Research

Ancient Philosophers on Mental Illness

Citation
Ahonen, M. (2019). Ancient philosophers on mental illness. History of Psychiatry, 30(1), 3–18. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957154X18803508
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Abstract

This article explores how the ancient philosophers from Plato to late antiquity understood mental illness. It outlines when, how and in what kind of contexts the phenomenon of mental illness was recognized in the ancient philosophical texts, how mental illness was understood in terms of the body–mind interaction, and how mental disorders of the medical kind were distinguished from non-medical psychic disturbances.

Marchiafava-Bignami Disease: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Citation
Miranda-Nava, G., & Guadalupe Garcia-Toribio, M. (2017). Marchiafava-bignami disease: case report and review of the literature. REVISTA MEXICANA DE NEUROCIENCIA, 18(6), 96-101.
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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Marchiafava-Bignami (MB) is a rare disease characterized by the primary degeneration of the callosum mainly associated with chronic consumption of alcohol. However, this condition can be mistaken for many other diseases which cause lesions of the corpus callosum.

IQOS Exposure Impairs Human Airway Cell Homeostasis: Direct Comparison with Traditional Cigarette and E-Cigarette

Citation
Sohal SS, Eapen MS, Naidu VGM, et al. IQOS exposure impairs human airway cell homeostasis: direct comparison with traditional cigarette and e-cigarette. ERJ Open Res 2019; 5: 00159-2018 [https://doi.org/10.1183/23120541.00159-2018].

Heat-not-burn (HNB) devices can alter vital physiological functions in the lung. HNB devices may not be a safer option than cigarette smoking or eCig vaping; this does not support the recommendation of their use over other nicotine delivery products. http://ow.ly/wZ5P30ng8bU

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Fundamental Rule for Therapists: Know and Be Who You Are

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 424-433.
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Message from an amalgamation of research findings for the American Psychological Association is that conveying genuineness and authenticity - at least during therapy, being and giving of yourself as an integrated character - is one way therapists underpin an effective therapeutic relationship.

Suicide Ideation and Behavior in Mexico: Encodat 2016

Citation
Borges, G., Orozco, R., Villatoro, J., Medina-Mora, M., Fleiz, C., & Díaz-Salazar, J. (2018). Suicide ideation and behavior in Mexico: Encodat 2016. Salud Pública de México, 61(1, ene-feb), 6-15. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/9351
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Objective. To provide updated information regarding the 12–month prevalence and associated sociodemographic fac­tors for suicide ideation and behavior (plan and attempts) to substantiate preventive programs in Mexico. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional nationally representative survey, conducted during 2016 (n=56 877) among those 12–65 years old living in rural, urban and metropolitan dwellings. Re

Sex-Specific Association of Depressive Disorder and Transient Emotional States with Alcohol Consumption in Male and Female Alcoholics

Citation
Karpyak, V. M., Geske, J. R., Hall-Flavin, D. K., Loukianova, L. L., Schneekloth, T. D., Skime, M. K., ... & Biernacka, J. M. (2019). Sex-specific association of depressive disorder and transient emotional states with alcohol consumption in male and female alcoholics. Drug and alcohol dependence.
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Highlights

  • Negative and positive mood differentially impact alcohol use in males and females.
  • Previous research did not differentiate impact of mood states vs lifetime diagnoses.
  • This study confirmed positive association of mood with a

Neighbourhood Density of Alcohol Outlets and Genetic and Environmental Influences on Alcohol Problems

Citation
Slutske, Wendy S., Arielle R. Deutsch, and Thomas M. Piasecki. "Neighborhood density of alcohol outlets moderates genetic and environmental influences on alcohol problems." Addiction (2018).
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Gene-environment interactions occur when different surroundings make it more or less likely for a particular trait or disorder to develop.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Abandon Treatment Referral as a Crime-Prevention Tactic?

