Psychosocial factors associated with the use of psychoactive substances in adolescents in Pereira, Colombia



The use of psychoactive substances is a public health problem with high prevalence in adolescents, a situation that influences individual and social development in adulthood.


Determine psychosocial factors related to the use of psychoactive substances in secondary school adolescents and middle education of a public educational institution in the urban area of Pereira.

Materials and methods:

Descriptive study correlates with 235 students from a public school, between 10 and 19 years of age, who completed an anonymous survey that looked into the prevalence and psychosocial factors associated with consumption.


Proper supervision of parents was found to be a protective factor against the use of psychoactive substances (p<0.05) (OR<1), schoolchildren are 6.5 times more likely to consume when related to friends who consume [OR-6,555 IC95% (3,147-13,653)], those who have relatives who consume, are 2.2 times more likely to consume these substances [OR-2,231 IC95% (1,292-3,852)].


The use of psychoactive substances shows a high prevalence in the schoolchildren surveyed and the main related factors are to take higher grades and have family or friends who use psychoactive substances.

Keywords: Illicit Drugs; risk factors; students; social conditions

Álvarez–López, Ángela, Carmona-Valencia, N., Pérez-Rendón, Ángela, & Jaramillo-Roa, A. (2020). Factores psicosociales asociados al consumo de sustancias psicoactivas en adolescentes de Pereira, Colombia. Universidad Y Salud, 22(3), 213-222.
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