Psychostimulant Use and the Brain

Lappin, Julia M., and Grant E. Sara. "Psychostimulant use and the brain." Addiction (2019).
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Over the past decade there has been an increase in the manufacture and use of psychostimulants in countries around the world. Around two-thirds of illicit psychostimulant users are male with average age of use for methamphetamine and cocaine being in the mid-30s, and for MDMA in the mid-20s.

How does MDMA Kill?

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MDMA (Methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is a synthetic drug that alters mood and perception (awareness of surrounding objects and conditions). MDMA was initially a common nightlife drug, but it affects a broader range of people.