Research

The Role of the Therapeutic Alliance in the Treatment of Substance Misuse: A Critical Review of the Literature

Citation
Petra S. Meier, Christine Barrowclough, Michael C. Donmall: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00935.x

ABSTRACT

Background: In the past two decades, a number of studies investigating the role of the therapeutic alliance in drug treatment have been published and it is timely that their findings are brought together in a comprehensive review.

Alcohol Abuse in High School Students in Buenos Aires City

Citation
www.acta.org.ar
Publication Date

The purpose of this study is to characterize the prevalence of the use and abuse of alcohol in high school students in Buenos Aires City. During October 2014, 2870 surveys were collected on a representative sample, probabilistic and two-stages type, of the population of young people in both public and private high schools.

Pharmacotherapy for Methamphetamine/Amphetamine Use Disorder — A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation
Chan, B., Freeman, M., Kondo, K., Ayers, C., Montgomery, J., Paynter, R., & Kansagara, D. (2019). Pharmacotherapy for Methamphetamine/Amphetamine Use Disorder–A Systematic Review and Meta‐analysis. Addiction.
Publication Date

This meta-analysis of research on medication to treat methamphetamine use disorder finds that only one medication, methylphenidate, has any efficacy in reducing use. 

Cannabis Use among Adolescents: Risk Pattern, Implications and Possible Explanatory Variables

Citation
Rial, A.; Burkhart, G.; Isorna, M.; Barreiro, C.; Varela, J.; Golpe, S. Cannabis use among adolescents: Risk pattern, implications and possible explanatory variables. Adicciones 2018

According to the Spanish Survey on Drug Use in Secondary Schools (ESTUDES), cannabis remains the most used illegal substance among Spanish adolescents, with around 3 out of 10 students reporting lifetime use. 

Prevalence of Binge Drinking in Singapore

Citation
Lee, Y. Y., Wang, P., Abdin, E., Chang, S., Shafie, S., Sambasivam, R., ... & Chong, S. A. (2019). Prevalence of binge drinking and its association with mental health conditions and quality of life in Singapore. Addictive Behaviors, 106114.
Publication Date

The prevalence of binge drinking- the consumption of an excessive amount of alcohol in a short period of time- is increasing across Asia.

Previous research has shown revealed links between heavy drinking and poor mental health outcomes. However, there is a lack of research exploring this association in populations in Asia.

Taking a Stand: An Untapped Strategy to Reduce Waterpipe Smoking in Adolescents

Citation
Rathi Ramji, Maria Nilsson, Bengt Arnetz, Ywonne Wiklund & Judy Arnetz (2019) Taking a Stand: An Untapped Strategy to Reduce Waterpipe Smoking in Adolescents, Substance Use & Misuse, 54:3, 514-524, DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2018.1521429
Publication Date

Waterpipe smoking (otherwise known as shisha, hookah, narghile, goza, and hubble bubble ) is an increasing global health concern with evidence suggesting particularly high prevalence amongst adolescents.

Despite clear evidence for the negative impact of waterpipe smoking, it remains unclear how young people perceive the potential harm.

Smoking Cessation Intervention for People with Severe Mental Illness

Citation
Gilbody, S., Peckham, E., Bailey, D., Arundel, C., Heron, P., Crosland, S., ... & Bradshaw, T. (2019). Smoking cessation for people with severe mental illness (SCIMITAR+): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Psychiatry, 6(5), 379-390.
Publication Date

It is well documented that people with severe mental health issues are more likely to smoke compared to the general population. Smoking reduces physical wellbeing and is a key modifiable risk factor for health inequality. Despite this, support to stop smoking as part of mental health recovery is limited.  

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Major Trial of Ways to Extend Brief Alcohol Interventions

Citation
Addiction: 2016, 111(11), p. 1935-1945.
Publication Date

Could combinations of three strategies - training and support, financial reimbursement, and the opportunity to refer patients to a website - effectively and cost-effectively boost delivery of brief alcohol interventions in five European countries, including England?

Community Social Deprivation and Availability of Substance Use Treatment and Mutual Aid Recovery Groups

Citation
Morton Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2019) 14:33 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-019-0221-6
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

The spatial distribution of substance use services impacts their use, with greater access to services associated with more positive outcomes. Findings from availability of primary healthcare indicate service shortages exist in areas characterized by social deprivation.

