Research

¿Qué funciona en la prevención selectiva del consumo de alcohol y cánnabis en jóvenes vulnerables?

Citation
Vázquez N, Muñoz L, Juárez O, Ariza C. ¿Qué funciona en la prevención selectiva del consumo de alcohol y cánnabis en jóvenes vulnerables? Rev Esp Salud Pública.2018;92:8 de octubre e201810070.
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ABSTRACT

What works in selective prevention of alcohol and cannabis use among vulnerable young people?

Combining Medically Assisted Treatment and Twelve-Step Programming: A Perspective and Review

Citation
Marc Galanter (2018) Combining medically assisted treatment and Twelve-Step programming: a perspective and review, The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 44:2, 151-159, DOI: 10.1080/00952990.2017.1306747
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ABSTRACT

Background: People with severe substance use disorders require long-term rehabilitative care after the initial treatment. There is, however, a deficit in the availability of such care. This may be due both to inadequate medical coverage and insufficient use of community-based Twelve-Step programs in many treatment facilities.

A Qualitative Study of Drivers of Psychoactive Substance Use among Mekelle University Students, Northern Ethiopia

Citation
Kahsay et al. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2019) 14:11 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-018-0190-1
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Abstract

Background

Psychoactive substance (PS) use is a public health concern among University students. Understanding the factors underlay the use helps to underpin effective preventive interventions. However, there is dearth of exploratory studies on the drivers of psychoactive substance use in Ethiopian universities.

Children Learning About Secondhand Smoke (CLASS II): A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

Citation
Kamran Siddiqi, Rumana Huque, Mona Kanaan, Farid Ahmed, Tarana Ferdous, Sarwat Shah, Cath Jackson, Steve Parrott, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Aziz Sheikh, Children Learning About Secondhand Smoke (CLASS II): A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 21, Issue 5, May 2019, Pages 670–677, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nty090
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Abstract

Introduction

Children exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) are at increased risk of respiratory illnesses. We piloted a Smoke Free Intervention (SFI) and trial methods before investigating its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in primary school children.

Methods

A Conceptual Model for Understanding Post-Release Opioid-Related Overdose Risk

Citation
Joudrey et al. Addict Sci Clin Pract (2019) 14:17 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0145-5
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Abstract

Post-release opioid-related overdose mortality is the leading cause of death among people released from jails or prisons (PRJP). Informed by the proximate determinants framework, this paper presents the Post-Release Opioid-Related Overdose Risk Model. It explores the underlying, intermediate, proximate and biological determinants which contribute to risk of post-release opioid-related overdose mortality.

Perceptions about Mental Illness among General Practitioners

Citation
Castillejos Anguiano et al. Int J Ment Health Syst (2019) 13:27 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-019-0284-9
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Abstract

Background

General practitioners (GPs) play an important role in the physical care of patients with severe mental illness, so our aim was to analyse the relationships between GPs’ sociodemographic status and worked-related variables and their perceptions about mental illness.

Cues Give Clues in Relapse Prevention

Citation
Madangopal, Rajtarun, Brendan J. Tunstall, Lauren E. Komer, Sophia J. Weber, Jennifer K. Hoots, Veronica A. Lennon, Jennifer M. Bossert, David H. Epstein, Yavin Shaham, and Bruce T. Hope. "Discriminative stimuli are sufficient for incubation of cocaine craving." eLife 8 (2019): e44427.
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More than 85% of people who give up an addictive drug begin using it again within a year. Relapse can occur following exposure to cues that are found in the environment which trigger the memory of their drug-taking experience.

