Impact of Pandemic on Addiction Treatment Centers in Latin America
Preliminary report of the study "Overall impact of the pandemic in the Addiction Treatment Centers of Latin America", which aims to explain the overall impact
There is a good deal of evidence that cognitive behavioural therapy is effective for children and adolescents with anxiety-related problems. In Japan, an anxiety prevention programme based on cognitive behavioural therapy called ‘Journey of the Brave’ has been developed, and it has been demonstrated to be effective for elementary school students (aged 10–11 years).
Argentina es uno de los países que registra mayor consumo mundial de psicofármacos. Estos son utilizados generalmente para tratar síntomas y trastornos depresivos y/o trastornos de ansiedad que afectan a millones de personas en el país.
Objectives: The aims were to estimate the association between intelligence measured in young adulthood and risk of alcohol use disorders (AUD) in men and to investigate the potential modification of this association by psychiatric disorders, parental AUD and parental psychiatric disorders.
Objectives: Evaluate the completeness of reporting of addiction randomised controlled trials (RCTs) using the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement.
Setting: Not applicable.
Participants: RCTs identified using a PubMed search of 15 addiction journals and a 5-year cross-section.
Introducción: El abuso y dependencia de alcohol son trastornos altamente discapacitantes debido a que tienden a la cronicidad y a la recurrencia. Con frecuencia coexisten con otras condiciones médicas que contribuyen a ensombrecer el pronóstico de los pacientes, ya que empeoran el curso clínico y dificultan su tratamiento y recuperación.
What is already known about this topic?
CDC and partners are investigating the ongoing outbreak of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI) in the United States, the District of Columbia, and one U.S. territory.
What is added by this report?
Introducción: El consumo de alcohol es un problema de salud que impacta negativamente en el bienestar biopsicosocial de las personas y puede favorecer la aparición de distintas formas de agresividad.
Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la frecuencia y tipo de consumo de alcohol y distintas formas de agresividad en adolescentes de secundaria.
The drug use landscape is dynamic and changing. Changes in public attitudes and laws towards drug use have occurred in an increasing number of countries.
Global drug production and consumption are increasing as are the risks and harms to health, while new substances continue to emerge. This Series focuses on opioids, cannabinoids, stimulants, and new psychoactive substances.
There has been a notable decline in adolescent drinking in developed nations over the past two decades. Understanding the reasons behind this positive downward trend will help professionals support the continuation of this decline into the future.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is one of the most researched treatment options for Alcohol Use Disorder. In order to make CBT as accessible and effective as possibles, researchers have been investigating different versions and ways to deliver CBT.
The use of technology as a platform to deliver CBT has been an exciting project that researchers hope will make the therapy more available to people who require support.
Drug abuse and violence both are dangerous phenomena in all countries. The relation between drug abuse and violence is obscure, and what comes first is the question. This study clarifies the changes in drug abuse patterns in Upper Egypt and the association between drug abuse and different types of violence.
It has long been known that individuals will engage in voluntary inhalation of volatile solvents for their rewarding effects. However, research into the neurobiology of these agents has lagged behind that of more commonly misused drugs such as psychostimulants, alcohol, and nicotine.
What is already known about this topic?
An outbreak of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI) of unknown source is ongoing in the United States.
What is added by this report?
Youth unemployment has remained stable at a high-level in many countries over the past several decades.
Over the same period, evidence has emerged which suggests that unemployment can negatively affect an individual’s mental and physical health.
This, in turn, makes unemployment a significant public health issue.
Over the years, there has been a global decline in tobacco consumption, and countries have made significant progress in developing evidence-based and cost-effective tobacco control measures. As a result, tobacco industries have had to develop new products and be creative in the way they market their merchandise.
Tobacco contains nicotine, which is highly addictive and can cause dependence. Although many people understand the negative health consequences of smoking for themselves and those around them, cutting down or stopping smoking can be highly challenging.
Background: For the World Health Organization, electronic health (eHealth) is seen as an effective way to improve therapeutic practices and disease prevention in health. Digital tools lead to major changes in the field of mental medicine, but specific analyses are required to understand and accompany these changes.
Harmful use of alcohol kills more than 3 million people each year. 35 million people are estimated to be suffering from drug use disorders. Tobacco contributes to the death of more than 8 million people a year around the world.
It is important that people who have substance use problems receive interventions that are of high quality, ethical and have strong evidence-base.
Readiness to change is a crucial issue in the treatment of substance use disorders. Experiences with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has shown that continuous drug and alcohol use with all its consequences characterize most MMT programs.
Paper is open source. Abstract copied from paper:
This paper presents the results of a study on the factors promoting the rehabilitation of adolescents treated for paco addiction, from the point of view of resilience, i.e. the understanding and ability to cope with life's difficulties, overcome them and be transformed positively by them.
Increased expectations for the use of evidence‐based methods in addiction treatment have fueled a debate regarding the relative importance of ‘specific’ versus ‘common’ factors in treatment outcome. This review explores the influence of these factors on addiction treatment outcome.
To investigate the role of the therapeutic alliance in predicting length of retention in residential drug treatment.
Background: In the past two decades, a number of studies investigating the role of the therapeutic alliance in drug treatment have been published and it is timely that their findings are brought together in a comprehensive review.
The purpose of this study is to characterize the prevalence of the use and abuse of alcohol in high school students in Buenos Aires City. During October 2014, 2870 surveys were collected on a representative sample, probabilistic and two-stages type, of the population of young people in both public and private high schools.
This meta-analysis of research on medication to treat methamphetamine use disorder finds that only one medication, methylphenidate, has any efficacy in reducing use.
Worldwide, there has been a dramatic rise in the number of opioid-involved overdose deaths.
According to the Spanish Survey on Drug Use in Secondary Schools (ESTUDES), cannabis remains the most used illegal substance among Spanish adolescents, with around 3 out of 10 students reporting lifetime use.