Research

The Effect of Public Health-Oriented Drug Law Reform on HIV Incidence in People who Inject Drugs in Tijuana, Mexico

Citation
Borquez, A., Beletsky, L., Nosyk, B., Strathdee, S. A., Madrazo, A., Abramovitz, D., . . . Martin, N. K. (2018). The effect of public health-oriented drug law reform on HIV incidence in people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico: An epidemic modelling study. The Lancet Public Health, 3(9). doi:10.1016/s2468-2667(18)30097-5
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Summary

Background

As countries embark on public health-oriented drug law reform, health impact evaluations are needed. In 2012, Mexico mandated the narcomenudeo reform, which depenalised the possession of small amounts of drugs and instituted drug treatment instead of incarceration.

Differential Intervention Effectiveness of a Universal School-Based Resilience Intervention in Reducing Adolescent Substance Use within Student Subgroups

Citation
Hodder RK, Freund M, Bowman J, et al Differential intervention effectiveness of a universal school-based resilience intervention in reducing adolescent substance use within student subgroups: exploratory assessment within a cluster-randomised controlled trial BMJ Open 2018;8:e021047. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021047
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Abstract

Objectives: Interventions addressing the individual and environmental protective factors of adolescents are suggested to have potential for reducing adolescent substance use. While universally delivered school-based substance use prevention interventions are common, previous studies have suggested variable effectiveness by subgroups of students.

Bullying Involvement and Substance Use among Brazilian Students

Citation
Woolley N, Macinko J. Bullying involvement and substance use among Brazilian adolescent students. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018;42:e95. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2018.95
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Abstract

Objective: Although bullying involvement has been associated with adolescent substance use, most of this evidence comes from high-income countries. Little is known about substance use among perpetrator-victims in low- and middle-income countries. This study explores the association between types of bullying involvement and adolescent substance use in Brazil.

Eficacia de las etiquetas de advertencia en las cajetillas de cigarrillo

Citation
Gantiva C, Palacio S, Ortega A, Castillo K, Ortiz K. Eficacia de las etiquetas de advertencia en las cajetillas de cigarrillos. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018;42:e101. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2018.101
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Resumen

Objetivo: Establecer la capacidad que tienen las etiquetas de advertencia con el tamaño mínimo exigido por la Organización Mundial de la Salud para capturar la atención en fumadores y no fumadores.

Occupational Patterns in Unintentional and Undetermined Drug-Involved and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths

Citation
Harduar Morano L, Steege AL, Luckhaupt SE. Occupational Patterns in Unintentional and Undetermined Drug-Involved and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2007–2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:925–930. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6733a3
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Summary

What is already known about this topic?

A majority of the U.S. population participates in the workforce. A person’s job affects both physical and psychological well- being. The opioid epidemic negatively affects workers, work- places, and employers.

What is added by this report?

NIDA Notes: Impacts of Drugs on Neurotransmission

Citation
NIDA. (2017, March 9). Impacts of Drugs on Neurotransmission. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/news-events/nida-notes/2017/03/impacts-drugs-neurotransmission on 2018, August 22
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This articles discusses the central importance of studying drugs’ effects on neurotransmission and describes some of the most common experimental methods used in this research.

Federal Response to the Opioid Crisis in the US

Citation
Johnson, K., Jones, C., Compton, W. et al. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep (2018) 15: 293. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11904-018-0398-8
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Abstract

Purpose of Review: In light of the current crisis in opioid involved overdose deaths, the federal Department of Health and Human Services operating divisions are working together to implement a data-driven, research-based strategy to reduce opioid misuse and its consequences.

Tobacco Industry Strategies Undermine Government Tax Policy: Evidence from Commercial Data

Citation
Hiscock R, Branston JR, McNeill A, et al Tobacco industry strategies undermine government tax policy: evidence from commercial data Tobacco Control 2018;27:488-497.
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Abstract

Objective: Taxation equitably reduces smoking, the leading cause of health inequalities. The tobacco industry (TI) can, however, undermine the public health gains realised from tobacco taxation through its pricing strategies. This study aims to examine contemporary TI pricing strategies in the UK and implications for tobacco tax policy.

