South Africa Country Profile

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Drug policy

  • Availability of programmes that diverts clients away from criminal justice towards treatment

Treatment Services

  • Specialised treatment system for both drug and alcohol use disorders
  • Pharmacotherapy: Methadone, Buprenorphine, Benzodiazepines, Phenergan all used for the treatment of opioid dependence for detoxification
  • Pharmacotherapy: Methadone, Buprenorphine and Ibogaine used for the treatment of opioid dependence for maintenance
  • Pharmacotherapy: Benzodiazepines, Nitrous oxide, carbamazepine used for treatment for alcohol withdrawal
  • Settings involved in the provision of Methadone/Buprenorphine: Public general hospitals, Public mental health hospitals, Public drug treatment centres, Private practice, Primary health care, Community pharmacies, Prisons
  • Social Workers, Addiction Counsellors and Psychiatrists are the key professionals for the treatment of people with alcohol use disorders and drug use disorders
  • NGO presence for drug and alcohol treatment and prevention

Prevention Services

  • Government unit responsible for the prevention of alcohol and drug use disorders
  • Annual budget line for the prevention of substance use disorders and mental health issues
  • Prevention initiatives are largely state financed
  • Prevention services available via mass media channels, school-based programmes and community-based programmes
  • No needle exchange programme