Research

Standards for Opioid Use Disorder Care: An Assessment of Nordic Approaches

Citation
Gedeon, Charlotte, Mikael Sandell, Inge Birkemose, Johan Kakko, Valgerður Rúnarsdóttir, Kaarlo Simojoki, Thomas Clausen, Fred Nyberg, Richard Littlewood, and Hannu Alho. "Standards for opioid use disorder care: An assessment of Nordic approaches." Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs(2019): 1455072518815322.

Opioid Use disorder is one of the most challenging forms of addiction facing health care systems around the world. The treatment of opioid dependence is important to reduce its health and social consequences and to improve the well-being and social functioning of people affected.

The Link between the Marketing of Opioid Products with Mortality from Opioid-Related Overdoses

Citation
Hadland, Scott E., Ariadne Rivera-Aguirre, Brandon DL Marshall, and Magdalena Cerdá. "Association of Pharmaceutical Industry Marketing of Opioid Products With Mortality From Opioid-Related Overdoses." JAMA network open 2, no. 1 (2019): e186007-e186007.
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Prescription opioids are involved in 40% of all deaths from opioid overdose in the United States and are often the first opioids encountered by individuals with opioid use disorder.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Make Patients Partners in Therapy

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 372-383.
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Research findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that outcomes of psychosocial treatments are substantially improved when clients and therapists agree on goals and methods and form collaborative relationships ... but when illegal drug use is the problem, partnership has its limits.

Alcohol Consumption and Parenthood

Citation
Borschmann, Rohan, Denise Becker, Elizabeth Spry, George J. Youssef, Craig A. Olsson, Delyse M. Hutchinson, Edmund Silins et al. "Alcohol and parenthood: An integrative analysis of the effects of transition to parenthood in three Australasian cohorts." Drug and Alcohol Dependence 197 (2019): 326-334.
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Heavy harmful drinking remains one of the leading modifiable risk factors for disease

The Substance Use Intervention Team: A Preliminary Analysis of a Population-level Strategy to Address the Opioid Crisis at an Academic Health Center

Citation
Thompson and Hill. J Addict Med
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Objective: In 2017, an academic health center in Chicago launched the multidisciplinary Substance Use Intervention Team (SUIT) to address opioid misuse across 18 inpatient units and in a new outpatient addiction medicine clinic. This report assesses the first 5 months of implementation and associations with patient health and healthcare utilization.

Immigration Status and Substance Use Disorder-Related Mortality in Sweden

Citation
Lundgren et al. J Addict Med
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Objectives: First-generation immigrants, in many countries, are healthier than their native counterparts. This study examined the association between first- and second-generation immigrant status and alcohol- or drugs other than alcohol-related (primarily opioids) mortality for those with risky substance use.

Relevancia clínica de los receptores GABA-b en el tratamiento de la adicción a las drogas

Citation
Cedillo-Zavaleta, L. N., Ruíz-García, I., Jiménez-Mejía, J. C., & Miranda-Herrera, F. (2019). Relevancia clínica de los receptores GABAB en el tratamiento de la adicción a las drogas. Revista Mexicana de Neurociencia, 19(6), 32-42.
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Resumen

El ácido γ-aminobutírico (GABA) es el principal neurotransmisor inhibitorio del sistema nervioso central (SNC) de los mamíferos y ejerce su acción a partir de la activación de tres receptores distintos. El receptor GABAB es una heterodímero con dos subunidades de siete dominios transmembranales, caracterizado en la década de 1970, y que ha sido ampliamente estudiado con relación a diferentes tipos de enfermedades.

Evaluating a Real World Ban on Menthol Cigarettes: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis of Sales

Citation
Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Jennifer Shuldiner, Gabrielle Tremblay, Robert Nugent; Evaluating a real world ban on menthol cigarettes: an interrupted time series analysis of sales, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, , ntz041, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntz041
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Abstract

Background

The Increased Trend of Non-drinking Alcohol Among Adolescents: What Role Do Internet Activities Have?

Citation
Larm, Peter, Jonas Raninen, Cecilia Åslund, Johan Svensson, and Kent W. Nilsson. "The increased trend of non-drinking alcohol among adolescents: what role do internet activities have?." European journal of public health 29, no. 1 (2018): 27-32.
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Youth alcohol consumption is declining across many European counties, often alongside similar decreasing trends in drug use and smoking. One of the explanations as to why we are seeing these patterns is that adolescents do not drink alcohol because they spend more time indoors on the internet.

The Effects of Oxytocin on Withdrawal, Craving and Stress Response in Heroin-Dependent Patients

Citation
Moeini, Mina, Abdoallah Omidi, Mojtaba Sehat, and Hamid Reza Banafshe. "The Effects of Oxytocin on Withdrawal, Craving and Stress Response in Heroin-Dependent Patients: A Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial." European addiction research 25, no. 1 (2019): 41-48.
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According to the World Drug Report opioids are the most harmful drug type, accounting for 70% of the adverse health impacts associated with drug use disorders worldwide. Treatment typically focusses on controlling withdrawal, preventing cravings and ultimately relapse. Maintenance treatments are used for chronic opioid-dependent patients who cannot achieve abstinence.

