depression

The Effectiveness of a Guided Internet-Based Tool for the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety in Pregnancy (MamaKits Online): Randomized Controlled Trial

Citation
Heller HM, Hoogendoorn AW, Honig A, Broekman BF, van Straten A. The Effectiveness of a Guided Internet-Based Tool for the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety in Pregnancy (MamaKits Online): Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res 2020;22(3):e15172
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Conclusions: Our study did show a significant reduction in affective symptoms in both groups, but the differences in reduction of affective symptoms between the intervention and control groups were not significant. There were also no differences in perinatal child outcomes.

Alcohol Use, Alcohol Dependence and Mental Health Conditions

Published by
WHO

Several key risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have been identified, including the harmful use of alcohol.

Half the world’s population drinks alcohol, and harmful alcohol use is the third leading cause of ill health and premature death globally. WHO’s European Region is the region with the highest levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm.

Rapid Increase in the Prevalence of Cannabis Use Among People with Depression in the United States, 2005–17: The Role of Differentially Changing Risk Perceptions

Citation
Pacek, L. R., Weinberger, A. H., Zhu, J., & Goodwin, R. D. (2019). Rapid increase in the prevalence of cannabis use among persons with depression in the US, 2005‐2017: the role of differentially changing risk perceptions. Addiction.
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Abstract

Aims

To estimate trends in the prevalence of cannabis use and risk perceptions of cannabis use from 2005 to 2017 among United States people with and without depression.

Association between E-Cigarette Use and Depression in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2016-2017

Citation
Obisesan OH, Mirbolouk M, Osei AD, et al. Association Between e-Cigarette Use and Depression in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2016-2017. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(12):e1916800. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16800
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Key Points

Question: What is the association between electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and depression?

Mental Health Outcomes Associated with of the Use of Amphetamines: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation
McKetin, R., Leung, J., Stockings, E., Huo, Y., Foulds, J., Lappin, J. M., ... & Farrell, M. (2019). Mental health outcomes associated with of the use of amphetamines: A systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine.
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Abstract

Background

The use of amphetamines is a global public health concern. We summarise global data on use of amphetamines and mental health outcomes.

Changes in Alcohol Consumption after Treatment for Depression: A Secondary Analysis of the Swedish Randomised Controlled Study REGASSA

Citation
Strid C, Hallgren M, Forsell Y, et al Changes in alcohol consumption after treatment for depression: a secondary analysis of the Swedish randomised controlled study REGASSA BMJ Open 2019;9:e028236. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028236
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Abstract

Objectives: Mental health problems and hazardous alcohol consumption often co-exist. Hazardous drinking could have a negative impact on different aspects of health and also negatively influence the effect of mental health treatment. The aims of this study were to examine if alcohol consumption patterns changed after treatment for depression and if the changes differed by treatment arm and patient sex.

A Further Look at Therapeutic Interventions for Suicide Attempts and Self-Harm in Adolescents: An Updated Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Citation
Iyengar U, Snowden N, Asarnow JR, Moran P, Tranah T and Ougrin D (2018) A Further Look at Therapeutic Interventions for Suicide Attempts and Self-Harm in Adolescents: An Updated Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Front. Psychiatry 9:583. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00583
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Background: Suicide attempts (SA) and other types of self-harm (SH) are strong predictors of death by suicide in adolescents, emphasizing the need to investigate therapeutic interventions in reduction of these and other symptoms.

Depression and Binge-drinking among Military Spouses and Partner

It is recognised that harmful alcohol consumption is more common amongst those who have served in the UK armed forces. However this is not just an issue for the individual who has served in the army. In a recent study conducted by researchers at Kings College London, they found that alcohol is also an increased problem amongst female spouses and partners of military personnel. The researchers found that female spouses and partners of military personnel

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Therapy ‘Toolbox’ Helps Rescue Poorly Recovering Patients at London Maintenance Clinic

Citation
Lancet Psychiatry: 2019, 6, p. 391-402.
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Instead of a set programme, a clinic in London tried offering patients prescribed methadone or buprenorphine but still using heroin or cocaine a selection from a suite of well-supported psychological interventions tailored to the patient, and then systematically re-tailored in the light of how they responded.