incarceration

Use of Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Criminal Justice Settings

Created by
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
Publication Date

The success of treatment and recovery of individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) can vary. Most often, a combination of factors adds complexities to evaluating the effectiveness of services and interventions.

Utilization of Addiction Treatment among U.S. Adults with History of Incarceration and Substance Use Disorders

Citation
Tsai and Gu Addict Sci Clin Pract (2019) 14:9 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0138-4
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

The high prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs) among incarcerated adults in the U.S. is well-known, but there has been less examination of SUD treatment and rates of incarceration among the population of adults with SUDs as the denominator.

A Randomized, Open Label Trial of Methadone Continuation versus Forced Withdrawal in a Combined US Prison and Jail

Citation
Brinkley-Rubinstein, L et al. (2018). A randomized, open label trial of methadone continuation versus forced withdrawal in a combined US prison and jail: Findings at 12 months post-release. Drug & Alcohol Dependence , Volume 184 , 57 - 63
Publication Date

Highlights

  • MMT during incarceration leads to lower injection drug and heroin use.
  • MMT during incarceration leads to fewer non-fatal overdoses.
  • MMT during incarceration leads to higher rates of engagement in treatment.

Abstract

Recently incarcerated individuals are at increased risk of opioid overdose.