Antonio J Molina Fernández, PhD

Antonio J Molina Fernández, PhD

Antonio Jesús Molina Fernández, Ph. D. in Psychology, MSC (Social Anthropology), assistant professor of ·Social, clinical and epidemiological Aspects of Addictive Behaviours", "Evaluation of Social Programs", "Social Intervention", "Criminality & Urban gangs" and "Social Psychology of Health" in the Social, Work and Differential Psychology Department in Universidad Complutense de Madrid. He has worked for 20 years as practitioner (psychologist and director) in addictive behaviours programmes and as focal point/ manager, trainer, researcher, evaluator or coordinator in different national and international projects (with Dianova, Proyecto Hombre, RIOD, San Patrignano and in UNODC project GLO-H43/TREATNET). Member of National Hispanic Science Network on Drug Abuse/NHSN and European Society on Social Drug Research/ESSD. He has participated in more than 100 national and international conferences and published on issues related to the social psychology of addictive behaviours, especially psychosocial aspects of Recovery.

Abstract body

Background: The aim of this study is to analyse several psychosocial factors such as gender, legal or illegal substance use (alcohol and cocaine use), age, employment and social support to determine models of recovery.

Methods: quantitative research. Data from 2179 people receiving recovery treatment were extracted from EuropASI surveys, collected from the PH Nemos and Minerva databases. A two-factor multivariate and two univariate analysis of covariance were performed. The dependent variables were alcohol and years of cocaine use, the factors were gender and leisure social network, and the co-variables were age and number of people in the social network. Post-hoc tests were performed to analyse the differences among the five different leisure social network categories, and alcohol and cocaine use.

Results: Variables with the biggest influence on recovery are age, gender, and leisure social network. Two models of recovery with significant differences can be identified (Model 1/alcohol use, Model 2/cocaine use); for the alcohol model, individual leisure was the most important risk condition, while for the cocaine model individual leisure was the most important protective condition.

Conclusions: Personal and social recovery adapted to the different characteristics of the people is essential to increase social integration and participation.

Other author names

  • Jesús Saiz Galdós
  • María Luisa Cuenca Montesino
  • Francisco Gil rodríguez