Impact of Pandemic on Addiction Treatment Centers in Latin America
Preliminary report of the study "Overall impact of the pandemic in the Addiction Treatment Centers of Latin America", which aims to explain the overall impact
Researchers from the Grayken Center for Addiction at Boston Medical Center have published a series of articles in the Pediatrics journal addressing the six principles of care for young adults with substance use disorders.
This review examined the existing evidence on substance use prevention activities in Africa.
The objectives were as follows:
Identify drugs and substances used across Africa
Identify risk and protective factors that contribute to alcohol and substance use as a public health problem in Africa
A combination therapy of injectable naltrexone and oral bupropion was found in a randomized clinical trial to improve outcomes for patients with methamphetamine use disorder. This is important because there are no widely approved medication regimens to treat methamphetamine use disorder.
Around the world, there has been a decline in heavy drinking among adolescents.
In this study, researchers compared these trends in Finland, Norway and Sweden using information from the ESPAD survey- a project that has data on substance use among 15-16 year old students throughout Europe.
Smoking weed may expose people to the same type of toxic chemicals found in tobacco smoke, a new study finds. People who only smoked marijuana had higher blood and urine levels of several smoke-related toxins such as naphthalene, acrylamide and acrylonitrile than nonsmokers.
A cross-country group of researchers funded by NIDA has identified needed areas of research related to the intertwining epidemics of HIV, COVID-19 and the increasing use of methamphetamine in the United States among men who have sex with men. The authors suggest that co-occurring methamphetamine use and HIV present compounded risk for contracting the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), helping to fuel the current COVID-19 pandemic.
Each year the Research Society on Marijuana hold a poster session as part of their annual meeting.
The posters provide an excellent visual overview of the latest research on marijuana.
You can find all of the posters from the 2020 RSMj meeting here!
Despite China being the main producers of the world's e-cigarette, there is little research examining the trends in e-cigarette use.
Since 2018, policies in China have restricted e-cigarette use. Therefore, it is of interest to researchersto examine trends in e-cigarette use in China before policy implementation.
Culturally adapted psychotherapy (CAP) studies are limited and until now there are few published examples that illustrate the process of cultural adaptation with internet-delivered treatments.
This study describes adolescent attitudes towards online therapies and explores the factors that predict these attitudes.
Immigrants are considered at risk of psychological distress and therefore involvement in substance abuse, due to a variety of pre- and post-migration factors. Further, there is lower treatment engagement, a higher dropout rate, and less frequent hospitalizations among this group compared to the general population.
The aim of this study was to explore perspectives on motivations for treatment engagement from substance use disorder (SUD) clients in a long-term residential rehabilitation program.
Design and Methods:
Within research examining adverse childhood experiences, the toxic trio describes the risk of child abuse and neglect stemming from a child’s exposure to domestic violence, parental mental health issues and/or learning disability, and parental substance misuse.
In this systematic review, researchers examine the evidence underpinning the ‘toxic trio’ in child safeguarding policy and practice.
Each issue of the Addictions Counseling Today: Substances & Addictive Behaviors (ACT-SAB) Update provides select research highlights, most of which will appear in subsequent editions of ACT-SAB.
In each update the cited references appear on the last page, ensuring your ease of finding the actual reference should this be important to you.
The current article provides a summary of biopsychosocial gender differences in alcohol use disorder (AUD), then reviews existing literature on gender differences in treatment access, retention, outcomes, and longer-term recovery. Among psychotherapies for AUD, there is support for the efficacy of providing female-specific treatment and for female-only treatment settings, but only when female-specific treatment is included.
Importance: This study is part of a programmatic effort evaluating the effects of reducing nicotine content of cigarettes to minimally addictive levels.
Objective: To examine whether very low-nicotine-content (VLNC) cigarettes decrease smoking rates and dependence severity among smokers with psychiatric disorders or socioeconomic disadvantage.
The 2020 Annual NDARC Research Symposium is taking place throughout November. Poster and poster presentations will be judged by NDARC judging panel. Awards will be announced during session 4 of the 2020 Annual Research Symposium.
A decision analytic dynamic Markov model on the US population aged 12 years or older was used to project the number of fatal overdoses caused by any opioid between 2020 – 2029 and project the number of deaths that can be averted by prescribing restrictions, naloxone distribution, and expansion of MAT interventions.
This article explains new research on the epigentics of addiction in layman's terms.
The purpose of the report provided here is to assess drug education needs in Georgia and, specifically, to reveal the gaps on the different levels of the system of education (public schools, universities’ relevant Bachelor’s and Master’s courses, the system of lifelong education for teachers, school psychologists, addictologists, journalists, etc.), as well as in the service-providing organisations.
Persistent use of alcohol, cannabis, nicotine, opioids and stimulants increase risk of substance use disorders (SUDs). SUDs are increasingly viewed as biopsychosocial disorders with multiple risk factors interacting at individual and contextual levels with multiple health consequences.
Importance Hazardous and heavy alcohol use is common among people living with HIV and may decrease antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, but limited data exist from randomized clinical trials about the effects of interventions on viral load.
Objective To compare the efficacy of 2 scalable ART clinic–based interventions on alcohol use and viral suppression.
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought major challenges to healthcare systems and public health policies globally, as it requires novel treatment and prevention strategies to adapt for the impact of the pandemic. Individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) are at risk population for contamination due to multiple factors—attributable to their clinical, psychological and psychosocial conditions.
When an individual smokes a cigarette (or roll-up, pipe or cigar), most of the smoke doesn't go into their lungs, it goes into the air around them where anyone nearby can breathe it in. This is known as second-hand smoke.
Infants and children are particularly vulnerable to the negative impact of smoke.
The COVID-19 pandemic has forced many practitioners to shift their practice online, using telemedicine to treat Opioid Use Disorder. This has allowed for the continuity of essential care whilst adhering to the social distancing guidelines, which protect people from the spread of infection.