Clinical Guidance for Treating Pregnant and Parenting Women with Opioid Use Disorder and their Infants
This Clinical Guide provides comprehensive, national guidance for optimal management of pregnant and parenting women with opioid use disorder and their infants. The Clinical Guide helps healthcare professionals and patients determine the most clinically appropriate action for a particular situation and informs individualized treatment decisions.
The brief treatment for cocaine users is a cognitive intervention behavioral targeting adult consumers of cocaine (powder and crack). Aiming to teach strategies to stop the consumption of cocaine users.
This work has been since 1998 in the Psychology faculty of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Since 2008 was included as a treatment program in the centers of primary care in addictions of all the Mexican Republic.
In the context of strategies to respond to this problem, the National Commission against Addictions in Mexico, developed a complete package of psychoeducational strategies, specifically intended to prevent the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs among children and teenagers.
This chapter examines the association between poverty and tobacco use. It provides a comprehensive review of the data on smoking prevalence and consumption levels in different socio-economic groups, both within individual countries and internationally. It finds that smoking is more common among poor men (variously defined by income, education, occupation, or social class) than rich men in nearly all countries.
Key studies on local systems for effectively and cost-effectively providing drug addiction treatment.
During the past 20 years, the recreational use of cannabis has become very common, similar to the use of tobacco, especially among adolescents and young adults.
General practitioners are often confronted with patients who may present addiction to cannabis either regular or recreational, as well as certain physical discomfort, therefore, must be informed about the effects of the same.
Based on research, financial data and stakeholder surveys and testimonies, the UK government’s official drug policy advisers warn that without significant efforts to protect investment and quality, in England “loss of funding will result in the dismantling of a drug misuse treatment system that has brought huge improvement to the lives of people with drug and
There is a wealth of evidence pointing to a link between alcohol drinking and cancer. There is also evidence to suggest that people who have been diagnosed with cancer continue to behave in a way which is risky to their health by smoking cigarettes, eating an unhealthy diet, not exercising, and/or drinking too much alcohol.
Responsible, Safe, and Effective Prescription of Opioids for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain: American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP) Guidelines
Background: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015.
Alcohol is linked with crime, especially violent crime. Many people are incarcerated because of alcohol-related crime. Alcohol is not permitted in prisons except in a very few cases, and illicit use of alcohol in prison is not a major problem.
Getting to Zero Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities: A Comprehensive Approach to a Persistent Problem
Alcohol-impaired driving remains the deadliest and costliest danger on U.S. roads today. Every day in the United States, 29 people die in an alcohol-impaired driving crash—one death every 49 minutes. After decades of progress, alcohol-impaired driving fatality rates plateaued and have increased for the past two years—making it a persistent public health and safety problem.
Key studies on the how the functioning of treatment organisations affects the implementation and impacts of improvements. Introduces two high-quality, evidence-based US quality improvement resources, and asks what makes a treatment service engaging and whether to extend engagement into long-term care.
Preventive guidelines are integrated by six booklets of work, descriptive letters and procedures, whose activities and strategies are aimed at developing skills and specific skills in each age group.
This new report focuses on how current perceptions of drugs and people that use them has led to an unrealistic and stigmatising, rather than pragmatic and evidence-based approach to drug policy.
The report aims to analyse the most common perceptions and fears, contrast them with available evidence and provides recommendations on changes that must be enacted to support reforms toward more effective drug policy.
At national level alcohol-related harm and especially the net cost of harm versus benefits are slippery concepts.
The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guideline for the Pharmacological Treatment of Patients with Alcohol Use Disorder
The goal of this guideline is to improve the quality of care and treatment outcomes for patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD), as defined by DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association 2013).
Los factores de riesgo/protección (fRP) representan elementos fundamentales para el análisis, comprensión y formulación de respuestas preventivas de las drogodependencias. El objetivo de este artículo es mostrar una revisión de la literatura sobre los fRP y sus implicancias en el diseño de programas preventivos.
Key studies on the role of management and supervision in the treatment of problem drug use.
This research project on drug-treatment systems in prisons in Eastern and South-East Europe looks in detail into the situation of drug users among criminal justice populations and the corresponding health-care responses in nine countries in Eastern and South-East Europe – Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Georgia, Moldova, Montenegro, Russia, Serbia, “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and Ukraine – and Kosovo*.
Drug addiction refers to a broad phenotype, encompassing behavioral, cognitive, and biological (including genetic) substrates. Twin studies have estimated the heritability of drug addiction between 30% and 60%. Dopamine has a major role in different facets of addiction, including the reinforcing effects of addictive drugs or their aversive effects.
One of our selection of hot topics on important issues which sometimes generate heated debate. Both as a treatment resource for the patient and a group needing support in their own right, families affected by substance use are, claimed a UK report in 2012, the “forgotten carers”.
'Million Hearts' is an initiative launched by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that aims to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by promoting evidence-based intervention through communities, health systems, non-profit organizations, federal agencies, and private-sector partners.
Keeping Youth Drug Free is a new publication from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Aimed at parents, the guide offers advice for keeping children substance-free. It includes a review of the latest statistics on adolescent substance use, as well as tips for effective communication between parent/carer and child.
‘The Adolescent Brain – Wired for Taking Risks’ is a briefing paper from Mentor ADEPIS and forms part of a series of such resources on drug and alcohol education and prevention for teachers and practitioners. It takes a look at the role that the brain plays in risk-taking behaviours, including substance abuse, during adolescence. The paper also considers possible ways for mitigating such behaviours and their related harms among young people.
Health and social responses to drug problems: a European guide is a new publication from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA). Included alongside the guide is a set of online materials. Together these provide a reference point for the planning, implementation and delivery of health and social responses to drug problems across Europe.
Seizing on the theory’s propaganda value, in 1997 the head of the US National Institute on Drug Abuse proclaimed, “Addiction Is a Brain Disease, and It Matters.” His contention has been hailed as a breakthrough or condemned as a counterproductive chimera, closing our eyes what is really important about addiction.
At the front line the practitioner is to the patient the face of addiction treatment. Key research shows they can matter enormously - not so much in their formal qualifications, but in their manner with the patients. Other times it seems a conducive manner just means they make treatment appealing enough to stay in longer.
La Agenda Nacional de Investigación para la Lucha contra las Drogas 2016 - 2021 define líneas estratégicas y temáticas prioritarias de investigación que abarquen los diferentes aspectos y complejidades de la problemática de las drogas en el Perú. Asimismo, genera un precedente importante para el fomento de acciones orientadas a la mejora del diseño, implementación y evaluación de políticas y programas.
This overview assembles existing evidence on the ways in which tobacco affects human well-being from an environmental perspective – i.e. the indirect social and economic damage caused by the cultivation, production, distribution, consumption, and waste generated by tobacco products. It uses a life cycle analysis to track tobacco use across the full process of cultivation, production and consumption.
This Compendium of the Chemical Composition of Smokable Cocaines is part of the Project on Smokable Cocaines in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay, coordinated by the Inter-American Observatory on Drugs of the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission of the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security of the Organization of American States (OID-CICAD-SMS-OAS) with financing from INL-USA.