Tirado-Muñoz, Judit, Gail Gilchrist, Gabriele Fischer, Avril Taylor, Jacek Moskalewicz, Cinzia Giammarchi, Birgit Köchl et al. "Psychiatric comorbidity and intimate partner violence among women who inject drugs in Europe: a cross-sectional study." Archives of women's mental health 21, no. 3 (2018): 259-269.
It is recognised that women who inject drugs are a highly vulnerable group of people and a section of the population who are at higher risk of showing comorbidities. This further impacts their well-being and can create a barrier to seeking help. There is also a believed link between intimate partner violence frequency and drug use.