Prevalence of Cognitive Impairment in Patients with Substance Use Disorder

Citation
Bruijnen, C. J., Dijkstra, B. A., Walvoort, S. J., Markus, W., VanDerNagel, J. E., Kessels, R. P., & DE Jong, C. A. (2019). Prevalence of cognitive impairment in patients with substance use disorder. Drug and alcohol review.
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Abstract

Introduction and Aims

Cognitive impairments in substance use disorder predict treatment outcome and are assumed to differ between substances. They often go undetected, thus the current study focuses on the prevalence of and differences in cognitive functioning across substances by means of a cognitive screen at the early stage of addiction treatment.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: “Game-Changer” Opiate Addiction Medication Proves Effective in US Trial

Citation
Lancet: 2019, 393, p. 778-790.
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Medication of the type heralded as a possible “game-changer” by one of the UK’s leading addiction treatment clinicians and researchers proved its worth in a US placebo-controlled trial. Buprenorphine injections with effects lasting a month are now available in the UK, offering a new option for treating dependence on heroin and allied drugs.

Cribado de riesgos derivados del consumo de drogas utilizando la herramienta ASSIST (Alcohol, smoking and substances involvement screening test) en pacientes de atención primaria: estudio transversal

Citation
López-Rodríguez, J. A., Rigabert, A., Llano, M. N. G., Rubio, G., & ASSIST, G. (2018). Cribado de riesgos derivados del consumo de drogas utilizando la herramienta ASSIST (Alcohol, smoking and substances involvement screening test) en pacientes de atención primaria: estudio transversal. Atención Primaria.

Objetivo

El objetivo es estimar la prevalencia de consumos de riesgo de drogas y patrones de consumo en atención primaria.

Diseño

Estudio multicéntrico descriptivo transversal.

Emplazamiento

Cinco centros de salud del área Sur de Madrid.

Participantes

Población consultante en atención primaria entre 16-100 años.

Use of Electronic Vapor Products Before, During, and After Pregnancy Among Women with a Recent Live Birth — Oklahoma and Texas, 2015

Citation
Kapaya M, D’Angelo DV, Tong VT, et al. Use of Electronic Vapor Products Before, During, and After Pregnancy Among Women with a Recent Live Birth — Oklahoma and Texas, 2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;68:189–194. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6808a1
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Summary

What is already known about this topic?

Most electronic vapor products (EVPs) contain nicotine, a developmental toxicant, and other harmful additives.

What is added by this report?

Conventional and Genetic Evidence on Alcohol and Vascular Disease Aetiology: A Prospective Study of 500 000 Men and Women in China

Citation
Millwood, I. Y., Walters, R. G., Mei, X. W., Guo, Y., Yang, L., Bian, Z., ... & Zhou, G. (2019). Conventional and genetic evidence on alcohol and vascular disease aetiology: a prospective study of 500 000 men and women in China. The Lancet.
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Summary

Background

Moderate alcohol intake has been associated with reduced cardiovascular risk in many studies, in comparison with abstinence or with heavier drinking. Studies in east Asia can help determine whether these associations are causal, since two common genetic variants greatly affect alcohol drinking patterns.

Substance Use among Pregnant Women in Nigeria

Citation
Adebowale, Oluyemisi O., and Bawo O. James. "Psychoactive substance use and psychiatric morbidity among pregnant women attending an ante-natal clinic in Benin City, Nigeria." Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal 25.1 (2018): 8.
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study sought to determine the prevalence, patterns and feasibility of screening for psychoactive substance use among pregnant women in an antenatal clinic in Nigeria. It also aimed to determine the relationship between psychoactive substance use risk severity and psychiatric morbidity.

Internal Consistency and Convergent Validity of the Portuguese Versions of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs–Initial and Short Screener: Validity of the Portuguese GAIN-I and SS

Citation
Claro, H. G., de Oliveira, M. A. F., Fernandes, I. F. D. A. L., Titus, J. C., Tarifa, R. R., Rojas, T. F., & Pinho, P. H. (2016). Internal Consistency and Convergent Validity of the Portuguese Versions of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs–Initial and Short Screener: Validity of the Portuguese GAIN-I and SS. Journal of addictions nursing, 27(4), 241.

Abstract

The goal of this article is to present evidence on the internal consistency and convergent validity of the Brazilian Portuguese versions of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs–“Initial” and “Short Screener” versions.

Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Primary School Children: A Survey in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Citation
Sarwat Shah, Mona Kanaan, Rumana Huque, Aziz Sheikh, Omara Dogar, Heather Thomson, Steve Parrott, Kamran Siddiqi, Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Primary School Children: A Survey in Dhaka, Bangladesh, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 21, Issue 4, April 2019, Pages 416–423, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntx248
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Abstract

Introduction

We report on second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure based on saliva cotinine levels among children in Bangladesh—a country with laws against smoking in public places.

Methods

Cross-Cultural Applicability of the 12-Step Model: A Comparison of Narcotics Anonymous in the USA and Iran

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Abstract

Objective: Narcotics Anonymous (NA), a nonprofessional 12-step fellowship for people seeking recovery from addiction, reports 27,677 meetings in the USA, where it was founded, but there is limited literature on its adaptability cross-culturally. We studied NA within the Islamic Republic of Iran to ascertain its relative adaptation in a different cultural setting.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Do Interventions to Reduce Alcohol-Related Harms also Reduce Domestic Abuse?

Citation
BMC Public Health: 2014, 14(881), p. 1-11.
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In celebration of International Women’s Day we are highlighting studies throughout the month of March that further our understanding of how sex and gender influence the course of addiction and treatment, with a particular focus on women.

ADGRL3 (LPHN3) Variants Predict Substance Use Disorder

Citation
Arcos-Burgos, M., Vélez, J. I., Martinez, A. F., Ribasés, M., Ramos-Quiroga, J. A., Sánchez-Mora, C., ... & Casas, M. (2019). ADGRL3 (LPHN3) variants predict substance use disorder. Translational psychiatry, 9(1), 42.
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Abstract

Genetic factors are strongly implicated in the susceptibility to develop externalizing syndromes such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and substance use disorder (SUD). Variants in the ADGRL3 (LPHN3) gene predispose to ADHD and predict ADHD severity, disruptive behaviors comorbidity, long-term outcome, and response to treatment.

Standards for Opioid Use Disorder Care: An Assessment of Nordic Approaches

Citation
Gedeon, Charlotte, Mikael Sandell, Inge Birkemose, Johan Kakko, Valgerður Rúnarsdóttir, Kaarlo Simojoki, Thomas Clausen, Fred Nyberg, Richard Littlewood, and Hannu Alho. "Standards for opioid use disorder care: An assessment of Nordic approaches." Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs(2019): 1455072518815322.

Opioid Use disorder is one of the most challenging forms of addiction facing health care systems around the world. The treatment of opioid dependence is important to reduce its health and social consequences and to improve the well-being and social functioning of people affected.

The Link between the Marketing of Opioid Products with Mortality from Opioid-Related Overdoses

Citation
Hadland, Scott E., Ariadne Rivera-Aguirre, Brandon DL Marshall, and Magdalena Cerdá. "Association of Pharmaceutical Industry Marketing of Opioid Products With Mortality From Opioid-Related Overdoses." JAMA network open 2, no. 1 (2019): e186007-e186007.
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Prescription opioids are involved in 40% of all deaths from opioid overdose in the United States and are often the first opioids encountered by individuals with opioid use disorder.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Make Patients Partners in Therapy

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 372-383.
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Research findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that outcomes of psychosocial treatments are substantially improved when clients and therapists agree on goals and methods and form collaborative relationships ... but when illegal drug use is the problem, partnership has its limits.

Alcohol Consumption and Parenthood

Citation
Borschmann, Rohan, Denise Becker, Elizabeth Spry, George J. Youssef, Craig A. Olsson, Delyse M. Hutchinson, Edmund Silins et al. "Alcohol and parenthood: An integrative analysis of the effects of transition to parenthood in three Australasian cohorts." Drug and Alcohol Dependence 197 (2019): 326-334.
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Heavy harmful drinking remains one of the leading modifiable risk factors for disease