Publications

Consumption of cannabis and its impact

Published by
Academia Nacional de Medicina de México (ANMM)
Publication Date

FRAGMENT

During the past 20 years, the recreational use of cannabis has become very common, similar to the use of tobacco, especially among adolescents and young adults.
General practitioners are often confronted with patients who may present addiction to cannabis either regular or recreational, as well as certain physical discomfort, therefore, must be informed about the effects of the same.

Commissioning Impact on Drug Treatment

Published by
[UK] Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
Publication Date

Based on research, financial data and stakeholder surveys and testimonies, the UK government’s official drug policy advisers warn that without significant efforts to protect investment and quality, in England “loss of funding will result in the dismantling of a drug misuse treatment system that has brought huge improvement to the lives of people with drug and

A Systematic Review of Alcohol Interventions for People Living with and beyond Cancer

Published by
Alcohol Research UK
Publication Date

Background

There is a wealth of evidence pointing to a link between alcohol drinking and cancer.  There is also evidence to suggest that people who have been diagnosed with cancer continue to behave in a way which is risky to their health by smoking cigarettes, eating an unhealthy diet, not exercising, and/or drinking too much alcohol.

Responsible, Safe, and Effective Prescription of Opioids for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP) Guidelines

Published by
American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP)

Background: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015.

Getting to Zero Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities: A Comprehensive Approach to a Persistent Problem

Published by
The National Academies of: Sciences, Engineering, Medicine (NASEM)
Publication Date

Alcohol-impaired driving remains the deadliest and costliest danger on U.S. roads today. Every day in the United States, 29 people die in an alcohol-impaired driving crash—one death every 49 minutes. After decades of progress, alcohol-impaired driving fatality rates plateaued and have increased for the past two years—making it a persistent public health and safety problem.

Effectiveness Bank Matrix Cell: Engaging Organisations, Engaging Treatment

Published by
Drug and Alcohol Findings
Publication Date

Key studies on the how the functioning of treatment organisations affects the implementation and impacts of improvements. Introduces two high-quality, evidence-based US quality improvement resources, and asks what makes a treatment service engaging and whether to extend engagement into long-term care.

The World Drug PERCEPTION Problem: Countering Prejudices about People Who Use Drugs

Published by
Global Commission on Drug Policy
Publication Date

This new report focuses on how current perceptions of drugs and people that use them has led to an unrealistic and stigmatising, rather than pragmatic and evidence-based approach to drug policy.

The report aims to analyse the most common perceptions and fears, contrast them with available evidence and provides recommendations on changes that must be enacted to support reforms toward more effective drug policy. 

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guideline for the Pharmacological Treatment of Patients with Alcohol Use Disorder

Published by
American Psychiatric Association
Publication Date

Rationale

The goal of this guideline is to improve the quality of care and treatment outcomes for patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD), as defined by DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association 2013).

Factores de riesgo/protección y los programas preventivos en drogodependencias en el Perú

Published by
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Publication Date

Los factores de riesgo/protección (fRP) representan elementos fundamentales para el análisis, comprensión y formulación de respuestas preventivas de las drogodependencias. El objetivo de este artículo es mostrar una revisión de la literatura sobre los fRP y sus implicancias en el diseño de programas preventivos.

Drug-Treatment Systems in Prisons in Eastern and South-East Europe

Published by
Council of Europe
Publication Date

This research project on drug-treatment systems in prisons in Eastern and South-East Europe looks in detail into the situation of drug users among criminal justice populations and the corresponding health-care responses in nine countries in Eastern and South-East Europe – Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Russia, Serbia, “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and Ukraine – and Kosovo*.

Chapter 18 – Drug Addictions and Genetics of the Dopamine Pathway

Published by
Elsevier

Abstract

Drug addiction refers to a broad phenotype, encompassing behavioral, cognitive, and biological (including genetic) substrates. Twin studies have estimated the heritability of drug addiction between 30% and 60%. Dopamine has a major role in different facets of addiction, including the reinforcing effects of addictive drugs or their aversive effects.

Keeping Youth Drug Free

Published by
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Publication Date

Keeping Youth Drug Free is a new publication from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Aimed at parents, the guide offers advice for keeping children substance-free. It includes a review of the latest statistics on adolescent substance use, as well as tips for effective communication between parent/carer and child.

