What is already known about the topic?
COVID-19–associated schooling changes present stressors to children and parents that might increase risks to mental health and well-being.
What is added by this report?
In a probability-based survey of parents of children aged 5–12 years, 45.7% reported that their children received virtual instruction only, 30.9% in-person only, and 23.4% combined virtual and in-person instruction. Findings suggest that virtual instruction might present more risks than does in-person instruction related to child and parental mental and emotional health and some health-supporting behaviors.
What are the implications for public health practice?
Children not receiving full-time, in-person instruction and their parents might need additional supports to mitigate pandemic impacts.