Adversity, Cannabis Use and Psychotic Experiences

Abstract

Background

There is robust evidence that childhood adversity is associated with an increased risk of psychosis. There is, however, little research on intervening factors that might increase or decrease risk following childhood adversity.

Aims

To investigate main effects of, and synergy between, childhood abuse and life events and cannabis use on odds of psychotic experiences.

Method

Data on psychotic experiences and childhood abuse, life events and cannabis use were collected from 1680 individuals as part of the South East London Community Health Study (SELCoH), a population-based household survey.

Results

There was strong evidence that childhood abuse and number of life events combined synergistically to increase odds of psychotic experiences beyond the effects of each individually. There was similar, but weaker, evidence for cannabis use (past year).

Conclusions

Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that childhood abuse creates an enduring vulnerability to psychosis that is realised in the event of exposure to further stressors and risk factors.

Citation
Morgan, C., Reininghaus, U., Reichenberg, A., Frissa, S., Hotopf, M., Hatch, S. L., & SELCoH Study Team. (2014). Adversity, cannabis use and psychotic experiences: evidence of cumulative and synergistic effects. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 204(5), 346-353.
Publication Date
Research Language

inglês

Country
Reino Unido