gender difference

Gender-Specific Substance Use Patterns and Associations with Individual, Family, Peer, and School Factors in 15-Year-Old Portuguese Adolescents: A Latent Class Regression Analysis

Picoito J, Santos C, Loureiro I, Aguiar P, Nunes C. Gender-specific substance use patterns and associations with individual, family, peer, and school factors in 15-year-old Portuguese adolescents: a latent class regression analysis. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 2019 May 10;13(1):21.
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Adolescence is a critical period of vulnerability to substance use. Recent research has shown that gender differences in adolescence substance use are complex and in constant flux. The present study aims to investigate gender differences in substance use and initiation patterns in male and female adolescents, and to assess individual, family, peer, and school associated factors of these patterns.

International Women's and Children's Health and Gender Group (In Women's Conference)

San Antonio,

The 2019 International Women’s and Children’s Health and Gender (InWomen’s) Group conference will return in conjunction with CPDD and the NIDA International Forum for its 11th meeting with a focus on the following:

How the Global Opioid Epidemic is Affecting Women and Families; and Marijuana-Use Among Children, Teens, and Young Adults.

Effects of Dietary Antioxidant Vitamins on Lung Functions According to Gender and Smoking Status in Korea

Hong JY, Lee CY, Lee MG, et al Effects of dietary antioxidant vitamins on lung functions according to gender and smoking status in Korea: a population-based cross-sectional study BMJ Open 2018;8:e020656. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020656
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Objective: Cigarette smoke-induced oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Dietary antioxidants are thought to prevent smoke-induced oxidative damage. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between lung function and the consumption of antioxidant vitamins in Korean adults.

Gender Differences in Substance Use and Psychiatric Distress among Medical Students

Lisa J. Merlo, John S. Curran & Robert Watson (2017) Gender differences in substance use and psychiatric distress among medical students: A comprehensive statewide evaluation, Substance Abuse, 38:4, 401-406, DOI: 10.1080/08897077.2017.1355871
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Background: Medical student wellness has emerged as an important issue in medical education. The purpose of the present study was to obtain a comprehensive assessment of substance use, psychological distress, and help-seeking among male and female medical students in order to identify targets for continued intervention efforts. 

Does the Effect of Alcohol on the Brain Differ between Men and Women?

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New research published in the journal Psychiatry Research Neuroimaging has found that the effects of alcohol on the reward system in the brain may differ between men and women.

The reward system is a grouped structure in the brain that reinforces positive experiences and is involved in memory formation as well as complex decision-making. It is also implicated in the development of substance use disorders.