Review of Methamphetamine Use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People

Research suggests methamphetamine use is higher amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders compared to non-Indigenous Australians.

The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the key information on the use of methamphetamines among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia.

The review provides general information on the context of methamphetamine use by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people including the historical, social and cultural contexts.

The publication covers:

  • Key Facts
  • Factors contributing to methamphetamine use in Australia
  • The extent of methamphetamine use and misuse in Australia
  • Health impacts of methamphetamine use
  • Social impacts of methamphetamine use
  • Responses to methamphetamine use
  • Policies and strategies

Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drugs in Australia Web Report

The consumption of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs is a major cause of preventable disease and illness in Australia.

This report consolidates the most recently available information on alcohol, tobacco and other drug use in Australia, and includes key trends in the availability, consumption, harms and treatment for vulnerable populations.

Further, information on a range of health, social and economic impacts of alcohol, tobacco and other drug use are highlighted.

The web report includes:

  • interactive data
  • information on harm
  • information on impact
  • drug types
  • priority populations
  • fact sheets
Ahmad Shah

From 17 - 21 June 2019, UNODC trained a total of 16 trainers in Pakistan on the Universal Prevention Curriculum (UPC) Course-5 which covers school-based interventions.

Prevention in Practice National Conference

Event Date
City
Melbourne
Country
Australia

The 2019 National Prevention in Practice Conference will deliver local and international speakers sharing their expertise in strengthening the capacity of community-led action on alcohol and other drugs.

Explore various models of prevention and discover practical examples of successful strategies that have mobilised communities.

Aimed at community leaders, alcohol and other drug (AOD) workers and people passionate about prevention strategies in the alcohol and drug sector, the Conference themes will include:

  • the role of sport as a protective factor against alcohol and other drugs
  • peers and their role in protecting from AOD-related harm
  • prevention in a range of complex settings such as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, education and culturally diverse communities.

Conference Program

Over one-and-a-half days, leading local and international experts will share inspiring examples of community-led prevention models and case studies that are making a difference.

Featuring world-renowned keynote presenters, community speakers and lively panel discussions, this highly informative event will provide you with new ideas and practical examples of prevention in practice to take back to your workplace, club or community.

Applications open: 2019 Neuroscience, Mental Health and Addiction Collaborative Research Seed Funding

Applications are now open for the 2019 round of UNSW Medicine Neuroscience, Mental Health and Addiction Theme and SPHERE Clinical Academic Group (CAG) Collaborative Research Seed Funding.

The UNSW Medicine Neuroscience, Mental Health and Addiction Theme and SPHERE CAG aims to address the burdens imposed by neurological, mental health, and drug and alcohol disorders. It constitutes a network of internationally recognised researchers and clinicians leading in the understanding and treatment of complex clinical conditions with physical, behavioural, mental and social dimensions across the lifespan.

In the 2019 funding round, Neuroscience, Mental Health and Addiction will seek to award eight research proposals, two from each sub-theme:

  • Children and Adolescent Wellbeing
  • Complex and Difficult to Treat Diseases
  • Healthy Ageing
  • Brain Sciences and Translational Neuroscience

Lung Cancer Mortality in Australia in the Twenty-First Century: How Many Lives Can Be Saved with Effective Tobacco Control?

Highlights

  • Quantified the number of lung cancer deaths averted in Australia through tobacco control.
  • Almost 2 million lung cancer deaths have already been prevented over the period 1956–2100.
  • Lung cancer will continue to be a significant public health concern in Australia.
  • Achieving zero smoking by 2025 would result in 360,000 more lung cancer deaths being averted by 2100.
  • Highlighted the urgent need for more effective and targeted tobacco control strategies to be implemented.

Abstract

Objectives

To estimate the number of past and future lung cancer deaths that have already been averted by tobacco control initiatives in Australia, and to estimate the number of additional deaths averted under various smoking scenarios.

Methods

We predicted lung cancer mortality rates and case numbers to 2100 using a previously validated generalized linear model based on age, birth cohort and population cigarette smoking exposure. We estimated the impact of various tobacco control scenarios: ‘actual tobacco control’ (incorporating the aggregate effect of past and current taxation, plain packaging, mass media campaigns and other initiatives) and scenarios where 10%, 5% and 0% smoking prevalence was achieved by 2025, all of which were compared to a counterfactual scenario with the highest historical smoking consumption level continuing into the future as if no tobacco control initiatives had been implemented.

Results

Without tobacco control, there would have been an estimated 392,116 lung cancer deaths over the period 1956–2015; of these 20% (78,925 deaths; 75,839 males, 3086 females) have been averted due to tobacco control. However, if past and current measures continue to have the expected effect, an estimated 1.9 million deaths (1,579,515 males, 320,856 females; 67% of future lung cancer deaths) will be averted in 2016–2100. If smoking prevalence is reduced to 10%, 5% or 0% by 2025, an additional 97,432, 208,714 or 360,557 deaths could be averted from 2016 to 2100, respectively.

Conclusion

Tobacco control in Australia has had a dramatic impact on the number of people dying from lung cancer. Several hundred thousand more lung cancer deaths could be averted over the course of the century if close-to-zero smoking prevalence could be achieved in the next decade.

