Should Cigarette Pack Sizes be Capped?
In an attempt to prevent harmful tobacco use, countries have introduced policies such as the minimum number of cigarettes. This increases the cost of buying
Smoking, and the desire to smoke, cigarettes amongst high school students in the United States is currently at an all-time low, according to a recent article published in Preventing Chronic Disease. The study found that between 2012 – 2014 the percentage of cigarette ever-use amongst students fell from 26.4% to 22.4%. Similarly, the percentage of cigar ever-use fell from 21.2% to 17.6%.
E-cigarettes are becoming more and more popular. As such, many in the field of drug prevention and treatment are eager to uncover how they affect our health. E-cigarettes do not contain tobacco.
To drink alcohol at sporting events has become the social norm. A new study conducted collaboratively by Eastern Health and Turning Point Alcohol and Drugs Centre has discovered that drunkenness and related harm in Australia tend to reach peak levels on the days of, and in those leading up to, major sports events.
Levels of alcohol consumption have generally decreased in the West over the last ten years.
Are the poor smoking more? An article published recently in the journal Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy sets out to answer just that. It explores the link between teenage marijuana use and income inequality in the national contexts of developed countries specifically.
A new study carried out by researchers at the University of Stirling has discovered a link between self-control and lifelong smoking habits.
New research published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs supports evidence that alcohol adverts influence underage drinking.
According to new research smoking marijuana regularly distorts the brain’s natural risk and reward circuitry which, in turn, can affect people’s decision-making as well as their ability to maintain relationships.
Mass-media can be a great means for sharing knowledge and information. A study recently published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) aimed to determine whether such channels are successful in reducing the intention to use, and the consumption of, illegal drugs. In a systematic review of existing mass-media drug usage prevention campaigns, the study found mixed levels of effectiveness.
Student life and excessive drinking often go hand-in-hand. New research has found that it is students with low self-esteem that are more likely to indulge in unhealthy drinking behaviours than those with higher confidence levels.
Up to 50% of children who try tobacco cigarettes for the first time are likely to become regular smokers within three years. At the same time, experimentation with e-cigarettes is increasing. It is now more common for 11- to 15-year-olds in England, for example, to have tried an e-cigarette than a regular cigarette.
The prevalence of binge drinking is highest amongst 18- to 24-year-olds. In the United States around 1,800 college students die from unintentional alcohol-related injuries each year. Given the growth of the Internet in the last twenty years or so, online intervention programmes can provide added benefits compared to traditional methods of health promotion.
Eighty percent of 3- to 17-year-olds play some form of sport. Practitioners in the field of drug prevention have looked to promote sporting activity as a healthy alternative to substance use amongst young people.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the world’s most common developmental conditions. A recent collaborative study conducted in the United States and subsequently published in the journal Addiction shows that greater levels of impulsive behaviour (e.g.
Suicide ranks among the top five causes of death among 15- to 19-year-olds. Research has shown that youth who misuse drugs are more likely to commit suicide than their peers who do not abuse substances. An estimated 27-50 percent of adolescents who committed suicide were found to display signs of substance use disorder.
The use of e-cigarettes, also known as vaping, has become more popular among teens in recent years and has caused concern over a rise in nicotine intake among young people. In order to learn more about the percentage of nicotine consumption among e-cigarette users, a survey asked American students about the substances that they used when vaping.
Previous research has shown that young athletes might be at greater risk of nonmedical prescription opioid use due to injuries. However, a new study found that sports participation might act as a protective factor against opioid as well as heroin use. Young people who engaged in sports and exercise were less likely to use opioids without a doctor’s prescription. They were also less likely to use heroin compared to their non-athlete peers.
According to a recent study, students who smoke marijuana and drink alcohol tend to get lower grades and have poorer mental health. Marijuana users were also more likely to engage in delinquent behaviour and were less prepared for school. A group of researchers surveyed more than 6,000 Californian students from 16 different schools over a period of seven years. They also found differences in outcomes across ethnicities.
‘Drunkorexia’ is becoming increasingly popular among young people in the UK. This new phenomenon describes the risky practice of avoiding food in order to be able to drink more. The practice has been particularly popular among young females who are conscious about their calorie intake before a night out.
A new study offers a glimpse into the link between mental health disorders and drug use among secondary school students in Brazil. Researchers at Columbia University and the Federal University of São Paulo found that students with symptoms of a mental illness were more likely to use alcohol, tobacco and marijuana in the past month than those without symptoms.
A new study has found that exposure to alcohol marketing increases the amount and frequency of drinking among young people across Europe. More than 9,000 students in the Netherlands, Germany, Italy and Poland provided information about their alcohol intake as well as their exposure to a variety of alcohol marketing (e.g. television ads, online marketing, sponsorship of sports, music events, ownership of alcohol branded promotional items, recei
Even though scientific advances over the past decades have supported the concept of addiction as a brain disease, skepticism remains. Recent research has aimed to reinforce the link between addiction and brain functions and broaden the understanding of addiction as a brain disease. A team of leading researchers has shown that regular drug use can lead to:
During the past 2 decades, nearly half of U.S. states implemented policies that sanction marijuana use for medical purposes. Researchers have been hard put, however, to draw firm conclusions about the policies’ public health ramifications. Now, NIDA-supported researchers have found that providing legal and practical access to marijuana may have both positive and negative impacts.
In the first long-term follow-up of patients treated with buprenorphine/naloxone (Bp/Nx) for addiction to opioid pain relievers, half reported that they were abstinent from the drugs 18 months after starting the therapy. After 3.5 years, the portion who reported being abstinent had risen further, to 61 percent, and fewer than 10 percent met diagnostic criteria for dependence on the drugs.
NIDA's infographic outlining the facts around E-cigarettes.
On 3rd September 2015, the UK's Office of National Statistics released a Statistical Bulletin Deaths related to drug poisoning in England and Wales, 2014 registrations. The report's main points included a number of serious statistics demonstrating increases, with the total registered drug poisoning deaths reaching 3,346, the highest since records began in 1993. The report states:
'Addiction' the journal produced by the American Society for the Study of Addiction have created a useful resource for those involved with the study of addiction. They have compiled a list of all their articles published in 2015, with the key finding of each piece. The list can be organised by key issues, or perused in full. Check it out!