second-hand smoke

Estimated Worldwide Mortality Attributed to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure, 1990-2016

Citation
Yousuf H, Hofstra M, Tijssen J, et al. Estimated Worldwide Mortality Attributed to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure, 1990-2016. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201177. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1177
Publication Date

Abstract

Importance: The World Health Organization estimates that the 1 billion individuals who smoke worldwide contribute to the 880 000 secondhand smoke (SHS)–related deaths among individuals who do not smoke each year.

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Among Nonsmokers

Citation
Tsai J, Homa DM, Gentzke AS, et al. Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Among Nonsmokers — United States, 1988–2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:1342–1346. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6748a3
Publication Date

Summary

What is already known about this topic?

Exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke can cause sudden infant death syndrome, respiratory infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children, and coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers.

What is added by this report?

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke and Arrhythmogenic Cardiac Alternans in a Mouse Model

Citation
Wang, Z., Wang, L., Tapa, S., Pinkerton, K. E., Chen, C. Y., & Ripplinger, C. M. (2018). Exposure to Secondhand Smoke and Arrhythmogenic Cardiac Alternans in a Mouse Model. Environmental Health Perspectives, 126(12), 127001.
Publication Date

Abstract

Background:

Epidemiological evidence suggests that a majority of deaths attributed to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure are cardiovascular related. However, to our knowledge, the impact of SHS on cardiac electrophysiology, Ca2+Ca2+ handling, and arrhythmia risk has not been studied.

Association between Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Hypertension in Never Smokers

Citation
Park YS, Lee C, Kim Y, et al Association between secondhand smoke exposure and hypertension in never smokers: a cross-sectional survey using data from Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey V, 2010–2012 BMJ Open 2018;8:e021217. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021217
Publication Date

Abstract

Objectives: Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with cardiovascular disease. This study aims to determine the association between SHS exposure estimated by questionnaire and hypertension in Korean never smokers.

Setting: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) V was conducted from 2010 to 2012.

Health Effects of Exposure to Second- and Third-Hand Marijuana Smoke: A Systematic Review

Citation
Holitzki H, Dowsett LE, Spackman E, Noseworthy T, Clement F. Health effects of exposure to second- and third-hand marijuana smoke: a systematic review. CMAJ Open. 2017 Nov 24;5(4):E814-E822. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20170112. PubMed PMID: 29192095; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5741419.
Publication Date

Abstract

Background: Recreational marijuana has been legalized in 11 jurisdictions; Canada will legalize marijuana by July 2018. With this changing landscape, there is a need to understand the public health risks associated with marijuana to support patient-care provider conversations, harm-reduction measures and evidence-informed policy.

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Exposure to Secondhand Smoke (SHS) among Young People

Citation
Jallow IK, Britton J, Langley T Prevalence and factors associated with exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) among young people: a cross-sectional study from the Gambia BMJ Open 2018;8:e019524. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019524
Publication Date

Abstract

Background: Annually, 600 000 deaths are attributed to exposure of non-smokers to secondhand smoke (SHS). These include 165 000 among children, about 60% of which occur in Africa and Southeast Asia. As of 2017, only seven countries in the African region had comprehensive smoke-free legislation covering all public places.

Exposure to Tobacco Secondhand Smoke and Its Associated Factors among Non-Smoking Adults in Smoking-Restricted and Non-Restricted Areas

Citation
Lim KH, Teh CH, Nik Mohamed MH, et al Exposure to tobacco secondhand smoke and its associated factors among non-smoking adults in smoking-restricted and non-restricted areas: findings from a nationwide study in Malaysia BMJ Open 2018;8:e017203. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017203
Publication Date

Abstract

Objectives: Secondhand smoke (SHS) has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Therefore, the aims of the paper are to assess SHS exposure among non-smoking adults in Malaysia attending various smoking-restricted and non-restricted public areas according to the Control of Tobacco Product Regulations (CTPR) as well as its relationship with various sociodemographic variables.

Hotel Smoking Policies and Their Implementation

Citation
Zakarian et al. Tobacco Induced Diseases (2017) 15:40 DOI 10.1186/s12971-017-0147-6
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Most states in the U.S. permit hotels to allow smoking in some guest rooms, and only five (Indiana, Michigan, North Dakota, Vermont, and Wisconsin) require that all hotel and motel rooms be 100% smoke-free (State and local 100% smokefree hotel and motel guest room laws enacted as of July 3, 2017). Little is known, however, about how hotels’ smoking policies have been implemented.

Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Pulmonary Function

Citation
Parro J, Aceituno P, Droppelmann A, et al Secondhand tobacco smoke exposure and pulmonary function: a cross-sectional study among non-smoking employees of bar and restaurants in Santiago, Chile BMJ Open 2017;7:e017811. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017811
Publication Date

Abstract

Introduction: The workplace remains a significant source of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. This pollutant is known to be associated with respiratory and cardiovascular problems, but its effects on specific pulmonary function parameters remain largely unexplored.

The Developmental Risks of Second-Hand Smoke among Young Children

Publication Date

A new study published in Indoor Air: International Journal of Indoor Environment and Health has found that the more children are exposed to household tobacco smoke during early childhood, the more likely they are to show anti-social behaviour towards others. Professor Linda Pagani, who led the research project, suggests that the association “should encourage