Research

Validation of an Electronic Health Record–Based Suicide Risk Prediction Modeling Approach Across Multiple Health Care Systems

Citation
Barak-Corren Y, Castro VM, Nock MK, et al. Validation of an Electronic Health Record–Based Suicide Risk Prediction Modeling Approach Across Multiple Health Care Systems. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201262. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1262
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Key Points

Question: Can a process for training machine-learning algorithms based on electronic health records identify individuals at increased risk of suicide attempts across independent health care systems?

The Effectiveness of a Guided Internet-Based Tool for the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety in Pregnancy (MamaKits Online): Randomized Controlled Trial

Citation
Heller HM, Hoogendoorn AW, Honig A, Broekman BF, van Straten A. The Effectiveness of a Guided Internet-Based Tool for the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety in Pregnancy (MamaKits Online): Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res 2020;22(3):e15172
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Conclusions: Our study did show a significant reduction in affective symptoms in both groups, but the differences in reduction of affective symptoms between the intervention and control groups were not significant. There were also no differences in perinatal child outcomes.

Association of Opioid Use with Pain and Satisfaction after Dental Extraction

Citation
Nalliah, R. P., Sloss, K. R., & Kenney, B. C. (2020). Association of opioid use with pain and satisfaction after dental extraction. JAMA Network Open, 3(3). doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0901
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Opioid prescriptions increased by 68% from 2010 to 2016 for new dental procedures among people not previously prescribed opioids. This study sheds light on the potential of unnecessary prescribing of opioids for dental procedures especially for people never prescribed opioids prior to their procedure.

Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Violations of a Campus Smoke-Free Policy: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Undergraduate Students on a University Campus in the USA

Citation
Ramachandran S, Bentley S, Casey E, et al Prevalence of and factors associated with violations of a campus smoke-free policy: a cross-sectional survey of undergraduate students on a university campus in the USA BMJ Open 2020;10:e030504. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030504
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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of smoking behaviour on campus and to identify the key factors that influence adherence to a campus smoke-free policy.

Systemic Review of Systemic Reviews Finds Numerous and Diverse Harms with Marijuana Use

Citation
Campeny, E., Lopez-Pelayo, H., Niett, D., Blithikioti, C., Oliveras, C., ... Gual, A. (2020). The blind men and the elephant: Systematic review of systematic reviews of cannabis use related health harms. European Neuropsycholopharmacology. doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.02.003
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Researchers attempted to assess the global harms associated with marijuana use and potentially define risky marijuana use in a systematic review of systematic reviews. Forty-four systematic reviews including over 1053 diverse studies were analyzed, with an average AMSTAR 2 rating of 60.1%, indicating low to moderate quality. Harm was divided into the following three categories: mental health harm, somatic harm, and physical harm.

The COVID-19 Outbreak and Psychiatric Hospitals in China: Managing Challenges through Mental Health Service Reform

Citation
Xiang, Y. T., Zhao, Y. J., Liu, Z. H., Li, X. H., Zhao, N., Cheung, T., & Ng, C. H. (2020). The COVID-19 outbreak and psychiatric hospitals in China: managing challenges through mental health service reform. Int J Biol Sci, 16(10), 1741-1744.
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Abstract

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use Among Transgender Girls and Young Women

Citation
Restar AJ, Jin H, Ogunbajo A, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use Among Transgender Girls and Young Women. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201015. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1015
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Abstract

Importance: Nonmedical prescription opioid use is a pressing public health issue in the United States.

Estimated Worldwide Mortality Attributed to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure, 1990-2016

Citation
Yousuf H, Hofstra M, Tijssen J, et al. Estimated Worldwide Mortality Attributed to Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure, 1990-2016. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201177. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1177
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Abstract

Importance: The World Health Organization estimates that the 1 billion individuals who smoke worldwide contribute to the 880 000 secondhand smoke (SHS)–related deaths among individuals who do not smoke each year.

Cognitive Outcomes of Young Children After Prenatal Exposure to Medications for Opioid Use Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation
Nelson LF, Yocum VK, Patel KD, Qeadan F, Hsi A, Weitzen S. Cognitive Outcomes of Young Children After Prenatal Exposure to Medications for Opioid Use Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201195. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1195
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Abstract

Importance: The number of children with prenatal opioid exposure to medication for addiction treatment (MAT) with methadone and buprenorphine for maternal opioid use disorder is increasing, but the associations of this exposure with cognitive outcomes are not well understood.

Codependency on Drug Abusers' Mothers

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Desirée Molina, A. Villalobos. José Félix Ribas Foundation, Venezuela

Codependency has been described as a significant health risk behavior, particularly for women, because codependent women are often involved in abusive and harmful relationships. Identification of individuals who are codependent is an important step in assisting them to engage in therapy and become a healthy support for drug abusers in treatment.

