Urdu translation and psychometric properties of WHO-Five Wellbeing Index among male patients with substance use disorders in Pakistan

Abstract

Objective

The present study aims to translate and adapt the WHO-Five Wellbeing Index (WHO-5) into the Urdu language and then determine its psychometric properties.

Method

Male participants (N = 201) between 18 and 45 years old (M = 29.56 years, SD = 7.80) were recruited from substance use disorder treatment centers and hospitals in Karachi... Participants completed a Personal Information Form, The WHO-5, Self-Esteem Scale, and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale in Urdu.

Results

The Cronbach’s alpha for the WHO Wellbeing Index (Cronbach’s alpha = .80) is adequate. Similarly, both the Self Esteem (Cronbach’s alpha = .86) and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale total (Cronbach’s alpha = .94) had adequate internal consistency. Further, Cronbach’s alpha for subscales (depression = .88, anxiety = .91, stress = .82) was also adequate. A higher level of well-being is significantly positively associated with self-esteem (r = .275, p < .001) and negatively associated with depression, anxiety, and stress (r = −.307, p < .001).

Conclusion

The Urdu version of WHO-5 is a reliable measure for investigating well-being in male patients receiving treatment for substance use disorders in Pakistan who speak Urdu.

Citation
Shahzad, S., Jones, H., Begum, N., Zia, A. (2021). Urdu Translation and Adaptation of WHO-5 Wellbeing Index in patients with Substance Use Disorder in Pakistan. Journal of Substance Use, 26(6), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1080/14659891.2021.200633
Publication Date
Research Language

English

Country
Pakistan
Themes