Research

“It’s on Everyone’s Plate”: A Qualitative Study into Physicians’ Perceptions of Responsibility for Smoking Cessation

Citation
Meijer et al. (2018). Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 13:48 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-018-0186-x
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Abstract

Background

Little research has investigated in-depth how physicians perceive their role in smoking cessation care. This qualitative study sought to understand physicians’ perceptions of responsibility for smoking cessation.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Resolving Therapist-Client Tensions May Promote Recovery

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 508-519.
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Amalgamated research findings raise the intriguing possibility that experiencing the resolution of breakdowns or tensions (‘ruptures’) in the therapist-client relationship promotes client welfare even more than rupture-free relationships. Evidence-based tips backed by the American Psychological Association aim to help therapists resolve ruptures.

Roll-Your-Own Cigarette Use and Smoking Cessation Behaviour: A Cross-Sectional Population Study in England

Citation
Jackson SE, Shahab L, West R, et al Roll-your-own cigarette use and smoking cessation behaviour: a cross-sectional population study in England BMJ Open 2018;8:e025370. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025370
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Abstract

Objectives: Roll-your-own (RYO) cigarettes have become popular in the UK and reduce the cost of smoking, potentially mitigating the impact of tax increases on quitting. We examined whether RYO cigarette use was associated with reduced motivation to quit smoking, incidence of quit attempts and quit success.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting: England

Why Do Those With Long-Term Substance Use Disorders Stop Abusing Substances?

Citation
Pettersen, Henning, Anne Landheim, Ivar Skeie, Stian Biong, Morten Brodahl, Victoria Benson, and Larry Davidson. "Why do those with long-term substance use disorders stop abusing substances? A qualitative study." Substance abuse: research and treatment 12 (2018): 1178221817752678.
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Many people successfully recover from substance use disorders.

Effects of Early Childhood Education Attendance on Achievement, Social Skills, Behaviour, and Stress

Citation
Correia-Zanini, M. R. G., Marturano, E. M., Fontaine, A. M. G. V. (2018). Effects of early childhood education attendance on achievement, social skills, behaviour, and stress. Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas), 35(3), 287-297. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1982-02752018000300007
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Childhood EducationThe impact of school attendance on the lives and development of students is hardly overestimated. Children go to school at an increasingly precocious age.

Coping Strategies and Support for Families in Goa, India

Citation
Church, Sydney, Urvita Bhatia, Richard Velleman, Gill Velleman, Jim Orford, Anil Rane, and Abhijit Nadkarni. "Coping strategies and support structures of addiction affected families: A qualitative study from Goa, India." Families, Systems, & Health 36, no. 2 (2018): 216.
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Alcohol addiction can put a significant strain on family relationships and well-being. There has been a substantial rise in alcohol consumption and alcohol use disorder in India. However, it is rare that the perspectives of family members are heard.

The Relationships Between Stimulant Use and Gambling Among Adolescents

Citation
Richard, Jérémie, Marc N. Potenza, William Ivoska, and Jeffrey Derevensky. "The Stimulating Nature of Gambling Behaviors: Relationships Between Stimulant Use and Gambling Among Adolescents." Journal of gambling studies (2018): 1-16.
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Adolescence is a period of time where young people are more likely to seek independence and novel experiences, experiment with their expression and identity and have less regard for risk. Given the

Effects of Long‐Term Alcohol Drinking on the Dopamine D2 Receptor: Gene Expression and Heteroreceptor Complexes in the Striatum in Rats

Citation
Feltmann, K., Borroto-Escuela, D. O., Rüegg, J., Pinton, L., de Oliveira Sergio, T., Narváez, M., Jimenez-Beristain, A., Ekström, T. J., Fuxe, K., … Steensland, P. (2018). Effects of Long-Term Alcohol Drinking on the Dopamine D2 Receptor: Gene Expression and Heteroreceptor Complexes in the Striatum in Rats. Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 42(2), 338-351.
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Abstract

Background

Reduced dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) ligand binding has repeatedly been demonstrated in the striatum of humans with alcohol use disorder (AUD). The attenuated D2R binding has been suggested to reflect a reduced D2R density, which in turn has been proposed to drive craving and relapse.

Pesquisa explicita relação entre álcool, drogas e violência

Citation
An epidemiological study on the association between acute substance use and injury, de G. Andreuccetti, C.J. Cherpitel, H.B. Carvalho, V. Leyton, I.D. Miziara, D.R. Munoz, A.L. Reingold e N.P. Lemos,
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Já é de se esperar que álcool e outras drogas levem a pessoa a um caminho de violência, porém recentemente isso foi comprovado através de uma pesquisa de um grupo da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Eles publicaram resultados de uma pesquisa a respeito da associação entre o consumo de álcool e drogas com a ocorrência de mortes violentas.

Research Explicit Relationship between Alcohol, Drugs and Violence

Citation
An epidemiological study on the association between acute substance use and injury, de G. Andreuccetti, C.J. Cherpitel, H.B. Carvalho, V. Leyton, I.D. Miziara, D.R. Munoz, A.L. Reingold e N.P. Lemos
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It is already expected that alcohol and other drugs lead the person to the path of violence, but recently this was proven through a study of the group of the University of São Paulo Medical School (USP). They published results of a survey on the association between alcohol and drug use with the occurrence of violent deaths. The work puts in numbers the data of this relation, in this case, in the city of São Paulo.

Sustained Opioid Antagonism Modulates Striatal Sensitivity to Baby Schema in Opioid Use Disorder

Citation
Wang, A. L., Lowen, S. B., Elman, I., Shi, Z., Fairchild, V. P., Bouril, A., ... & Langleben, D. D. (2018). Sustained opioid antagonism modulates striatal sensitivity to baby schema in opioid use disorder. Journal of substance abuse treatment, 85, 70-77.
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Highlights

  • First fMRI study on the effects of naltrexone on social motivation in opioid-addicted patients.
  • Extended release naltrexone modulates brain response to the level of cuteness in baby portraits.
  • Reduction in craving for opioids is correlated with brain response to baby schema.

