Research

Acute Effects of Smoked and Vaporized Cannabis in Healthy Adults Who Infrequently Use Cannabis

Citation
Spindle TR, Cone EJ, Schlienz NJ, et al. Acute Effects of Smoked and Vaporized Cannabis in Healthy Adults Who Infrequently Use Cannabis: A Crossover Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2018;1(7):e184841. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.4841
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Key Points

Question: How does smoked and vaporized cannabis acutely influence subjective drug effects, cognitive and psychomotor performance, and cardiovascular measures in healthy adults who infrequently use cannabis (>30 days since last use)?

Wound Botulism Outbreak Among Persons Who Use Black Tar Heroin — San Diego County, California, 2017–2018

Citation
Peak CM, Rosen H, Kamali A, et al. Wound Botulism Outbreak Among Persons Who Use Black Tar Heroin — San Diego County, California, 2017–2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;67:1415–1418. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm675152a3
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Summary

What is already known about this topic?

Wound botulism is a rare but serious illness associated with black tar heroin use, especially by subcutaneous injection (skin popping).

What is added by this report?

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Among Nonsmokers

Citation
Tsai J, Homa DM, Gentzke AS, et al. Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Among Nonsmokers — United States, 1988–2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:1342–1346. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6748a3
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Summary

What is already known about this topic?

Exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke can cause sudden infant death syndrome, respiratory infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children, and coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers.

What is added by this report?

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke and Arrhythmogenic Cardiac Alternans in a Mouse Model

Citation
Wang, Z., Wang, L., Tapa, S., Pinkerton, K. E., Chen, C. Y., & Ripplinger, C. M. (2018). Exposure to Secondhand Smoke and Arrhythmogenic Cardiac Alternans in a Mouse Model. Environmental Health Perspectives, 126(12), 127001.
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Abstract

Background:

Epidemiological evidence suggests that a majority of deaths attributed to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure are cardiovascular related. However, to our knowledge, the impact of SHS on cardiac electrophysiology, Ca2+Ca2+ handling, and arrhythmia risk has not been studied.

ÁLCOOL E RELAÇÕES DE GÊNERO: MOTIVAÇÕES E VULNERABILIDADES NA PERCEPÇÃO DE ADOLESCENTES

Citation
SANTOS, E. L.; NOTO, A. R. ; OPALEYE, E. S. . Álcool e relações de gênero: Motivações e vulnerabilidades na percepções de adolescentes. PSICOLOGIA EM ESTUDO (ONLINE), v. 23, p. 1-16, 2018.
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Elaine Lucas Dos Santos: Núcleo de Pesquisa em Saúde e Uso de Substâncias (Nepsis), Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp).
Emérita Sátiro Opaleye: Núcleo de Pesquisa em Saúde e Uso de Substâncias (Nepsis), Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp).

Drugs Most Frequently Involved in Drug Overdose Deaths: United States, 2011–2016

Citation
Hedegaard H, Bastian BA, Trinidad JP, Spencer M, Warner M. Drugs most frequently involved in drug overdose deaths: United States, 2011–2016. National Vital Statistics Reports; vol 67 no 9. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018.
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Abstract

Objective: This report identifies the specific drugs involved most frequently in drug overdose deaths in the United States from 2011 through 2016.

Metal Concentrations in E-Cigarette Liquid and Aerosol Samples: The Contribution of Metallic Coils

Citation
Olmedo, P., Goessler, W., Tanda, S., Grau-Perez, M., Jarmul, S., Aherrera, A., ... & Rule, A. M. (2018). Metal concentrations in e-cigarette liquid and aerosol samples: the contribution of metallic coils. Environmental Health Perspectives (Online), 126(2).
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Abstract

Background:

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) generate an aerosol by heating a solution (e-liquid) with a metallic coil. Whether metals are transferred from the coil to the aerosol is unknown.

Objective:

Our goal was to investigate the transfer of metals from the heating coil to the e-liquid in the e-cigarette tank and the generated aerosol.

Increased Taxation on Cigarettes in Grenada: Potential Effects on Consumption and Revenue

Citation
La Foucade A, Gabriel S, Scott E, Metivier C, Theodore K, Cumberbatch A, et al. Increased taxation on cigarettes in Grenada: potential effects on consumption and revenue. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018;42:e195. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2018.195
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Abstract

[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To investigate the feasibility of addressing the public health concerns of tobacco consumption through increased taxation, while preserving or augmenting government revenues in Grenada. Methods. Purposive sampling methods were used to ensure data availability and geographical representativeness.