The Adolescent Brain – Wired for Taking Risks

Published by
Mentor ADEPIS
Publication Date

‘The Adolescent Brain – Wired for Taking Risks’ is a briefing paper from Mentor ADEPIS and forms part of a series of such resources on drug and alcohol education and prevention for teachers and practitioners. It takes a look at the role that the brain plays in risk-taking behaviours, including substance abuse, during adolescence. The paper also considers possible ways for mitigating such behaviours and their related harms among young people.

Health and Social Responses to Drug Problems: A European Guide

Published by
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)
Publication Date

Health and social responses to drug problems: a European guide is a new publication from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA). Included alongside the guide is a set of online materials. Together these provide a reference point for the planning, implementation and delivery of health and social responses to drug problems across Europe.

Effectiveness Bank Hot Topic: Does It Matter If Addiction Is a Brain Disease?

Published by
Drug and Alcohol Findings
Publication Date

Seizing on the theory’s propaganda value, in 1997 the head of the US National Institute on Drug Abuse proclaimed, “Addiction Is a Brain Disease, and It Matters.” His contention has been hailed as a breakthrough or condemned as a counterproductive chimera, closing our eyes what is really important about addiction.

Effectiveness Bank Matrix Cell: The Face of Drug Addiction Treatment

Published by
Drug and Alcohol Findings
Publication Date

At the front line the practitioner is to the patient the face of addiction treatment. Key research shows they can matter enormously - not so much in their formal qualifications, but in their manner with the patients. Other times it seems a conducive manner just means they make treatment appealing enough to stay in longer.

Agenda Nacional de Investigación para la Lucha contra las Drogas 2016-2021

Published by
Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo y Vida sin Drogas - DEVIDA
Publication Date

La Agenda Nacional de Investigación para la Lucha contra las Drogas 2016 - 2021 define líneas estratégicas y temáticas prioritarias de investigación que abarquen los diferentes aspectos y complejidades de la problemática de las drogas en el Perú. Asimismo, genera un precedente importante para el fomento de acciones orientadas a la mejora del diseño, implementación y evaluación de políticas y programas. 

Tobacco and Its Environmental Impact: An Overview

Published by
World Health Organization (WHO)

Overview

This overview assembles existing evidence on the ways in which tobacco affects human well-being from an environmental perspective – i.e. the indirect social and economic damage caused by the cultivation, production, distribution, consumption, and waste generated by tobacco products. It uses a life cycle analysis to track tobacco use across the full process of cultivation, production and consumption.

Analysis of the Chemical Composition of Smokable Cocaine Substances

Published by
CICAD
Publication Date

This Compendium of the Chemical Composition of Smokable Cocaines is part of the Project on Smokable Cocaines in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay, coordinated by the Inter-American Observatory on Drugs of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission of the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security of the Organization of American States (OID-CICAD-SMS-OAS) with financing from INL-USA.

Effectiveness Bank Matrix Bite: What Is Drug Addiction Treatment for?

Published by
Drug and Alcohol Findings
Publication Date

The first matrix cell on treatment (as opposed to harm reduction) seems a good time to ask: What is treatment there to do? ‘Cure’ addiction, or promote meaningful and productive lives? Meet patients’ wishes, or aid the government’s welfare-to-work agenda? And what do the patients want? Is treatment pushing them in the opposite direction?

The Power and Price of Survival: Understanding Resilience, Stress, and Trauma

Published by
Great Lakes Addiction Technology Transfer Center
Publication Date

2nd Edition, 2011: A series of strength-based resources developed by Pamela Woll for the Great Lakes ATTC, to help prepare the civilian mental health and addiction treatment workforce to address post-deployment stress injuries. This series includes a Clinician's Guide and a pocket booklet for service members and veterans.

Drugs of Abuse: A DEA Resource Guide, 2017 Edition

Published by
DEA

Education plays a critical role in preventing substance abuse. Drugs of Abuse, A DEA Resource Guide, is designed to be a reliable resource on the most commonly abused and misused drugs in the United States. This comprehensive guide provides important information about the harms and consequences of drug use by describing a drug’s effects on the body and mind, overdose potential, origin, legal status, and other key facts.

Alcohol Taxation Policy in Kyrgyzstan (2017)

Published by
World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe

Increasing the price of alcohol is one of the most effective policy measures to reduce overall consumption in a country, and hence to reduce the level of alcohol-related harm. Taxation is a common way to control the price of alcoholic beverages, and when adjusted according to inflation, it can be an effective measure to reduce harm while providing revenue for governments.