Abstract

Background

Chronic opioid misuse is associated with reduced sensitivity to natural

Duration of Therapy – Does It Matter?

Citation
Schmidt, L. K., Bojesen, A. B., Nielsen, A. S., & Andersen, K. (2018). Duration of therapy–Does it matter?: A systematic review and meta-regression of the duration of psychosocial treatments for alcohol use disorder. Journal of substance abuse treatment, 84, 57-67.
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Highlights

  • Planned duration of therapy not associated with outcome in use of alcohol
  • Actual attended sessions of therapy not associated with outcome in use of alcohol
  • Frequency of research assessments significantly associated with use of alcohol
  • Emphasizes the importance of checkups for people with alcohol use disorder

Abstract

Background

The recommendations in clini

Self‐Medication with Alcohol or Drugs for Mood and Anxiety Disorders

Citation
Turner, S., Mota, N., Bolton, J., & Sareen, J. (2018). Self‐medication with alcohol or drugs for mood and anxiety disorders: A narrative review of the epidemiological literature. Depression and anxiety, 35(9), 851-860.
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Substance use is one way that people deal with the difficult symptoms present in mood and anxiety disorders.

Comorbid Opioid Use is Undertreated among Forensic Patients with Schizophrenia

Citation
Kivimies, K., Repo-Tiihonen, E., Kautiainen, H., & Tiihonen, J. (2018). Comorbid opioid use is undertreated among forensic patients with schizophrenia. Substance abuse treatment, prevention, and policy, 13(1), 39.
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Abstract

Background

Substance use disorders are associated with poorer clinical outcomes in patients with schizophrenia. There is no specific treatment for amphetamine or cannabis use disorder, but methadone and buprenorphine are used as replacement therapy in the treatment of opioid dependence.

Exploring the Public Stigma of Substance Use Disorder

Citation
Nieweglowski, K., Corrigan, P. W., Tyas, T., Tooley, A., Dubke, R., Lara, J., ... & Addiction Stigma Research Team. (2018). Exploring the public stigma of substance use disorder through community-based participatory research. Addiction Research & Theory, 26(4), 323-329.
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Illicit drug use disorder is one of the most stigmatised health conditions in the world.

Older Adults in Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorders: Service Utilisation, Patient Characteristics and Treatment Outcomes

Citation
Dauber, H., Pogarell, O., Kraus, L., & Braun, B. (2018). Older adults in treatment for alcohol use disorders: service utilisation, patient characteristics and treatment outcomes. Substance abuse treatment, prevention, and policy, 13(1), 40.
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Abstract

Background

In western countries demographic changes are leading to an ageing society. Consequently, the number of older adults with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) will rise and the demand of treatment is likely to increase.

Evaluation of Amphetamine-Related Hospitalizations and Associated Clinical Outcomes and Costs in the United States

Citation
Winkelman TNA, Admon LK, Jennings L, Shippee ND, Richardson CR, Bart G. Evaluation of Amphetamine-Related Hospitalizations and Associated Clinical Outcomes and Costs in the United States. JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(6):e183758. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.3758
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Key Points

Question: What are the current trends in frequency and costs of amphetamine-related hospitalizations in the United States?

Effect of a Primary Care–Based Psychological Intervention on Symptoms of Common Mental Disorders in Zimbabwe

Citation
Chibanda D, Weiss HA, Verhey R, et al. Effect of a Primary Care–Based Psychological Intervention on Symptoms of Common Mental Disorders in ZimbabweA Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2016;316(24):2618–2626. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19102
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Key Points

Question: Does a lay health worker–delivered psychological intervention improve symptoms of depression and anxiety in Zimbabwe?

Qualitative Cross-Country Comparison of Whether, When and How People Diagnosed with Lung Cancer Talk about Cigarette Smoking in Narrative Interviews

Citation
Hajdarevic S, Rasmussen BH, Overgaard Hasle TL, et al Qualitative cross-country comparison of whether, when and how people diagnosed with lung cancer talk about cigarette smoking in narrative interviews BMJ Open 2018;8:e023934. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023934
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Abstract

Objectives: To compare and examine whether, when and how patients with lung cancer in three countries, with different survival rates, talk about cigarette smoking and its relationship with help-seeking.

Design: A qualitative cross-country comparison with analysis of narrative interviews.

Stopping Cannabis Use Is Associated with Improved Memory

Citation
Schuster, R. M., Gilman, J., Schoenfeld, D., Evenden, J., Hareli, M., Ulysse, C., ... & Evins, A. E. (2018). One Month of Cannabis Abstinence in Adolescents and Young Adults Is Associated With Improved Memory. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 79(6), 0-0.
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The controversial subject of cannabis legalisation has led to the increased urgency in understanding the full health and social implications of the drug use. Cannabis use is particularly prevalent amongst adolescence - a period of time where young people are going through significant neural development.

History of Child Sexual Abuse among Women Consuming Illicit Substances in Mexico City

Citation
Mendoza-Meléndez, M. Á., Cepeda, A., Frankeberger, J., López-Macario, M., & Valdez, A. (2018). History of child sexual abuse among women consuming illicit substances in Mexico City. Journal of substance use, 23(5), 520-527.
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Abstract

Introduction:

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a pervasive problem that has been linked to numerous developmental, social, health, and substance use consequences. Nevertheless, the relationship between CSA and the consumption of psychoactive substances has not been adequately studied in Mexico.