Relapse after Inpatient Substance Use Treatment

Citation
Andersson, H. W., Wenaas, M., & Nordfjærn, T. (2019). Relapse after inpatient substance use treatment: A prospective cohort study among users of illicit substances. Addictive behaviors, 90, 222-228.
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Abstract

Aims

The main aim was to investigate the relative roles of mental distress and intrinsic motivation for relapse after inpatient substance use disord

Perceived Addiction to Smoking and Associations with Motivation to Stop, Quit Attempts and Quitting Success

Citation
Perski, O., Herd, N., West, R., & Brown, J. (2019). Perceived addiction to smoking and associations with motivation to stop, quit attempts and quitting success: A prospective study of English smokers. Addictive behaviors, 90, 306-311.
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Abstract

Aims

Some argue that perceived addiction to smoking (PAS) might undermine motivation to stop. We examined the association of PAS with motivation to stop in a population sample and assessed its association with past and future quit attempts and future quit success.

Implementation of a Quit Smoking Programme in Community Adult Mental Health Services

Citation
Burns A, Webb M, Stynes G, O’Brien T, Rohde D, Strawbridge J, Clancy L and Doyle F (2018) Implementation of a Quit Smoking Programme in Community Adult Mental Health Services–A Qualitative Study. Front. Psychiatry 9:670. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00670
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Little is known about the experiences of people with severe mental health difficulties in smoking cessation interventions. This study aimed to review the implementation of a smoking cessation programme across 16 community mental health day services. The aim was to establish the experience from both service user and facilitator perspectives and refine implementation for future groups.

Alcohol Misuse and Outpatient Follow-Up after Hospital Discharge

Citation
Borg, B., Douglas, I. S., Hull, M., Keniston, A., Moss, M., & Clark, B. J. (2018). Alcohol misuse and outpatient follow-up after hospital discharge: a retrospective cohort study. Addiction science & clinical practice, 13(1), 24.
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Abstract

Purpose

Patients with alcohol misuse are less likely to receive preventive health services but more likely to utilize emergency health services. However, the association between alcohol misuse and outpatient follow-up after hospitalization is unknown and may depend on whether a patient experiences a critical illness.

Nonmedical Use of Stimulants Is Associated With Riskier Sexual Practices and Other Forms of Impulsivity

Citation
Grant, J. E., Redden, S. A., Lust, K., & Chamberlain, S. R. (2018). Nonmedical Use of Stimulants Is Associated With Riskier Sexual Practices and Other Forms of Impulsivity. Journal of addiction medicine, 12(6), 474.
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Abstract:

Background:

This study sought to examine the occurrence of the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (amphetamines and methylphenidate) in a university sample and their associated physical and mental health correlates, including potential relationships with risky sexual practices.

Methods:

Frequency and Associated Risk Factors of Non-Fatal Overdose Reported by Pregnant Women with Opioid Use Disorder

Citation
Bagley, S. M., Cabral, H., Saia, K., Brown, A., Lloyd-Travaglini, C., Walley, A. Y., & Rose-Jacobs, R. (2018). Frequency and associated risk factors of non-fatal overdose reported by pregnant women with opioid use disorder. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 13(1), 26.
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Abstract

Background

Little is known about opioid overdose or naloxone access among pregnant women.

Objectives

The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of non-fatal overdose, risk factors for overdose, and naloxone access among third trimester women in treatment for opioid use disorder.

Triggering Myocardial Infarction by Marijuana

Citation
Mitleman MA, Lewis RA, Maclure M, Sherwood JB, Muller JE. Triggering myocardial infarction by marijuana. Circulation 2001;103(23): 2805-9.
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Abstract

Background: Marijuana use in the age group prone to coronary artery disease is higher than it was in the past. Smoking marijuana is known to have hemodynamic consequences, including a dose-dependent increase in heart rate, supine hypertension, and postural hypotension; however, whether it can trigger the onset of myocardial infarction is unknown.

E-Cigarette Initiation and Associated Changes in Smoking Cessation and Reduction

Citation
Berry KM, Reynolds LM, Collins JM, et al E-cigarette initiation and associated changes in smoking cessation and reduction: the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study, 2013–2015 Tobacco Control 2019;28:42-49.
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Abstract

Background: The role of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in product transitions has been debated.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Good Personal Relationships Strongly Linked to Good Therapy Outcomes

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 434-444.
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Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association indicate that patient progress is strongly related to the strength of the personal (‘real’) relationship between client and therapist - more strongly than the working relationship focused on the therapy.

