual opioid dependency program and outcomes. Addict Sci Clin Pract 17, 40 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-022-00323-4
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Abstract

Background

Virtually delivered healthcare (telehealth, telemedicine) has the potential to reduce gaps in access to opioid agonist therapy (OAT). Barriers to accessing OAT such as lack of transportation, in-person induction requirements, employment demands and limited childcare options reduce treatment opportunities for clients. A completely virtual model of care has been developed in Alberta, Canada.

Patient Perceptions About Opioid Risk Communications Within the Context of a Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Dolan AR, Goldberg EB, Cannuscio CC, et al. Patient Perceptions About Opioid Risk Communications Within the Context of a Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2227650. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.27650
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Abstract

Importance  Opioid overdose rates continue to increase, and extant literature suggests that many individuals who use heroin were first introduced to opioids through a medical prescription.

Posttraumatic growth following a drug-related death: A family perspective

Citation
O’Callaghan, D., Lambert, S., Conway, N., & Frost, N. (2022). Posttraumatic growth following a drug-related death: A family perspective. Death Studies, 1-11.

This paper explores the experience of posttraumatic growth in families who have lost a family member to a drug-related death.

Seven family units (17 participants) were interviewed, and interviews were analysed.

Analyses revealed themes that reflected positive adaptation and growth, including

(a) reframing the loss,

(b) open dialogue and social support, and

(c) reclamation of purpose.

Is a brain-based understanding of addiction predominant?

Citation
Ochterbeck, D., & Forberger, S. (2022). Is a brain‐based understanding of addiction predominant? An assessment of addiction researchers' conceptions of addiction and their evaluation of brain‐based explanations. Drug and Alcohol Review.
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Abstract

Introduction

Brain-based explanations of addiction have become a prominent explanatory model in recent decades. Although opposing views have been published, there is no large-scale study of researchers' opinions, unlike for treatment staff, the public and affected individuals. Therefore, this study aimed to examine international addiction researchers' perspectives on:

Association of Methamphetamine and Opioid Use With Nonfatal Overdose in Rural Communities

Citation
Korthuis PT, Cook RR, Foot CA, et al. Association of Methamphetamine and Opioid Use With Nonfatal Overdose in Rural Communities. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2226544. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.26544
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Abstract

Importance  Overdoses continue to increase in the US, but the contribution of methamphetamine use is understudied in rural communities.

Objective  To estimate the prevalence of methamphetamine use and its correlates among people who use drugs (PWUD) in rural US communities and to determine whether methamphetamine use is associated with increased nonfatal overdoses.

Association of Screening and Brief Intervention With Substance Use in Massachusetts Middle and High Schools

Citation
Levy S, Wisk LE, Minegishi M, et al. Association of Screening and Brief Intervention With Substance Use in Massachusetts Middle and High Schools. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2226886. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.26886
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Abstract

Importance  Screening and brief intervention (SBI) programs in schools have the potential to provide substance use prevention messages to large numbers of adolescents. This study evaluated the association between exposure to a school-based SBI program and reductions in substance use among youths after enactment of a law that required Massachusetts schools to provide SBI to all students.

Effect of Nurses' Work Experiences in a COVID-19 Unit on Depression: Mediation Effect of Resilience and Moderated Mediation Effect of Organizational Trust

Citation
Doo E-Y and Choi S (2022) Effect of Nurses’ Work Experiences in a COVID-19 Unit on Depression: Mediation Effect of Resilience and Moderated Mediation Effect of Organizational Trust. Front. Public Health 10:897506. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2022.897506
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Aim: Nurses work with a lack of organizational support and perceive an unsafe environment from their organizations, which has been related to depression. This study aimed to investigate the effect of nurses' work experiences in a COVID-19 unit on their depression, the mediation effect of resilience, and the moderated mediation effect of organizational trust.

