Research

Vaping Cannabis among Adolescents: Prevalence and Associations with Tobacco Use from a Cross-Sectional Study in the USA

Citation
Kowitt SD, Osman A, Meernik C, et al Vaping cannabis among adolescents: prevalence and associations with tobacco use from a cross-sectional study in the USA BMJ Open 2019;9:e028535. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028535
Publication Date

Abstract

Objective: Previous research suggests that some adolescents are using e-cigarette devices to vaporise (‘vaping’) cannabis in the form of hash oil, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) wax or oil, or dried cannabis buds or leaves. However, it is unclear how adolescents who vape cannabis use other tobacco products.

Prenatal Alcohol Screening During Pregnancy by Midwives and Nurses

Citation
Chiodo, L. M., Cosmian, C. , Pereira, K. , Kent, N. , Sokol, R. J. and Hannigan, J. H. (2019), Prenatal Alcohol Screening During Pregnancy by Midwives and Nurses. Alcohol Clin Exp Re. doi:10.1111/acer.14114
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Alcohol use during pregnancy can have a variety of harmful consequences on the fetus. Lifelong effects include growth restriction, characteristic facial anomalies, and neurobehavioral dysfunction. This range of effects is known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). There is no amount, pattern, or timing of alcohol use during pregnancy proven safe for a developing embryo or fetus.

Association between Medical Cannabis Laws and Opioid Overdose Mortality Has Reversed over Time

Citation
www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1903434116
Publication Date

Medical cannabis has been touted as a solution to the US opioid overdose crisis since Bachhuber et al. [M. A. Bachhuber, B. Saloner, C. O. Cunningham, C. L. Barry, JAMA Intern. Med. 174, 1668–1673] found that from 1999 to 2010 states with medical cannabis laws experienced slower increases in opioid analgesic overdose mortality.

Alcohol Use and Breast Cancer Risk

Citation
Chambers, Sophia E., Ellen R. Copson, Peter F. Dutey‐Magni, Caspian Priest, Annie S. Anderson, and Julia MA Sinclair. "Alcohol use and breast cancer risk: A qualitative study of women’s perspectives to inform the development of a preventative intervention in breast clinics." European journal of cancer care (2019): e13075.
Publication Date

There is strong evidence to suggest there is a link between alcohol consumption and breast cancer, with there being a 5%–9% increased risk per 10g ethanol per day. Despite the clear associations between alcohol consumption and breast cancer, public awareness of this issue is low.

Substance Use Prevention for Adolescents: The Icelandic Model

Citation
Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra, Thorolfur Thorlindsson, Álfgeir Logi Kristjánsson, Kathleen M. Roe, and John P. Allegrante. "Substance use prevention for adolescents: the Icelandic model." Health Promotion International 24, no. 1 (2008): 16-25.
Publication Date

Back in the 1990s, results from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD) highlighted concerning levels of adolescent substance use in Iceland. Since the publication of the ESPAD results, Icelandic authorities have made a considerable effort to reverse these trends, with a fair level of success.

Reducing Barriers to Trauma Inquiry in SUD Treatment

Citation
https://substanceabusepolicy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13011-019-0211-8
Publication Date

Despite the high rate of traumatic events in clients with substance use disorders, trauma exposure often remains undetected in a majority of treatment-seeking clients. Improving health professionals’ knowledge and skills in the inquiry of traumatic events is therefore of utmost importance for appropriately addressing trauma-related treatment needs.

Reducing Barriers to Trauma Inquiry in Substance Use Disorder Treatment – A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

Citation
Lotzin et al. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2019) 14:23 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-019-0211-8
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Despite the high rate of traumatic events in clients with substance use disorders, trauma exposure often remains undetected in a majority of treatment-seeking clients.

Implementación de procedimientos conductuales: Efectos en la alta post tratamiento del usuario de drogas

Citation
Félix Romero, V., Morales Chainé, S., & Santoyo Velasco, C. (2019). IMPLEMENTACIÓN DE PROCEDIMIENTOS CONDUCTUALES: EFECTOS EN ALTA POST TRATAMIENTO DEL USUARIO DE DROGAS. Health & Addictions/Salud y Drogas, 19(1).
Publication Date

Resumen

Introducción: Los altos índices de deserción y recaídas son un reto en la implementación de intervenciones en adicciones. El nivel en que los terapeutas implementan procedimientos y promueven el egreso exitoso del usuario ha sido poco explorado.

Impact of a Brief Intervention Program in Clinical Practice: Barriers and Adaptations

Citation
Martínez-Martínez, Kalina Isela, Jiménez-Pérez, Ana Lucía, Romero, Violeta Félix, & Morales-Chainé, Silvia. (2018). Impact of a brief intervention programs in clinical practice: Barriers and adaptations. International Journal of Psychological Research, 11(2), 27-34. https://dx.doi.org/10.21500/20112084.3485
Publication Date

ABSTRACT

Introduction:

The present study analyzes the main barriers and adaptations to brief interventions that focus on addictive behavior treatments carried out in clinical settings by 756 health professionals during their adoption process in 350 Primary Attention Units in Mexico.

