Türkiye Country Profile

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Drug policy

  • The Turkish strategy’s emphasis is on drug demand and supply reduction.
  • Its key areas focus include: preventing access to drugs; taking measures in relation to educational institutions; identifying target groups; anti-drug counselling units; strengthening treatment for drug dependence; social reintegration; scientific advisory boards for anti-drug activities; anti-drug decision support systems; legislation for anti-drug activities; coordination and cooperation; communication with the public; and diagnosis and laboratory services.

Treatment Services

  • Current treatment objectives emphasise help drug users to access available services that satisfy established standards and protocols.
  • Drug treatment is provided through the Alcohol-Substance Addiction Research, Therapy and Education Centres (AMATEMs), psychiatric clinics of public hospitals under the Ministry of Health and university-based treatment units. Some private hospitals also provide treatment provisions.
  • These institutions normally provide both inpatient and outpatient care.
  • Treatment services are usually paid for by the state through social or health insurance funds.
  • Most drug treatment services treat addiction more generally, inclusive of both alcohol and illicit drug use.
  • The primary approach of treatment services is to help clients become drug-free.
  • Detoxification is a key focus. It is often complemented by other interventions, such as motivational interviewing techniques, as well as cognitive therapies. The latter look to prevent relapse.
  • There is the availability of pharmacological treatment with opioid agonists or an antagonist.
  • Short-term residential treatment is offered by some treatment centres and NGOs treatment communities.
  • Opioid substitution treatment (OST) using buprenorphine-based medication has been available since 2010. Methadone and levacetylmethadol (LAAM) are also available.
  • All treatment centres licensed by the Ministry of Health can implement OST.
  • The majority of the cost of OST medication is covered by general health insurance. Clients contribute the difference, which is usually around 20%.

Prevention Services

  • Prevention interventions encompass a wide range of complementary approaches.
  • The main prevention initiatives focus on increasing people’s awareness of drugs and information dissemination.
  • Several interventions aim to increase individual and social skills among young people. Others target vulnerable populations.
  • Universal drug prevention interventions are carried out in schools.
  • There are several NGOs that support prevention interventions which target young people.
  • Prevention methods used include seminars, discussion panels and conferences, as well as counselling support services.
  • Manual-based programmes are rare.
  • School counselling centres provide family-oriented prevention.
  • Prevention initiatives usually informative campaigns at the community level.
  • Selective prevention interventions are limited. Those that do exist generally aim to raise awareness and provide access to information.
  • Social assistance and treatment referrals to for homeless children and young people can be provided by Social Services Centres.
  • Indicated prevention are currently undeveloped.