The Link Between Smoking and Cognitive Functioning in People with Psychosis

Citation
Vermeulen J, Schirmbeck F, Blankers M, van Tricht M, Bruggeman R, & van den Brink W. et al. (2018). Association Between Smoking Behavior and Cognitive Functioning in Patients With Psychosis, Siblings, and Healthy Control Subjects: Results From a Prospective 6-Year Follow-Up Study. American Journal Of Psychiatry, 175(11), 1121-1128.
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The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing more than 7 million people a year (WHO).

People with psychosis are more likely to smoke compared to the general population and it is believed that this could have a negative impact on cognitive functioning.

Implementation Science and Stigma Reduction Interventions in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Citation
Kemp, C. G., Jarrett, B. A., Kwon, C. S., Song, L., Jetté, N., Sapag, J. C., ... & Baral, S. (2019). Implementation science and stigma reduction interventions in low-and middle-income countries: a systematic review. BMC medicine, 17(1), 6.
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Abstract

Background

Interventions to alleviate stigma are demonstrating effectiveness across a range of conditions, though few move beyond the pilot phase, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Implementation science offers tools to study complex interventions, understand barriers to implementation, and generate evidence of affordability, scalability, and sustainability.

Alcohol Industry CSR Organisations: What Can Their Twitter Activity Tell Us about Their Independence and Their Priorities? A Comparative Analysis

Citation
Maani Hessari N, van Schalkwyk MC, Thomas S, Petticrew M. Alcohol Industry CSR Organisations: What Can Their Twitter Activity Tell Us about Their Independence and Their Priorities? A Comparative Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(5):892.
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Abstract

There are concerns about the accuracy of the health information provided by alcohol industry (AI)-funded organisations and about their independence. We conducted a content analysis of the health information disseminated by AI-funded organisations through Twitter, compared with non-AI-funded charities, to assess whether their messages align with industry and/or public health objectives.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Emotions Thought to Drive Effective Therapy

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 461-472.
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Research findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that the outcomes of psychotherapy are substantially and significantly better the more the therapist or especially the client display emotional arousal during therapy - though among substance use clients, focusing on emotions has not been universally helpful.

Hazardous Alcohol Use among Patients with Schizophrenia and Depression

Citation
Subramaniam, Mythily, Mithila Valli Mahesh, Chao Xu Peh, Junda Tan, Restria Fauziana, Pratika Satghare, Bhanu Gupta, Kandasami Gomathinayagam, and Siow Ann Chong. "Hazardous alcohol use among patients with schizophrenia and depression." Alcohol 65 (2017): 63-69.
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Harmful alcohol use is known to increase the risk of alcohol dependence as well as physical conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and cirrhosis.

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a common co-occurring disorder in people with mental health conditions. This can negatively impact the course and treatment outcomes.

Assessing Prenatal Alcohol Exposure in a Study of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Citation
Freeman, Jacinta, Carmen Condon, Sharynne Hamilton, Raewyn C. Mutch, Carol Bower, and Rochelle E. Watkins. "Challenges in accurately assessing prenatal alcohol exposure in a study of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in a youth detention center." Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research (2018).
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Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a diagnostic term used to describe physical, neurodevelopmental, and cognitive impairments that have occurred following exposure to alcohol during pregnancy. The diagnosis of FASD requires a complex assessment and confirmation of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Obtaining accurate and reliable assessment results can be difficult.

Alcohol Use by Adolescents in Ghana

Citation
Asante, Kwaku Oppong, and Nuworza Kugbey. "Alcohol use by school-going adolescents in Ghana: Prevalence and correlates." Mental Health & Prevention (2019).
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Harmful alcohol consumption during adolescence poses a major public health issue as it affects several aspects of young peoples’ health and wellbeing.

Alcohol Consumption Behaviours in the Immediate Aftermath of Earthquakes: Time Series Study

Citation
Kobayashi D, Hayashi H, Kuga H, et al Alcohol consumption behaviours in the immediate aftermath of earthquakes: time series study BMJ Open 2019;9:e026268. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026268
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Abstract

Objectives: Earthquakes are a distressing natural phenomenon that can disrupt normal health-related behaviours. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in alcohol consumption behaviours in the immediate aftermath of mild to moderate earthquakes.

Nightlife and Alcohol Consumption among Youths: The Botellón Phenomenon in Spain

Citation
Pedrero-García, E. (2018). Nightlife and Alcohol Consumption Among Youths: The Botellón Phenomenon in Spain. SAGE Open. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244018800903
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Abstract

In this article, we approach the botellón phenomenon as a widespread nightlife activity among Spanish youths. Botellón consists of youths meeting up, primarily on weekend nights, in open-air public spaces to talk and consume the alcoholic beverages that they have prepared. The objective of this study was to analyze the motives, attitudes, and consequences related to the practice of botellón during the leisure time of youth.

