smoking

Chronic care treatment for smoking cessation in patients with serious mental illness: a pilot randomized trial

Citation
Busch, A.M., Nederhoff, D.M., Dunsiger, S.I. et al. Chronic care treatment for smoking cessation in patients with serious mental illness: a pilot randomized trial. BMC Psychiatry 21, 104 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03113-5
Publication Date

Background:

Rates of smoking among those with serious mental illness (SMI) are two to three times higher than for the general population. Smoking is rarely addressed in mental health settings. Innovative outreach and treatment strategies are needed to address these disparities.

Association of genetic liability to smoking initiation with e-cigarette use in young adults: A cohort study

Citation
Khouja JN, Wootton RE, Taylor AE, Davey Smith G, Munafò MR (2021) Association of genetic liability to smoking initiation with e-cigarette use in young adults: A cohort study. PLoS Med 18(3): e1003555.
Publication Date

Background:

Tobacco smoking and e-cigarette use are strongly associated, but it is currently unclear whether this association is causal, or due to shared factors that influence both behaviours such as a shared genetic liability. The aim of this study was to investigate whether polygenic risk scores (PRS) for smoking initiation are associated with ever use of e-cigarettes.

 

Smoking among inpatients in treatment for substance use disorders: prevalence and effect on mental health and quality of life

Citation
Lien, L., Bolstad, I. & Bramness, J.G. Smoking among inpatients in treatment for substance use disorders: prevalence and effect on mental health and quality of life. BMC Psychiatry 21, 244 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-021-03252-9
Publication Date

Background:

Smoking is still prevalent among people with substance use disorders. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of smoking among patients in treatment for substance use disorders and to analyze the effect of smoking both at baseline and follow-up on drop-out, mental health and quality of life.

Integrating a Brief Alcohol Intervention with Tobacco Addiction Treatment in Primary Care: Qualitative Study of Health Care Practitioner Perceptions

Citation
Minian, N., Noormohamed, A., Lingam, M. et al. Integrating a brief alcohol intervention with tobacco addiction treatment in primary care: qualitative study of health care practitioner perceptions. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 17 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00225-x
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Randomized trials of complex interventions are increasingly including qualitative components to further understand factors that contribute to their success. In this paper, we explore the experiences of health care practitioners in a province wide smoking cessation program (the Smoking Treatment for Ontario Patients program) who participated in the COMBAT trial.

Use, safety and effectiveness of quit smoking medicines during pregnancy

Created by
NDARC

The focus of this seminar is on prescription smoking cessation pharmacotherapies, which include nicotine replacement therapy patches, varenicline and bupropion.

Dr Alys Havard presents data on the number of Australian women who use these medicines during pregnancy, and their findings regarding the risk of adverse birth outcomes associated with the use of each of these medicines during pregnancy.

Attachment Style and Addictions (Alcohol, Cigarette, Waterpipe and Internet) among Lebanese Adolescents: A National Study

Published by
BMC
Publication Date

Tobacco use amongst the youth is a growing prevalent issue, with traditional tobacco products, such as the narguileh, being the main culprit. One survey indicated that the rise in tobacco use, through narguileh smoking amongst teenagers is increasing, due to its widespread acceptance within families and in society. This phenomenon is more prevalent in Lebanon, than other countries in the Middle East.

Association between Parental Separation and Addictions in Adolescents: Results of a National Lebanese Study

Published by
BMC Public Health
Publication Date

Numerous patterns have emerged from research conducted in Lebanon, pertaining to rising harmful addictions amongst children and adolescents, tied to family status. This study showcased direct correlations between child and adolescent addiction rates, and the status of their families. With rising divorce rates in Lebanon, children whose families are separated or divorced, showcased higher addiction rates to smoking and alcohol consumption.