Socioeconomic Inequalities in the Delivery of Brief Interventions for Smoking and Excessive Drinking: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Household Survey in England
Objectives: Brief interventions (BI) for smoking and risky drinking are effective and cost-effective policy approaches to reducing alcohol harm currently used in primary care in England; however, little is known about their contribution to health inequalities.
There is evidence to suggest clear social and economic inequalities in adolescent smoking and alcohol use.
A recent study has used data from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) to examine socioeconomic inequalities in harmful adolescent substance use across 24 European countries at two time points: 2007 (n= 473,877) and 2011 (n= 471,060).
Background: Smoking contributes to socioeconomic inequalities in mortality, but the extent to which this contribution has changed over time and driven widening or narrowing inequalities in total mortality remains unknown. We studied socioeconomic inequalities in smoking-attributable mortality and their contribution to inequalities in total mortality in 1990–1994 and 2000–2004 in 14 European countries.