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How wastewater monitoring can boost preparedness for new health threats

Created by
EMCDDA

Objective: to explore wastewater analysis as a methodology contributing to EU preparedness and response

Background: COVID-19 has raised the attention of Europe, and globally, on the importance of readiness towards potential emergencies. Improved and innovative monitoring methodologies are at the core of the research-based actions taken to respond to potential threats.

Moving towards a continuum of safer supply options for people who use drugs: A qualitative study exploring national perspectives on safer supply among professional stakeholders in Canada

Citation
Foreman-Mackey, A., Pauly, B., Ivsins, A. et al. Moving towards a continuum of safer supply options for people who use drugs: A qualitative study exploring national perspectives on safer supply among professional stakeholders in Canada. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 66 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00494-y
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Background

Novel public health interventions are needed to address the toxic drug supply and meet the needs of people who use drugs amidst the overdose crisis.

Mortality and life-years lost following subsequent physical comorbidity in people with pre-existing substance use disorders: a national registry-based retrospective cohort study of hospitalised individuals in Czechia

Citation
Formánek, T., Krupchanka, D., Mladá, K., Winkler, P., & Jones, P. B. (2022). Mortality and life-years lost following subsequent physical comorbidity in people with pre-existing substance use disorders: a national registry-based retrospective cohort study of hospitalised individuals in Czechia. The Lancet Psychiatry.
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Summary

Background

Substance use disorders constitute a major global public health problem, attributable largely to their subsequent comorbidity with other health conditions.

Effect of Propylene Glycol and Vegetable Glycerine Ratio in E-Liquid on Aerosol Formation: Overview of Relevant Properties

Citation
Vyshneva, V. (2022). Effect of propylene glycol and vegetable glycerine ratio in e-liquid on aerosol formation: Overview of relevant properties. Adiktologie, 22(2), 118–125. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0005
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BACKGROUND:

Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) generate an aerosol by vaporising e-liquids that usually consist of propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerine (VG), and other ingredients (water, nicotine, and flavours).

Contribution of SocioDemographic and Structured Leisure Activities’ Characteristics to Adolescents’ Alcohol Use

Citation
Belošević, M., & Ferić, M. (2022). Contribution of sociodemographic and structured leisure activities’ characteristics to adolescents’ alcohol use. Adiktologie, 22(2), 102–116. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0003
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BACKGROUND:

Leisure can be a context that can promote positive adolescent development, but it can also be a context that contributes to adolescents engaging in risk behaviours.

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention in the Czech Republic: Study Design

Citation
Fanta, M., & Barták, M. (2022). Cost-effectiveness analysis of alcohol screening and brief intervention in the Czech Republic. Study design. Adiktologie, 22(2), 132–139. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0004
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INTRODUCTION:

Screening and brief interventions (SBI) consist of a variety of activities aimed at people who engage in risky alcohol drinking, but who are not severely alcohol-dependent. Many studies have proved that SBI might serve as a very effective tool for reducing alcohol consumption and the associated negative consequences. However, the rate of SBI provided by healthcare professionals in the Czech Republic is relatively low.

Patterns of Heated Tobacco Product Use Among Czech Adult Tobacco Users in 2020: An Online Survey

Citation
| Dobrovolná, K., Kulhánek, A., & Orlíková, B. (2022). Patterns of heated tobacco product use among Czech adult tobacco users in 2020: An online survey. Adiktologie, 22(2), 94–101. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-002-0002
Publication Date

BACKGROUND:

Heated tobacco products represent a new phenomenon, called novel tobacco products, and one that is not unique to the Czech market. These are electronic tobacco heating and aerosol-producing devices. Although studies on the prevalence of heated tobacco use are already available, patterns of use have not yet been sufficiently mapped.