Skinner, G. C., Bywaters, P. W., Bilson, A., Duschinsky, R., Clements, K., & Hutchinson, D. (2020). The ‘Toxic Trio’(domestic violence, substance misuse and mental ill-health): how good is the evidence base?. Children and Youth Services Review, 105678.
Within research examining adverse childhood experiences, the toxic trio describes the risk of child abuse and neglect stemming from a child’s exposure to domestic violence, parental mental health issues and/or learning disability, and parental substance misuse.
In this systematic review, researchers examine the evidence underpinning the ‘toxic trio’ in child safeguarding policy and practice.