Impact of Pandemic on Addiction Treatment Centers in Latin America
Preliminary report of the study "Overall impact of the pandemic in the Addiction Treatment Centers of Latin America", which aims to explain the overall impact
Smoking can cause side effects during pregnancy and postpartum. The objective of this study was to assess various impacts that active and/or passive maternal tobacco use can have on pregnancy, childbirth, newborn and breastfeeding, as well as the effect of tobacco cessation on the first trimester of pregnancy.
This article from Scientific American covers recent advances in treating Methamphetamine Use Disorder.
Psychosocial interventions are talking or practical activities, techniques or strategies that are delivered to individuals or groups.
The aim of this systematic review is to analyse the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions that are designed to help parents to change their drinking or drug use and address any related problems they are having regarding the care of their children.
Since the global outbreak of COVID-19, and the introduction of restrictions and lockdowns in countries around the world, evidence suggests that there has been a dramatic increas in reports of violence against women and girls.
The aim of this report is to improve our understanding of the link between COVID-19 and the rise in violence against women and girls.
The COVID-19 pandemic, which has seen the introduction of restrictions and countrywide lockdowns around the world, has changed criminal activity.
This research breif, put together by UNODC, examines the way the homicide, robbery, theft and burglary has changed over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Much theory asserts that sexual intimacy sustains mental health. Experimental tests of such theory remain rare and have not provided compelling evidence because ethical, practical, and cultural constraints bias samples and results. An epidemiologic approach would, therefore, seem indicated given the rigor the discipline brings to quasi-experimental research.
This is a special edition of the Journal Alcohol Research: Current Reviews. It is open source and has new articles on women and alcohol use.
Background: With the recent legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada, cannabis-impaired driving is an important public safety concern. Our aim was to examine the association between recreational cannabis legalization and fatal motor vehicle collisions using data from the United States, which present a timely natural experiment of cannabis legalization.
Sapag JC, Alvarez Huenchulaf C, Campos A, Corona F, Pereira M, Véliz V, et al. Global Programme of Action to Overcome Mental Health Gaps (mhGAP) in Chile: apprenticeships and challenges for Latin America and the Caribbean. Rev Panam Public Health. 2021;45:e32. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2021.32
Importance: There are concerns that the use of water pipes to consume cannabis is associated with increased risks of engaging in more addictive behaviors.
Objective: To examine whether consuming cannabis with a water pipe was associated with later consumption of other illicit drugs compared with not using a water pipe.
The Journal of Public Health has put together a selection of papers that highlights some of the most cited alcohol-related research published in the Journal of Public Health in recent years.
Tobacco use is projected to kill 1 billion people in the 21st century. Tobacco Use Disorder (TUD) is one of the most common substance use disorders in the world. Evidence-based treatment of TUD is effective, but treatment accessibility remains very low. A dearth of specially trained clinicians is a significant barrier to treatment accessibility, even within systems of care that implement brief intervention models.
Knowledge of medical conditions and their evidence-based medications varies among individuals. This range of knowledge may affect attitudes and influence medical decision-making of both patients and providers.
We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of a community health worker (CHW) led smoking cessation intervention, supplemented by text messages, and tailored to an individual’s readiness to quit.
Objective: To report demographic and substance use characteristics and risk of road traffic injury (RTI) from alcohol use, cannabis use, and combined use in a sample of emergency department patients from two countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.
What is already known about the topic?
COVID-19–associated schooling changes present stressors to children and parents that might increase risks to mental health and well-being.
What is added by this report?
Lower socio‐economic status (SES) is associated with higher alcohol‐related harm despite lower levels of alcohol use. Differential vulnerability due to joint effects of behavioural risk factors is one potential explanation for this ‘alcohol harm paradox’.
Chronic pain and heavy drinking are conditions that commonly co-occur among primary care patients. Despite the availability of behavioral interventions that target these conditions individually, engagement and adherence to treatment remain a challenge, and there have been no interventions designed to address both of these conditions together for patients presenting to primary care.
There is a pressing need for development of novel pharmacology for the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Given increasing use of medical cannabis among US military veterans to self-treat PTSD, there is strong public interest in whether cannabis may be a safe and effective treatment for PTSD.
Most people with alcohol use disorder (AUD) are never treated. Internet‐based interventions are effective in reducing alcohol consumption and could help to overcome some of the barriers to people not seeking or receiving treatment. The aim of the current study was to compare internet‐delivered and face‐to‐face treatment among adult users with AUD.
The use of psychoactive substances is a public health problem with high prevalence in adolescents, a situation that influences individual and social development in adulthood.
Determine psychosocial factors related to the use of psychoactive substances in secondary school adolescents and middle education of a public educational institution in the urban area of Pereira.
This research investigates how web outreach work is being used as a tool for delivering some harm reduction services to people who use drugs (PWUD) either partially or completely online and for engaging new clients (including hard-to-reach PWUD that avoid attending brick-and-mortar facilities). Harm reduction organizations should consider incorporating online harm reduction services into their activities.
Background: Mutual support groups are a popular treatment for substance use and other addictive behaviours. However, little is known about the cultural utility of these programmes for Indigenous peoples.
SMART Recovery is a popular mutual support group program. Little is known about its suitability or perceived helpfulness for Indigenous peoples. This study explored the cultural utility of SMART Recovery in an Australian Aboriginal context.
Co-morbidity or dual diagnosis is established by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the 'co-occurrence in the same individual of a dysfunction of psychoactive substance use and other psychiatric disorder' (WHO, 1995).
Importance: Cigarettes are still a commonly used tobacco product among youth despite recent declines in cigarette use.
Objective: The aim of this study was to prospectively estimate the age of cigarette use initiation among youth (aged 12-17 years) overall, by sex, and by race/ethnicity.
Randomized trials of complex interventions are increasingly including qualitative components to further understand factors that contribute to their success. In this paper, we explore the experiences of health care practitioners in a province wide smoking cessation program (the Smoking Treatment for Ontario Patients program) who participated in the COMBAT trial.