Interdisciplinary collaboration in the treatment of alcohol use disorders in a general hospital department: a mixed-method study

Citation
Kools, N., Dekker, G.G., Kaijen, B.A.P. et al. Interdisciplinary collaboration in the treatment of alcohol use disorders in a general hospital department: a mixed-method study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 59 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00486-y
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Background

In somatic health care settings, interdisciplinary collaborations (where various disciplines work coordinated and interdependently toward shared goals) are considered to yield higher team effectiveness than multidisciplinary approaches (where various disciplines work in parallel within their professional boundaries).

Perspectives of service providers on aftercare service provision for persons with substance use disorders at a Rural District in South Africa

Citation
Mpanza, D.M., Govender, P. & Voce, A. Perspectives of service providers on aftercare service provision for persons with substance use disorders at a Rural District in South Africa. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 60 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00471-5
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Background

Aftercare programs for people with substance use disorders (PWSUD) are frequently challenged with a number of overlapping obstacles, including uncertain policy consequences and a lack of resources.

Development and Validation of Machine Models Using Natural Language Processing to Classify Substances Involved in Overdose Deaths

Citation
Goodman-Meza D, Shover CL, Medina JA, Tang AB, Shoptaw S, Bui AAT. Development and Validation of Machine Models Using Natural Language Processing to Classify Substances Involved in Overdose Deaths. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2225593. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.25593
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Abstract

Importance  Overdose is one of the leading causes of death in the US; however, surveillance data lag considerably from medical examiner determination of the death to reporting in national surveillance reports.

Objective  To automate the classification of deaths related to substances in medical examiner data using natural language processing (NLP) and machine learning (ML).

Effect of a Peer-Led Behavioral Intervention for Emergency Department Patients at High Risk of Fatal Opioid Overdose A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Beaudoin FL, Jacka BP, Li Y, et al. Effect of a Peer-Led Behavioral Intervention for Emergency Department Patients at High Risk of Fatal Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2225582. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.25582
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Abstract

Importance  Fatal and nonfatal opioid overdoses are at record levels, and emergency department (ED) visits may be an opportune time to intervene. Peer-led models of care are increasingly common; however, little is known about their effectiveness.

Longitudinal Assessments of Neurocognitive Performance and Brain Structure Associated With Initiation of Tobacco Use in Children, 2016 to 2021

Citation
Dai HD, Doucet GE, Wang Y, et al. Longitudinal Assessments of Neurocognitive Performance and Brain Structure Associated With Initiation of Tobacco Use in Children, 2016 to 2021. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2225991. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.25991
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Abstract

Importance  The landscape of tobacco use is changing. However, information about the association between early-age tobacco use and cognitive performances is limited, especially for emerging tobacco products such as electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes).

Perceptions of buprenorphine barriers and efficacy among nurse practitioners and physician assistants

Citation
Andraka-Christou, B., Page, C., Schoebel, V. et al. Perceptions of buprenorphine barriers and efficacy among nurse practitioners and physician assistants. Addict Sci Clin Pract 17, 43 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-022-00321-6
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Abstract

Background

Medications for opioid use disorder (MOUDs), including methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone, decrease mortality and morbidity for people with opioid use disorder (OUD). Buprenorphine and methadone have the strongest evidence base among MOUDs.

Reorganización de los servicios de tratamiento del uso de sustancias y reducción de daños durante la pandemia de COVID-19: una encuesta mundial

Citation
Radfar, S. R., De Jong, C. A., Farhoudian, A., Ebrahimi, M., Rafei, P., Vahidi, M., ... & Baldacchino, A. M. (2021). Reorganization of substance use treatment and harm reduction services during the COVID-19 pandemic: a global survey. Frontiers in psychiatry, 12, 639393.

Antecedentes: La pandemia de la enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) ha afectado a las personas con trastornos por uso de sustancias (SUD) en todo el mundo, y los sistemas de salud han reorganizado sus servicios en respuesta a la pandemia.

