Research

Validity and Reliability of the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) in University Students

Citation
Tiburcio Sainz, M., Rosete-Mohedano, M., Natera Rey, G., Martínez Vélez, N., Carreño García, S., & Pérez Cisneros, D. (2016). Validity and Reliability of the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) in University Students. Adicciones, 28(1), 19-27. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.786
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The Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST), developed by the World Health Organization (WHO), has been used successfully in many countries, but there are few studies of its validity and reliability for the Mexican population. The objective of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the self-administered ASSIST test in university students in Mexico.

Psychometric and Diagnostic Properties of the Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST): Comparing the DAST-20 vs. the DAST-10

Citation
Villalobos Gallegos, L., Pérez López, A., Mendoza Hassey, R., Graue Moreno, J., & Marín Navarrete, R. (2015). Psychometric and diagnostic properties of the Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST): Comparing the DAST-20 vs. the DAST-10.. Salud Mental, 38(2), 89-94. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2015.012
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ABSTRACT

Synthetic Pot: Not Your Grandfather’s Marijuana

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In the early 2000s in Europe and shortly thereafter in the USA, it was reported that ‘legal’ forms of marijuana were being sold under the name K2 and/or Spice. Active ingredients in K2/Spice products were determined to be synthetic cannabinoids (SCBs), producing psychotropic actions via CB1 cannabinoid receptors, similar to those of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), the primary active constituent in marijuana.

Enzymes Involved in Cocaine Metabolism: A New Pharmacologic Approach to Treat Overdose Due to Cocaine

Citation
Salazar-Juárez, A., Barbosa-Méndez, S., Jurado, N., & Antón, B. (2016). Las enzimas involucradas en el metabolismo de la cocaína: Una nueva aproximación farmacológica para el tratamiento de la intoxicación por sobredosis de cocaína. Salud Mental, 39(6), 311-320. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2016.036
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Abstract English/Spanish

Introduction: New therapeutic strategies against cocaine overdose toxicity have been developed. These new approaches are based on the design and synthesis of proteins involved in the destruction of cocaine before it has a chance to penetrate nerve tissue.

Systemic and Individual Factors in the Buprenorphine Treatment-Seeking Process: A Qualitative Study

Citation
Hewell V, Vasquez A, Rivkin I. (2017). Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 12: 3 DOI 10.1186/s13011-016-0085-y
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Abstract

Background: Opioid use is a significant problem in Alaska. Medication-assisted treatment for opioid use, including buprenorphine, reduces withdrawal symptoms and the harm associated with opioid abuse. Understanding consumers’ treatment-seeking process is important for addressing barriers to treatment, facilitating effective service utilization, and informing policy.

Delaying Marijuana Use to Age 17 Is Better for the Teenage Brain

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The longer teenagers delay the use of marijuana, the better it is for their developing brains. However, a new study has found that there may be little adverse effect if one starts smoking the drug after the age of 17. According to the investigation recently published in the journal Development and Psychopathology, teenagers who use marijua

Tobacco and Cancer: Epidemiology and New Perspectives of Prevention and Monitoring in Mexico

Citation
Reynales-Shigematsu, L. (2016). Tobacco and cancer: epidemiology and new perspectives of prevention and monitoring in Mexico. Salud Pública de México, 58(2), 251-260. Recovered from http://saludpublica.mx/index.php/spm/article/view/7794/10662
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Tobacco smoking is a causal risk factor of at least 16 different types of cancer. In Mexico, smoking causes 6,035 premature deaths annually of lung cancer and 5,154 from other types. Additionally, 16,408 new smoking attributable cases are diagnosed, causing high costs in the Mexican health sector. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control is the global strategy to reduce morbidity and mortality caused by this risk factor.

Readiness and Barriers to Adopt Evidence-Based Practices for Substance Abuse Treatment in Mexico

Citation
Horigian , V., Espinal , P., Alonso , E., Verdeja , R., Duan , R., Usaga , I., Pérez López, A., Marín-Navarrete , R., & Feaster , D. (2016). Readiness and barriers to adopt evidence-based practices for substance abuse treatment in Mexico. SALUD MENTAL, 39(2), 77-84. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2016.004
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Evidence-based practice in Mexico
Photo credit: Eddo, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Political_divisions_of_Mexico-en.svg

 

New Drugs: Origin, Action Mechanisms and Effects

Citation
Cruz Martín del Campo S, Rivera M. (2015). New drugs: Origin, action mechanisms and effects. A review of the literature. RIIAD 1(1); 68 - 76
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Introduction: Emerging psychoactive substances generically known as new drugs, designer drugs or “legal highs” are available on the market.

Objective: This review presents the main features of these compounds, the effects they produce and what is known about their mechanisms of action in order to inform clinicians and researchers that work in the field of addiction.

Do Cognitive Processes Influence Nicotine Addiction?

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A new study suggests that the way in which the human brain responds to nicotine depends on what a smoker believes about the drug’s content in a cigarette. The investigation found that smoking a cigarette that contains nicotine, but thinking that it did not, fails to satisfy cravings associated with nicotine addiction. To satisfy cravings, therefore, smokers not only have to smoke a cigarette with nicotine present, but also believe tha

Social Media, Sport and Alcohol Advertising

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A new study published in the Drug and Alcohol Review examines the social media presence of alcohol brands that sponsor spectator sports in Australia. It highlights the way in which these brands use sport and social media in their promotional endeavours. The article argues that sports sponsorship deals and social media platforms can act as effective marketing

The Developmental Risks of Second-Hand Smoke among Young Children

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A new study published in Indoor Air: International Journal of Indoor Environment and Health has found that the more children are exposed to household tobacco smoke during early childhood, the more likely they are to show anti-social behaviour towards others. Professor Linda Pagani, who led the research project, suggests that the association “should encourage