Beyond Cure: Patient Reported Outcomes of Hepatitis C Treatment among People who Inject Drugs in Australia

Citation
Madden et al. (2018). Beyond cure: patient reported outcomes of hepatitis C treatment among people who inject drugs in Australia. Harm Reduction Journal 15:42 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-018-0248-4
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Abstract

Background

Recent advances in the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection provide the possibility of eliminating HCV as a public health threat. This focus on HCV elimination through treatment, however, is also driving a concomitant focus on ‘achieving cure’ as the primary outcome of treatment.

Associaton between Violence and Drug Consumption with Suicide in Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals, Transvestites, and Transsexuals

Citation
Figueiredo, F. W., da Silva Paiva, L., Moura de Araújo, M. F., da Silva Maciel, E., Adami, F. Associaton between violence and drug consumption with suicide in lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transvestites, and transsexuals: cross-sectional study. Salud Mental, 41(3), 131-138. doi: 10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2018.015
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Abstract:

Introduction: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transvestite, and transgender (LGBT) people are affected by prejudice and psychological, physical, and/or sexual violence due to their sexual orientation.

Objective: To analyze the association between violence, drug use, and suicide in LGBT people. 

Magnitude and Extent of Gambling Disorder in the Mexican Population

Citation
Villatoro Velázquez, J. A., Resendiz Escobar, E., Bustos Gamiño, M. N., Mujica Salazar, A. R., Medina-Mora Icaza, M E., Cañas Martínez, V., Soto Hernández, I. S., Fleiz Bautista, C., Romero Martínez, M. Magnitude and extent of gambling disorder in the Mexican population. Salud Mental, 41(4), 000-000. doi: 10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2018.025

ABSTRACT
Introduction: Gambling disorder is characterized by an uncontrollable need to gamble, lack of control over gambling, prioritizing gambling over other activities, and continuing to gamble despite the negative consequences this entails. Worldwide, between .1% and 5% of people show signs of problem gambling and between .1% and 2.2% present a positive result in gambling disorder criteria.

Perceived Importance of Substance Use Prevention in Juvenile Justice: A Multi-Level Analysis

Citation
Sales et al. (2018). Perceived Importance of Substance Use Prevention in Juvenile Justice: A Multi-Level Analysis. Health and Justice 6:12 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40352-018-0070-9
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Abstract

Background

Youth under juvenile justice (JJ) supervision are at high-risk of adverse

Overview of University-Based Addiction Studies Programs in the United States

Citation
Amalie Pavlovská, Roger H. Peters, Roman Gabrhelík, Michal Miovský, Zili Sloboda & Thomas F. Babor (2018): Overview of the university-based addiction studies programs in the United States, Journal of Substance Use, DOI: 10.1080/14659891.2018.1505970
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ABSTRACT

Background: The field of addiction studies (AS) has grown in the last several decades. However, little is known about the structure and conditions of current academic programs. Only two studies have examined AS programs in the U.S., and both were conducted almost 15 years ago. The current study was designed to identify AS programs existing in the U.S. universities.

Short-Term Impact of the EuroPean Accredited Curriculum on Tobacco Treatment Training (EPACTT) Program

Citation
Peleki, T., Girvalaki, C., Lozano, F., Radu-Loghin, C., Nguyen, D., Harutyunyan, A. ... Behrakis, P. K. (2018). Short-term impact of the EuroPean Accredited Curriculum on Tobacco Treatment Training (EPACTT) program. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 4(July), 28. https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/92484
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ABSTRACT:

Insights from Individuals Successfully Recovered from Cannabis Use Disorder: Natural versus Treatment-Assisted Recoveries and Abstinent versus Moderation Outcomes

Citation
Hodgins and Stea Addict Sci Clin Pract (2018) 13:16 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-018-0118-0
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Abstract

Background

Increasing understanding of the pathways and processes of recovery from cannabis use disorder may help in designing effective and attractive interventions to promote recovery. We report insights from individuals who had successfully recovered from cannabis use disorder with a variety of pathways.

