Alcohol Consumption and Parenthood
A recent study sought to determine the extent to which the transition to parenthood protects against problematic alcohol consumption.
Seeking to qualify the public debate on drug policy and guide the actions of its members, the Brazilian Drug Policy Platform conducted a survey with the Federal Legislative Branch to map the opinions and perceptions of the congressmen on the current drug policy in the country.
Alcohol outlets will open to sell alcohol and meet market demand. The supply and demand are linked so that greater supply will induce yet greater demand.
There has been a steady decline in alcohol consumption in Australia over the past decade.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) transmissions among people who inject drugs (PWID) continue to pose a challenging global health problem. Here, we aimed to analyse a universally applicable inactivation procedure, namely microwave irradiation, as a safe and effective method to reduce the risk of viral transmission.
Consuming alcohol often comes with negative side effects, such as nausea or headaches, however we have a tendency to remember the positive experience of drinking rather than the negative consequences.
The endocannabinoid system is widespread throughout the central nervous system and its type 1 receptor (CB1) plays a crucial role in preventing the neurotoxicity caused by activation of glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). Indeed, it is the activity of NMDARs themselves that provides the demands on the endogenous cannabinoids in order to control their calcium currents.
Cannabis remains the most commonly used illicit drug worldwide and, with the rise of decriminalisation and legalization of marijuana for medical and recreational use, it is expected this will increase even further.
Opioid Use Disorder (OUD), and the associated risk of overdose and death, is becoming one of the most prevalent threats to health and social wellbeing in the United States.
Cocaine addiction is linked with uncontrollable drug seeking. Cues within the environment act as a constant reminder of the experience and can lead to relapse.
Both alcohol and cannabis misuse is linked with impaired mental functioning. Understanding the impact of substance use is particularly important when studying the developing brain.
Since the introduction of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in 2003, the technology has advanced allowing for greater user modifications, with users now able to control voltage, battery power, and constituents of the e-cigarette liquid.
Con el objetivo de conocer la experiencia migratoria a Estados Unidos de mujeres mexicanas, de identificar si cuentan con redes sociales cercanas de usuarias de drogas, así como valorar la presencia de consumo de dichas sustancias y si esto tiene alguna relación con la experiencia migratoria, se diseño una investigación de tipo exploratorio.
The Chilean Ministry of Health recently disclosed the first results of the 2016–2017 National Health Survey (Encuesta Nacional de Salud, ENS). The survey was cross-sectional and used a multistage stratified random sampling strategy resulting in a final sample of 6 233 persons ≥ 15 years old, with national, regional, and urban/rural representativeness.
People with substance use disorders (SUD) have high rates of hospitalization and readmission, long lengths of stay, and skyrocketing healthcare costs. Yet, models for improving care are extremely limited.
Population-based epidemiological research has established that refugees in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) are at increased risk for a range of mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) problems.
Tobacco control interventions introduced in the United States over the past 50 years have led to notable decrease in smoking and smoking-related diseases, including lung cancer.
It has been suggested that cannabis use increases risk of driving collisions through affecting braking and choice reaction time; causing impairment of lane position, disrupting head-way and dynamic tracking; distorting time perception; reducing divided and sustained attention; and increasing caution. <
Often individuals with substance use disorders show signs of impaired attention/ mental control, information processing or general cognitive functioning.
Objectives: Two epidemics in the United States are related: opioid drug injection and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study quantifies the relationship between illicit/prescription drug misuse and HCV infection in 3 population generations: baby boomers (born 1945–1965, inclusive), pre-baby boomers, and post-baby boomers.
Non-drinking among young people has increased over the past decade in England, yet the underlying factor driving this change is unknown. Traditionally non-drinking has been found to be associated with lower socio-economic status and poorer health.
Although cigarette smoking among adults in the United States has been steadily decreasing, rates continue to remain high amongst certain vulnerable populations.
The World Health Organization developed the Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) as guidelines for innovative utilization of available resources in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in order to accelerate the reduction of the mental health treatment gap.
Drug and Alcohol Findings have announced the top five studies in the field of drug education.
It is believed that the number of people living with dementia will triple by 2050. There is yet no cure for the disease therefore prevention is key. There are several modifiable lifestyle risk factors that are thought to be associated with cognitive decline in later life.
A recent study has found that Native American adolescents are at greater risk of alcohol and drug abuse than other American teens.
Individuals suffering from substance use disorders develop strong associations between the drug’s stimulating effect and environmental cues that act as reminders of the experience, which can lead to relapse.
It has been suggested that individuals with low self-esteem are more likely to choose maladaptive coping behaviors, such as abuse of opioids, when faced with life stressors.<