Method:

Identification of Cigarette Brands by Soft Independent Modeling of Class Analogy of Volatile Substances

Citation
Zuzana Zelinkova, Thomas Wenzl, Identification of Cigarette Brands by Soft Independent Modeling of Class Analogy of Volatile Substances, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, , ntz066, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntz066
Publication Date

Abstract

Introduction

This study aimed to develop a method for discriminating cigarette brands based on the profiles of volatile components extracted from the tobacco fraction of the finished cigarettes to authenticate branded cigarettes of unknown origin.

Methods

Gender-Specific Substance Use Patterns and Associations with Individual, Family, Peer, and School Factors in 15-Year-Old Portuguese Adolescents: A Latent Class Regression Analysis

Citation
Picoito J, Santos C, Loureiro I, Aguiar P, Nunes C. Gender-specific substance use patterns and associations with individual, family, peer, and school factors in 15-year-old Portuguese adolescents: a latent class regression analysis. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 2019 May 10;13(1):21.
Publication Date

Background

Adolescence is a critical period of vulnerability to substance use. Recent research has shown that gender differences in adolescence substance use are complex and in constant flux. The present study aims to investigate gender differences in substance use and initiation patterns in male and female adolescents, and to assess individual, family, peer, and school associated factors of these patterns.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: ‘No Effect’ from Targeting Child Drinking via the Parents

Citation
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2019, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD012287.
Publication Date

Findings of this comprehensive review seem to almost entirely deflate what in the mid-2000s was a bubble of enthusiasm for parental programmes as a way to prevent or reduce drinking among teenagers - but despite this overall verdict, some interventions have had remarkabl

Global Research Mapping of Substance Use Disorder and Treatment 1971–2017: Implications for Priority Setting

Citation
Tran et al. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2019) 14:21 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-019-0204-7
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Globally, substance use disorders are prevalent and remain an intractable public health problem for health care systems. This study aims to provide a global picture of substance use disorders research.

Does Occupational Distress Raise the Risk of Alcohol Use, Binge-Eating, Ill Health and Sleep Problems among Medical Doctors? A UK Cross-Sectional Study

Citation
Medisauskaite A, Kamau C Does occupational distress raise the risk of alcohol use, binge-eating, ill health and sleep problems among medical doctors? A UK cross-sectional study BMJ Open 2019;9:e027362. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027362
Publication Date

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to assess the prevalence of health problems (eg, insomnia, binge-eating, substance use and ill health) among UK doctors and to investigate whether occupational distress increases the risk of health problems.

The Nationwide Study Report on Relapse and Associated Factors among Drug Users in Bangladesh

Citation
: http://www.amic.org.bd/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Nationwide-Study-on-Relapse-and-Other-Factors-among-the-Drug-Users-in-Bangladesh.pdf
Publication Date

Geographical location and diverse cultural influence make Bangladesh vulnerable for substance use related problems. It is impairing public health, corrupting institutions, retarding socio-economic development, and in some cases, impacting state security. It has been observed that many patients relapse into previous substance using behavior after completing treatment.

Enfermería en adicciones: El modelo teórico de H. Peplau a través de los patrones funcionales de M. Gordon. A propósito de un caso práctico.

Citation
Arce, A. H., De Gámiz, E. B. L., Navarro, F. M., Martínez, H., & Jiménez-Lerma, J. M. (2003). Enfermería en adicciones: El modelo teórico de H. Peplau a través de los patrones funcionales de M. Gordon. A propósito de un caso práctico. Trastornos adictivos, 5(2), 58-74.
Publication Date

Resumen

Objetivo

Estudio de un caso práctico de un usuario de un centro ambulatorio de atención a drogodependencias a través de los patrones funcionales de salud de M. Gordon desde el modelo de H. Peplau.

Material y métodos

Se describe el modelo teórico de Peplau así como la valoración de enfermería según M. Gordon atendiendo a cada patrón y a su significado según la experiencia de las autoras.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Therapy ‘Toolbox’ Helps Rescue Poorly Recovering Patients at London Maintenance Clinic

Citation
Lancet Psychiatry: 2019, 6, p. 391-402.
Publication Date

Instead of a set programme, a clinic in London tried offering patients prescribed methadone or buprenorphine but still using heroin or cocaine a selection from a suite of well-supported psychological interventions tailored to the patient, and then systematically re-tailored in the light of how they responded.

Not without my Mobile Phone: Alcohol Binge Drinking, Gender Violence and Technology in the Spanish Culture of Intoxication

Citation
Romo-Avilés, N., García-Carpintero, M. Á., & Pavón-Benítez, L. (2019). Not without my mobile phone: alcohol binge drinking, gender violence and technology in the Spanish culture of intoxication. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 1-11.
Publication Date

Abstract

The practice of binge drinking has in recent decades consolidated what is known as the ‘culture of intoxication’ among young people of Spain. This has coincided with the increase in the use of mobile-phone technology and of social networks within the night-time economy.