Drug Use on Both Sides of the US-Mexico Border

Citation
Borges G, Zemore SE, Orozco R, Cherpitel CJ, Martínez P, Wallisch L. Drug use on both sides of the US-Mexico border. Salud Publica Mex. 2018;60:451-461. https://doi.org/10.21149/8603
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Abstract

Objective: To compare drug use for cities along the US-Mexico border.

Materials and methods: Data are from the US-Mexico Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions (UMSARC, 2011-2013), a survey of 4,796 randomly selected Mexican and of Mexican origin individuals on both sides of the border.

Evaluación emocional y actitudinal de advertencias sanitarias de tabaco en adultos y jóvenes de Argentina

Citation
Virgolini M, Fallocca V, Leonardelli E, Volchan E. Evaluación emocional y actitudinal de advertencias sanitarias de tabaco en adultos y jóvenes de Argentina. Salud Publica Mex. 2018;60:432-441. https://doi.org/10.21149/9027
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Resumen

Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto emocional y las respuestas cognitivas y actitudinales de las advertencias sanitarias, para evitar el consumo del tabaco. 

Smoking Susceptibility as a Predictive Measure of Cigarette and E-Cigarette Use among Early Adolescents

Citation
Morello P, Pérez A, Braun SN, Thrasher JF, Barrientos I, Arillo-Santillán E, Mejía R. Smoking susceptibility as a predictive measure of cigarette and e-cigarette use among early adolescents. Salud Publica Mex. 2018;60:423-431. https://doi.org/10.21149/9193
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Abstract

Objective: To assess the validity of a standard measure of smoking susceptibility for predicting cigarette and e-cigarette use in a sample of early adolescents in Argentina and Mexico.

Temporal Associations of Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption with Cancer Mortality

Citation
Jiang H, Livingston M, Room R, Chenhall R, English DR. Temporal Associations of Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption with Cancer Mortality. JAMA Network Open. 2018;1(3):e180713. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0713
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Key Points

Question: Are changes in population-level alcohol and tobacco consumption associated with changes in overall cancer mortality?

Interventions to Reduce the Negative Effects of Alcohol Consumption in Older Adults: A Systematic Review

Citation
Armstrong-Moore et al. (2018). Interventions to reduce the negative effects of alcohol consumption in older adults: a systematic review. BMC Public Health 18:302 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5199-x
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Abstract

Background

Older individuals are consuming alcohol more frequently yet there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of current interventions. This systematic review aims to investigate interventions that target alcohol use in individuals aged 55 + .

A Prospective, Observational Study Investigating the Use of Carbon Monoxide Screening to Identify Maternal Smoking in a Large University Hospital in Ireland

Citation
Reynolds CME, Egan B, Kennedy RA, et al A prospective, observational study investigating the use of carbon monoxide screening to identify maternal smoking in a large university hospital in Ireland BMJ Open 2018;8:e022089. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022089
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Abstract

Objectives: This study evaluated breath carbon monoxide (BCO) testing in identifying maternal smokers as well as the difference between disclosers and non-disclosers of smoking status. We also investigated if other extrinsic factors affected the women’s BCO levels in pregnancy.

Design: A prospective observational study.

Are Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Helping Cigarette Smokers Quit?

Citation
Weaver SR, Huang J, Pechacek TF, Heath JW, Ashley DL, Eriksen MP (2018) Are electronic nicotine delivery systems helping cigarette smokers quit? Evidence from a prospective cohort study of U.S. adult smokers, 2015–2016. PLoS ONE 13(7): e0198047. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198047
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Abstract

Background

The potential of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) to reduce the cardiovascular and other disease risks of smoking is of great interest. While many smokers report using ENDS for cessation, their impact under real-world use patterns and conditions on adult smokers’ quitting behavior is uncertain.

The Emerging Role of Inhaled Heroin in the Opioid Epidemic: A Review

Citation
Alambyan V, Pace J, Miller B, et al. The Emerging Role of Inhaled Heroin in the Opioid EpidemicA Review. JAMA Neurol. Published online July 09, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.1693
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This article addresses encephalopathies: disease, damage, or malfunction of the brain. The authors attribute these problems to smoked/inhaled heroin which they label CTD (chasing the dragon).