motivational interviewing

Motivational Interviewing for Substance Use

Madson, Michael & Schumacher, Julie & Baer, John & Martino, Steve. (2016). Motivational Interviewing for Substance Use: Mapping Out the Next Generation of Research. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 65. 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.02.003.

Harmful use of alcohol kills more than 3 million people each year. 35 million people are estimated to be suffering from drug use disorders. Tobacco contributes to the death of more than 8 million people a year around the world.

It is important that people who have substance use problems receive interventions that are of high quality, ethical and have strong evidence-base.

Communication Techniques - OARS

OARS is a skill-based model of interactions adapted from a client-centered approach used in Motivational Interviewing. These skill-based techniques include verbal and non-verbal responses and behaviors. Both verbal and non-verbal techniques need to be adapted to be culturally sensitive and appropriate.

OARS stands for:

O = Open Ended Questions

A = Affirmations
R = Reflections
S = Summaries

Motivational Interviewing: Open Questions, Affirmation, Reflective Listening, and Summary Reflections (OARS)

Motivational Interviewing provides a foundation for assisting individuals with developing the rationale for beginning change in their lives. This resources provides basic information about the principles on communicating using motivational interviewing.

Motivational Interviewing: The Basics, OARS
(Adapted from handouts by David Rosengren and from Miller & Rollnick, Motivational Interviewing, 2nd Edition, 2002)