Research

Assessment of the Association of D2 Dopamine Receptor Gene and Reported Allele Frequencies With Alcohol Use Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation
Jung Y, Montel RA, Shen P, Mash DC, Goldman D. Assessment of the Association of D2 Dopamine Receptor Gene and Reported Allele Frequencies With Alcohol Use Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1914940. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.14940
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Key Points

Question: Is there a biological association between D2 dopamine receptor gene (DRD2) and alcohol use disorder?

Association of Punitive and Reporting State Policies Related to Substance Use in Pregnancy With Rates of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Citation
Faherty LJ, Kranz AM, Russell-Fritch J, Patrick SW, Cantor J, Stein BD. Association of Punitive and Reporting State Policies Related to Substance Use in Pregnancy With Rates of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1914078. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.14078
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Key Points

Question: Are state punitive or reporting policies related to substance use during pregnancy associated with rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS)?

Depression and Perceived Attachment of Adolescents with Fathers with Substance-Use Disorder

Citation
Zia, A., & Shahzad, S. (2019). Depression and perceived Attachment of adolescents with fathers having with substance-Use disorder. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 69(12), 1855-1859. JPMA 69: 1855; 2019) DOI:10.5455/JPMA.15016.
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This study was conducted to understand the predictive role of perceived mother, father and peer attachment in depressive symptoms of adolescents living with fathers diagnosed with substance use disorder. The quantitative study was conducted at various drug rehabilitation centres in Karachi from January 2016 to September 2017, and comprised adolescents living with fathers diagnosed with substance use disorder. Of the 150 participants, 82 (55%)

The Emerging Role of Toxic Adulterants in Street Drugs in the US Illicit Opioid Crisis

Citation
DOI: 10.1177/0033354919887741 journals.sagepub.com/home/phr
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This article introduces the emergence of adulterant cutting agents in street drugs in the United States and considers the synergistic effects that is compounding the opioids crisis in the U.S.  The article outlines the role of the Colombo Plan in pioneering identification of these substances around the world over the past years with support from the U.S.

Associations of Parental Marijuana Use with Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse

Citation
Madras BK, Han B, Compton WM, Jones CM, Lopez EI, McCance-Katz EF. Associations of Parental Marijuana Use With Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse. JAMA Netw Open.2019;2(11):e1916015. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16015
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Key Points

Question: Is parental marijuana use associated with marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol use and opioid misuse by adolescent and young adult offspring living in the same household?

 

Cannabis Use during Methadone Maintenance Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation
CMAJ Open 2019. DOI:10.9778/cmajo.20190026
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Abstract

Background: Rates of cannabis use among patients receiving methadone maintenance therapy are high, and cannabis use may be associated with outcomes of methadone maintenance therapy. We examined the effect of cannabis use on opioid use in patients receiving methadone maintenance therapy to test the hypothesis that cannabis use is associated with a reduction in opioid use.

Teen confrontation strategies that concluded a short intervention program in alcohol consumption

Citation
Martínez Martínez, Kalina Isela, Bárcenas Meléndez, Adriana, & Pacheco Trejo, Ayme Yolanda. (2012). En voz de la experiencia: Estrategias de enfrentamiento en adolescentes que concluyeron un programa de intervención breve en consumo de alcohol. Salud mental, 35(6), 505-512. Recuperado en 20 de noviembre de 2019, de http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0185-33252012000600008&lng=es&tlng=es.
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The purpose of this study was to identify the risk circumstances of alcohol consumption and strategies to successfully deal with relapse or abuse in a group of adolescents who completed a short intervention program. The study was conducted at the Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes between 2007 and 2011; 70 adolescents attended school. The average age of the participants was 16.2 years (31 men and 39 women).

The Art of Being a Therapist

Citation
Pacheco Trejo, Ayme, & Martínez Martínez, Kalina (2013). EL ARTE DE SER TERAPEUTA. ¿QUÉ HACE EFECTIVA UNA INTERVENCIÓN EN EL CONSUMO DE DROGAS?. Enseñanza e Investigación en Psicología, 18(1), undefined-undefined. [fecha de Consulta 20 de Noviembre de 2019]. ISSN: 0185-1594. Disponible en: https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=292/29228948011
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The objective of this work was to identify the non-specific variables related to the success of a short intervention program for adolescent alcohol-consuming adolescents, based on the experience and opinion of a group of therapists in the program. Information obtained in interviews with eight therapists and two project leaders is reported.

