prevalence

Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder among Special Subpopulations: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis

Citation
Popova, S., Lange, S., Shield, K., Burd, L., and Rehm, J. ( 2019) Prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder among special subpopulations: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Addiction, https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14598.
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Abstract

Aim

To collate prevalence estimates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) among special subpopulations (defined by service use).

Prevalence of Cognitive Impairment in Patients with Substance Use Disorder

Citation
Bruijnen, C. J., Dijkstra, B. A., Walvoort, S. J., Markus, W., VanDerNagel, J. E., Kessels, R. P., & DE Jong, C. A. (2019). Prevalence of cognitive impairment in patients with substance use disorder. Drug and alcohol review.
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Abstract

Introduction and Aims

Cognitive impairments in substance use disorder predict treatment outcome and are assumed to differ between substances. They often go undetected, thus the current study focuses on the prevalence of and differences in cognitive functioning across substances by means of a cognitive screen at the early stage of addiction treatment.

State Prevalence and Ranks of Adolescent Substance Use

Citation
Moss JL, Liu B, Zhu L. State Prevalence and Ranks of Adolescent Substance Use: Implications for Cancer Prevention. Prev Chronic Dis 2018;15:170345. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd15.170345
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Abstract

Introduction

This study statistically ranked states’ performance on adolescent substance use related to cancer risk (past-month cigarette smoking, binge alcohol drinking, and marijuana use).

Methods

Global Statistics on Alcohol, Tobacco and Illicit Drug Use: 2017 Status Report

Citation
Peacock, A., Leung, J., Larney, S., Colledge, S., Hickman, M., Rehm, J., Giovino, G. A., West, R., Hall, W., Griffiths, P., Ali, R., Gowing, L., Marsden, J., Ferrari, A. J., Grebely, J., Farrell, M., and Degenhardt, L. (2018) Global statistics on alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use: 2017 status report. Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.14234.
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Abstract

Aims

This review provides an up‐to‐date curated source of information on alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use and their associated mortality and burden of disease. Limitations in the data are also discussed, including how these can be addressed in the future.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Youth Justice

Citation
Bower C, Watkins RE, Mutch RC, et al Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and youth justice: a prevalence study among young people sentenced to detention in Western Australia BMJ Open 2018;8:e019605. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019605
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Abstract

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) among young people in youth detention in Australia. Neurodevelopmental impairments due to FASD can predispose young people to engagement with the law. Canadian studies identified FASD in 11%–23% of young people in corrective services, but there are no data for Australia.

Substance Use among a Sample of Healthcare Workers in Kenya

Citation
Mokaya, A. G., Mutiso, V., Musau, A., Tele, A., Kombe, Y., Ng’ang’a, Z., … Clair, V. (2016). Substance Use among a Sample of Healthcare Workers in Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 48(4), 310–319. http://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2016.1211352
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ABSTRACT

This study describes reported substance use among Kenyan healthcare workers (HCWs), as it has implications for HCWs’ health, productivity, and their ability and likelihood to intervene on substance use. The Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) was administered to a convenience sample of HCWs (n = 206) in 15 health facilities.

Worrying Substance Use Trends among over 50s

In 2011, the Royal College of Psychiatrists advised that over 50s should not exceed more than 11 units of alcohol a week, compared with 14 for the rest of the adult population, due to age-related physiological and metabolic changes. Since then, voices of concern among substance use professionals have only grown louder following the recent release of figures which seem to indicate that alcohol and drug consumption among the over 50s is increasing globally. In

Tobacco Use during Pregnancy and Its Associated Factors in a Mountain District of Eastern Nepal

Citation
Barakoti R, Ghimire A, Pandey AR, Baral DD and Pokharel PK (2017) Tobacco Use during Pregnancy and Its Associated Factors in a Mountain District of Eastern Nepal: A Cross-Sectional Questionnaire Survey. Front. Public Health 5:129. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00129
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Background: Tobacco using among women is more prevalent in Nepal as compared to other South-East Asian countries. The effect of its use is seen not only on the pregnant women, but also health of the growing fetus is compromised. Currently, little is known about the tobacco use among women especially during pregnancy in Nepal. This study explored the tobacco use prevalence and its associated factors during pregnancy.