Efeitos da permanência na Educação Infantil sobre indicadores de desempenho, habilidades sociais, comportamento e estresse

Citation
Correia-Zanini, M. R. G., Marturano, E. M., Fontaine, A. M. G. V. (2018). Effects of early childhood education attendance on achievement, social skills, behaviour, and stress. Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas), 35(3), 287-297. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1982-02 752018000300007
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Effects of early childhood education attendance on achievement, social skills, behaviour, and stress

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Strong Therapeutic Relationships Help Clients Get Where They Want to Be

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 316-340.
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Comprehensive review for the American Psychological Association concludes that the working relationship between clients and their counsellors or therapists is one of the largest and most consistent determinants of outcomes. Practice recommendations aim to help practitioners foster strong relationships.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Evidence That Affirming the Client Promotes Recovery

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 411-423.
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Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that across psychotherapy studies, outcomes improve the more therapists consistently demonstrate warmth and high regard for their clients - given the stigma and low regard attached to dependent substance use(rs), findings with important implications for promoting recovery.

“It’s on Everyone’s Plate”: A Qualitative Study into Physicians’ Perceptions of Responsibility for Smoking Cessation

Citation
Meijer et al. (2018). Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 13:48 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-018-0186-x
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Abstract

Background

Little research has investigated in-depth how physicians perceive their role in smoking cessation care. This qualitative study sought to understand physicians’ perceptions of responsibility for smoking cessation.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Resolving Therapist-Client Tensions May Promote Recovery

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 508-519.
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Amalgamated research findings raise the intriguing possibility that experiencing the resolution of breakdowns or tensions (‘ruptures’) in the therapist-client relationship promotes client welfare even more than rupture-free relationships. Evidence-based tips backed by the American Psychological Association aim to help therapists resolve ruptures.

Roll-Your-Own Cigarette Use and Smoking Cessation Behaviour: A Cross-Sectional Population Study in England

Citation
Jackson SE, Shahab L, West R, et al Roll-your-own cigarette use and smoking cessation behaviour: a cross-sectional population study in England BMJ Open 2018;8:e025370. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025370
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Abstract

Objectives: Roll-your-own (RYO) cigarettes have become popular in the UK and reduce the cost of smoking, potentially mitigating the impact of tax increases on quitting. We examined whether RYO cigarette use was associated with reduced motivation to quit smoking, incidence of quit attempts and quit success.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting: England

Why Do Those With Long-Term Substance Use Disorders Stop Abusing Substances?

Citation
Pettersen, Henning, Anne Landheim, Ivar Skeie, Stian Biong, Morten Brodahl, Victoria Benson, and Larry Davidson. "Why do those with long-term substance use disorders stop abusing substances? A qualitative study." Substance abuse: research and treatment 12 (2018): 1178221817752678.
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Many people successfully recover from substance use disorders.

Effects of Early Childhood Education Attendance on Achievement, Social Skills, Behaviour, and Stress

Citation
Correia-Zanini, M. R. G., Marturano, E. M., Fontaine, A. M. G. V. (2018). Effects of early childhood education attendance on achievement, social skills, behaviour, and stress. Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas), 35(3), 287-297. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1982-02752018000300007
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Childhood EducationThe impact of school attendance on the lives and development of students is hardly overestimated. Children go to school at an increasingly precocious age.

Coping Strategies and Support for Families in Goa, India

Citation
Church, Sydney, Urvita Bhatia, Richard Velleman, Gill Velleman, Jim Orford, Anil Rane, and Abhijit Nadkarni. "Coping strategies and support structures of addiction affected families: A qualitative study from Goa, India." Families, Systems, & Health 36, no. 2 (2018): 216.
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Alcohol addiction can put a significant strain on family relationships and well-being. There has been a substantial rise in alcohol consumption and alcohol use disorder in India. However, it is rare that the perspectives of family members are heard.

The Relationships Between Stimulant Use and Gambling Among Adolescents

Citation
Richard, Jérémie, Marc N. Potenza, William Ivoska, and Jeffrey Derevensky. "The Stimulating Nature of Gambling Behaviors: Relationships Between Stimulant Use and Gambling Among Adolescents." Journal of gambling studies (2018): 1-16.
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Adolescence is a period of time where young people are more likely to seek independence and novel experiences, experiment with their expression and identity and have less regard for risk. Given the