Socioeconomic Inequalities in the Delivery of Brief Interventions for Smoking and Excessive Drinking: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Household Survey in England

Citation
Angus C, Brown J, Beard E, et al Socioeconomic inequalities in the delivery of brief interventions for smoking and excessive drinking: findings from a cross-sectional household survey in England BMJ Open 2019;9:e023448. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023448
Publication Date

Abstract

Objectives: Brief interventions (BI) for smoking and risky drinking are effective and cost-effective policy approaches to reducing alcohol harm currently used in primary care in England; however, little is known about their contribution to health inequalities.

Rethinking Addiction

Citation
Ewald, D. R., Strack, R. W., & Orsini, M. M. (2019). Rethinking Addiction. Global Pediatric Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/2333794X18821943
Publication Date

Abstract

Addiction is a complex and challenging condition with many contributing factors. Although addictive behaviors appear to be individual choices, behavior alterations cannot be addressed successfully without considering characteristics of the physical and social environments in which individuals live, work, and play.

Community Response to the Initiation of Smoking in Indonesian Early Adolescents

Citation
Kumboyono, Kumboyono, Achir Yani S. Hamid, Junaiti Sahar, and Saptawati Bardosono. "C10ommunity response to the initiation of smoking in Indonesian early adolescents: a qualitative study." International Journal of Adolescence and Youth (2019): 1-11.
Publication Date

Prevalence of smoking in Indonesia is on the increase. The trend is particularly noticeable among Indonesian adolescents with smoking in early adolescents increasing from 9.5 to 17.5% from 2001 to 2010.

Cannabidiol (CBD) Content in Vaporized Cannabis does not Prevent Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-induced Impairment of Driving and Cognition

Citation
Arkell, T.R., Lintzeris, N., Kevin, R.C. et al. Psychopharmacology (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-019-05246-8
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

The main psychoactive component of cannabis, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), can impair driving performance. Cannabidiol (CBD), a non-intoxicating cannabis component, is thought to mitigate certain adverse effects of THC. It is possible then that cannabis containing equivalent CBD and THC will differentially affect driving and cognition relative to THC-dominant cannabis.

Involving Service Users in Mental Health Policy Making

Citation
Lancaster, K., Seear, K., Treloar, C., & Ritter, A. (2017). The productive techniques and constitutive effects of ‘evidence-based policy’ and ‘consumer participation’ discourses in health policy processes. Social Science & Medicine, 176, 60-68.
Publication Date

There has been increasing support for the engagement of people who use mental services in the process of policy improvement. It would seem to make sense that those most directly affected by policy responses should have their views represented. This brings in to question the alternate forms of ‘evidence’ that can be used as part of evidence-based practice.

Mental Health in the Americas: An Overview of the Treatment Gap

Citation
Kohn R, Ali A, Puac-Polanco V, Figueroa C, López-Soto V, Morgan K, et al. Mental health in the Americas: an overview of the treatment gap. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018;42:e165. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2018.165
Publication Date

[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To understand the mental health treatment gap in the Region of the Americas by examining the prevalence of mental health disorders, use of mental health services, and the global burden of disease. Methods. Data from community-based surveys of mental disorders in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, and the United States were utilized.

Comparing Credentialing Requirements of Substance Abuse Treatment Staff by Funding Source

Citation
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2792883/
Publication Date

Studies have found that clinicians with higher education and/or attainment of national certification have a more favorable outlook regarding the adoption of evidence-based practices. However, staff hiring decisions may be based on a multitude of factors, including available resources and demands stemming from different funders.

Metabolic Pathways and Potencies of New Fentanyl Analogs

Citation
Wilde M, Pichini S, Pacifici R, Tagliabracci A, Busardò FP, Auwärter V and Solimini R (2019) Metabolic Pathways and Potencies of New Fentanyl Analogs. Front. Pharmacol. 10:238. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2019.00238
Publication Date

Up to now, little is known about the metabolic pathways of new fentanyl analogs that have recently emerged on the drug markets worldwide with high potential for producing addiction and severe adverse effects including coma and death. For some of the compounds, limited information on the metabolism has been published, however, for others so far no information is available.

Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder among Special Subpopulations: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis

Citation
Popova, S., Lange, S., Shield, K., Burd, L., and Rehm, J. ( 2019) Prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder among special subpopulations: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Addiction, https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14598.
Publication Date

Abstract

Aim

To collate prevalence estimates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) among special subpopulations (defined by service use).

Alcohol Misuse in the Armed Forces

Citation
Leightley, Daniel, Jo-Anne Puddephatt, Laura Goodwin, Roberto Rona, and Nicola T. Fear. "InDEx: Open Source iOS and Android Software for Self-Reporting and Monitoring of Alcohol Consumption." Journal of open research software 6 (2018).
Publication Date

Alcohol misuse in the UK armed forces is more than double than that of the general population, yet many of those who drink at harmful levels do not seek help. Preliminary research has shown how effective digital technologies can be used as a health intervention.