risk

High Risk Substance Use and Overdose Among Youth Conference

Online,

The rising numbers of young people with high-risk substance use, especially suffering from overdose, is alarming. Adolescence and young adulthood (under the age of 25) is the period of highest incidence and greatest impact of mental health and substance use disorders, yet there are no youth-specific services in place.

Associations between National Development Indicators and the Age Profile of People who Inject Drugs: Results from a Global Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Published by
Lancet
Publication Date

Abstract: Background Globally, an estimated 15·6 million people inject drugs. We aimed to investigate global variation in the age profile of people who inject drugs (PWID), identify country-level factors associated with age of PWID, and assess the association between injecting drug use (IDU) in young people and rates of injecting and sexual risk behaviours at the country level.

Cannabis Use and Associated Health Problems – What’s the Harm?

Citation
Smyth, B. P., O’Farrell, A., & Daly, A. (2019). Cannabis use and Associated Health Problems–What’s the Harm?. Irish medical journal, 112(9), 1000-1000.

Abstract

Aim

Cannabis is the most widely used illegal drug in Ireland. We sought to describe the changing pattern of cannabis use and cannabis related health harms.

Methods

Data was collated from two national population surveys and three national treatment databases, focusing on people under 34 years.

Results

Taking a Stand: An Untapped Strategy to Reduce Waterpipe Smoking in Adolescents

Citation
Rathi Ramji, Maria Nilsson, Bengt Arnetz, Ywonne Wiklund & Judy Arnetz (2019) Taking a Stand: An Untapped Strategy to Reduce Waterpipe Smoking in Adolescents, Substance Use & Misuse, 54:3, 514-524, DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2018.1521429
Publication Date

Waterpipe smoking (otherwise known as shisha, hookah, narghile, goza, and hubble bubble ) is an increasing global health concern with evidence suggesting particularly high prevalence amongst adolescents.

Despite clear evidence for the negative impact of waterpipe smoking, it remains unclear how young people perceive the potential harm.

Cannabis Use and Risk of Schizophrenia: A Mendelian Randomization Study

Citation
Vaucher, J., Keating, B. J., Lasserre, A. M., Gan, W., Lyall, D. M., Ward, J., ... & Holmes, M. V. (2017). Cannabis use and risk of schizophrenia: a Mendelian randomization study. Molecular psychiatry.
Publication Date

Abstract

Cannabis use is observationally associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia, but whether the relationship is causal is not known. Using a genetic approach, we took 10 independent genetic variants previously identified to associate with cannabis use in 32 330 individuals to determine the nature of the association between cannabis use and risk of schizophrenia.

Risk of Violence-Related Injury from Alcohol Consumption and Its Burden to Society in Latin America and the Caribbean

Citation
Cherpitel CJ, Ye Y, Monteiro M. Risk of violence-related injury from alcohol consumption and its burden to society in Latin America and the Caribbean. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018;42:e7. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2018.7
Publication Date

Abstract

Objective: To determine the relative risk (RR) and societal burden of injury related to alcohol-attributable intentional interpersonal violence (alcohol-attributable fraction or AAF), and the dose–response relationship, in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), where both the RR and AAF for violence-related injuries are believed to be particularly high.

Syndemic Risk Classes and Substance Use Problems among Adults in High-Risk Urban Areas

Citation
Cleland CM, Lanza ST, Vasilenko SA and Gwadz M (2017) Syndemic Risk Classes and Substance Use Problems among Adults in High-Risk Urban Areas: A Latent Class Analysis. Front. Public Health 5:237. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00237
Publication Date

Substance use problems tend to co-occur with risk factors that are especially prevalent in urban communities with high rates of poverty. The present study draws on Syndemics Theory to understand profiles of risk and resilience and their associations with substance use problems in a population at risk for adverse outcomes.