Does an Adapted Dialectical Behaviour Therapy Skills Training Programme Result in Positive Outcomes for Participants with a Dual Diagnosis? A Mixed Methods Study

Citation
Flynn et al. Addict Sci Clin Pract (2019) 14:28 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0156-2
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Treating severe emotional dysregulation and co-occurring substance misuse is challenging. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is a comprehensive and evidence-based treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD).

Adolescent Cigarettes and E-cigarettes Use

Citation
Azagba, S., Shan, L., & Latham, K. (2019). Adolescent Dual Use Classification and Its Association With Nicotine Dependence and Quit Intentions. Journal of Adolescent Health.
Publication Date

E-cigarettes are battery-operated devices that people use to inhale an aerosol, which typically contains nicotine flavourings and other chemicals. They have rapidly become the most favoured form of tobacco among youth in the United States. 

There is continued discussion about the safety of e-cigarettes and the link with the initiation of cigarette smoking and tobacco dependence.

Alcohol’s Secondhand Harms: Prevalence and Risk Factors

Citation
Nayak, M. B., Patterson, D., Wilsnack, S. C., Karriker-Jaffe, K. J., & Greenfield, T. K. (2019). Alcohol’s secondhand harms in the United States: New data on prevalence and risk factors. Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, 80(3), 273-281.
Publication Date

Harmful drinking can have severe physical and psychological consequences for the person consuming alcohol. However, the negative impact does not just stop at the individual level.

Tobacco Use in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Risks and Challenges

Citation
Siddiqi, Kamran. "Tobacco use in Sub-Saharan Africa: the risks and challenges." Nicotine & Tobacco Research (2019).
Publication Date

In recent years, the tobacco pandemic’s magnitude and trajectory has shifted away from high-income countries to low- and middle-income countries and so have the tobacco industry’s marketing efforts and tactics.

Research suggests that Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to face the largest growth in tobacco use in the world.

Long-Term Joint Trajectories of Heroin Use and Treatment Utilisation

Citation
Marel, Christina & Mills, Katherine & Slade, Timothy & Darke, Shane & Ross, Joanne & Teesson, Maree. (2019). Modelling Long-Term Joint Trajectories of Heroin Use and Treatment Utilisation: Findings from the Australian Treatment Outcome Study. EClinicalMedicine. 10.1016/j.eclinm.2019.07.013.
Publication Date

There has been a concerning steady increase in heroin-related deaths in countries around the world. Treatment is rarely simple, and it often requires multiple attempts before a person is able to abstain from using or reduce their use.

Longitudinal studies can help track the diverse range of treatment pathways and levels of success over time.

Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Offspring Alcohol Use

Citation
Goldschmidt, Lidush, Gale A. Richardson, Natacha M. De Genna, Marie D. Cornelius, and Nancy L. Day. "Prenatal alcohol exposure and offspring alcohol use and misuse at 22 years of age: A prospective longitudinal study." Neurotoxicology and teratology 71 (2019): 1-5.

Despite increasing awareness of the negative consequences of alcohol, rates of consumption among young adults remain high.

Longitudinal studies provide insight into the risk and protective factors in a young persons life that might increase the chance that they start drinking, and whether or not they will misuse alcohol.   One such factor is whether or not the young person was exposed to alcohol prenatally.

Tobacco Use Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Young Adults

Citation
Delahanty, Janine, Ollie Ganz, Leah Hoffman, Jamie Guillory, Erik Crankshaw, and Matthew Farrelly. "Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender young adults varies by sexual and gender identity." Drug and alcohol dependence (2019).
Publication Date

It is recognised that smoking and use of tobacco products among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) young adults is higher compared to their heterosexual and cisgender peers.

Although it is believed that within the LGBTQ population, patterns of tobacco use vary based on gender, age and sexual identity, there is a lack of research on specific differences.

Drinking in Pregnancy: Lasting Effects of Low-level Alcohol Use?

Citation
Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group (TARG)
Publication Date

It is generally known and accepted that heavy drinking during pregnancy can have harmful effects on the development of the unborn child. What is less well understood, and is causing uncertainty amongst the public, is the impact of low-level alcohol use during pregnancy.

Changing Perceptions: How Harmful Is Drinking in Later Life?

