mortality

Are medical cannabis laws linked to less opioid overdose mortality? Results from a new study

Stanford, California, United States,

In 2014, a study by Bachhuber et al. showed that, in the USA, state-level medical cannabis laws were associated with lower-than-expected opioid overdose mortality rates from 1999 to 2010. A new study by Shover et al. using the same methodology, found that in the longer period the findings reversed. In fact, in both cases, the authors underline how this kind of study should not be used to make causal claims. 

A Conceptual Model for Understanding Post-Release Opioid-Related Overdose Risk

Citation
Joudrey et al. Addict Sci Clin Pract (2019) 14:17 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0145-5
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Abstract

Post-release opioid-related overdose mortality is the leading cause of death among people released from jails or prisons (PRJP). Informed by the proximate determinants framework, this paper presents the Post-Release Opioid-Related Overdose Risk Model. It explores the underlying, intermediate, proximate and biological determinants which contribute to risk of post-release opioid-related overdose mortality.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Abandon Treatment Referral as a Crime-Prevention Tactic?

Citation
International Journal of Drug Policy: 2018, 51, p. 42-51
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At issue was whether by referring heroin users to treatment, probation services in England would protect them from fatal overdose and prevent drug-related crime. Yes to one, but not the other, were the answers; unexpectedly, crime went up. Enough to warrant abandoning treatment referral as a crime-prevention tactic?

Mortality in the United States from Self-Injury Surpasses Diabetes: A Prevention Imperative

Citation
Rockett IRH, Caine ED, Connery HS, et al Mortality in the United States from self-injury surpasses diabetes: a prevention imperative Injury Prevention Published Online First: 27 August 2018. doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2018-042889
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Abstract

This report uses an enhanced conceptualisation of self-injury mortality (SIM), which comprised registered or known suicides by any method and estimated non-suicide deaths from opioid and other drug self-intoxication. SIM surpassed diabetes as a cause of death in the USA in 2015. The gap expanded in 2016 with respective rates of 29.1 and 24.8 per 100 000 population.

Occupational Patterns in Unintentional and Undetermined Drug-Involved and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths

Citation
Harduar Morano L, Steege AL, Luckhaupt SE. Occupational Patterns in Unintentional and Undetermined Drug-Involved and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2007–2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:925–930. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6733a3
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Summary

What is already known about this topic?

A majority of the U.S. population participates in the workforce. A person’s job affects both physical and psychological well- being. The opioid epidemic negatively affects workers, work- places, and employers.

What is added by this report?

Temporal Associations of Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption with Cancer Mortality

Citation
Jiang H, Livingston M, Room R, Chenhall R, English DR. Temporal Associations of Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption with Cancer Mortality. JAMA Network Open. 2018;1(3):e180713. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.0713
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Key Points

Question: Are changes in population-level alcohol and tobacco consumption associated with changes in overall cancer mortality?

Global Statistics on Alcohol, Tobacco and Illicit Drug Use: 2017 Status Report

Citation
Peacock, A., Leung, J., Larney, S., Colledge, S., Hickman, M., Rehm, J., Giovino, G. A., West, R., Hall, W., Griffiths, P., Ali, R., Gowing, L., Marsden, J., Ferrari, A. J., Grebely, J., Farrell, M., and Degenhardt, L. (2018) Global statistics on alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use: 2017 status report. Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.14234.
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Abstract

Aims

This review provides an up‐to‐date curated source of information on alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use and their associated mortality and burden of disease. Limitations in the data are also discussed, including how these can be addressed in the future.