tobacco

Cross-sectional online survey of the impact of new tobacco health warnings in Colombia

Citation
Adams S, Clavijo A, Tamayo R, et al. Cross-sectional online survey of the impact of new tobacco health warnings in Colombia. BMJ Open 2022;12:e056754. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-056754
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Abstract

Objectives This study aimed to explore the impact of a new set of six pictorial warnings introduced in 2018.

Design and setting Using a cross-sectional design, we examined awareness of the new warnings among Colombian smokers across two time points of data collection.

Efficacy and Safety of Varenicline for Smoking Cessation in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Russo C, Walicka M, Caponnetto P, et al. Efficacy and Safety of Varenicline for Smoking Cessation in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(6):e2217709. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.17709
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Abstract

Importance  Evidence of effective smoking cessation interventions in patients with diabetes is limited. The unique behavioral and metabolic characteristics of smokers with type 2 diabetes warrants a randomized clinical trial of the smoking cessation drug varenicline.

Characterising smoking and smoking cessation attempts by risk of alcohol dependence: A representative, cross-sectional study of adults in England between 2014-2021

Citation
Garnett, C. (2022). Characterising smoking and smoking cessation behaviours by risk of alcohol dependence: a representative, cross-sectional study of adults in England between 2014-2021. The Lancet Regional Health–Europe. 2022;00: 100418 Published online xxx https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lanepe.2022.100418
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Summary

Background

There is a strong shared association between smoking tobacco and drinking alcohol. This study aimed to compare smoking prevalence and smoking characteristics in drinkers who were versus were not at risk of alcohol dependence in England.

Use of Menthol Cigarettes, Smoking Frequency, and Nicotine Dependence Among US Youth

Citation
Leas EC, Benmarhnia T, Strong DR, Pierce JP. Use of Menthol Cigarettes, Smoking Frequency, and Nicotine Dependence Among US Youth. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(6):e2217144. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.17144
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Abstract

Importance  Menthol may make cigarette smoke less aversive and could lead youth to smoke more frequently and become more dependent on nicotine.

Objective  To assess the association of menthol use with cigarette smoking frequency and nicotine dependence (ND) among youth cigarette users.

Use Patterns, Flavors, Brands, and Ingredients of Nonnicotine e-Cigarettes Among Adolescents, Young Adults, and Adults in the United States

Citation
Gaiha SM, Lin C, Lempert LK, Halpern-Felsher B. Use Patterns, Flavors, Brands, and Ingredients of Nonnicotine e-Cigarettes Among Adolescents, Young Adults, and Adults in the United States. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(5):e2216194. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.16194
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Abstract

Importance  Nonnicotine e-cigarettes contain chemicals, flavorants, and solvents that have known health harms and/or have not been proven safe for inhalation.

Objective  To evaluate nonnicotine e-cigarette use patterns, including common flavors, brands, and ingredients.

Is fetal brain monoamine oxidase inhibition the missing link between maternal smoking and conduct disorders?

Citation
Baler, R. D., Volkow, N. D., Fowler, J. S., & Benveniste, H. (2008). Is fetal brain monoamine oxidase inhibition the missing link between maternal smoking and conduct disorders?. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 33(3), 187-195.
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Abstract

Smoking is the leading cause of preventable illness in the world today. Prenatal cigarette smoke exposure (PCSE) is a particularly insidious form because so many of its associated health effects befall the unborn child and produce behavioural outcomes that manifest themselves only years later.

Intentions and Attempts to Quit Smoking Among Sexual Minoritized Adult Smokers After Exposure to the Tips From Former Smokers Campaign

Citation
Wang Y, Duan Z, Emery SL, et al. Intentions and Attempts to Quit Smoking Among Sexual Minoritized Adult Smokers After Exposure to the Tips From Former Smokers Campaign. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(5):e2211060. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.11060
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Abstract

Importance  Significant disparities exist in smoking behaviors by sexual minority status in the US.

Objective  To examine potential differences in the associations between exposure to the Tips From Former Smokers (Tips) campaign and intentions and attempts to quit smoking by sexual minority status.

Tailoring dissemination of evidence to preferences of tobacco control partners: results from an academic-community partnership

Citation
Mckay, V., Vogel, M., Combs, T. et al. Tailoring dissemination of evidence to preferences of tobacco control partners: results from an academic-community partnership. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 29 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00450-w

Background

Tobacco control program leaders may improve the use of evidence in program and policy development by presenting evidence to policymakers more often. However, current scientific knowledge regarding what works is slow to reach decision-makers.

Frequency and severity of irritable bowel syndrome in cigarette smokers, Turkey 2019

Citation
Mercan Başpınar, M., Basat, O. (2022). Frequency and severity of irritable bowel syndrome in cigarette smokers, Turkey 2019. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 20(March), 27. https://doi.org/10.18332/tid/145925
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ABSTRACT

Introduction:
Cigarette smoking has recently been associated with several gastrointestinal symptoms, and smoking cessation has been recommended as a lifestyle change strategy for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study assessed the prevalence of IBS in cigarette smokers based on the Rome IV criteria, the severity of nicotine dependence, and the effect of smoking cessation in smokers with IBS.