Technology Transfer in the Area of Addictions

Citation
Martínez Martínez, Kalina Isela, & Medina-Mora Icaza, María Elena. (2013). Transferencia tecnológica en el área de adicciones: El programa de intervención breve para adolescentes, retos y perspectivas. Salud mental, 36(6), 505-512. Recuperado en 20 de noviembre de 2019, de http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0185-33252013000600008&lng=es&tlng=es.
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Summary

Early alcoholism: prevention is a challenge in search of your fight

Citation
Lucia de Fátima da Silva Parente e Luís de França Camboim Neto
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A study by Lucia Parente and Luís Camboim reports the abusive presence of alcohol consumption by children and adolescents in our society. Alcoholism is a serious problem and considered a public health risk. Laws no. 9,294/96 and 8,069/90 prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages to children under eighteen years of age, as a way to prevent young people from the consequences arising from this type of narcotics.

Prosper Study of Evidence-Based Intervention Implementation Quality by Community-University Partnership

Citation
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2849143/pdf/nihms57729.pdf
Publication Date

This study examined a community–university partnership model for sustained, high-quality implementation of evidence-based interventions. In the context of a randomized study, it assessed whether implementation quality for both family-focused and school-based universal interventions could be achieved and maintained through community–university partnerships. It also conducted exploratory analyses of factors influencing implementation quality.

Examining the Profile of High-Potency Cannabis and its Association with Severity of Cannabis Dependence

Citation
Freeman, T. P., & Winstock, A. R. (2015). Examining the profile of high-potency cannabis and its association with severity of cannabis dependence. Psychological medicine, 45(15), 3181-3189.

Abstract

Background

Cannabis use is decreasing in England and Wales, while demand for cannabis treatment in addiction services continues to rise. This could be partly due to an increased availability of high-potency cannabis.

Method

Intervening to Prevent a Suicide in a Public Place: A Qualitative Study of Effective Interventions by Lay People

Citation
Owens C, Derges J, Abraham CIntervening to prevent a suicide in a public place: a qualitative study of effective interventions by lay peopleBMJ Open 2019;9:e032319. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032319
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Abstract

Objectives: Many suicides take place in public locations, usually involving jumping from high places or use of transport networks. Previous research has largely focused on the effectiveness of physical barriers at frequently used locations. There have been no studies of human intervention to prevent suicides in public places.

Parents’ Experiences of Abuse by their Adult Children with Drug Problems

Citation
Svensson, B., Richert, T., & Johnson, B. (2019). Parents’ experiences of abuse by their adult children with drug problems. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. https://doi.org/10.1177/1455072519883464
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Research on abuse linked with substance use has tended to focus on child abuse and intimate partner violence. 

There have been considerably fewer studies on the nature of abuse committed by children against their parents.

Self-Disclosure and the Treatment of Substance Abuse

Citation
Dilts, S. L., Clark, C. A., & Harmon, R. J. (1997). Self-disclosure and the treatment of substance abuse. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 14(1), 67–70. doi: 10.1016/s0740-5472(96)00191-2
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Abstract

The identification and treatment of the substance-abusing physician has led to outcome studies focusing on years of abstinence and resultant work performance, but little has been written addressing the therapeutic changes recovery brings in the personal lives of these physicians or in their approach to similarly addicted patients.

The Role of Therapeutic Alliance in Substance Use Disorder Treatment for Young Adults

Citation
Urbanoski, K. A., Kelly, J. F., Hoeppner, B. B., & Slaymaker, V. (2012). The role of therapeutic alliance in substance use disorder treatment for young adults. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 43(3), 344–351. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2011.12.013
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The therapeutic alliance is well-recognized as an integral part of psychotherapy; however, there is little understanding of how it is best utilized in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs), particularly in young adults.  In this study, researchers identified baseline predictors of the therapeutic alliance mid-treatment, and evaluated whether the therapeutic alliance had an impact on changes observed during treatment.  Researchers spe

Strategies Needed to Prevent Diversion of Prescription Opioids to Youth

Citation
Hudgins, J. D., Porter, J. J., Monuteaux, M. C., & Bourgeois, F. T. (2019). Prescription opioid use and misuse among adolescents and young adults in the United States: A national survey study. PLOS Medicine, 16(11). doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002922
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Despite the well-documented detrimental effects of opioid abuse, misuse of prescription opioids remains high among adolescents and young adults in the U.S. While measures have been implemented to prevent prescription opioid diversion, such as prescription drug monitoring programs, access to friends’ and family members’ prescription opioids is an important driver of prescription opioid abuse among adolescents and young adults.

Maconha: estudo mostra prejuízo cognitivo em usuários da droga em longo ou pequeno prazo

Citation
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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A maconha é a droga ilícita mais utilizada ao redor do mundo todo e atualmente existe muitos debates em torno de seu uso e legalização. Muitas vezes, a iniciação ao uso dessa droga começa na adolescência, período importante para o desenvolvimento neural e psicossocial das pessoas.

