opioids

The Emerging Role of Toxic Adulterants in Street Drugs in the US Illicit Opioid Crisis

Citation
DOI: 10.1177/0033354919887741 journals.sagepub.com/home/phr
Publication Date

This article introduces the emergence of adulterant cutting agents in street drugs in the United States and considers the synergistic effects that is compounding the opioids crisis in the U.S.  The article outlines the role of the Colombo Plan in pioneering identification of these substances around the world over the past years with support from the U.S.

Effect of Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone on Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Dietze P, Jauncey M, Salmon A, et al. Effect of Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone on Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1914977. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.14977
Publication Date

Key Points

Question: Is 800 μg of naloxone hydrochloride administered intranasally as effective in reversing opioid overdose as the same dose administered intramuscularly?

Staff Perceptions of Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drug Dependence Services in England: A Qualitative Study

Citation
Coombes, H., Cooper, R.J. Staff perceptions of prescription and over-the-counter drug dependence services in England: a qualitative study. Addict Sci Clin Pract 14, 41 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13722-019-0170-4
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Dependence to prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs represents an increasing public health and clinical problem both in England and internationally. However, relatively little is known about those affected, particularly in relation to their management at drug dependence treatment centres.

Single-session & Other Brief Interventions for Preventing Youth Alcohol, Marijuana, E-cigarette & Opioid Use

Published by
Chudley Edward Werch, PhD
Publication Date

We recently presented a webinar on brief interventions for preventing youth substance use.  Because it was a completely filled session, I wanted to provide a description of the main points covered in the webinar for those who had not had an opportunity to attend it.    

Introduction

How Punjab Will Lose a Generation to Drugs

Drug abuse in India is a silent public health problem with “iceberg phenomenon” like implications: Dr. Edmond Fernandes The drug addicts turning into dealers, number of on-going tip-offs where political patronage is provided and the soft power of law and order involvement, continues to make chitta a flourishing business hub in Punjab which is trickling down into the young Indian spine across the nation. Survey estimates suggest over 2 lakh opioid users in Punjab, but

Prevention of Drug-Related Deaths

Published by
EMCDDA

Opioids are a class of drugs that act on the nervous system to produce feelings of pleasure and pain relief. Opioids have a high potential for causing addiction in some people and can cause life-threatening health problems, including the risk of overdose.

Over the years there has been a dramatic rise in the number of drug-related deaths worldwide. Finding ways to tackle the issue has become a public health priority.

Five-Year Global Plan of Action to Combat Emerging Synthetic Drug Threats

Published by
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL), U.S. Department of State
Publication Date

To deter and disrupt production and trafficking of illicit synthetic drugs into the United States, the Department of State has developed a new strategy that will attack this new business model of illicit international drug supply chains at all points to increase the cost, risk, and difficulties associated with producing, trafficking, and misusing these drugs.

The Substance Use Intervention Team: A Preliminary Analysis of a Population-level Strategy to Address the Opioid Crisis at an Academic Health Center

Citation
Thompson and Hill. J Addict Med
Publication Date

Objective: In 2017, an academic health center in Chicago launched the multidisciplinary Substance Use Intervention Team (SUIT) to address opioid misuse across 18 inpatient units and in a new outpatient addiction medicine clinic. This report assesses the first 5 months of implementation and associations with patient health and healthcare utilization.