mutual aid

Effectiveness Bank Matrix Cell: Psychosocial Approaches in Drug Treatment Systems

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Drug and Alcohol Findings
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Key studies on the role of psychosocial therapies in treatment systems. Seemingly the only feasible way to do more (recovery) with less (money), mutual aid is a major theme. Examine the evidence for whether systematically promoting engagement with mutual aid groups boosts outcomes, or just attendance.

Effectiveness Bank Matrix Cell: Psychosocial Treatment; Individuals, Not Programmes

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Drug and Alcohol Findings

Every treatment involves direct or indirect human interaction, but this cell is about interventions in which interaction is the main ingredient, from mutual support groups through to professionally delivered psychological programmes. ‘Programmes’ is perhaps the wrong word though.

Does AA Really Help Drinkers Stop?

Estimating the efficacy of Alcoholics Anonymous without self-selection bias: an instrumental variables re-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Humphreys K., Blodgett J.C., Wagner T.H. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research: 2014, 38(11), p. 2688–2694.
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12-step fellowships offer a way to reconcile shrunken resources with the desire to get more patients safely out of treatment. Accounting for the self-selection bias which has obscured AA’s impacts, this synthesis of US trials finds that attending more meetings after treatment boosts abstinence. Why then is research equivocal on whether promoting attendance significantly improves drink-related outcomes?