Organization of American States (OAS)

The Organization of American States is the world’s oldest regional organization, dating back to the First International Conference of American States, held in Washington, D.C., from October 1889 to April 1890. That meeting approved the establishment of the International Union of American Republics, and the stage was set for the weaving of a web of provisions and institutions that came to be known as the inter-American system, the oldest international institutional system.

The OAS came into being in 1948 with the signing in Bogotá, Colombia, of the Charter of the OAS, which entered into force in December 1951. It was subsequently amended by the Protocol of Buenos Aires, signed in 1967, which entered into force in February 1970; by the Protocol of Cartagena de Indias, signed in 1985, which entered into force in November 1988; by the Protocol of Managua, signed in 1993, which entered into force in January 1996; and by the Protocol of Washington, signed in 1992, which entered into force in September 1997.

The Organization was established in order to achieve among its member states—as stipulated in Article 1 of the Charter—"an order of peace and justice, to promote their solidarity, to strengthen their collaboration, and to defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity, and their independence."

Today, the OAS brings together all 35 independent states of the Americas and constitutes the main political, juridical, and social governmental forum in the Hemisphere. In addition, it has granted permanent observer status to 69 states, as well as to the European Union (EU).

The Organization uses a four-pronged approach to effectively implement its essential purposes, based on its main pillars: democracy, human rights, security, and development.

CICAD

Within OAS the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) is the Western Hemisphere's policy forum for dealing with the drug problem. The CICAD Executive Secretariat supports the Commission by strengthening the human and institutional capabilities and channeling the collective efforts of its member states to reduce the production, trafficking and use of illegal drugs.

CICAD was established by the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) in 1986. Each member government appoints a high-ranking representative to the Commission, which meets twice a year. CICAD promotes regional cooperation and coordination among OAS member states through action programs, carried out by CICAD's Executive Secretariat, to:

  • Prevent and treat substance abuse;
  • Reduce the supply and availability of illicit drugs;
  • Strengthen national drug control institutions and machinery;
  • Improve money laundering control laws and practice;
  • Develop alternate sources of income for growers of coca, poppy, and marijuana;
  • Assist member governments to improve their data gathering and analysis on all aspects of the drug issue, and
  • Help member states and the hemisphere as a whole measure their progress over time in addressing the drug problem.

CICAD's core mission is to enhance the human and institutional capacities of its member states to reduce the production, trafficking and use of illegal drugs, and to address the health, social and criminal consequences of the drug trade. 

Evaluación de una iniciativa dirigida a mejorar la selección, implementación y evaluación de intervenciones de prevención del uso de sustancias psicoactivas en Las Américas

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Resultados de un enfoque sistémico para orientar y monitorear la selección, implementación y evaluación de intervenciones preventivas en la región de América Latina con el fin de reducir el impacto del consumo de sustancias psicoactivas a nivel global y regional.

Partner Profile OAS/CICAD

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Partner Profile OAS/CICAD
Publication Date

Presented as part of the Uniting the global community to face the challenge of addiction event, online, on 17th May, 2022

 

Abstract

 

Partner Profile OAS/CICAD

Partner Profiles

Our partners introduce their missions, programs, and resources to support the workforce and activities.

Jamaica to update national drug policy

From the Jamaica Observer, Monday 20th June, 2022 KINGSTON, Jamaica — National Security Minister, Dr Horace Chang, says the Government is taking the necessary steps to implement an updated National Policy and Plan of Action for Drug Control. “This updated National Drug Plan will provide the framework for all counter drug activities. These include institutional strengthening, demand and supply reduction, international cooperation and overall control measures,” Chang outlined. He was speaking at the recent two-day

Call for Master Trainers for the Case Care Management Project

Brief Description: The Executive Secretariat of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (ES-CICAD) is seeking expressions of interest from experts in the field of alternatives to incarceration and social integration to be trained as Master Trainers for the delivery of the Case Care Management curriculum internationally. Upon successful completion of the Training of Trainers, these Master Trainers will be included on the Case Care Management roster of trainers and can be contacted to deliver the

Prevention of Substance Use Based on Evidence and Cultural Adaptation

Washington DC, United States,

This presentation will give a brief summary of the meaning of evidence-based prevention, what interventions consist of, and the scope they may have. In the same way, there will also be a review of the learnings and outcomes that both prevention practice and research have left, as well as the barriers that are imposed for the implementation of these interventions.