Citation
International Journal of Drug Policy: 2018, 51, p. 42-51
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At issue was whether by referring heroin users to treatment, probation services in England would protect them from fatal overdose and prevent drug-related crime. Yes to one, but not the other, were the answers; unexpectedly, crime went up. Enough to warrant abandoning treatment referral as a crime-prevention tactic?

Association of Electronic Cigarette Use with Subsequent Initiation of Tobacco Cigarettes in US Youths

Citation
Berry KM, Fetterman JL, Benjamin EJ, et al. Association of Electronic Cigarette Use With Subsequent Initiation of Tobacco Cigarettes in US Youths. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(2):e187794. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7794
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Question: Is electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among tobacco-naive youths associated with subsequent risk of cigarette initiation?

Percentage of Current Tobacco Smoking Students Receiving Help or Advice to Quit: Evidence from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey

Citation
Arrazola, R. A., Seidenberg, A. B., Ahluwalia, I. B. (2019). Percentage of current tobacco smoking students receiving help or advice to quit: Evidence from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey, 56 countries, 2012–2015. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 5(January), 5. https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/102994
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ABSTRACT:

Opportunistic Screening for Alcohol Use Problems in Adolescents Attending Emergency Departments: An Evaluation of Screening Tools

Citation
Simon Coulton, M Fasihul Alam, Sadie Boniface, Paolo Deluca, Kim Donoghue, Eilish Gilvarry, Eileen Kaner, Ellen Lynch, Ian Maconochie, Paul McArdle, Ruth McGovern, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Robert Patton, Ceri J Phillips, Thomas Phillips, Hannah Rose, Ian Russell, John Strang, Colin Drummond; Opportunistic screening for alcohol use problems in adolescents attending emergency departments: an evaluation of screening tools, Journal of Public Health, , fdy049, https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdy049
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Abstract

Objective

To estimate and compare the optimal cut-off score of Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and AUDIT-C in identifying at-risk alcohol consumption, heavy episodic alcohol use, ICD-10 alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence in adolescents attending ED in England.

Design

Opportunistic cross-sectional survey.

Setting

"Everything is Telling You to Drink"

Citation
Kimberley M. Hill, David R. Foxcroft & Michael Pilling (2018) “Everything is telling you to drink”: understanding the functional significance of alcogenic environments for young adult drinkers, Addiction Research & Theory, 26:6, 457-464
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The focus on the individual's wider surroundings has given rise to the conce

The Etymology and Early History of ‘Addiction’

Citation
Richard J. Rosenthal & Suzanne Faris (2019): The etymology and early history of ‘addiction’, Addiction Research & Theory, DOI: 10.1080/16066359.2018.1543412
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Abstract

Contemporary usage of addiction is contradictory and confusing; the term is highly stigmatizing but popularly used to describe almost any strong desire, passion or pursuit. Does current usage involve a recent corruption of the term or is there a history of conflicting meanings? 

Severity of Analgesic Dependence and Medication-Overuse Headache

Citation
Lundqvist et al. (2019). Severity of Analgesic Dependence and Medication-overuse Headache. J Addict Med xx: xxx–xxx DOI: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000504
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Background and Aims: Medication-overuse headache (MOH) is a common chronic headache caused by overuse of headache analgesics. It has similarities with substance dependence disorders. The treatment of choice for MOH is withdrawal of the offending analgesics. Behavioral brief intervention treatment using methods adapted from substance misuse settings is effective.

Mental Health Professionals’ Views on Smoke-Free Policy

Citation
Smith, McNeill, Kock, Shahab. "Exploring mental health professionals’ practice in relation to smoke-free policy within a mental health trust: a qualitative study using the COM-B model of behaviour",BMC Psychiatry (2019): 19:54
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The prevalence of smoking within the general population is in decline. However, the number of people with mental health issues who smoke remains high.

Mental Health and Associated Stress Factors in Accompanied and Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Resettled in Germany

Citation
Müller et al. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health (2019) 13:8 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-019-0268-1
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Abstract

Background

Studies throughout Europe have shown that asylum-seeking children and adolescents (ASC) are at risk of developing mental disorders. The most common mental-health problems in ASC include posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), internalizing symptoms such as depression and anxiety, and externalizing behaviour.

