Treatment, Day 1, Track 3, 11:00-12:30
Presented as part of the Uniting the global community to face the challenge of addiction event, in-person on 12th May,2022
- Sensory profile and sensory processing questionnaire in adolescents and adults: a review of the literature - Rodrigo Goycolea Martinic
- Burden of Substance Use Disorders in Nigeria: Developing Strategies for Best Practices - Elizabeth Ogunbiyi, MPH
- Treating the Justice Involved Client: Challenges and Opportunities - Joel K. Johnson
- Prisoners' experiences in the autonomous Therapeutic Community of KETHEA PROMITHEAS and in the day care Therapeutic Community of KETHEA EN DRASI - Natalia Zachartzi, MSc
Sensory profile and sensory processing questionnaire in adolescents and adults: a review of the literature - Rodrigo Goycolea Martinic
A review of the literature on sensory processing in adolescents and adults. The sensory information received from the environment and its analysis has been the objective of studying the sensory profile that has been used for almost 20 years in different populations with different health and social conditions and the sensory processing questionnaire.
Objectives: The objective of this review was to identify and synthesize the information available on the different uses of the adolescent / adult sensory profile and the sensory processing questionnaire.
Method: A sensitivity test was performed to define keywords and data sources. The investigations were carried out in the databases Wos, Scopus, SciELO, LILACS and the Chilean Journal of Occupational Therapy. For the selection of the sample, three steps were carried out. Inclusion / exclusion criteria were applied.
Results: 50 articles were analyzed. Where this instrument has been used in different types of population and highlights a validation process in people with problematic drug use in Portugal
Conclusion: Sensory processing was shown to be associated with attitudes and consumer behavior. Sensory imbalances appear to be involved in decreased resilience.
Burden of Substance Use Disorders in Nigeria: Developing Strategies for Best Practices - Elizabeth Ogunbiyi, MPH
Substance abuse is becoming a public health concern globally. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 35 million people suffer from drug use across the globe (2019). In Nigeria, however, the rate of drug use (excluding alcohol and tobacco) among individuals aged 15 to 64 years rose from 5.6% in 2006 to 14.4% in 2016. This rate is higher than the global rates and the rates of harmful substance use are growing across the lifespan, including among antenatal patients, adolescents, young adults, and the elderly.
Equally challenging is the shortage in healthcare providers that poses a higher demand on the nursing workforce in addictions treatment, which has already been perpetuated with stigma that can limit the policy makers’ willingness to allocate resources. Failure to act in a reasonable and prudent manner can pose a detrimental effect in Nigeria, a country with current financial, societal, and political derangements.
Nurses are a critical part of healthcare and make up the largest section of the health professions. They have the knowledge and skills to recognize health priorities across the continuum of care. Thus, they can positively influence substance use prevention, treatment, and management, if accorded adequate resources for delivery of high quality, patient-centered care. Extensive support from every stakeholder is necessary for implementing evidence-based care in addictions nursing practice.
Treating the Justice Involved Client: Challenges and Opportunities - Joel K. Johnson
Unfortunately, on a global basis, millions of people come into contact with the criminal legal system on an annual basis. In many cases mood altering substances are a key factor in their criminal activity. Treatment, Peer Intervention and other alternatives to incarceration (ATI) has proven to be effective interventions to meeting the clinical needs of the world’s citizenry, as well as reducing financial and societal costs of over incarceration.
In this presentation we will discuss opportunities to deflect and divert persons from the criminal legal system, by providing treatment services and addressing their social determinants of health.
Prisoners' experiences in the autonomous Therapeutic Community of KETHEA PROMITHEAS and in the day care Therapeutic Community of KETHEA EN DRASI - Natalia Zachartzi, MSc
This research aims to capture, the experiences of the TC members in regards to how they experience the therapeutic community within the prison (difficulties they encounter, changes they have experienced, motives) so to establish whether a 24h TC or a day care Programme is more effective for their treatment and rehabilitation.
The research sample consisted of 35 members of the therapeutic communities KETHEA PROMITHEAS and KETHEA EN DRASEI that operate within the federal prison of Diavata (Thessaloniki) and the federal prison of Koridalos (Athens) respectively.
The data was collected via semi structured interviews and for the analysis the Interpretive Phenomenological Theory (IPA) was used.
The findings that emerged during the analysis of the data show changes in attitudes, perceptions, behaviours towards drug use and criminal behaviour of the participants. The usefulness of therapeutic communities is identified both as a means of treating addiction and as a means of reducing and / or eliminating the risk of criminal relapse. It also appears that the 24h TC is more effective than the day care programme for the members involved.