Effectiveness of Varenicline and Cytisine for Alcohol Use Reduction Among People With HIV and Substance Use A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Tindle HA, Freiberg MS, Cheng DM, et al. Effectiveness of Varenicline and Cytisine for Alcohol Use Reduction Among People With HIV and Substance Use: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2225129. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.25129
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Abstract

Importance  Cigarette smoking and risky alcohol consumption co-occur and are undertreated. Nicotine receptor partial agonists and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) treat smoking but are unproven for alcohol, and clinical trials rarely include individuals with HIV, substance use, and mental health conditions.

El Impacto del Tratamiento por Consumo de Drogas en el Desarrollo de Competencias Parentales: ¿un Potencial de Intervención Infravalorado?

Citation
Vega-González, C. y Pérez, B. (2021). El Impacto del Tratamiento por Consumo de Drogas en el Desarrollo de Competencias Parentales: ¿un Potencial de Intervención Infravalorado?. Anuario de Psicología Jurídica, 31(1), 119 - 126. https://doi.org/10.5093/apj2021a9
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Resumen

Cambios en los comportamientos relacionados con el abandono del hábito de fumar entre los adultos estadounidenses durante la pandemia de COVID-19

Citation
Bandi P, Asare S, Majmundar A, et al. Changes in Smoking Cessation–Related Behaviors Among US Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2225149. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.25149

Puntos clave

Pregunta  ¿Cambiaron los comportamientos relacionados con el abandono del hábito de fumar durante la pandemia de COVID-19 en los Estados Unidos?

Hallazgos  Este estudio transversal entre 788 008 fumadores adultos estadounidenses encontró que la prevalencia anual de intentos de dejar de fumar el año pasado disminuyó por primera vez desde 2011, de 65.2% en 2019 a 63.2% en 2020.

‘I Was Present but I Was Absent’: Perceptions and Experiences of the Non-Medical Use of Prescription or over the Counter Medication among Employed South African Women

Citation
Harker, N., Erasmus, J., Lucas, W., Deitz, D., & Brooke-Sumner, C. (2022). ‘I Was Present but I Was Absent’: Perceptions and Experiences of the Non-Medical Use of Prescription or over the Counter Medication among Employed South African Women. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(12), 7151

Abstract: Background: The need for workplace substance use prevention programmes globally and in South Africa is driven by the growing problem of substance use and the associated burden on the health and welfare of employees, their families and organizations.

Adolescents with substance use problems in outpatient treatment: a one-year prospective follow-up study focusing on mental health and gender differences

Citation
Boson, K., Anderberg, M., Melander Hagborg, J. et al. Adolescents with substance use problems in outpatient treatment: a one-year prospective follow-up study focusing on mental health and gender differences. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 53 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00482-2
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Background

Although several studies have found a high incidence of coexisting mental health problems among adolescents with substance use problems, follow-up studies addressing how these conditions change over time are rare. The study will describe and analyse indications of mental health problems and how various risk factors predict outcomes 1 year after initial treatment contact.

Improving equity and access to buprenorphine treatment through telemedicine at syringe services programs

Citation
Lambdin, B.H., Kan, D. & Kral, A.H. Improving equity and access to buprenorphine treatment through telemedicine at syringe services programs. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 51 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00483-1
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Background 

In the United States, access to buprenorphine remains low and disparities regarding who receives treatment have emerged. Federal laws have regulated buprenorphine delivery, ultimately limiting its implementation more broadly.

The effects of opioid policy changes on transitions from prescription opioids to heroin, fentanyl and injection drug use: a qualitative analysis

Citation
Dickson-Gomez, J., Krechel, S., Spector, A. et al. The effects of opioid policy changes on transitions from prescription opioids to heroin, fentanyl and injection drug use: a qualitative analysis. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 55 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00480-4
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Background

Beginning in the 1990s, non-medical use of prescription opioids (POs) became a major public health crisis.