Role of Parenting Styles in Internalizing, Externalizing, and Adjustment Problems in Children

Citation
Moreno Méndez, J., Espada Sánchez, J., & Gómez Becerra, M. (2020). Role of parenting styles in internalizing, externalizing, and adjustment problems in children.Salud Mental, 43(2), 73-84. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2020.011

Abstract

Introduction. Different studies have reported the relationship of parenting styles with adjustment problems in children. However, it has not been specified which aspects of parenting styles play a central role in the manifestation of such psychological problems. 

Associations of Psychosocial Factors with Multiple Health Behaviors: A Population-Based Study of Middle-Aged Men and Women

Citation
Thomas, K., Nilsson, E., Festin, K., Henriksson, P., Lowén, M., Löf, M., & Kristenson, M. (2020). Associations of Psychosocial Factors with Multiple Health Behaviors: A Population-Based Study of Middle-Aged Men and Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(4), 1239.
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Abstract

 

First Alcohol Treatment Institutions in Today's Czech Republic and Slovak Republic

Citation
Šejvl, J., Gavurová, B., Barták, M., Mašlániová, M., & Miovský, M. (2019). First alcohol treatment institutions in today's Czech Republic and Slovak Republic. Central European Journal of Public Health, 27(Supplement), S55-S65.

Abstract

Objective:

Drawing on qualitative analysis of selected historical documents, the paper seeks to provide a definition of the general characteristics of the first institutional alcohol treatment facilities in today's Czech Republic and Slovakia, taking into account the historical context of the first half of the 20th century.

Association of Alcohol Screening Scores With Adverse Mental Health Conditions and Substance Use Among US Adults

Citation
Khan MR, Young KE, Caniglia EC, et al. Association of Alcohol Screening Scores With Adverse Mental Health Conditions and Substance Use Among US Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200895. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0895
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Abstract

Importance: Alcohol screening may be associated with health outcomes that cluster with alcohol use (ie, alcohol-clustering conditions), including depression, anxiety, and use of tobacco, marijuana, and illicit drugs.

Project Khanya: A Randomized, Hybrid Effectiveness-Implementation Trial of a Peer-Delivered Behavioral Intervention for ART Adherence and Substance Use in Cape Town, South Africa

Citation
Magidson, J.F., Joska, J.A., Myers, B. et al. Project Khanya: a randomized, hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial of a peer-delivered behavioral intervention for ART adherence and substance use in Cape Town, South Africa. Implement Sci Commun 1, 23 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43058-020-00004-w
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Abstract

Background

Substance use is prevalent in South Africa and associated with poor HIV treatment outcomes, yet, it is largely unaddressed in HIV care. Implementing an evidence-based, task-shared intervention for antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence and substance use integrated into HIV care may be a feasible and effective way to improve HIV treatment outcomes and reduce substance use in this population.

Long Term Change among People who Inject Drugs

Citation
Dong, H., Hayashi, K., Singer, J., Milloy, M. J., DeBeck, K., Wood, E., & Kerr, T. (2019). Trajectories of injection drug use among people who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada, 1996-2017: Growth mixture modeling using data from prospective cohort studies. Addiction, 114(12), 2173-2186. doi: 10.1111/add.14756
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The link is to Recovery Research Institute's summary of the findings from this long term longitudinal study of injection drug users in Vancouver Canada. It reports that there are five different trajectories for people who inject drugs. Twenty-four percent of study participants died in the ten year study time frame.

Outreach to People Who Survive Opioid Overdose

Citation
Langabeer, J., Champagne-Langabeer, T., Luber, S. D., Prater, S. J., Stotts, A., Kirages, K., ... & Chambers, K. A. (2020). Outreach to people who survive opioid overdose: Linkage and retention in treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 111, 11-15.

Often it takes a critical moment, such as when someone survives an overdose, to motivate behavioural change.

It is particularly important that at these times people have access to the appropriate treatment.

Trajectories of psychological distress during recovery from polysubstance use disorder

Citation
Aleksander H. Erga, Audhild Hønsi, Liss Gøril Anda-Ågotnes, Sverre Nesvåg, Morten Hesse & Egon Hagen (2020) Trajectories of psychological distress during recovery from polysubstance use disorder, Addiction Research & Theory, DOI: 10.1080/16066359.2020.1730822
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Abstract
Introduction: Polysubstance use is a prevalent substance use pattern with adverse effects on psychological distress and diminished treatment outcomes. Although polysubstance use often dominates clinical practice, the trajectories of substance use and psychological distress in the initial phase of treatment have been subject to few empirical investigations.