Changes in Alcohol Consumption after Treatment for Depression: A Secondary Analysis of the Swedish Randomised Controlled Study REGASSA

Citation
Strid C, Hallgren M, Forsell Y, et al Changes in alcohol consumption after treatment for depression: a secondary analysis of the Swedish randomised controlled study REGASSA BMJ Open 2019;9:e028236. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028236
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Abstract

Objectives: Mental health problems and hazardous alcohol consumption often co-exist. Hazardous drinking could have a negative impact on different aspects of health and also negatively influence the effect of mental health treatment. The aims of this study were to examine if alcohol consumption patterns changed after treatment for depression and if the changes differed by treatment arm and patient sex.

Effect of Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone on Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Dietze P, Jauncey M, Salmon A, et al. Effect of Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone on Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1914977. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.14977
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Key Points

Question: Is 800 μg of naloxone hydrochloride administered intranasally as effective in reversing opioid overdose as the same dose administered intramuscularly?

Staff Perceptions of Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drug Dependence Services in England: A Qualitative Study

Citation
Coombes, H., Cooper, R.J. Staff perceptions of prescription and over-the-counter drug dependence services in England: a qualitative study. Addict Sci Clin Pract 14, 41 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13722-019-0170-4
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Abstract

Background

Dependence to prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs represents an increasing public health and clinical problem both in England and internationally. However, relatively little is known about those affected, particularly in relation to their management at drug dependence treatment centres.

A Further Look at Therapeutic Interventions for Suicide Attempts and Self-Harm in Adolescents: An Updated Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Citation
Iyengar U, Snowden N, Asarnow JR, Moran P, Tranah T and Ougrin D (2018) A Further Look at Therapeutic Interventions for Suicide Attempts and Self-Harm in Adolescents: An Updated Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Front. Psychiatry 9:583. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00583
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Background: Suicide attempts (SA) and other types of self-harm (SH) are strong predictors of death by suicide in adolescents, emphasizing the need to investigate therapeutic interventions in reduction of these and other symptoms.

Alcohol Use: The Role of Generalised Anxiety Disorder and Drinking to Cope

Citation
Dyer, M. L., Heron, J., Hickman, M., & Munafò, M. R. (2019). Alcohol use in late adolescence and early adulthood: The role of generalized anxiety disorder and drinking to cope motives. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 107480.
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Adolescent alcohol dependence and anxiety frequently co-occur, leading researchers to examine the link between these two disorders.

Responding to Global Stimulant Use: Challenges and Opportunities

Citation
Farrell, M., Martin, N. K., Stockings, E., Bórquez, A., Cepeda, J. A., Degenhardt, L., ... & Shoptaw, S. (2019). Responding to global stimulant use: challenges and opportunities. The Lancet.
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Stimulants drugs increase the activity of the central nervous system producing feelings of euphoria, increased confidence, sociability, energy, and wakefulness. 

Measuring Drinking Motives in Undergraduates: An Exploration of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised in Swedish Students

Citation
Nehlin, C., Öster, C. Measuring drinking motives in undergraduates: an exploration of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised in Swedish students. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 14, 49 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13011-019-0239-9
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Abstract

Background

Alcohol consumption is generally high among undergraduate students and may lead to adverse consequences. Drinking motives play a vital role in the development of alcohol-related problems. The Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) and the short form of DMQ-R, DMQ-R SF, are widely used tools to identify drinking motives.

Readiness to Change among Involuntarily and Voluntarily Admitted Patients with Substance Use Disorders

Citation
Opsal, A., Kristensen, Ø. & Clausen, T. Readiness to change among involuntarily and voluntarily admitted patients with substance use disorders. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 14, 47 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13011-019-0237-y
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Abstract

Background

Health care workers in the addiction field have long emphasised the importance of a patient’s motivation on the outcome of treatments for substance use disorders (SUDs). Many patients entering treatment are not yet ready to make the changes required for recovery and are often unprepared or sometimes unwilling to modify their behaviour.

Sexual Risky Behavior, Cocaine and Alcohol Use among Substance Users in an Outpatient Facility: A Cross Section Study

Citation
Dallelucci, C.C., Bragiato, E.C., Areco, K.C.N. et al. Sexual risky behavior, cocaine and alcohol use among substance users in an outpatient facility: a cross section study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 14, 46 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13011-019-0238-x
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Abstract

Background

Substance dependence is considered an international health issue and studies that access the characteristic of this population are required to develop public health programs for harm reduction.