Citation
Soler-Vila, Hosanna, Rosario Ortolá, Esther García-Esquinas, Luz Mª León-Muñoz, and Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo. "Changes in Alcohol Consumption and Associated Variables among Older Adults in Spain: A population-based cohort study." Scientific reports 9, no. 1 (2019): 10401.
Publication Date

Given the current growth of ageing populations, alcohol consumption among the elderly has received increased attention.

What is deemed to be a ‘safe’ level of consumption has also been thrown into question, in the light of new evidence of a link between alcohol and illness in later life.

Wine Glass Size and Wine Sales

Citation
Clarke, Natasha, Rachel Pechey, Mark Pilling, Gareth J. Hollands, Eleni Mantzari, and Theresa M. Marteau. "Wine glass size and wine sales: four replication studies in one restaurant and two bars." BMC research notes 12, no. 1 (2019): 426.

Excessive alcohol consumption is a continuous global public health concern.

It is believed that glass size can influence pouring behaviour, with larger glasses resulting in more alcohol being poured into them, and also by influencing perceptions of volume, with the same volume of alcohol being perceived as less when poured into larger compared with smaller glasses.

Awareness of Information on Alcohol Packaging

Citation
Critchlow, Nathan, Daniel Jones, Crawford Moodie, Anne Marie MacKintosh, Niamh Fitzgerald, Lucie Hooper, Christopher Thomas, and Jyotsna Vohra. "Awareness of product-related information, health messages and warnings on alcohol packaging among adolescents: a cross-sectional survey in the United Kingdom." Journal of Public Health (2019).
Publication Date

Although alcohol consumption among young people in the UK has been declining there remains a concerning level of binge drinking amongst 16–24-year-olds.

One intervention, that is cost-effective and has a wide reach, is the inclusion of health messaging and product-related information on alcohol packaging. It is important therefore to understand how much information is being processed and recalled by young people.

The Link between Childhood Trauma and Dissociation in Frequent Users of Psychedelics and Dissociatives

Citation
Sascha B. Thal, Judith K. Daniels & Henrik Jungaberle (2019) The link between childhood trauma and dissociation in frequent users of classic psychedelics and dissociatives, Journal of Substance Use, 24:5, 524-531, DOI: 10.1080/14659891.2019.1614234

Research suggests clear associations between the severity of childhood trauma, levels of substance use and dissociation - the detachment or disruption to normal consciousness. Despite the apparent link, it remains unclear whether the level of substance use can, in some part, explain the relationship between trauma severity and the extent of dissociation.

Psychostimulant Use and the Brain

Citation
Lappin, Julia M., and Grant E. Sara. "Psychostimulant use and the brain." Addiction (2019).
Publication Date

Over the past decade there has been an increase in the manufacture and use of psychostimulants in countries around the world. Around two-thirds of illicit psychostimulant users are male with average age of use for methamphetamine and cocaine being in the mid-30s, and for MDMA in the mid-20s.

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Initiating Tobacco and Alcohol Consumption in Adolescents Living in Urban and Rural Ethiopia

Citation
Getachew, S., S. Lewis, J. Britton, W. Deressa, and A. W. Fogarty. "Prevalence and risk factors for initiating tobacco and alcohol consumption in adolescents living in urban and rural Ethiopia." Public Health 174 (2019): 118-126.
Publication Date

Both alcohol and tobacco use is an increasing public health concern in low- or middle-income countries. Due to an annual economic growth rate of approximately 10%, Ethiopia is a target for both the alcohol and tobacco industries.

Although data is limited, trends suggest that alcohol consumption is a particular problem among secondary school students.

Implementation of the Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) within the Fijian Healthcare System: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation

Citation
Charlson et al. Int J Ment Health Syst (2019) 13:43 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-019-0301-z
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

To facilitate decentralisation and scale-up of mental health services, Fiji’s Ministry of Health and Medical Services committed to implementing the World Health Organization’s mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP). mhGAP training has been prolific; however, it remains unclear, beyond this, how successfully Fiji’s national mental health program has been implemented.

Genetic Tools Weed out Misconceptions of Strain Reliability in Cannabis Sativa: Implications for a Budding Industry

Citation
Schwabe, A. L., & McGlaughlin, M. E. (2019). Genetic tools weed out misconceptions of strain reliability in Cannabis sativa: Implications for a budding industry. Journal of Cannabis Research, 1(1), 3.
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Unlike other plants, Cannabis sativa is excluded from regulation by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Distinctive Cannabis varieties are ostracized from registration and therefore nearly impossible to verify.