Evaluation of State-Mandated Reporting of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome — Six States, 2013–2017
Summary What is already known about this topic? In 2014, in the United States, an infant with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) was born every 15
Some argue that perceived addiction to smoking (PAS) might undermine motivation to stop. We examined the association of PAS with motivation to stop in a population sample and assessed its association with past and future quit attempts and future quit success.
Little is known about the experiences of people with severe mental health difficulties in smoking cessation interventions. This study aimed to review the implementation of a smoking cessation programme across 16 community mental health day services. The aim was to establish the experience from both service user and facilitator perspectives and refine implementation for future groups.
Patients with alcohol misuse are less likely to receive preventive health services but more likely to utilize emergency health services. However, the association between alcohol misuse and outpatient follow-up after hospitalization is unknown and may depend on whether a patient experiences a critical illness.
This study sought to examine the occurrence of the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (amphetamines and methylphenidate) in a university sample and their associated physical and mental health correlates, including potential relationships with risky sexual practices.
Little is known about opioid overdose or naloxone access among pregnant women.
The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of non-fatal overdose, risk factors for overdose, and naloxone access among third trimester women in treatment for opioid use disorder.
Background: Marijuana use in the age group prone to coronary artery disease is higher than it was in the past. Smoking marijuana is known to have hemodynamic consequences, including a dose-dependent increase in heart rate, supine hypertension, and postural hypotension; however, whether it can trigger the onset of myocardial infarction is unknown.
Background: The role of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in product transitions has been debated.
Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association indicate that patient progress is strongly related to the strength of the personal (‘real’) relationship between client and therapist - more strongly than the working relationship focused on the therapy.
Comprehensive review for the American Psychological Association concludes that the working relationship between clients and their counsellors or therapists is one of the largest and most consistent determinants of outcomes. Practice recommendations aim to help practitioners foster strong relationships.
Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that across psychotherapy studies, outcomes improve the more therapists consistently demonstrate warmth and high regard for their clients - given the stigma and low regard attached to dependent substance use(rs), findings with important implications for promoting recovery.
Artigo de revisão publicada na Revista debates em Psiquiatria - Jul/Ago 2017
Little research has investigated in-depth how physicians perceive their role in smoking cessation care. This qualitative study sought to understand physicians’ perceptions of responsibility for smoking cessation.
Amalgamated research findings raise the intriguing possibility that experiencing the resolution of breakdowns or tensions (‘ruptures’) in the therapist-client relationship promotes client welfare even more than rupture-free relationships. Evidence-based tips backed by the American Psychological Association aim to help therapists resolve ruptures.
Objectives: Roll-your-own (RYO) cigarettes have become popular in the UK and reduce the cost of smoking, potentially mitigating the impact of tax increases on quitting. We examined whether RYO cigarette use was associated with reduced motivation to quit smoking, incidence of quit attempts and quit success.
Design: Cross-sectional survey.
Many people successfully recover from substance use disorders.
The impact of school attendance on the lives and development of students is hardly overestimated. Children go to school at an increasingly precocious age.
Alcohol addiction can put a significant strain on family relationships and well-being. There has been a substantial rise in alcohol consumption and alcohol use disorder in India. However, it is rare that the perspectives of family members are heard.
Adolescence is a period of time where young people are more likely to seek independence and novel experiences, experiment with their expression and identity and have less regard for risk. Given the
Fortgang, Rebecca G., Rani A. Hoff, and Marc N. Potenza. "Problem and Pathological Gambling in Schizophrenia: Exploring Links with Substance Use and Impulsivity." Journal of gambling studies (2018): 1-16.
The more therapists empathically communicate their understanding of and compassion for clients, the better the outcomes - a relationship stronger than between outcomes and the type of therapy.
Reduced dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) ligand binding has repeatedly been demonstrated in the striatum of humans with alcohol use disorder (AUD). The attenuated D2R binding has been suggested to reflect a reduced D2R density, which in turn has been proposed to drive craving and relapse.
How much a patient expects treatment will help is not just an empty prediction but a force in making treatment help, is the strong possibility raised by a review commissioned by an American Psychological Association task force.
Já é de se esperar que álcool e outras drogas levem a pessoa a um caminho de violência, porém recentemente isso foi comprovado através de uma pesquisa de um grupo da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Eles publicaram resultados de uma pesquisa a respeito da associação entre o consumo de álcool e drogas com a ocorrência de mortes violentas.
It is already expected that alcohol and other drugs lead the person to the path of violence, but recently this was proven through a study of the group of the University of São Paulo Medical School (USP). They published results of a survey on the association between alcohol and drug use with the occurrence of violent deaths. The work puts in numbers the data of this relation, in this case, in the city of São Paulo.
How can we make the most of group therapy, a common treatment/support format in substance use treatment?
Chronic opioid misuse is associated with reduced sensitivity to natural
The recommendations in clini