Ahmad Shah

16 x 16’ is a new global initiative, supported by the Government of Italy, as part of UNDP’s Youth Global Programme for Sustainable Development and Peace (Youth-GPS), to recognize and support 16 youth-led organisations, movements or networks that promote Sustainable Development Goal 16 (

Ahmad Shah

South East Asian Fellowship Program on Drug Policy 2019

Submitted by Avinash Tharoor on Wed, 03/04/2019 - 15:12

APPLICATIONS ARE NOW OPEN

DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSIONS: Friday 26 April 2019

Ahmad Shah

Drug abuse affects all societies worldwide, but the impact differs in male and female. Women and girls comprise ⅓ of global drug users yet are only ⅕ of those receiving treatment.

Ahmad Shah

How to apply: Submit the story of the nominee by the nominator with relevant proof of works at iyc [dot] youthenvoy [at] iyc-hq [dot] org

Ahmad Shah

Pakistan U.S. Alumni Network Karachi Chapter Leadership – Karachi was organized first meeting with  Executive Committee on March 14, 2019 (Thursday) at Pakistan American Cultural Center (PACC). 

Ahmad Shah

Glimpses from 2nd Promotion of Peace workshop at University of Education, Bank Road Campus held from 18th to 20th Feb, 2019. During 3 days participants were engaged and empowered of peace activities, role of students in peace building and designing Social Action Projects.

Ahmad Shah

The Master of Education (MEd) programme is open to outstanding teachers and educational leaders at all levels of the education system.

Confluence of Suicide and Drug Overdose Epidemics in Young Australian Males

Event Date
City
Sydney
Country
Australia

Young adult males experience higher mortality than females, and in age groups immediately younger and older, and with considerable variation in death rates over time. Trends in mortality and the causal structure of deaths among young adult Australian males over 1979–2011 are investigated, with a focus on suicide and drug overdose.

This seminar discusses trends in mortality among young adult Australian males with a focus on suicide and drug overdose.

Speaker: Professor Richard Taylor

Date And Time

Thu., 28 February 2019

3:00 pm – 4:00 pm AEDT

Ahmad Shah

Greetings. Happy to share an exciting opportunity as the brief details are given below:

PUAN Call for Nominations Everest International Model UN Conference 
July 15-19, 2019, Kathmandu, Nepal 


Concept

Ahmad Shah

Dear Pakistan U.S. Alumni Network Members,

We would like to thank everyone who applied for Executive Committee. We had only 16 slots for this EC term and we received more than 26 applications. Yet, we have kept people from different programs of U.S. Department of State.

Trends in Self-Poisoning and Psychotropic Drug Use in People Aged 5–19 Years

Abstract

Objectives: To characterise trends in self-poisoning and psychotropic medicine use in young Australians.

Design: Population-based retrospective cohort study.

Setting Calls taken by the New South Wales and Victorian Poisons Information Centres (2006–2016, accounting for 70% of Australian poisoning calls); medicine dispensings in the 10% sample of Australian Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme data (July 2012 to June 2016).

Participants: People aged 5–19 years.

Main outcome measures: Yearly trends in intentional poisoning exposure calls, substances taken in intentional poisonings, a prevalence of psychotropic use (dispensing of antidepressants, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines and medicines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)).

Results: There were 33 501 intentional poisonings in people aged 5–19 years, with an increase of 8.39% per year (95% CI 6.08% to 10.74%, p<0.0001), with a 98% increase overall, 2006–2016. This effect was driven by increased poisonings in those born after 1997, suggesting a birth cohort effect. Females outnumbered males 3:1. Substances most commonly taken in self-poisonings were paracetamol, ibuprofen, fluoxetine, ethanol, quetiapine, paracetamol/opioid combinations, sertraline and escitalopram. Psychotropic dispensing also increased, with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) increasing 40% and 35% July 2012 to June 2016 in those aged 5–14 and 15–19, respectively. Fluoxetine was the most dispensed SSRI. Antipsychotics increased by 13% and 10%, while ADHD medication dispensing increased by 16% and 10%, in those aged 5–14 and 15–19, respectively. Conversely, dispensing of benzodiazepines to these age groups decreased by 4% and 5%, respectively.

Conclusions: Our results signal a generation that is increasingly engaging in self-harm and is increasingly prescribed psychotropic medications. These findings indicate growing mental distress in this cohort. Since people who self-harm are at increased risk of suicide later in life, these results may foretell future increases in suicide rates in Australia.

Ahmad Shah

Scientific exchange and international dialogue is taking place in August 2019 in Alpenbach, Austria.

Ahmad Shah

Highlights of 1st 3 Days Promotion of Peace Workshop held with student of University of Education, Main Campus Lahore from 18th - 20th Feb, 2019. Participants were very keen to carry forward the learning through implementing Social Action Projects in their campus. 

National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program

Wastewater analysis is widely applied internationally as a tool to measure and interpret drug
use within national populations, with the current national program in Australia representing world best practice. 

The National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program report provides statistically valid datasets of drug use and distribution patterns across a large number of sites in capital cities and regional areas across Australia.

Some of the key findings:

  • Capital city cocaineand heroin average consumption exceeded regional consumption.
  • Alcohol and nicotine are the most consumed substances of those measured with available dose data.
  • When comparing data from August 2016 to August 2018, the population-weighted average consumption of methylamphetamine, cocaine,fentanyl, nicotine and alcohol increased, while consumption of MDMA andoxycodone decreased.
  • Of the drugs measured by the program that have available dose data, alcohol and nicotine continue to be the most consumed drugs in Australia, with methylamphetamine remaining the most consumed illicit drug.

The Chief Executive Officer Michael Phelan describes the action that is required to address the drug trends that have been uncovered through the national wastewater drug monitoring programme-  "It again reinforces that no single strategy can achieve sustained impacts and the ongoing necessity to employ a shared approach that targets supply, demand and harm reduction."