The consumption of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs is a significant cause of preventable disease and illness in Australia. There is a wide range of data sources available that contribute to our understanding of alcohol, tobacco and other drug use.
On 16 September 2014, European Union (EU) the Member States, represented by the Committee on National Alcohol Policy and Action (CNAPA), endorsed the Action Plan on Youth Drinking and on Heavy Episodic Drinking (Binge Drinking) (2014-2016).
Several key risk factors for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have been identified, including the harmful use of alcohol.
Half the world’s population drinks alcohol, and harmful alcohol use is the third leading cause of ill health and premature death globally. WHO’s European Region is the region with the highest levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm.
The need to reduce alcohol-related harms has been recognized by the 2010 World Health Organization (WHO) Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol (adopted by the Sixty-third World Health Assembly), the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases 2013-2020, and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Plan of Action to Reduce the Harmful Use o
The adverse impact of alcohol consumption include the negative consequences of drinking on individuals other than the drinkers themselves, including both health and social problems. Alcohol’s harm to others (HTO) is an interactional occurrence at the level of individuals and their relationships and is determined from the perspective of those affected by the drinker rather than from the perspective of the drinker or the society.
Introduction: The transfer and translation of programs with scientific evidence into clinical scenarios is often limited by a number of barriers to its application that complicates the realization of benefits for society that requires effective services.
Objective: To identify barriers to the adoption of short intervention programmes for treatment for abusive use of alcohol and other drugs.
This volume provides a serious examination of substance use prevention research and practices as components of the continuum from health promotion through to prevention and health care in sub-groups and in the general population.
Abstract | Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a chronic relapsing disorder that, whilst initially driven by activation of brain reward neurocircuits, increasingly engages anti-reward neurocircuits that drive adverse emotional states and relapse. However, successful recovery is possible with appropriate treatment, although with a persisting propensity to relapse.
Substance Misuse and Young People: Critical Issues is a comprehensive source of information on young people’s requirements for assessment, treatment and other interventions because of their misuse of substances.
The Education and Training Unit of the National Dangerous Drugs Control Board (NDDCB) organised training on “UTC 06- Case Management for Addiction Professionals and UTC 07- Crisis Intervention for Addiction Professionals” for 28 staff members of the NDDCB which was held on 17th – 19th December 2019 at NDDCB Auditorium.
The stigma associated with drug use and addictive behaviors affects in a transverse way in people's lives, making an impact on physical and mental health, the ability to find and maintain a job, to find and maintain a home, in their relationships social and self-concept. On the other hand, the stigma delays the search for adequate treatment and is in itself a barrier to access and stay in treatments.
Drinking alcohol increases the risk of mouth cancer, pharyngeal (upper throat) cancer, oesophageal (food pipe) cancer, laryngeal (voice box) cancer, breast cancer, bowel cancer and liver cancer.
Tobacco is the only legal drug that kills many of its users when used exactly as intended by manufacturers. WHO has estimated that tobacco use (smoking and smokeless) is currently responsible for the death of about six million people across the world each year with many of these deaths occurring prematurely. This total includes about 600,000 people are also estimated to die from the effects of second-hand smoke.
The Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS) is an ongoing illicit drug monitoring system which has been conducted in all states and territories of Australia since 2000 and forms part of Drug Trends.
This year, we have provided a suite of products with the most up-to-date findings from interviews conducted annually from 2000-2019 with a cross-sectional sentinel group of people who regularly inject drugs.
The Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS) is an illicit drug monitoring system which has been conducted in all states and territories of Australia since 2003 and forms part of Drug Trends.
The EDRS consists of annual interviews across all Australian jurisdictions with people who regularly use ecstasy and other stimulant drugs, as well as analysis and examination of indicator data sources related to illicit drugs.
Associations between National Development Indicators and the Age Profile of People who Inject Drugs: Results from a Global Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Abstract: Background Globally, an estimated 15·6 million people inject drugs. We aimed to investigate global variation in the age profile of people who inject drugs (PWID), identify country-level factors associated with age of PWID, and assess the association between injecting drug use (IDU) in young people and rates of injecting and sexual risk behaviours at the country level.
The material promotes the development of intervention strategies for a comprehensive and networked approach to problematic substance use in areas of deprivation of liberty. Encouraging the participation of detainees, their families, prison service benchmarks and the community at large. It starts from a rights and health promotion approach, developing a comprehensive and articulated work with the different actors involved.
The EU Drug Markets Report 2019 is the third comprehensive overview of illicit drug markets in the European Union by the EMCDDA and Europol.
The analysis presented in the report examines topics such as the links between drugs and other crimes, the licit economy and society more generally as well as the processes and players involved in the trade, from production and trafficking to distribution.
Children are the foundation of the United States, and supporting them is a key component of building a successful future. However, millions of children face health inequities that compromise their development, well-being, and long-term outcomes, despite substantial scientific evidence about how those adversities contribute to poor health.
One way to deter people from consuming excessive and harmful amounts of alcohol is through alcohol pricing policies. One such policy is the Minimum Unit Pricing.
Several countries, including Scotland, Canada, certain states of the USA, Russia, Moldova, Ukraine and Uzbekistan, have adopted different forms of Minimum Unit Pricing.
UYDEL is a local NGO that works with young people ages 10-24 years who are vulnerable to exploitation and are at risk of substance abuse and HIV/AIDS infection. UYDEL's mission is to enhance socio-economic transformation of disadvantaged young people through skills development for self reliance. UYDEL uses selective prevention to counter substance abuse as our beneficiaries are already at risk of substance use.
There is a pressing need to protect the wellbeing of children growing up within our society.
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are highly stressful events or situations that happen during childhood and/or adolescence.
There is clear evidence that links ACEs and a wide range of health and social problems across the lifespan.
In order to appropriately address the concerning global levels of substance use and substance use disorders, it is vital that staff are trained to deliver evidence-based treatment.
At the start of November 2019, the Education and Training Unit of the National Dangerous Drugs Control Board conducted training on Basic Counseling Skills for 28 staff members of the NDDCB.
The US Department of Health and Human Services has recommended youth ages 6-17 years old get 60 minutes or more of combined moderate and vigorous physical activity each day.
Autores: Rodríguez Míguez E, Casal Rodríguez B, Rivera Castiñeira B.
Edita: Ministerio de Sanidad, Consumo y Bienestar Social, Secretaría de Estado de Servicios Sociales, Delegación del Gobierno para el Plan Nacional sobre Drogas; 2019
Receiving Addiction Treatment in the US: Do Patient Demographics, Drug of Choice, or Substance Use Disorder Severity Matter?
This article looks at who receives treatment in the United States in terms of demographic characteristics, addiction severity and drug of choice. While sex, age and race/ethnicity have small effects on treatment utilization, the primary factors leading to addiction treatment in the U.S. are involvement in the crimina justice system and SUD severity.
The link offers a free download of the article through Jan. 4, 2020
Drinking to excess takes a huge toll on individuals, families, communities and society as a whole.
Many adult problem drug users have long histories of substance misuse which often starts before the age of 18.
Providing well-funded, targeted and effective substance misuse services is vital to help prevent alcohol abuse, enable people to overcome addiction and sustain their recovery.