Utilization of Addiction Treatment among U.S. Adults with History of Incarceration and Substance Use Disorders

Citation
Tsai and Gu Addict Sci Clin Pract (2019) 14:9 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0138-4
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Abstract

Background

The high prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs) among incarcerated adults in the U.S. is well-known, but there has been less examination of SUD treatment and rates of incarceration among the population of adults with SUDs as the denominator.

Substance Use among Youth with Chronic Medical Conditions

Citation
Weitzman, Elissa R., Parissa K. Salimian, Lily Rabinow, and Sharon Levy. "Perspectives on substance use among youth with chronic medical conditions and implications for clinical guidance and prevention: A qualitative study." PloS one 14, no. 1 (2019): e0209963.
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Adolescence is generally associated with health, development and growth. However, a great number of adolescents are affected by chronic illness - defined as a disability interfering with normal life and/or demanding treatment. Substance use often begins in adolescence. It is important to understand the beliefs and attitudes toward substance use among adolescents growing up with a chronic illness.

Prevalence and Pattern of Psychoactive Substance Use among Female Students in North India

Citation
Kaur, Rajbir, Tarundeep Singh, Debasish Basu, and Rajesh Kumar. "Prevalence and pattern of psychoactive substance use among female students aged 18-25 years in universities of North India." International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health 6, no. 2 (2019): 602-609.
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The frequent collection, analysis and publication of data on psychoactive substance use among young people is essential to follow trends which can be used to inform practice and public health policy.

In India, psychoactive substance use is a growing problem among males and female. However, there may be gender differences in the effect of substance use, risk to developing addiction and reason for consumption.

Efficacy of Monthly Buprenorphine Injections for Opioid Use Disorders

Citation
Haight, Barbara R., Susan M. Learned, Celine M. Laffont, Paul J. Fudala, Yue Zhao, Amanda S. Garofalo, Mark K. Greenwald et al. "Efficacy and safety of a monthly buprenorphine depot injection for opioid use disorder: a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial." The Lancet (2019).
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Opioid use disorder is a chronic, relapsing disease and a global health burden. Treatment for OUD tends to involve a combination of medication and behavioural intervention. It is recognised that buprenorphine can alleviate opioid withdrawal, reduce craving, and can block the subjective effects.

A Promising Alternative to Opioid Pain Medications

Citation
Ding, Huiping, Norikazu Kiguchi, Dennis Yasuda, Pankaj R Daga, Willma E Polgar, James J Lu, Paul W Czoty, Shiroh Kishioka, Nurulain T Zaveri, and Mei-Chuan Ko. "A Bifunctional Nociceptin and Mu Opioid Receptor Agonist Is Analgesic without Opioid Side Effects in Nonhuman Primates." Science Translational Medicine 10, no. 456 (2018):
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There is a growing problem of misuse of prescription opioids, opioid addiction, and overdose. This highlights the crucial need for finding an addiction-free alternative medication that can be used to treat severe pain.

Effectiveness of a New Multi-Component Smoking Cessation Service Package for Patients with Hypertension and Diabetes in Northern Thailand

Citation
Aung et al. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2019) 14:10 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-019-0197-2
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Abstract

Background

Smoking cessation is an achievable behavioral change, which reduces the risks of cardiovascular diseases, cancers and tobacco-related diseases.

A Mobile Clinic Approach to the Delivery of Community-Based Mental Health Services in Rural Haiti

Citation
Fils-Aimé JR, Grelotti DJ, Thérosmé T, Kaiser BN, Raviola G, et al. (2018) A mobile clinic approach to the delivery of community-based mental health services in rural Haiti. PLOS ONE 13(6): e0199313. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0199313
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Abstract

This study evaluates the use of a mental health mobile clinic to overcome two major challenges to the provision of mental healthcare in resource-limited settings: the shortage of trained specialists; and the need to improve access to safe, effective, and culturally sound care in community settings.

Trends in Self-Poisoning and Psychotropic Drug Use in People Aged 5–19 Years

Citation
Cairns R, Karanges EA, Wong A, et al Trends in self-poisoning and psychotropic drug use in people aged 5–19 years: a population-based retrospective cohort study in Australia BMJ Open 2019;9:e026001. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026001
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Abstract

Objectives: To characterise trends in self-poisoning and psychotropic medicine use in young Australians.

Design: Population-based retrospective cohort study.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: UPDATED Long-Acting Buprenorphine an Advance on Daily Doses

Citation
JAMA Internal Medicine: 2018, 178(6), p. 764-773.
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*Updated with UK licensing information and advice released in February 2019 by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence*

What could prove a technical advance in the medication-based treatment of dependence on heroin and allied drugs was rigorously tested and partially vindicated among hundreds of patients at over 30 US clinics.