Cambio de comportamiento en personas fumadoras posimplementación de legislación antitabaco en Argentina

Citation
Barrenechea GG, Furtado Passos da Silva CM, Carvalho Figueiredo V. Cambio de comportamiento en personas fumadoras posimplementación de legislación antitabaco en Argentina. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2019;43:e5. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2019.5
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Abstract

[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Identificar factores asociados al cambio de comportamiento en personas fumadoras mayores de 18 años luego de la implementación de políticas provinciales 100% libre de humo en Argentina. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio analítico de corte transversal. Se utilizó la técnica de modelos multiniveles trabajando con datos de distintas jerarquías.

Intention to Reduce Drinking Alcohol and Preferred Sources of Support

Citation
Davies, Emma L., Larissa J. Maier, Adam R. Winstock, and Jason A. Ferris. "Intention to reduce drinking alcohol and preferred sources of support: An international cross-sectional study." Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment (2019).
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Although rates vary from country to country, harmful alcohol use can be considered a global public health concern. The Global Drug Survey (GDS) is the world's largest annual survey of substance use. 

Drinking in Later Life: A Systematic Review and Thematic Synthesis of Qualitative Studies Exploring Older People’s Perceptions and Experiences

Citation
Bethany Kate Bareham, Eileen Kaner, Liam Patrick Spencer, Barbara Hanratty; Drinking in later life: a systematic review and thematic synthesis of qualitative studies exploring older people’s perceptions and experiences, Age and Ageing, Volume 48, Issue 1, 1 January 2019, Pages 134–146, https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afy069
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Abstract

Background

Responding to the Health Needs of Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Systematic Review

Citation
Hemmings et al. BMC Health Services Research (2016) 16:320 DOI 10.1186/s12913-016-1538-8
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Abstract

Background

Despite the multiple physical and psychological health consequences associated with human trafficking, there is little evidence-based guidance available for health providers on assessing and meeting the health needs of trafficked people.

Epidemiology of Substance Use among Forced Migrants: A Global Systematic Review

Citation
Horyniak D, Melo JS, Farrell RM, Ojeda VD, Strathdee SA (2016) Epidemiology of Substance Use among Forced Migrants: A Global Systematic Review. PLoS ONE 11(7): e0159134. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0159134
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Abstract

Introduction

Forced migration is occurring at unprecedented levels. Forced migrants may be at risk for substance use for reasons including coping with traumatic experiences, co-morbid mental health disorders, acculturation challenges and social and economic inequality.

Quality Measurers of Therapeutic Communities for Substance Dependence: An International Collaborative Study Survey in Latin America

Citation
Gómez-Restrepo et al. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2017) 12:53 DOI 10.1186/s13011-017-0129-y
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Abstract

Background

In Latin America, substance related disorders are highly prevalent and one of the treatment strategies is the Therapeutic Communities (TCs), however, in Latin America there is scarce data about this treatment strategies, their quality, drop-out rates and patient satisfaction.

Sustainable Financing Options for Mental Health Care in South Africa: Findings from a Situation Analysis and Key Informant Interviews

Citation
Docrat et al. Int J Ment Health Syst (2019) 13:4 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-019-0260-4
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Abstract

Background

With the implicit neglect for the integration of mental health services into general health service development in South Africa, there is an urgent need for an understanding of the ways in which existing reforms may be leveraged to incorporate the objectives of the National Mental Health Policy Framework and Strategic Plan (MHPF) and the mechanisms by which these reforms can be structured and fi

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Guidance on Some of the Trickiest Decisions Therapists Have to Make

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 445-460
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It’s a dilemma for all therapists and counsellors - how much to disclose about yourself. Another difficult decision is when to directly confront what is happening then and there in therapy. A review for the American Psychological Association finds that generally positive reactions follow, but also that these tactics can backfire.