Importance of a Standard Unit Dose for Cannabis Research

Citation
Volkow, N. D., & Weiss, S. R. (2020). Importance of a standard unit dose for cannabis research. Addiction.
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A standardized measure for 9‐tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content in cannabis products is necessary to advance research both on the adverse effects of cannabis (e.g. risks for brain development, mental illness and addiction) and on the drug's potential medical uses.

Developmental Nicotine Exposure Engenders Intergenerational Downregulation and Aberrant Posttranslational Modification of Cardinal Epigenetic Factors in the Frontal Cortices, Striata, and Hippocampi of Adolescent Mice

Citation
Buck, J.M., O’Neill, H.C. & Stitzel, J.A. Developmental nicotine exposure engenders intergenerational downregulation and aberrant posttranslational modification of cardinal epigenetic factors in the frontal cortices, striata, and hippocampi of adolescent mice. Epigenetics & Chromatin 13, 13 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13072-020-00332-0
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Abstract

Background

Maternal smoking of traditional or electronic cigarettes during pregnancy, which constitutes developmental nicotine exposure (DNE), heightens the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders including ADHD, autism, and schizophrenia in children.

Reward Circuitry and Motivational Deficits in Social Anxiety Disorder: What Can Be Learned From Mouse Models?

Citation
Carlton, C. N., Sullivan-Toole, H., Ghane, M., & Richey, J. A. (2020). Reward Circuitry and Motivational Deficits in Social Anxiety Disorder: What Can be Learned from Mouse Models?. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 14, 154.
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Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common and serious psychiatric condition that typically emerges during adolescence and persists into adulthood if left untreated. Prevailing interventions focus on modulating threat and arousal systems but produce only modest rates of remission. This gap in efficacy suggests that most mainstream treatment concepts do not sufficiently target core processes involved in the onset and maintenance of SAD.

How Does Parental Supply of Alcohol Affect Risk of Alcohol‐Related Harms in Early Adulthood?

Citation
Clare, P. J., Dobbins, T., Bruno, R., Peacock, A., Boland, V., Yuen, W. S., Aiken, A., Degenhardt, L., Kypri, K., Slade, T., Hutchinson, D., Najman, J. M., McBride, N., Horwood, J., McCambridge, J., and Mattick, R. P. ( 2020) The overall effect of parental supply of alcohol across adolescence on alcohol‐related harms in early adulthood – a prospective cohort study. Addiction, https://doi.org/10.1111/add.15005.

There is evidence to suggest that adolescents who receive alcohol from their parents are at higher risk of developing harmful drinking patterns later on in life.

Despite the concerning link, the knowledge around this subject remains unclear. 

A recent study in Australia has sought to gain a more reliable understanding of the issue through analysing longitudinal data.

Differences in Availability and Use of Medications for Opioid Use Disorder in Residential Treatment Settings in the United States

Citation
Huhn AS, Hobelmann JG, Strickland JC, et al. Differences in Availability and Use of Medications for Opioid Use Disorder in Residential Treatment Settings in the United States. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(2):e1920843. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.20843
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Opioid use and Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) continues to be a significant public health concern in the United States.

Several medications for OUD (MOUDs) are now considered by the medical community to be the criterion standard in OUD recovery

While many individuals with opioid use disorder seek treatment at residential facilities to initiate long-term recovery, the availability and use of MOUDs in these facilities are unclear.

Heavy Cannabis Use, Dependence and the Brain

Citation
Kroon, E., Kuhns, L., Hoch, E., and Cousijn, J. ( 2020) Heavy cannabis use, dependence and the brain: a clinical perspective. Addiction, 115: 559– 572. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14776.

Although cannabis use disorder (CUD) is one of the most common substance use disorders (SUDs), the impact of CUD on the brain remains unclear and understudied.

In a recent article, published in Addiction journal, researchers from the University of Amsterdam and Ludwig Maximilan University have brought together the existing research on the relationship between heavy cannabis use, cannabis use disorder (CUD) and the brain.

Structural characteristics of subjective networks in Community Treatment

Citation
Acta Psiquiátrica y Psicológica de América Latina
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Subjective networks are one of the central subjects of Community Treatment. This two-part brief presents some data on the structural characteristics of personal networks in order to have some benchmarks for describing the characteristics of subjective networks. The second part presents data from an exploratory study on the structural characteristics of subjective networks.

Is Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) Effective for Addressing Substance Use among Adolescents?

Citation
Inman, D., El-Mallakh, P., Jensen, L., Ossege, J., & Scott, L. (2020). Addressing Substance Use in Adolescents: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 16(1), 69-73.

Nicotine, alcohol and marijuana are the most widely used substances among adolescents. These substances, however, can have serious negative consequences for brain development, making substance use among adolescents a major public health issue.