legalization

Perspectives of illicit marijuana growers and traders on commercial legalization of marijuana in South Africa: considerations for policy formulation

Citation
Manu, E., Douglas, M., Ntsaba, M.J. et al. Perspectives of illicit marijuana growers and traders on commercial legalisation of marijuana in South Africa: considerations for policy formulation. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 16, 54 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-021-00391-w
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Over the past era, there has been a call for legalizing marijuana cultivation and trading for commercial purposes in South Africa. Advocates of the call argue that the criminalization of commercial marijuana cultivation and trading has failed to stop illicit marijuana cultivation and trading. Nevertheless, the views of those who economically benefit from the illicit marijuana trade on its legalization remain empirically unsolicited.

Association between Legalization of Recreational Cannabis and Fatal Motor Vehicle Collisions in the United States: An Ecologic Study

Citation
Windle, S. B., Eisenberg, M. J., Reynier, P., Cabaussel, J., Thombs, B. D., Grad, R., ... & Filion, K. B. (2021). Association between legalization of recreational cannabis and fatal motor vehicle collisions in the United States: an ecologic study. CMAJ open, 9(1), E233-E241.
Publication Date

Abstract

Background: With the recent legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada, cannabis-impaired driving is an important public safety concern. Our aim was to examine the association between recreational cannabis legalization and fatal motor vehicle collisions using data from the United States, which present a timely natural experiment of cannabis legalization.

Association of Recreational Cannabis Laws in Colorado and Washington State With Changes in Traffic Fatalities, 2005-2017

Citation
Santaella-Tenorio J, Wheeler-Martin K, DiMaggio CJ, et al. Association of Recreational Cannabis Laws in Colorado and Washington State With Changes in Traffic Fatalities, 2005-2017. JAMA Intern Med. Published online June 22, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.1757
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Abstract

Importance: An important consequence of cannabis legalization is the potential increase in the number of cannabis-impaired drivers on roads, which may result in higher rates of traffic-related injuries and fatalities. To date, limited information about the effects of recreational cannabis laws (RCLs) on traffic fatalities is available.

High School Student Cannabis Use and Perceptions towards Cannabis in Southcentral Colorado

Citation
Peters, T., & Foust, C. (2019). High school student cannabis use and perceptions towards cannabis in southcentral Colorado–comparing communities that permit recreational dispensaries and communities that do not. Journal of Cannabis Research, 1(1), 2.
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Abstract

Currently, with the legalization of cannabis and the opening of recreational dispensaries in states across the country, the question of whether or not proximity to recreational cannabis dispensaries affects high school students in terms of their cannabis use, their perceptions of the accessibility of cannabis and their perceptions on the harmfulness and wrongfulness of using cannabis is particularly relevant and timely.

Young Drivers Who Use Cannabis at Higher Risk of Collisions

Citation
Ronen, A., Chassidim, H. S., Gershon, P., Parmet, Y., Rabinovich, A., Bar-Hamburger, R., ... & Shinar, D. (2010). The effect of alcohol, THC and their combination on perceived effects, willingness to drive and performance of driving and non-driving tasks. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 42(6), 1855-1865.
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It has been suggested that cannabis use increases risk of driving collisions through affecting braking and choice reaction time; causing impairment of lane position, disrupting head-way and dynamic tracking; distorting time perception; reducing divided and sustained attention; and increasing caution.