Impact of pandemic on Addiction Treatment Centers in Latin America
Preliminary report of the study "Overall impact of the pandemic in the Addiction Treatment Centers of Latin America", which aims to explain the overall impact
Question: Is there a biological association between D2 dopamine receptor gene (DRD2) and alcohol use disorder?
Question: Are state punitive or reporting policies related to substance use during pregnancy associated with rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS)?
An evidence-based commentary review of both data and narratives that have been engaged to shape perception of drug use engagement and uptake. The paper invites the reader to re-examine the current themes through a different research lens.
This study was conducted to understand the predictive role of perceived mother, father and peer attachment in depressive symptoms of adolescents living with fathers diagnosed with substance use disorder. The quantitative study was conducted at various drug rehabilitation centres in Karachi from January 2016 to September 2017, and comprised adolescents living with fathers diagnosed with substance use disorder. Of the 150 participants, 82 (55%)
This article introduces the emergence of adulterant cutting agents in street drugs in the United States and considers the synergistic effects that is compounding the opioids crisis in the U.S. The article outlines the role of the Colombo Plan in pioneering identification of these substances around the world over the past years with support from the U.S.
Question: Is parental marijuana use associated with marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol use and opioid misuse by adolescent and young adult offspring living in the same household?
Background: Rates of cannabis use among patients receiving methadone maintenance therapy are high, and cannabis use may be associated with outcomes of methadone maintenance therapy. We examined the effect of cannabis use on opioid use in patients receiving methadone maintenance therapy to test the hypothesis that cannabis use is associated with a reduction in opioid use.
The purpose of this study was to identify the risk circumstances of alcohol consumption and strategies to successfully deal with relapse or abuse in a group of adolescents who completed a short intervention program. The study was conducted at the Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes between 2007 and 2011; 70 adolescents attended school. The average age of the participants was 16.2 years (31 men and 39 women).
The objective of this work was to identify the non-specific variables related to the success of a short intervention program for adolescent alcohol-consuming adolescents, based on the experience and opinion of a group of therapists in the program. Information obtained in interviews with eight therapists and two project leaders is reported.
A study by Lucia Parente and Luís Camboim reports the abusive presence of alcohol consumption by children and adolescents in our society. Alcoholism is a serious problem and considered a public health risk. Laws no. 9,294/96 and 8,069/90 prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages to children under eighteen years of age, as a way to prevent young people from the consequences arising from this type of narcotics.
This study examined a community–university partnership model for sustained, high-quality implementation of evidence-based interventions. In the context of a randomized study, it assessed whether implementation quality for both family-focused and school-based universal interventions could be achieved and maintained through community–university partnerships. It also conducted exploratory analyses of factors influencing implementation quality.
Cannabis use is decreasing in England and Wales, while demand for cannabis treatment in addiction services continues to rise. This could be partly due to an increased availability of high-potency cannabis.
Objectives: Many suicides take place in public locations, usually involving jumping from high places or use of transport networks. Previous research has largely focused on the effectiveness of physical barriers at frequently used locations. There have been no studies of human intervention to prevent suicides in public places.
Research on abuse linked with substance use has tended to focus on child abuse and intimate partner violence.
There have been considerably fewer studies on the nature of abuse committed by children against their parents.
The identification and treatment of the substance-abusing physician has led to outcome studies focusing on years of abstinence and resultant work performance, but little has been written addressing the therapeutic changes recovery brings in the personal lives of these physicians or in their approach to similarly addicted patients.
The therapeutic alliance is well-recognized as an integral part of psychotherapy; however, there is little understanding of how it is best utilized in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs), particularly in young adults. In this study, researchers identified baseline predictors of the therapeutic alliance mid-treatment, and evaluated whether the therapeutic alliance had an impact on changes observed during treatment. Researchers spe
Despite the well-documented detrimental effects of opioid abuse, misuse of prescription opioids remains high among adolescents and young adults in the U.S. While measures have been implemented to prevent prescription opioid diversion, such as prescription drug monitoring programs, access to friends’ and family members’ prescription opioids is an important driver of prescription opioid abuse among adolescents and young adults.
A maconha é a droga ilícita mais utilizada ao redor do mundo todo e atualmente existe muitos debates em torno de seu uso e legalização. Muitas vezes, a iniciação ao uso dessa droga começa na adolescência, período importante para o desenvolvimento neural e psicossocial das pessoas.
Objectives: Mental health problems and hazardous alcohol consumption often co-exist. Hazardous drinking could have a negative impact on different aspects of health and also negatively influence the effect of mental health treatment. The aims of this study were to examine if alcohol consumption patterns changed after treatment for depression and if the changes differed by treatment arm and patient sex.
Question: Is 800 μg of naloxone hydrochloride administered intranasally as effective in reversing opioid overdose as the same dose administered intramuscularly?
Dependence to prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs represents an increasing public health and clinical problem both in England and internationally. However, relatively little is known about those affected, particularly in relation to their management at drug dependence treatment centres.
The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study is an ongoing longitudinal study funded by the U.S. National Institute on Health.
Background: Suicide attempts (SA) and other types of self-harm (SH) are strong predictors of death by suicide in adolescents, emphasizing the need to investigate therapeutic interventions in reduction of these and other symptoms.
Adolescent alcohol dependence and anxiety frequently co-occur, leading researchers to examine the link between these two disorders.
Stimulants drugs increase the activity of the central nervous system producing feelings of euphoria, increased confidence, sociability, energy, and wakefulness.
Alcohol consumption is generally high among undergraduate students and may lead to adverse consequences. Drinking motives play a vital role in the development of alcohol-related problems. The Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) and the short form of DMQ-R, DMQ-R SF, are widely used tools to identify drinking motives.
Health care workers in the addiction field have long emphasised the importance of a patient’s motivation on the outcome of treatments for substance use disorders (SUDs). Many patients entering treatment are not yet ready to make the changes required for recovery and are often unprepared or sometimes unwilling to modify their behaviour.
Substance dependence is considered an international health issue and studies that access the characteristic of this population are required to develop public health programs for harm reduction.