Epidemiology, Day 3, Track 3, 09:00-10:30

Created by
Pierluigi Mancini, Ph.D., Vlahopoulou Melpomeni Ioanna, Dr. Samir Mohamed Foad Abou El Magd
Publication Date
Format
ISSUP Events

Presented as part of the Uniting the global community to face the challenge of addiction event, in-person on 14th May, 2022

Presentations:

  • Finding Culturally Responsive Evidence-Based Program for Latinos - Pierluigi Mancini, Ph.D.
  • “Family and drug addiction: An attempt to explore its connection through the lived experiences of the members of the prison based therapeutic community KETHEA PROMITHEAS” - Vlahopoulou Melpomeni Ioanna
  • Gender differences in sex addiction among recovered addicts with opioid use disorders - Dr. Samir Mohamed Foad Abou El Magd 

Abstracts:

  • Finding Culturally Responsive Evidence-Based Program for Latinos - Pierluigi Mancini, Ph.D.

This presentation presents an eCompendium and Guide, a 12-month project by dedicated professionals, it will demonstrate to the participants a systematic review of a number of Evidence Based Programs (EBP) related to resilience in prevention and treatment. The eCompendium is a result of a review of EBP programs that target alcohol and drug misuse, tobacco/nicotine use (including vaping), behavior or emotional functioning, suicide risk, or post-traumatic stress derived from 6 well-known registries and their ability to support Hispanic/Latinx communities. The main objective is to introduce the eCompendium and Guide as a tool for providers, administrators, directors, education leaders, and community groups to easily identify EBPs appropriate for Latino populations in the areas of alcohol and drug misuse, tobacco/nicotine use (including vaping), behavior or emotional functioning, suicide risk, or post-traumatic stress and using local experiential and contextual evidence to optimize the practical fit of an EBP to specific communities. Furthermore, the guide will demonstrate to the participants how to implement the program in a culturally responsive manner, using research, experiential, and contextual evidence.

The presentation will include a demonstration of (1) a decision tree that can assist potential providers to select an EBP from the eCompendium that best fits their communities’ needs and (2) an algorithm that describes the use of the local experiential and contextual evidence to create an optimal cultural fit to their communities, given the limitations of culturally responsive and ethnically targeted EBPs currently available in registries.

  • “Family and drug addiction: An attempt to explore its connection through the lived experiences of the members of the prison based therapeutic community KETHEA PROMITHEAS” - Vlahopoulou Melpomeni Ioanna

The aim of the research is to provide an accurate portrayal of the experiences of the members of the therapeutic community KETHEA PROMITHEAS, regarding the structure and functioning of the family and how it may have contributed to the establishment of substance addiction. 

The sample consisted of 22 members of the therapeutic community KETHEA PROMITHEAS, operating in the Judicial Prison of Diavata. 

A semi-structured interview was used for data collection and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used for data analysis. The present research is in the form of a secondary analysis, as data used in previous research. 
The findings revealed that the structure and function of the family appear to play a decisive role in establishing substance addiction. The climate within the family, relationships with parents, the presence of close relatives who are or were addicted, the absence of boundaries, poor communication, school dropout, and psychopressive events seem to be common places for most people participating. The need to imply quality and effective family programs has emerged. 

  • Gender differences in sex addiction among recovered addicts with opioid use disorders - Dr. Samir Mohamed Foad Abou El Magd

Background

There is a lack of evidence in the literature about the impact of offspring addiction and their parents' mental health. So we aim to explore psychiatric disorders in parents of patients with substance dependence and their effect on the severity of their addiction.

Materials and methods

This is a cross sectional study contained 150 patients and their parents whom were diagnosed with substance dependence according to DSM-IV criteria. Patients were recruited form Psychiatry and Addiction Prevention Hospital of Cairo University; Faculty of Medicine

Results

In the patients group, mean age was 24.89 (±4.52) and ranging from 18 to36 years. 96% of them were males 4% were females. In the parent group, mean age was 51.59 (±5.48) and ranging from 49 to 65years. 84% of them were mothers 16 % were females.

Patients group was associated with moderate degree of education (46.7%), 73.3% were single and 64% were unemployed. Anxiety disorders (80%) and depressive disorders (69.3%) were the most prevalent among parents group.

ASI score was a statistically significant in predicting the incidence of parents psychotic and schizoid disorders (100% sensitivity, 86.3% specificity, AUC=0.887, P value <0.0001).Besides we found a significant correlation between patients ASI scores and parents psychiatric disorder.

Conclusion

This result emphasizes the relation between patient substance use disorder and psychiatric disorder of their parents. Patients ASI score may be a possible measure for parents mental disorder. Further research is needed to validate our findings.

Resource Language

English

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